Interamerican University Guayama Campus Proyecto Titulo V Cooperativo Improving Academic Outcomes Through a Technology-Based Consortium Program for the Core CurriculumModule on Adverbs ending in - ly DRA. JEAN RODRIGUEZ PAZO Subject: Basic English Area: Grammar
OBJECTIVES: Through the study of this Module on Adverbs ending in –ly, students will be able to : define adverbs and adjectives recognize adverbs and adjectives in sentences understand the function of adverbs and adjectives in sentences apply the use of adverbs ending in-ly in sentences correctly
Overview: Students willreinforce their knowledge of adverbsending in – ly applying all levels ofcritical thinking.FOCUS QUESTIONS:♣ What is an adverb?♣ What is an adjective?♣ What are the functions of adjectivesand adverbs in sentences?♣ How and when are adverbs in – lyused?
Time- frame: You may work at yourown pace.Resources: Examples, rules,grammatical frames, picture boxesAssessment: Pre-and Post- testsCriteria of Evaluation: Studentsmust achieve 72% or more formastery level.Instructional Activities: Skill-building exercises.Creative and EmpowermentSection: You may go to other linksand do further exercises.
Dear students, Welcome to the Module on Adverbsending in - ly. This Module has been designedto help you improve your knowledge onmodifiers – adjectives and adverbs. Theseare the words that give color and give thereader and listener a more vivid image ofwhat you are talking about. Without thesewords sentences would be dull and boring.The Module will guide you through differentskill-building activities that will reinforceyour knowledge and skills. You should read and study the rulescarefully to understand the uses of adverbsending in – ly. It is important for you to dothe exercises to practice the skill. The moreyou practice, the more you will learn. This is the perfect time to learn more aboutadverbs ending in – ly.
Pre- TestPart I: Read the following sentences and write the correct form of the adverb. Be sure to apply spelling rules where they apply.1. Maria answered the question( intelligent).2. The dog ( smart) hid its bone.3. Pedro was so much in love that he smiled (stupid) at Miss United States.4. They demonstrated they didn‟t care, so they smiled( smug).5. The delinquent killed the old man (senseless).6. Lillian (busy) typed the memo.7. The drunkard danced ( crazy) in the pub.8. Jose slept ( lazy) after a three day hike.9. The kids( sneaky) took the baked cookies.10. Janina ( angry) took her belongings and left.
Part II. Find the adjective in thesentence and fill the gap with itsadverb.1. Paul is sad. He smiled____.2. The old lady is loud. She shouts ___.3. His French is fluent. He speaks French ___.4. My aunt was quiet. She spoke to us ___.5. My friend is careless. He paints ____.6. The singer is awful. He sings opera ___.7. The research is simple. It __ talks about AIDS in Puerto Rico.8. Ana is a wonderful cook. She cooks ____.9. Stephanie is an excellent ballerina. She dances really ___.10. The ant was quick. It ___ took the food to its habitat.
Part III. Look at the followingwords and choose theircorrect spelling. 1. true a. truly b. trulie c. truly 2. happy a. happyly b. happiely c. happily 3. friendly a. friendly b. friendily c. friendily 4. slow a. slowili b. slowly c. slowiely 5. pretty a. prettily b. prettiely c. prettyly
IntroductionAn adverb is a word that tells us more about verbs. Many adverbs tell us how something is done. When answering the question “ how”, adverbs are usually created from adjectives with an added – ly ending. ( quick- quickly). This is the commonest way to use adverbs. However, there are various exceptions:
Introduction1. Adjectives ending in – ly:These may have the same form as the adverb.Example: She was a kindly and reasonable old lady.The group went for a leisurely walk in the gardens.
Introduction1. Adjectives ending in – ly: They may require an adverbial phrase:Example: John was a very friendly child, he always treated everyone in a friendly manner. They may not have a direct adverbial equivalent.Example: She is a likely political candidate.
Introduction2. Adjectives which have the same form as adverbs:Example: Mr. George woke up early, and caught the early train.Jeannie drove fast on the fast lane.
Introduction3. Adjectives which have the same form as adverbs, but also have a – ly adverb with a different use:Example: The thief looked deeply into the manager‟s eyes, and he was deeply ashamed.
The Royal Order of Adverbs:Verb Manner Place Frequency Time Purpose Beth enthusiastically in the every before to kees inswims pool morning dawn shape. Dad habitually to town every before to get awalks afternoon supper newspaper.
Adjectives and adverbs Adjectives modify nouns. A beautiful day An interesting idea Adverbs modify verbs by telling us how we do something. She works quietly. They write clearly. Many adverbs are formed by adding ly to the adjective. easy - easily careful – carefully nice - nicely A few words, like fast, hard, late and low, take the same form as both adjectives and adverbs. It was a late movie. I stayed out late. She had a hard time. She studied hard.
