What Makes Openness Work?


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An overview of the OER Research Hub project by Patrick McAndrew, Simone Arthur, Rob Farrow, Bea de los Arcos, Nick Freear, Leigh-Anne Perryman, Beck Pitt, Claire Walker, Martin Weller

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  • Collaborations intended to address core research questions of OERRH project Cover four education sectors. Two OER projects in each sector. Each researcher covers a sector Allocated specific hypotheses to each sector
  • More than 850 open textbooks, more than 200 colleges
  • What Makes Openness Work?

    1. 1. What makes openness work? Patrick McAndrew, Simone Arthur, Rob Farrow, Bea de los Arcos, Nick Freear, Leigh-Anne Perryman, Beck Pitt, Claire Walker, Martin Weller
    2. 2. oerresearchub.org
    3. 3. Structure  Hypotheses and evidence (Patrick)  TrackOER (Nick)  Collaborations and fellowships (Simone)  K12 (Bea)  Informal (Beck)  Higher Education (Leigh-Anne)  Community Colleges (Rob)  Going forward (Patrick)  Working together (Claire)  Evidence (Rob/Leigh-Anne) oerresearchhub.org
    4. 4. The hypotheses: a. OER improve student performance/satisfaction b. People use OER differently from other online materials c. OER widen participation in education d. OER can help at-risk learners to finish their studies e. OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice f. OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions g. Quality indicators are the most important factor for learners when selecting OERs h. Informal learners develop their own forms of study support i. OER support informal learners in moving to formal study j. OER use encourages institutions to change their policies k. Informal assessments motivate learners using OER
    5. 5. oerresearchhub.org Evidence
    6. 6. Track OER
    7. 7. Collaborative Research… 8
    8. 8. OERRH Linked Fellowships Candidate Collaboration Una Daly CCCOER Kari Arfstrom Flipped Learning Thanh Le Gulf of Maine Daniel Williamson Connexions/ OpenStax Jane Park School of Open Mayuri Gogoi TESS India
    9. 9. OERRH Open Fellowships Candidate Institution Patrina Law The Open University Sara Frank Bristow Communicate OER Giselle Ferreira University Estácio de Sá, Rio de Janeiro Bill Meinke Creative Commons Alannah Fitzgerald Concordia University
    10. 10. Supported by oerresearchhub.org oer-research-hub@open.ac.uk Twitter: @OER_Hub
    11. 11.  Survey of K-12 teachers (n=171)  “I have used existing free online resources for teaching” 90.5%  “I have adapted existing free online resources to fit my needs for teaching” 84%  “I reflect more on the way that I teach” 90%  “I more frequently compare my own teaching to others” 70% oerresearchhub.org
    12. 12. oerresearchub.org
    13. 13. oerresearchub.org CC-BY Bea de los Arcos
    14. 14. oerresearchub.org Open Education acts as a bridge to formal education, and is complementary, not competitive, with it. Participation in OER pilots and programs leads to policy change at an institutional level. Use of OER is an effective method for improving retention for at-risk students. All photos: CC-BY Beck Pitt
    15. 15. oerresearchub.org All photos: CC- BY Beck Pitt •Informal Learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER •OER adoption at an institutional level leads to financial benefits for students and/or institutions •Open education acts as a bridge to formal education, and is complementary, not competitive, with it
    16. 16. School of Open oerresearchub.org •Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER •Informal means of assessment are motivators to learning with OER CC for K12 Educators Copyright for Educators (AUS) Copyright for Educators (US) Writing Wikipedia Articles: The Basics and Beyond
    17. 17. Higher Education:  Survey (925 respondents) + IET’s iTunes U / YouTube surveys.  Formal, informal + educators. oerresearchub.org  Findings: Typical users; disability; user motivations; bridge to formal learning; educators’ OER use.  Next: analysis; comparisons; interviews; EADTU
    18. 18. Higher Education…  TESS-India: DIETs.  Huge potential – lack resources; teaching standards; training needs.  Challenge – infrastructure; ICT skills; motivation. oerresearchub.org CC-BY Leigh-Anne Perryman
    19. 19. Higher Education (India): what next?  Pan-India survey: Subject Teacher Forum; IGNOU; Delhi University; FarmerBook/Digital Green etc…  Visits  TESS-India: transculturation.  PCF7 oerresearchub.org
    20. 20. Community College Focus CC-BY Rob Farrow
    21. 21. Community College Focus  Interviews with key staff at Anne Arundel CC  Surveys of OER creators/users in Foothill/De Anza, Houston CC, Roane CC with more to follow next semester  Meetings with key policymakers in Washington DC  Focus group with instructional designers at Northern Virginia CC  Field trip (Autumn 2013) will include visits to various colleges and meetings with policymakers focusing on California open textbooks bill SB 520 oerresearchub.org
    22. 22. Open, agile and sprinting Images by Claire Walker CC-BY
    23. 23. Images by Patrick McAndrew CC- BY
    24. 24. KEY FINDINGS  (A) Educators are more positive about the impact of OER on performance & satisfaction than students (across OpenLearn & Flipped Learning)  (C) Open Education models don’t necessarily improve access to education  (F) Students using OER textbooks may save up to 80% of costs  (G) Informal Learner Experience survey suggests that CC licensing is less important than previously thought oerresearchub.org
    25. 25. KEY FINDINGS  (I) There is survey evidence that OER (esp. OpenLearn) are being used to prepare for and support formal study  (J) Examples of OER policies emerging from practice are becoming more common (UMUC, Utah Textbooks, Foothill-De Anza CC) oerresearchub.org
    26. 26. KEY CHALLENGES IN YEAR TWO  Measuring ‘impact’ vs attitudinal data  Sensitivity of data: retention, performance, finance  Evidence for ‘critical reflection’ & relation to OER  Access to institutional repositories / learning analytics  Comparing diverse contexts – is it valid?  Complexities of relationship between OER and formal education oerresearchub.org
    27. 27. Supported by oerresearchhub.org oer-research-hub@open.ac.uk Twitter: @OER_Hub