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ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1
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ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION 1

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  • 1. ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Profesor: Br. Roberto Pesantes Director: Dr. Guagner Guadalupe Huamán
  • 2. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I - OFFPRINT Professor Roberto Pesantes UNIT 1 CLASSROOM LANGUAGE ARE YOU IN CLASS? -> Yes, I am. Good morning (Until 11:59 AM) Good afternoon (From 12:00 to 6:00PM) Good evening (From 6:01PM) Good night ( = goodbye at night) May I go to the bathroom? May I answer my phone? May I come in? May I go out? Slow down please. Repeat please. What´s the meaning of ________? How do you say ____________ in English? Goodbye THE ALPHABET A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Br. Roberto Pesantes 1
  • 3. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I PRACTICE 1. Complete the following conversation. a. _____________________________________ b. Good morning. a. _______________________________ b. Yes. Come on in and sit down please. -- a. The correct answer is number 2. b. __________________________ a. Ok, the correct answer is number 2. -- a. Thank you for the class professor. See you tomorrow. ________________ -- NUMBERS 1-50 1 One 18 Eighteen 35 Thirty-five 2 Two 19 Nineteen 36 Thirty-six 3 Three 20 Twenty 37 Thirty-seven 4 Four 21 Twenty-one 38 Thirty-eight 5 Five 22 Twenty-two 39 Thirty-nine 6 Six 23 Twenty-three 40 Forty 7 Seven 24 Twenty-four 41 Forty-one 8 Eight 25 Twenty-five 42 Forty-two 9 Nine 26 Twenty-six 43 Forty-three 10 Ten 27 Twenty-seven 44 Forty-four 11 Eleven 28 Twenty-eight 45 Forty-five 12 Twelve 29 Twenty-nine 46 Forty-six 13 Thirteen 30 Thirty 47 Forty-seven 14 Fourteen 31 Thirty-one 48 Forty-eight 15 Fifteen 32 Thirty-two 49 Forty-nine 16 sixteen 33 Thirty-three 50 Fifty 17 Seventeen 34 Thirty-four Br. Roberto Pesantes 2
  • 4. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I PRONOUNS Singular Plural I We You You He They She It I First person YOU Second person HE Third person SINGULAR SHE Third person IT Third person WE First person YOU Second person PLURAL THEY Third person THE VERB “TO BE” (Affirmative) AM – IS – ARE Long form Contraction I am I’m You are You’re He is He’s She is She’s It is It’s We are We’re They are They’re Br. Roberto Pesantes 3
  • 5. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I THE VERB “TO BE” (Negative) Long form Contraction I am I am not I’m not You are You are not You aren’t He is He is not He isn’t She is She is not She isn’t It is It is not It isn’t We are We are not We aren’t They are They are not They aren’t PRACTICE Complete the blanks with the correct form of the verb “to be” – am, is, are. 1. I _______ in this class. 2. He _______ a doctor. 3. They ______ teachers. 4. Mary ______ a secretary. 5. Jorge and Carlos _______ managers. 6. Bruce Willis _______ an actor. He ___________ a police officer. 7. He ______ on the phone. (negative) 8. They ______ on holiday. 9. Our teacher ______ great! 10. This postcard ______ from Tony. (negative) Br. Roberto Pesantes 4
  • 6. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I VERB “TO BE” YES/NO QUESTIONS Are you a student? - Yes , I am - No, I am not / - No, I’m not. (short form) Is he a doctor? - Yes, he is. - No, he is not. / - No, he isn’t. Is she a secretary? - Yes, she is. - No, she is not. / - No, she isn’t. Are they soccer players? - Yes, they are. - No, they are not. / - No, they aren’t. Is she a teacher? Is Tony a policeman? _________________ _________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 5
  • 7. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Is he Bart Simpson? Is it a cat? _________________ __________________ Is it an animal? Is it a book? __________________ ____________________ Are you a secretary? Are you in your house? _________________ __________________ Are you a doctor? Are you married? _________________ __________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 6
  • 8. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE ARTICLES A / an indicate singular (1) She is a secretary. I am an astronaut. singular singular He is the teacher. They are teachers. singular plural a dog a plane a telephone a car a house an apple an ant an elephant an owl an actor A + consonant a dog, a cat Vowels: An + vowel an apple, an elephant a, e, i, o, u Consonants: b, c, d, f, g… Notice Br. Roberto Pesantes 7
  • 9. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice Complete with the correct word “a”, “an” or “___” __ door __ umbrella __ airport __ friends __ teacher __ room __ bird __ idea __ cats __ computer __ uniform __ eagles __ school __ university __ car __ pencil __ tables __ team 1. She is ____ doctor. 2. They are ____ friends. 3. Tom and Lisa are _____ students. 4. I am _____ astronaut. 5. You are ____ kid. JOBS AND OCCUPATIONS Secretary Assistant Manager Postman Police officer Driver Pilot Doctor Nurse Film director Actor Actress Waiter Waitress Flight attendant Bank teller Lawyer Accountant Judge Chef Maid Bellboy Elevator operator Teacher Psychologist Dentist Practice A. Complete the sentences with the correct job. 1. The _____________ works on board a plane, serving the passengers. 2. I am hungry. Let’s call the ____________. 3. I have a terrible toothache. / Go to the _____________. 4. The ____________ cleans the kitchen. 5. The _________ is in the police station. Br. Roberto Pesantes 8
  • 10. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I B. Match the two columns. Teacher kitchen Chef airport Secretary restaurant Waitress police station Pilot school Police officer office COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES Continents: 1. North America 2. South America 3. Europe 4. Africa 5. Asia 6. Australia 7. Antarctica Br. Roberto Pesantes 9
