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Past tense
Past tense
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Past tense

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Very simple grammar guide for Past Tense.

Very simple grammar guide for Past Tense.

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  • 1. PAST TENSE SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT TOMAS ATE IN THIS RESTAURANT. MARICARMEN PLAYED VOLLEYBALL YESTERDAY. MIKE AND PETER STUDIED ENGLISH LAST YEAR. THEY WALKED TO THE GAS STATION. I WENT TO THE CINEMA YESTERDAY. SUSSAN SLEPT ON THE SOFA. WE COOKED FOR THE FAMILY. Subject is the person, Represents the action. The complement should make sense animal or thing that It can change and show with the verb. In this part we can make an action in the the tense of the consider a time expression, as sentence. sentence. “yesterday”, or “last year”.PAST TENSE NEGATIVE SUBJECT DIDN’T VERB COMPLEMENT WE DIDN´T PLAY SOCCER YESTERDAY. THEY DIDN´T EAT IN MY HOUSE THE LAST WEEK. I DIDN´T STUDY FOR THE EXAM. MARGARITA DIDN´T SLEEP ON THE SOFA. TOMAS DIDN´T WALK TO THE OFFICE. JESSICA DIDN´T SING IN THE KARAOKE. THE TEACHER DIDN´T CHECK THE EXAM. Subject is the Express Represents the The complement should makeperson, animal or negative in action. It can change sense with the verb. In this part thing that make the past and show the tense we can consider a time an action in the tense. of the sentence. expression, as “yesterday”, or sentence. “last year”.PAST TENSE INTERROGATIVE (Yes / No questions) DID SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT DID SHE PLAY SOCCER YESTERDAY? DID THEY EAT IN MY HOUSE THE LAST WEEK? DID YOU STUDY FOR THE EXAM? DID TOMAS SLEEP ON THE SOFA? DID MONICA SING IN THE KARAOKE? DID JAVIER CHECK THE EXAM? Auxiliary Subject is the Represents the The complement should make verb. person, animal or action. It can sense with the verb. In this part we Helps to thing that make an change and show can consider a time expression, as ask the action in the the tense of the “yesterday”, or “last year”.Br. Roberto Pesantes 1
  • 2. question in sentence. sentence. past.Did she play tennis? Yes, she did. No, she didn´t.Did he study for the exam? Yes, he did. No, he didn´t.Did they eat in your house? Yes, they did. No, they didn´t.Did you work in this company? Yes, I did. No, I didn´t.Did Margarita drive the car? Yes, she did. No, she didn´t.Did Diego drink milk? Yes, he did. No, he didn´t.PAST TENSE INTERROGATIVE (WH- questions) WH- DID SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT WHERE DID SHE PLAY SOCCER YESTERDAY? WHERE DID THEY EAT IN MY HOUSE THE LAST WEEK? WHEN DID YOU STUDY FOR THE EXAM? WHEN DID TOMAS SLEEP ON THE SOFA? HOW DID MONICA SING IN THE KARAOKE? WHEN DID JAVIER CHECK THE EXAM? Wh- word Auxiliary Subject is the Represents the The complement should make that helps verb. person, action. It can sense with the verb. In this partto get some Helps to animal or change and we can consider a timeinformation ask the thing that show the tense expression, as “yesterday”, or in the question make an of the “last year”. question. in past. action in the sentence. sentence.Where did she play tennis? She played tennis at the club.When did he study for the exam? He studied for the exam on Monday.When did they eat in your house? They ate in your house yesterday.When did you work in this company? I worked in this company two years ago.How did Margarita drive the car? She drove the car very well.When did Diego drink milk? He drank the milk in the morning.“Did” is used in the question and the verb is in simple form.The verb in the answer, is in past.Remember: if the questions is in past, the answer is in past.Br. Roberto Pesantes 2

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