Communicative Language Teaching

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Principles of Communicative Language Approach with some assumptions that can be applied in a classroom setting

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Communicative Language Teaching

  1. 1. Communicative Language Teaching Principles of the Communicative Approach •Goals of Language Teaching Communicative Competence Linguistic Sociolinguistic Discourse Strategic
  2. 2. Principles of the Communicative Approach • How Learners Learn a Language Meaningful and Purposeful Interaction Collaborative creation of meaning Attention to Feedback Attention to Input
  3. 3. Principles of the Communicative Approach Krashin’s Theory of Language Acquisition A- Comprehensible ( Interesting & Relevant) input B- Zero Affective Filter Level
  4. 4. Principles of the Communicative Approach • Classroom Activities that best Facilitate Learning Practical Grammatical Competence Communicative Competence
  5. 5. Linguistic Competence • Roles of Learners in the Classroom Participate in Cooperative Activities Comfortable with their Peers and Group Responsible for Learning
  6. 6. Roles of Learners in the Classroom • Traditional Roles Lecturer Knowledge Giver • Modern Roles • Facilitator & monitor • communicator
  7. 7. • Traditional Approaches to Language Teaching (up to the late 1960s) • Priority given to grammatical competence • Accurate Pronunciation and Mastery • Grammar Learned Through: – Direct Instruction – Repetitive Practice – Drilling – Memorization of Dialogs – Question and Answer Practice – Substitution Drills – Guided Speaking and Writing Practice
  8. 8. Communicative Language Teaching (1970s to 1990s) • Alternative Model of a Syllabuses to Replace Grammar Syllabuses – Functional Syllabus – Skills Syllabus – ESP Approach • • Alternative Classroom Procedures
  9. 9. Implications for Classroom Methodology • Real communication the Focus of Language Learning • Opportunities to Experiment • Tolerant of Errors – Building Communicative Competence • Opportunities to Develop Accuracy and Fluency
  10. 10. Implications for Classroom Methodology • Link Different Skills Together • – Speaking, Reading, Listening and Writing • Students Induce or Discover Grammar Rules • Emphasis on Pair Work and Group Work • Push for Authenticity
  11. 11. Typical Classroom Activities in CLT • Fluency Activities: • – Information-gap Activities • – jig-Saw Activities • – Task-Completion Activities • – Information-Gathering Activities • – Opinion-Sharing Activities • – Information-Transfer Activities • – Reasoning-Gap Activities • – Role plays
  12. 12. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 1. Learners Engaged in Interaction and Meaningful Communication • 2. Effective Classroom Learning Tasks: • Negotiate Meaning • Expand Language Resources • Notice How Language is Used • Meaningful Intrapersonal Exchange
  13. 13. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 3. Meaningful Communication from Relevant, Purposeful, Interesting, and Engaging Content • 4. Communication a Holistic Process • • Use Several Language Skills or Modalities • 5. Language Learning Facilitated by Activities • involving: • • Inductive or Discovery Learning • • Language Analysis and Reflection
  14. 14. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 6. Language Learning is Gradual • Creative Use of Language and Trial and Error • Errors are Normal while Learning • Goal is to Use New Language Accurately and Fluently • 7. Learners Develop their own Routes to Language Learning, Progress at Different Rates, and Have Different Needs and Motivations for Language Learning
  15. 15. Ten Assumptions of Current Communicative Language Teaching • 8. Effective Learning and Communication Strategies • 9. Teacher is a Facilitator: • Climate Conducive to Language Learning • • Opportunities for Ss to Use and Practice Language • • Opportunities for Ss to Reflect on Language Use &learning • 10. The Classroom is a Community where Learners Collaborate and Share

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