  • 11. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I North America and Caribbean North America Central America Caribbean United States of America – USA Costa Rica Cuba Canada El Salvador Puerto Rico Mexico Nicaragua Dominican Republic Panama South America Africa Argentina Ecuador Cameroon Bolivia Paraguay Congo Brazil Uruguay Algeria Chile Venezuela Egypt Colombia Peru South Africa Europe Asia Austria Italy Russia Thailand Finland Spain Malaysia India France Sweden Philippines Hong Kong Germany Switzerland Thailand Japan Greece Turkey Singapore China Hungary United Kingdom Korea Ireland Br. Roberto Pesantes 10
  • 12. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I COUNTRIES NATIONALITIES COUNTRIES NATIONALITIES Algeria Algerian Ireland Irish Argentina Argentinean Italy Italian Australia Australian Japan Japanese Austria Austrian Korea Bolivia Malaysia Brazil Mexico Cameroon Nicaragua Canada Canadian Panama Chile Paraguay Paraguayan China Peru Peruvian Colombia Philippines Congo Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Costa Rica Russia Cuba Cuban Singapore Dominican Republic South Africa Ecuador Spain Egypt Sweden Sweden El Salvador Switzerland Swiss Finland Thailand France French Turkey Turkish Germany United Kingdom British Greece United States of America Hong Kong Uruguay Hungary Venezuela India Indian Br. Roberto Pesantes 11
  • 13. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 2 OFFICE SUPPLIES VOCABULARY I need a stapler! Mary: Good morning Mr. Sanchez. Mr. Sanchez: Good morning Mary. Mary: Can I help you? Mr. Sanchez: I need a stapler. Mary: It is just behind the pencil holder. Mr. Sanchez: Thank you very much. SOME IMPORTANT OFFICE SUPPLIES DVD Ink cartridges Pens and pencils Marker Glue Stapler Eraser Correction pen Hole punch Hole punch Ring binders Label tabs Envelope business cards Sticky notes Paperclip Tape Highlighter Rubber bands Scissors Index dividers Hanging file Ruler Paperclip holder Task Make groups and simulate an office with your classmates. Bring some office supplies you may have in your house. Br. Roberto Pesantes 12
  • 14. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES PRONOUNS POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES I MY YOU YOUR HE HIS SHE HER IT ITS WE OUR THEY THEIR Basic rule: Pronoun + verb Possessive adjective + noun Possessive adjective + adj + noun She is in the house. They are in the office. Pronoun + verb Pronoun + verb My boss speaks French. Your secretary is tall. Possessive adjective + noun Possessive adjective + noun Br. Roberto Pesantes 13
  • 15. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice: 1. _______ plays soccer. (He/his) 2. _______ father works at the bank. (He/his) 3. _______ am a good manager. (I/my) 4. _______ work near the beach. (Their/They) 5. The teacher sings _________ favorite song. (he/his) 6. _______ red car is in the garage. (I/My) 7. The computer is in ________ house. (we/our) 8. _______ favorite sport is baseball. 9. _______ parents travel every summer. (I/My) 10. _______ favorite movie is on TV now. (I/My) 11. _______ new car is in the garage. (You/Your) Write some sentences of your own, using some possessive adjectives. 1. ____________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________________________________ 4. ____________________________________________________ 5. ____________________________________________________ 6. ____________________________________________________ 7. ____________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 14
  • 16. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I DEMONSTRATIVES SINGULAR AND PLURAL THIS CONTACT SINGULAR THAT NO CONTACT THESE CONTACT PLURAL THOSE NO CONTACT This That These Those Br. Roberto Pesantes 15
  • 17. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice Fill in with this, these, that, or those as in the example. 1. This is a postman. 2. That is a mouse. 3. _________ is a dog. 4. _________ are cars. 5. _________ is a house. 6. __________ is a watch. 7. __________ are bananas. 8. ________ are laptops. Br. Roberto Pesantes 16
  • 18. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I TELLING THE TIME What time is it? It’s 9 o’clock. 15 minutes = a quarter 30 minutes = half 1:30 = It’s half past one. 5:22 = It’s five twenty-two. 2:15 = It’s a quarter after two. 4:05 = It’s four-oh-five 12:00 = It’s twelve o´clock. 4:45 = It’s a quarter to five. Let’s practice 1:25 = It’s one twenty-five 12:05 = It’s twelve___________ 3:45 = It’s ____________________ 1:23 = 7:55 = 9:00 = 2:48 = 10:32= 1:25 = 11:11 = 12:01 = 10:11 = 6:22 = 4:22 = It’s a quarter after three = It’s nine fifty-five = It’s eight-oh-one = It’s five past nine = It’s a quarter to two = It’s half past ten = It’s two to two = It’s a quarter past one = Br. Roberto Pesantes 17
  • 19. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I DAYS OF THE WEEK Weekdays Weekend Monday Saturday Tuesday Sunday Wednesday Thursday Friday Practice: A. Read the sentences and circle (T) if the sentence is True or (F) if it is False. 1. The day after Tuesday is Wednesday. T F 2. Friday is the first day of the week. T F 3. Monday is between Sunday and Tuesday. T F 4. The last day of the week is Saturday. T F 5. Thursday is the third day of the week. T F B. Write the days of the week in order. The first one is Sunday. 1. Sunday 2. _______________ 3. _______________ 4. _______________ 5. _______________ 6. _______________ 7. _______________ C. Find the days of the week. S A T U R D A Y A B U C H B Y E R A W H N A U W A F F D E D D L R Q D F H S D S A K S W I H K E N A Y J D E R H J U E J S H A R F Z M T S B D G Y T H X B X D C F F U Y J C V C A L Y D I M O N D A Y U Br. Roberto Pesantes 18
  • 20. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I D. Unscramble the words. - Sunday - __________________ - ______________ - __________________ - _______________ - ___________________ - _____________ MONTHS OF THE YEAR January July February August March September April October May November June December PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE In On Over Under In front of Behind Next to Between among Br. Roberto Pesantes 19
