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Communicative Language
Teaching
Principles of the Communicative Approach
•Goals of Language Teaching
Communicative Compete...
Principles of the Communicative
Approach
• How Learners Learn a Language
Meaningful and Purposeful Interaction
Collaborati...
Principles of the Communicative
Approach
Krashin’s Theory of Language Acquisition
A- Comprehensible ( Interesting &
Releva...
Principles of the Communicative
Approach
• Classroom Activities that best Facilitate
Learning
Practical Grammatical Compet...
Linguistic Competence
• Roles of Learners in the Classroom
Participate in Cooperative Activities
Comfortable with their Pe...
Roles of Learners in the
Classroom
• Traditional Roles
Lecturer
Knowledge Giver
• Modern Roles
• Facilitator & monitor
• c...
• Traditional Approaches to Language Teaching
(up to the late 1960s)
• Priority given to grammatical competence
• Accurate...
Communicative Language Teaching
(1970s to 1990s)
• Alternative Model of a Syllabuses to
Replace Grammar Syllabuses
– Funct...
Implications for Classroom
Methodology
• Real communication the Focus of
Language Learning
• Opportunities to Experiment
•...
Implications for Classroom
Methodology
• Link Different Skills Together
• – Speaking, Reading, Listening and Writing
• Stu...
Typical Classroom Activities in
CLT
• Fluency Activities:
• – Information-gap Activities
• – jig-Saw Activities
• – Task-C...
Ten Assumptions of Current
Communicative Language Teaching
• 1. Learners Engaged in Interaction and
Meaningful Communicati...
Ten Assumptions of Current
Communicative Language Teaching
• 3. Meaningful Communication from Relevant,
Purposeful, Intere...
Ten Assumptions of Current
Communicative Language Teaching
• 6. Language Learning is Gradual
• Creative Use of Language an...
Ten Assumptions of Current
Communicative Language Teaching
• 8. Effective Learning and Communication Strategies
• 9. Teach...
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Communicative Language Teaching

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Principles of Communicative Language Approach with some assumptions that can be applied in a classroom setting

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Transcript of "Communicative Language Teaching"

  1. 1. Communicative Language Teaching Principles of the Communicative Approach •Goals of Language Teaching Communicative Competence Linguistic Sociolinguistic Discourse Strategic
  2. 2. Principles of the Communicative Approach • How Learners Learn a Language Meaningful and Purposeful Interaction Collaborative creation of meaning Attention to Feedback Attention to Input
  3. 3. Principles of the Communicative Approach Krashin’s Theory of Language Acquisition A- Comprehensible ( Interesting & Relevant) input B- Zero Affective Filter Level
  4. 4. Principles of the Communicative Approach • Classroom Activities that best Facilitate Learning Practical Grammatical Competence Communicative Competence
  5. 5. Linguistic Competence • Roles of Learners in the Classroom Participate in Cooperative Activities Comfortable with their Peers and Group Responsible for Learning
  6. 6. Roles of Learners in the Classroom • Traditional Roles Lecturer Knowledge Giver • Modern Roles • Facilitator & monitor • communicator
  7. 7. • Traditional Approaches to Language Teaching (up to the late 1960s) • Priority given to grammatical competence • Accurate Pronunciation and Mastery • Grammar Learned Through: – Direct Instruction – Repetitive Practice – Drilling – Memorization of Dialogs – Question and Answer Practice – Substitution Drills – Guided Speaking and Writing Practice
  8. 8. Communicative Language Teaching (1970s to 1990s) • Alternative Model of a Syllabuses to Replace Grammar Syllabuses – Functional Syllabus – Skills Syllabus – ESP Approach • • Alternative Classroom Procedures
  9. 9. Implications for Classroom Methodology • Real communication the Focus of Language Learning • Opportunities to Experiment • Tolerant of Errors – Building Communicative Competence • Opportunities to Develop Accuracy and Fluency
  10. 10. Implications for Classroom Methodology • Link Different Skills Together • – Speaking, Reading, Listening and Writing • Students Induce or Discover Grammar Rules • Emphasis on Pair Work and Group Work • Push for Authenticity
  11. 11. Typical Classroom Activities in CLT • Fluency Activities: • – Information-gap Activities • – jig-Saw Activities • – Task-Completion Activities • – Information-Gathering Activities • – Opinion-Sharing Activities • – Information-Transfer Activities • – Reasoning-Gap Activities • – Role plays
  12. 12. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 1. Learners Engaged in Interaction and Meaningful Communication • 2. Effective Classroom Learning Tasks: • Negotiate Meaning • Expand Language Resources • Notice How Language is Used • Meaningful Intrapersonal Exchange
  13. 13. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 3. Meaningful Communication from Relevant, Purposeful, Interesting, and Engaging Content • 4. Communication a Holistic Process • • Use Several Language Skills or Modalities • 5. Language Learning Facilitated by Activities • involving: • • Inductive or Discovery Learning • • Language Analysis and Reflection
  14. 14. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 6. Language Learning is Gradual • Creative Use of Language and Trial and Error • Errors are Normal while Learning • Goal is to Use New Language Accurately and Fluently • 7. Learners Develop their own Routes to Language Learning, Progress at Different Rates, and Have Different Needs and Motivations for Language Learning
  15. 15. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 8. Effective Learning and Communication Strategies • 9. Teacher is a Facilitator: • Climate Conducive to Language Learning • • Opportunities for Ss to Use and Practice Language • • Opportunities for Ss to Reflect on Language Use &learning • 10. The Classroom is a Community where Learners Collaborate and Share
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