Forming adverbs from adjectives Many adverbs are formed by simply adding –ly to an adjective: Adjective Adverb beautiful beautifully careless carelessly cautious cautiously courteous courteously joyous joyously quick quickly
Forming adverbs from adjectives If an adjective ends in –y if often changed to i before the –ly is added: Adjective Adverb angry angrily easy easily guilty guiltily happy happily hasty hastily shabby shabbily
Forming adverbs from adjectives If an adjective ends in –le, the –le is dropped before –ly is added: Adjective Adverb capable capably comfortable comfortably miserable miserably simple simply
Rules In general: adjective + -ly adjective example slow slowly Exceptions in spelling exception exampleSilent „e‟ is dropped in true, due, whole true → truly y becomes i happy → happilyle after a consonant is dropped sensible → sensibly After ll only add y full → fully
Rules Adjectives ending in –ic: adjective + -ally (exception: public- publicy) adjective adverb fantastic fantasticallyAdjectives ending in –ly: use „in a … way / manner‟ or another adverb with similar meaning adjective adverb friendly in a friendly way in a friendly manner likely probably
Exceptions Adverb Adverb Adjective (meaning) (meaning) good well difficult with difficulty public publicy deep deep (place) deeply (feeling) direct direct directly (=soon) hard hard hardly (=seldom) high high (place) highly (figurative) late late lately (=recently) most most mostly (=usually) near near nearly (=almost) pretty pretty (=rather) prettily short short shortly (=soon)The following adjectives daily, enough, nearly, far, fast, hourly,are also used as adverbs little, long, low, monthly, much, straight, (without moficication) weekly, yearly …
ACTIVITY IRead the sentences carefully and apply the rules.1. Paula is a patient teacher. She listens ____.2. Santa Claus is merry. He laughs______.3. Lucas is rapid. He answered the test _____.4. Ben is organized and quick. He ____ finished the task.5. Gladys has clear pronunciation. She talks _____.6. The Senator is well- liked. People talk of him. ( high)7. Barbara dances____. ( graceful).8. My boss greeted the visitors _____. (polite)9. This has to be done ___ ( regular).10. She _______ showed us her trophy. ( happy).11. He is a good coordinator. He does it _______.12. The child ____ took the toys. ( relentless)13. The organization ___ prepared its activity. ( excited)14. The members ____ welcomed the tourists. ( kindly)15. The Boy Scouts ____ completed the kite. (enthusiastic).
ACTIVITY IIWrite the correct form in the blank.1. Jack plays the piano ________. (beautiful)2. Mrs. Cordero speaks very ____. (soft)3. Mara won the race _____. ( easy)4. I see him at the Casino ____. (frequent)5. 5. She acted ____. ( greedy)6. That cave is dangerous. Walk ____ (cautious).7. He stole the cookies. He acted____ (guilty).8. She was late. She drove ____ ( hasty).9. They were poor. They dressed ___ (shabby).10. Someone ____ killed the dog. ( miserable)
POST - TESTI. Read the sentences and complete them:1. Andrea answered the questions_____.(honest)2. John walked to the store very ___. ( slow)3. _______, my sister ruined my dress. (thoughtless)4. ___ the rangers approached the bear. (cautious)5. Paul ___ answered the interview. ( foolish)6. The new secretary works ___. (careless)7. Joe ____ gave a donation. ( generous)8. The feverish man ____ watched his girlfriend. ( jealous)9. Mary apologized ____. ( sincere)10. The dog ____ hid the bone. ( playful)
II. Read the corresponding words andchange them to adverbs taking therules into consideration. 1. brave 2. competent 3. good 4. bitter 5. angry 6. easy 7. happy 8. simple 9. capable 10. comfortable 11. hasty 12. nice 13. clean 14. dirty 15. rapid
CHALLENGEI. Demonstrate that you can change these adjectives to adverbs. Remember the rules. 1. angry 2. happy 3. heavy 4. noisy 5. steady 6. clumsy 7. cheek
Part II. Let‟s continue with thechallenge. Read and choose thebest alternative. 1. If you always drive ___ you are sure to have an accident. a. recklessly b. reckless 2. Pablo ate his dinner ___. a. quick b. quickly 3. He‟ s an awful driver. He never stops ______. a. smoothly b. smooth 4. This case „s evidence has been___affected. a. serious b. seriously 5. Mr. Mom and Mrs. Mom squealed at each other ___. a. furious b. furiously
Pre-testShow the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I Part II Part III 1. intelligently 1. sadly 1. c 2. smartly 2. loudly 2. c 3. stupidly 3. fluently 3. a 4. smuggly 4. quietly 4. b 5. senselessly 5. carelessly 5. a 6. busily 6. awfully 7. crazily 7. simply 8. lazily 8. wonderfully 9. sneakily 9. well 10. angrily 10. quickly
ActivityShow the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Activity 1 Activity 1 Activity 2 1. patiently 11. well 1. beautifully 2. merrily 12. relentlessly 2. softly 3. rapidly 13. exitedly 3. easily 4. quickly 14. kindly 4. frequently 5. clearly 15. enthusiastically 5. greedily 6. highly 6. cautiously 7. gracefully 7. guiltily 8. politely 8. hastily 9. regularly 9. stabbily 10. happilu 10. misarebly
Post-testShow the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I Part II 1. honestly 1. bravely 2. slowly 2. competently 3. thoughtlessly 3. well 4. cautiously 4. bitterly 5. foolishly 5. angrily 6. carelessly 6. easily 7. generously 7. happily 8. jealously 8. simply 9. sincerely 9. capably 10. playfully 10. comfortably
ChallengeShow the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I Part II Part III 1. angrily 1. a 1. a 2. happily 2. b 2. c 3. heavily 3. a 3. a 4. noisily 4. b 4. b 5. steadlily 5. b 5. a 6. clumsily 7. checkily