  • 21. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Fill in the blanks with the corresponding preposition of place. _______________ ______________ ______________ _______________ ______________ ___________ _______ ___________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 20
  • 22. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I WH- QUESTIONS What Information What is your name? My name is Sara Miller. Where A place Where is the teacher? The teacher is at school. When A date When is your birthday? It is on April 5th. Who A person Who are you? I am the teacher. Why A reason Why are you here? Because, I have class. How A way How is your mother? My mother is sick. Which Preference Which is your favorite color? It is orange. Exercises Complete the questions with the correct Wh__ word from the previous chart. Example: Where do you live? 1. _________ is the teacher? The teacher is in the cafeteria. 2. _________ is your birthday? My birthday is on May 12. 3. _________ are you? I am fine thanks. 4. _________ is your favorite color? My favorite color is orange. 5. _________ are you happy? Because, I have a party. Br. Roberto Pesantes 21
  • 23. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 3 Personality and Physical appearance a. Lazy b. Cheerful c. Optimistic d. Shy e. Curious f. Bossy g. Obedient h. Bad tempered Complete the sentences using the words in the box. HONEST – SHY – ANGRY – EASY GOING – POLITE – BAD TEMPERED GENEROUS - JEALOUS – KIND- SERIOUS 1. - I don’t like talking to new people. I´m very ______________. 2. - I always say what I think, I am an______________ person. 3. - I never get angry, I´m __________________. 4. - My mobile is broken. I´m very ___________________. 5. - I never laugh. I´m a __________________person. 6. - I like Jim, but he´s dancing with Susan, I´m _________________. 7. - I always give a lot of presents, I´m a ________________person. 8. - I´m always angry. I´m a ____________________ person. 9. - I always say “thank you” and “please”, I’m very _______________. 10. - I always help people. I´m a _________________ person. Br. Roberto Pesantes 22
  • 24. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Describe the members of your family. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ BE Vs HAVE We use «be» to describe something or someone. TIP: AM FOR I IS FOR HE, SHE, IT Example: He is tall. ARE FOR WE, YOU, THEY Mike is intelligent. Nancy and Sussan are pretty. The house is big. Br. Roberto Pesantes 23
  • 25. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Subject + to be + complement (adjective) We use «be» to say that someone or something is in a specific place. Example: He is in the house. Mike is at the airport. Nancy and Sussan are in the building. The house is in Lima. Subject + to be + complement (place) We use «have» to express possession. TIP: HAVE FOR I, WE, YOU, Example: THEY He has a new car. HAS FOR HE, SHE, IT Mike has a pretty girlfriend. Nancy and Sussan have homework. The house has a big garden. Subject + have + complement (noun) has Subject + have + complement (adjective + noun) has Br. Roberto Pesantes 24
  • 26. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Let’s Practice 1. The children _____________ in the garden. 2. Sarah ___________ long hair. 3. Steve __________ in the bedroom 4. The electric razor __________ in the bathroom. 5. I ______________ a red toothbrush. 6. Melissa ____________ a new hair drier. 7. The cat __________ in the street. 8. The washcloth ___________ new. 9. The cotton buds _____________ in the cabinet. 10 . My head ___________ very big. PRESENT SIMPLE Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, or something that often happens. I speak English. They play soccer. I don’t speak English. They don’t play soccer. You have a new book. We watch TV. You don’t have a new book. We don’t watch TV. He speaks English. She plays soccer. He doesn’t speak English. She doesn’t play soccer. Br. Roberto Pesantes 25
  • 27. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I don’t or doesn’t For negative I – we – you – they don’t (do not) He – she – it doesn’t (does not) Let’s practice Change the sentences into negative. 1. Dr. Lopez works in Lima. _______________________________ 2. The secretary types fast. _______________________________ 3. My boss arrives early. _______________________________ 4. The professor speaks too loud. _______________________________ 5. You study English. _______________________________ 6. They finish their career. _______________________________ 7. The children play in the park. _______________________________ 8. We sleep 8 hours. _______________________________ 9. Her boyfriend studies at UTP. _______________________________ 10. The dogs bark a lot. _______________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 26
  • 28. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I 3rd person singular Present Simple Look at the sentences and then complete the rules. He washes the car. She watches TV every day. Mark works in the bank. Sandra walks to the bus stop. It rains a lot. Luis doesn’t speak French. (negative) Tom doesn’t write poems. (negative)  In affirmative sentences with he/she/it we add ___ or ___ at the end of the verb.  In negative sentences with he/she/it we use __________ before the verb. Complete the blanks with the correct form of the verb. Camila ______ (1) (live) in San Francisco. She __________ (2) (work) for a very big company. Camilia and her sister __________ (3) (go) shopping every weekend. They always ________ (4) (run) in the morning. Camila ____ (5) (be) a secretary. Her boss, Mr. Ramirez, __________ (6) (arrive) work early in the morning. At noon, they __________ (7) (have) lunch in a very nice restaurant near her job. Br. Roberto Pesantes 27
