Learning the Lessons of Openness


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by Patrick McAndrew, Robert Farrow, Patrina Law and Gary Elliot-Cirigottis

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  • Show evidence hub and information from flowers
  • Highlights of the organisation node page designed to show how the different data types fit together
  • This slide attempts to give a simple explanation of the data model used and to get from the idea of mapping organisations to the idea of mapping more ephemeral data and views on OER
  • Now looking at an individual theme... I would note the related organisations & possibility of following a theme. Themes provide the ‘glue’ for sticking together different kinds of data. I’ve added a link to the live page at the bottom so that you can just explore straight from here. Lots of the entries relating to copyright also relate to access. I suggest that you find a pathway to the access theme page and then cut back to use the next slide.
  • Learning the Lessons of Openness

    1. 1. Learning the Lessons of OpennessPatrick McAndrew, Robert Farrow, Patrina Law andGary Elliot-Cirigottis The Open Universitys Institute of Educational Technology
    2. 2. OER connects “education for all,” the UN’s millennium goal thatcalls for everyone in the world to have a basic education by2014, with the goal of closing the digital divide (Smith and Casserly, 2006)
    3. 3. Exploring the OER landscapethrough projects/organizations andtheir physical locations…
    4. 4. Navigating by theme… Tagging… Creating new connections…Use the live system – completelyopen and free to use…http://ci.olnet.org
    5. 5. olnet.org
    6. 6. The Key Challenges of OER
    7. 7. The Open Universitys Institute of Educational Technology
    8. 8. Integrating analytics into curriculum Open Assessment Resources?Formative/Summative Feedback? Assessment Mozilla Badges? and OER Rubrics Authentic Student Needs Evaluation Tracking Reuse Teaching & Learning Use of OER ‘Delayed gratification’ OER Research Proof of learning Policy Change Ecosystem
    9. 9. Commercial digital textbooks Improving OER visibility New skills = new training ‘Invisibility’ at the point of use Tools for textbook productionTools for finding OER Technologies & Tools for risk assessment Infrastructure Reducing barriers to quality Tools & Technologies Repository Protocols Technology-supported peer review Encouraging collaboration between stakeholders Commercial influence over policy
    10. 10. Promoting Reform Wellcome Trust Anti-piracy legislation OER Advocates OpenTextBooks Working with commercial publishers Advocacy South Africa National Legislation K12 Bill Diversity & Indonesia Reversibility Policy BrazilSustainable Business Models Developing Curricula ‘On the ground’ support Tools & Technologies Institutional Collaboration Incentivising Staff Institutional Change OER Policy Registry (CC) Mainstreaming OER “Publicly funded resources are openly licensed resources”
    11. 11. Lack of reliable evidence OLnet OER Evidence Hub OER Glue Tracking informal learning Evidence of Use Encouraging use of CC licences which afford attribution & ReuseDeveloping metrics for tracking quality Use of OER Reuse of OER Modular lesson design promotes reuse Reluctance to share Lack of adequate case studies Changing cultural practices Focus on the user, not the activity
    12. 12. Balancing open and commercial approaches New tools to make sharing easier Institutional Change Investing in opennessCompetition for limited funding Sustainability Dependence on philanthropy Broader benefits for Building the right education Sustainability support networks Tracking informal learning Thinking about the wider ecosystem, not just the ‘free’ product
    13. 13. Confusion over licence options Range of CC licencesLack of clarity over exercising rights Greater awareness of open alternatives Copyright & Public funding = open accessMaking publicly funded Licensing materials open Pedagogical value of unobstructed licences Copyright & Licensing Investment in open textbooks Commercial use of CC-BY Risk management tools
    14. 14. $5 TextbookHarnessing OER for informal learning Utah Open Textbook Textbook Rebellion Student PIRGS Cheaper textbooks & other educational materialsProblem of accreditation Costs/Benefits OER to teach about OER For Teaching Sustainability OER Research Teaching & Learning Improving access, widening participation Cost-effectivenessSchool policies which prevent sharing
    15. 15. Incentivising staff to adapt existing practices OER Advocacy Coalition Building institutionalInfluence of commercial support publishers Promotion & Advocacy Finding evidence of effective OERReductive thinking about OER Dissemination & Awareness Mobilising the OER community ‘Watered-down’ legislation Instructional Design
    16. 16. Quality issues not unique to OER Controlling quality through peer review OER challenge existing notions of quality OER production not meticulous Faculty resistance Strategies for supporting to change Quality collaborationDeveloping reliable metrics OERTest Content Creation Achieve Value of unobstructed licences Too much poor quality OER in public domain Poorly designed e-learning New stakeholder models of review
    17. 17. Resistance from Making the benefits tangible commercial interests Rethinking the learning experienceToo much faith in transformative power of OER Accreditation Culture of New forms of collaboration, supported by new technologiesWorries about OER quality Adoption Mentoring and support Lack of recognition for Content Creation Teaching & Learning P2Pu OER scholarship Adoption of OER Changing student habits Cultural diversity Effects of OER on motivation & engagement
    18. 18. Lack of evidence about OER effectiveness OLnet Exemplars for openness Open access publishing Does OER need radically new New ways to networkprocesses, or can they exist within existing structures? Impact of and share OER Research New opportunities for cross-collaboration Adoption of OER Dissemination & Awareness Concerns about validity of open OER Research research Research on openness as catalyst for change
    19. 19. Commercial providers borrowing Changing attitudes among rhetoric of openness academics and publishers Student textbooks in USA ‘Locked’ content Open access publishingOut of date textbooks Access Impact on legislation Stifling of reform Access Teacher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa OLnet Proliferation of poor quality content obscures high quality content
    20. 20. The Open Universitys Institute of Educational Technology
    21. 21. olnet.org
    22. 22. Stages in Open ContentLegal: release of copyright through creative commons Practical: provide access to content Technical: develop an environment for open access Pedagogic: understand the designs that workEconomic: devise a model for sustainable operationTransformative: change ways of working and learning
    23. 23. B2S: Challenges of Preparation Copyright Technology AccessCC-BY Licence B2S required reuse Discoverability tracking across different (sited content, pilots) student cohortsMatching NC to CC-BY Labspace Accessibilityacross funded projects (OpenLearn) (audit and support) Moodle Usability (general benefits)
    24. 24. B2S: Common Challenges Quality Sustainability ReuseOpen University Dissemination and Conversion to USmaterial training contextQuality framework Open environment Editable versionsLearning design Integration with college Cross platform needs
    25. 25. B2S: Research Challenges Cost/benefit impact Policy“Free” enables new Changing learners’ Open access coursessolutions pathsHidden costs in making New collaborationschange across sectors
    26. 26. B2S: Emerging Challenges Advocacy Culture AssessmentPromotion of openness Finding new solutions Light modelsRecruiting colleges Willingness to Rewards/Badges experimentNew areas of work
    27. 27. The Open Universitys Institute of Educational Technology