Colonization Notes

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  • 1. Colonization Unit 1 Notes
  • 2. Colonial Beginnings
    • Colonists, like explorers had many reasons for going to America.
    • For work
    • Find gold and get rich
    • Escape religious persecution
  • 3. Colonial Beginnings
    • When colonists arrived they were unprepared !
  • 4. Colonial Beginnings
    • The English tried to establish a permanent settlement at Roanoke in 1586 and 1587 but it failed .
    • The second attempt at colonization ,Jamestown, was formed using a joint-stock company called the Virginia Company .
    • Did the Virginia Company divide profits or losses?
  • 5. Colonial Beginnings
    • Jamestown colonists faced many challenges.
    • Site was swampy and full of malaria-carrying mosquitoes.
    • Became ill from drinking water .
    • Spent days searching for gold instead of building houses and growing food.
    • Extreme temperatures .
  • 6. Colonial Leaders
    • Important People at Jamestown:
    • John Smith was the leader of the first permanent English settlement, Jamestown .
    • Pocahontas was rumored to have saved John Smith.
  • 7. Colonial Leaders Continued…
    • 3. John Rolfe taught colonists how to plant tobacco .
    • 4. Nathaniel Bacon who led an uprising against the wealthy.
  • 8. Money or No Money?
    • Some could not afford passage to America and decided to become indentured servants .
    • Indentured servants were people who sold his/her labor in exchange for passage to America.
  • 9. The Three Colonial Regions:
    • New England
    • Middle
    • Southern
  • 10. New England
    • New England -Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts , Connecticut , and Rhode Island
    Work in the New England area included: cutting down trees , building ships, farming cattle, and fishing .
  • 11. New England
    • Triangular Trade-The system of transatlantic trade between Europe, Africa, and America.
    Middle Passage was the devastating journey from Africa to the Americas, transporting thousands of Africans for use as slaves .
  • 12. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons.
    • 1. Pilgrims
      • Pilgrims wanted to break away from the Church of England .
      • November 1620-Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower in Plymouth (Cape Cod, Massachusetts) to exercise their religious freedoms.
      • They established the Mayflower Compact -an example of self-government and majority rule.
      • Pilgrims met Squanto .
  • 13. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons.
    • 2. Puritans
    • Puritans wanted to reform or purify the Church of England.
    • They created a commonwealth , a community in which people worked together for the good of the whole.
    • Well prepared and did not suffer a starving time!
    • Challengers of the Puritan way, both forced to leave Massachusetts included Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and Anne Hutchinson established Connecticut.
  • 14. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons.
    • 3. Quakers
    • Believed in treating the Native Americans fairly.
    • Accepted everyone into their colony and believed all people should live in peace and harmony.
  • 15. Middle
    • Middle -New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
    • Work in the Middle colonies included: trading furs , raising livestock, and cutting down trees.
  • 16. Middle
    • William Penn, a Quaker, established the colony Pennsylvania .
    • Different religious and ethnic groups were welcomed, making it one of the wealthiest American colonies.
  • 17. Southern
    • Southern - Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
    • Work in the Southern colonies included: farming indigo, tobacco , and rice .
  • 18. Southern
    • Farming in the Middle and Southern colonies differed in size and type of crop. The type of agriculture in the Southern colonies used plantations to grow cash crops for export.
    • Slaves had a major impact on the economy and culture of the South and would later influence the entire country.