  • 29. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Present Simple Yes / No Questions Do you like animals? Tip: we do not use the Do you study English? auxiliaries “do” or Does she live in Lima? “does” with the verb to be. Does he work at a bank? Question: Do you have a pencil? Do you want some soda? Affirmative answer: Affirmative answer: Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Negative answer: Negative answer: No, I don’t No, I don’t. Does Mary live in Paris? Does Mario play soccer? Affirmative answer: Affirmative answer: Yes, she does. Yes, he does. Negative answer: Negative answer: No, she doesn’t. No, he doesn’t. Do they study English? Does it rain in Lima? Affirmative answer: Affirmative answer: Yes, they do. Yes, it does. Negative answer: Negative answer: No, they don’t. No, it doesn´t. Br. Roberto Pesantes 28
  • 30. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Read the text and answer the following questions. Luisa is a secretary. She works at a big company near her house. Every morning, she takes the bus and arrives her job early. Her boss is Mr. Ramirez. He likes to drink very dark coffee. At 1 o´clock in the afternoon they go to lunch together. Questions 1. Does Luis work at a small company? ______________________ 2. Does Mr. Ramirez like dark coffee? ______________________ 3. Do they have lunch together? __________________________ Write 5 more questions and ask them to your partners. Example: Do you like pizza? Do you study English? 1. _________________________________ 2. _________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 4. _________________________________ 5. _________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 29
  • 31. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I CLOTHES AND SIZES Types of clothes COAT SHIRT GLOVES SHOES HIGH HEEL SHOES BOOTS SUIT SKIRT BELT SWEATER SCARF T-SHIRT SOCKS HAT TIE These are considered plural words: PANTS SHORTS GLASSES Br. Roberto Pesantes 30
  • 32. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I PRESENT PROGRESSIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE I am wearing a red coat I’m not wearing a red coat You are wearing a red coat You aren’t wearing a red coat He is wearing a red coat He isn’t wearing a red coat She is wearing a red coat She isn’t wearing a red coat It is wearing a red coat It isn’t wearing a red coat We are wearing a red coat We aren’t wearing a red coat You are wearing a red coat Your aren’t wearing a red coat They are wearing a red coat They aren’t wearing a red coat Examples: His name is Mario. His name is Jorge. Their names are Sussan Mario is studying for the Jorge is sleeping. and Tom. exam. Sussan and Tom are playing with the ball. Exercises Fill in the blanks with the present progressive form. 1. Magaly ___________ a cup of coffee. (drink) 2. Silvia and Martin ______________ in the restaurant. (eat) 3. My boss ______________ some documents. (sign) Br. Roberto Pesantes 31
  • 33. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I 4. The secretaries ______________ a conference. (plan) 5. The manager and his assistant ____________ in his office. (talk) 6. The marketing department __________________ on new strategies. (work) 7. Jane and Tom __________ to the beach. (go) 8. The dog ___________ at the neighbor. (bark) 9. The king _____________ on his throne. (rest) 10. The sun ____________. (shine) Eat Type Drink Swim Is the baby Is the secretary Is he sleeping? Is he dancing? eating? typing? No, he isn’t. No, he isn’t. Yes, he is. Yes, she is. He is drinking. He is swimming. Drive Write Cook Cry _________ __________ ________ driving? playing? talking? Yes, he is. No, she isn’t. No, she isn’t. She is writing a She is cooking. ____________ letter. Br. Roberto Pesantes 32
  • 34. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Match the picture with the correct verb. Wait – climb – watch TV – cry – fly – dance – fight - cook Read the text and answer the questions. Peter is an electrician. Hes going out the door. He is getting into his car. Right now he is starting the motor. The car is moving. He is driving past a railway station. He is stopping the car. His friend is getting on the car. They are driving to work. Peters friend is happy to be on the car. It is quite early in the morning, and today its very cold. Peters friend is going to be early for work today. 1. What’s Peter’s job? _____________________________________________________ 2. Where is Peter driving? _____________________________________________________ 3. What’s the weather like? _____________________________________________________ 4. Who is getting into the car? _____________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 33
  • 35. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Re-write the text above and change it into negative. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Write some questions of your own and ask them to your classmates. 1. _______________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 34
  • 36. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 4 OFFICE ROOMS, FURNITURE AND APPLIANCES Vocabulary: BATHROOM OFFICE BOARDROOM MEETING ROOM BANQUETING CONFERENCE ROOM ROOM RECEPTION LOBBY COPY CENTER DESK SWIVEL CHAIR SOFA RUG (CARPET) TABLE LOCKER FILING CABINET COFFEE TABLE FLOWER VASE COUNTER PEN PENCIL ERASER PAPER STAPLER HOLE PUNCH PAPERCLIP CORRECTION PEN MARKER HIGHLIGHTER FILE SCISSORS Br. Roberto Pesantes 35
  • 37. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Write the correct name for each picture. _________ ______________ ___________ ___________ ____________ __________ ____________ ____________ ___________ ___________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 36
  • 38. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACEBr. Roberto Pesantes 37
  • 39. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Exercise: Complete the sentences using the correct prepositions of place. Exercise Nº2 Write 5 sentences using the prepositions of place and the objects in your classroom. 1. ________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________ 4. ________________________________________________________ 5. ________________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 38
  • 40. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 5 FREQUENCY ADVERBS Always 100% of the time Frequently about 90% of the time Usually about 80% of the time Often about 70% of the time Sometimes about 50% of the time Occasionally about 40% of the time Seldom about 20% of the time Rarely about 10% of the time Never about 00% of the time The frequency adverbs indicate how much of a time a person realizes an action. Ex.: You take a shower daily. You always take a shower. You eat turkey once a year. You rarely eat turkey. Br. Roberto Pesantes 39
  • 41. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I  Look at Lisa’s answers in the Internet Quiz and complete the sentences.  Do you use the internet for school work?       Do you use the internet for fun?       Do you play computer games?       Do you send emails to your friends?       Do you buy things on the internet?       Do your parents use the internet?       Do they send emails?       Does your teacher use the internet?       Do you listen to music on the internet?       Do you look at the news on the internet?      1. Lisa _________sometimes uses_______ the internet for school work. 2. Lisa _______________________________ the internet for fun. 3. Lisa _______________________________ computer games. 4. She _______________________________ emails to her friends. 5. She _______________________________ things on the internet. 6. Her parents _______________________ the internet. 7. They ______________________________ emails. 8. Lisa’s teacher _____________________ the internet. 9. Lisa _______________________________ to music on the internet. 10. Lisa ______________________________ at the news on the internet. Br. Roberto Pesantes 40
  • 42. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Frequency adverbs positions Verb “to be” + frequency adverb - She is always in the house. - They are never tired. - We are sometimes happy. - Mary is occasionally at the restaurant. - Lou is rarely in a bad mood. Frequency adverb + verb - She never eats at the restaurant. - They always study in the library. - Marcos occasionally drives fast. - I always arrive early. - You sometimes play with my sister. Rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its correct position. Example: I play tennis on Sundays. (often) Answer: I often play tennis on Sundays. 1) He listens to the radio. (often) __________________________________________ 2) They read a book. (sometimes) __________________________________________ 3) Pete gets angry. (never) __________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 41
  • 43. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I 4) Tom is very friendly. (usually) __________________________________________ 5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) __________________________________________ 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often) __________________________________________ 7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) __________________________________________ 8) Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually) __________________________________________ 9) They watch TV in the afternoon. (never) __________________________________________ 10) Christine smokes. (never) __________________________________________ HOW OFTEN DO YOU SLEEP IN YOUR HOUSE? I ALWAYS SLEEP IN MY HOUSE. 1. How often do you play volleyball? I ___________ play volleyball. 2. How often do you watch TV? _____________________________________________ 3. How often are you happy? _____________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 42
  • 44. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I 4. How often is your father tired? _____________________________________________ 5. How often is your boss in a good mood? _____________________________________________ 6. How often do you cook in your house? _____________________________________________ 7. How often does the professor use the computer? _____________________________________________ 8. How often do you speak English? _____________________________________________ 9. How often is Nadine Heredia on TV? _____________________________________________ 10. How often is your mother in the house? _____________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 43
  • 45. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 6 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT SIMPLE Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now? Simple Present Present Progressive In general (often, never) In this moment - right now Tom plays soccer every Sunday. Look! Tom is playing soccer now. present actions happening one after also for several actions happening at another the same time First Tom plays soccer, and then he Tom is playing soccer and Mike is watches TV. watching TV. Words that indicate present simple or present progressive. Signal words PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE always at the moment every (day, month, specific time) at (in) this moment often today normally now usually right now sometimes Listen! never Look! first then Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present: be, have, hear, know, like, love, see, smell, think, want Br. Roberto Pesantes 44
  • 46. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Exercise: 1) Andy sometimes _________________ comics. (to read) 2) We never _________________ TV in the morning. (to watch) 3) Listen! Sandy _________________ in the bathroom. (to sing) 4) My sister usually _________________ in the kitchen. (to help) 5) My mother _________________ breakfast now. (to make) 6) They often _________________ the bathroom. (to clean) 7) Look! The boys _________________ home. (to come) 8) Every day his grandfather _________________ for a walk. (to go) 9) I _________________ with my friend at the moment. (to chat) 10) Cats _________________ mice. (to eat) 11) Look! He ________________ the house. (to leave) 12) Quiet please! I ________________ a test. (to write) 13) She usually ________________ to school. (walk) 14) But look! Today she ________________ by bike. (to go) 15) Every Sunday we ________________ to see my grandparents. (to go) 16) He often ________________ to the cinema. (to go) 17) We ________________ Monopoly at the moment. (to play) 18) The child seldom ________________. (to cry) 19) I ________________ anything at the moment. (not / to do) 20) ________________ the news regularly? (to watch / he) Br. Roberto Pesantes 45
  • 47. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I General review Test A. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb to be. 1. ________ you a singer? 2. He ______ an excellent manager. 3. They ________ in the house. They ________ in the park. 4. Mary ________ an assistant. 5. _________ Mark and Tony soccer players? B. Answer the following questions. Do you play soccer? Does Mary study French? Do they work at the bank? ___________________ ___________________ (+) ___________________(-) Where do you study? When is your birthday? What is your name? ___________________ _____________________ _____________________ C. Write the following numbers with letters. 20 8 5 38 53 25 15 13 80 91 100 152 134 29 56 34 Br. Roberto Pesantes 46
  • 48. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I D. Fill the blanks with the correct definite article. (a, an, or ____ ) _____ airplane _____ house _____ uniform _____ dogs _____ student _____ children _____ men _____ door E. Write the appropriate job or occupation for the image. _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ F. Write the correct nationality for each country. Argentina Ireland Australia Peru Costa Rica Spain Greece Italy Br. Roberto Pesantes 47
  • 49. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I G. Write the correct name of the following office materials. _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ H. Write the correct pronoun or possessive adjective where it corresponds. 1. _______ are in ______ office. (you / your – I / my) 2. _______ lives in Lima. (she / her) 3. _______ play soccer at _______ school. (they / their – you / your) 4. _______ am in Lima. (I / my) 5. _______ write many books. (we / our) I. Complete the following sentences using “this”, “that”, “those”, or “these”. 1. ________ pencil is new. (contact) 2. ________ dogs are brave. (no contact) 3. ________ pages are interesting. (contact) 4. ________ is my favorite program. (contact) 5. ________ are your parents. (no contact) Br. Roberto Pesantes 48
  • 50. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I J. Write the correct time. 1. 10:25 _________________________________ 2. 12:00 _________________________________ 3. 5:15 _________________________________ 4. 7:55 _________________________________ 5. 4:45 _________________________________ 6. 9:03 _________________________________ 7. 6:10 _________________________________ K. Answer the following questions using the phrases in the box. 1. Where are you? ______________________________ 2. What is your name? ______________________________ 3. When is your birthday? ______________________________ 4. Which is your favorite music? ______________________________ On June, 5 Rock Teresa In class Br. Roberto Pesantes 49
  • 51. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 7 THE PAST TENSE THE VERB “TO BE” – WAS - WERE Affirmative Negative (Long form) Negative (Short form) I was I was not I wasn’t You were You were not You weren’t He was He was not He wasn’t She was She was not She wasn’t It was It was not It wasn’t We were We were not We weren’t They were They were not They weren’t PRACTICE Complete the blanks with the correct form of the verb “to be” – was or were 1. Mary ________ in the office yesterday night. 2. He _______ in Rome the last month. 3. Margaret and Tomas _________ friends. 4. We ________ in the house. (negative) 5. Sandra and Mike _________ at the restaurant. 6. Luis ________ at the supermarket. He ________ at the beach. 7. Lucas and Carlos ________ on the car. They ________ in the park. THE VERB “TO BE” – Yes / No questions Past Tense Were you in the house? Was she a good student? - Yes, I was. - Yes, she was. - No, I wasn’t. - No, she wasn’t. Br. Roberto Pesantes 50
  • 52. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice Answer the following questions. 1. Was the doctor at the hospital? Yes, ______________________ 2. Were they good soccer players? No, _______________________ 3. Were you on the bus? Yes, ______________________ 4. Was the waiter in the kitchen? No, ______________________ 5. Were Tom and Lucy at the beach? Yes, _____________________ REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS REGULAR VERBS: IREGULAR VERBS: VERB + ED The past form - “changes” Ex: Ex: Walk walked Speak spoke Visit visited Teach taught Play played Go went Br. Roberto Pesantes 51
  • 53. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice A. Change the following regular verbs into past. Add Answer appear Calculate Bless Check Claim Collect Dance Decide Decorate Destroy Fix File Hate Haunt Identify Ignore Lie Match Manage Need Obey Observe Obtain Paint Perform Plug Reject Remember Sneeze Smell Talk Touch Walk Want Wash visit B. Write 10 sentences with 10 different verbs from the list above. 1. __________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________ 4. __________________________________________________________ 5. __________________________________________________________ 6. __________________________________________________________ 7. __________________________________________________________ 8. __________________________________________________________ 9. __________________________________________________________ 10. _________________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 52
  • 54. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Some irregular verbs you might know. SIMPLE FORM PAST TENSE SIMPLE FORM PAST TENSE Arise Arose Fly Flew Awake Awoke Forget Forgot Be Was/were Get Got Begin Begun Give Gave Burn Burnt Grow Grew Come came Have Had Catch Caught Keep Kept Drive Drove Make Made Do Did Read Read (sounds like “red”) Dream Dreamt Ride Rode Drink Drank Ring Rang Eat Ate Run Ran Fall Fell See Saw Feel Felt Shake Shook Find found Sit Sat Practice A. Change the following sentences into the past tense. 1. They play soccer at school. ____________________________ 2. My secretary studies at night. ____________________________ 3. The students go to the break. ____________________________ 4. She is in the living room. ____________________________ 5. My mother watches a movie. ____________________________ 6. The dog eats a lot. ____________________________ 7. That dentist works well. ____________________________ 8. This car is fast. ____________________________ 9. I catch the ball. ____________________________ 10. She finds some money on the floor. ____________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 53
  • 55. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I B. Read the paragraph and answer the questions Ian Fleming was born in London on 25th May, 1905. He studied at Eton College, the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst and the Universities of Munich and Geneva. Fleming worked in journalism, banking, newspaper management and as a personal assistant to the Director of Naval Intelligence during the second World War. Fleming became famous as the creator of the spy, James Bond. His first successful book was Casino Royale. Between 1953 and his death on 12th August 1964 he wrote eighteen books. His most famous books are: Goldfinger Diamonds are Forever, Live and Let Die, You only live twice. The actors Sean Connery, Roger Moore, Pierce Brosnan have played the part of James Bond in the films based on Fleming´s books. Questions: 1-Who was Ian Fleming? ____________________________________________ 2- When was he born? _____________________________________________ 3- Did he work as a journalist? _______________________________________ 4- Why did he become famous for? ____________________________________ 5- Which was his first successful book? ________________________________ 6- How many books did he write? _____________________________________ 7- Who played the part of James Bond in the films? _______________________ C. Write about your last weekend. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 54
  • 56. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 7 PAST PROGRESSIVE We use the past progressive to express that an action in progress was interrupted in the past. She was playing with her toys. They were studying for the exam. I was working in my office. We were not going to the conference. They weren’t drinking coffee. SUBJECT + VERB TO BE (PAST) + VERB IN –ING FORM + COMPLEMENT FOR QUESTIONS Was she playing with her toys? Were they studying for the exam? Was I working in my office? VERB TO BE (PAST) + SUBJECT + VERB IN –ING FORM + COMPLEMENT + ? Br. Roberto Pesantes 55
  • 57. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice A. Complete the sentences with the Past Progressive They ____________ a book yesterday night. They ________________ tennis on Sunday. Mark _________________ in his house. The baby ______________ in his bed. Br. Roberto Pesantes 56
  • 58. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I B. Change the sentences in part “A” into negative. 1. ______________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________ C. Change the sentences in part “A” into questions. 1. ______________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 57
  • 59. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 8 FUTURE TENSE To express future we use “will” She will study at nights. They will work for this company. I will not go home. We won’t dance at the party. Mario will draw a nice castle. SUBJECT + WILL + VERB IN SIMPLE FORM + COMPLEMENT FOR QUESTIONS Will she play the guitar? Will they come for Christmas? Will I stay in my office? WILL + SUBJECT + VERB IN SIMPLE FORM + COMPLEMENT + ? Br. Roberto Pesantes 58
  • 60. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I FUTURE WITH GOING TO We use “going to” to express future. The difference with “will” is that “going to” requires an evidence to express future, and “will” is a prediction. She is going to work at the airport. They are going to visit France. I am not going to write a song. We aren’t going to eat at the party. Mario is going to cook for the family. SUBJECT + TO BE + GOING TO + VERB IN SIMPLE FORM + COMPLEMENT FOR QUESTIONS Is she going to paint the office? Are they going to go to the gym? Is he going to work in my office? TO BE + SUBJECT + GOINT TO + VERB IN SIMPLE FORM + COMPLEMENT + ? Br. Roberto Pesantes 59
  • 61. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Practice Change the following sentences into the future tense. E = evidence / P = prediction 1. The assistants answer the phone. (E) ____________________________ 2. Her boss goes to the conference. (P) ____________________________ 3. The baby drinks a lot of milk. (E) ____________________________ 4. I am in the house. (E) ____________________________ 5. They are playing in the garden. (P) ____________________________ 6. We sleep on the sofa. (P) ____________________________ 7. It is a nice day. (P) ____________________________ 8. Julio sings well. (E) ____________________________ 9. You talk too much. (E) ____________________________ 10. Sarah cooks delicious. (E) ____________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 60
  • 62. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 9 COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES The comparative adjectives help us to compare two nouns. A comparative is formed with an adjective. That house is smaller than my house. Big (adjective) + er (suffix) = Peru is bigger than Bolivia. bigger (comparative) A car is faster than a bike. Small + er = smaller She is prettier than your sister. Fast + er = faster Shy + er = shier EXAMPLES OF COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES Adjective Comparative adjective high higher small smaller big bigger easy Easier short Shorter pretty prettier Br. Roberto Pesantes 61
  • 63. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Comparative adjectives with more than 2 syllables or ending in –ed or -ing Adjective Comparative adjective dangerous More dangerous bored More bored wonderful More wonderful interesting More interesting SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES The superlative adjectives help us to compare more than two nouns. That is the smallest house of the block. A superlative is formed with Peru is the richest country in culture in South an adjective. America. Big (adjective) + est (suffix) = The airplane is the fastest mean of transport. biggest (comparative) Sue is the prettiest girl in class. Small + est = smallest Fast + est = fastest Shy + est = shiest Br. Roberto Pesantes 62
  • 64. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I EXAMPLES OF SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Adjective Superlative adjective high highest small smallest big biggest easy easiest short shortest pretty prettiest Superlative adjectives with more than 2 syllables or ending in –ed or -ing Adjective Comparative adjective dangerous most dangerous bored most bored wonderful most wonderful interesting most interesting Practice A. Complete the chart with the correct form of the superlative or comparative adjective. THE MISSING ADJECTIVES ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE ....................... lighter ....................... nice ...................... ....................... curly ...................... ....................... dark ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... the meanest Br. Roberto Pesantes 63
  • 65. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I ....................... blonder ....................... ...................... chubbier ....................... ....................... longer ....................... pretty ....................... the prettiest tall taller ....................... ....................... warmer ....................... ....................... closer ....................... B. Write 5 sentences with comparative adjectives and 5 sentences with superlative adjectives. Comparatives 1. _____________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________ Superlatives 1. _____________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 64
  • 66. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I UNIT 10 COUNTABLES AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS COUNTABLE NOUNS The countable nouns represent the nouns that we can count and we can make them plural. Example: - Pen - Car - House - Student - Notebook UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS The uncountable nouns represent the nouns that we cannot count and we cannot make them plural. Example: - Love - Cereal - Fluor - Garlic - Food - Furniture - Water - tea Br. Roberto Pesantes 65
  • 67. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I Example: The secretary is in her office. In this case, “secretary” is a countable noun. The doctor has a patient. “doctor” and “patient are countable nouns. He has a lot of information. “information” is an uncountable noun. Quantifiers Many for plural countable nouns Much for uncountable nouns Some other quantifiers: Some, a few, any, a little, a lot of Ex: There is some water on the floor. There are a lot of books in the library. He wants some sugar. She has five dogs in her house. I want a lot of water. Br. Roberto Pesantes 66
  • 68. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I FINAL REVIEW A. Change the following sentences into the past tense. 1. They are good friends. _______________________________ 2. She is an excellent secretary. _______________________________ 3. Oscar plays the piano well. _______________________________ 4. Mary writes many letters. _______________________________ 5. My boss drives a new car. _______________________________ 6. The assistant types fast. _______________________________ 7. We listen to the professor. _______________________________ 8. They sing a pretty song. _______________________________ B. Complete the sentences with the proper comparative or superlative adjective. 1. Sue is __________________ than Margaret. (intelligent) 2. Cusco is ___________ than Lima. (pretty) 3. Loreto is the ________________ department in Peru. (big) 4. A building is _____________ than a house. (tall) 5. History is ________________ than Math. (interesting) 6. February is the _____________ month of the year. (short) 7. Iquitos is ______________ than Puno. (hot) Br. Roberto Pesantes 67
  • 69. ESCUELA DE SECRETARIASENGLISH GRAMMAR AND EXPRESSION I C. Write 4 sentences indicating prediction and 4 sentences indicating evidence. 1. ______________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________ 5. ______________________________________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________ 7. ______________________________________________________ 8. ______________________________________________________ D. Make a list of 4 countable nouns and 4 uncountable nouns. COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE E. Write one sentences with each noun on part D 1. ______________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________ 5. ______________________________________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________ 7. ______________________________________________________ 8. ______________________________________________________ Br. Roberto Pesantes 68

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