Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
1	
  
New	
  usage	
  pa*erns	
  lead	
  t...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
2	
  
OS	
  requirements	
  for	
  embedde...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
3	
  
General	
  purpose	
  OS	
  vs.	
  r...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
4	
  
•  Scheduling	
  nondeterminis'c	
  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
5	
  
Where	
  is	
  real'me	
  needed?	
 ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
6	
  
OS	
  selec'on	
  requirements	
  
T...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
7	
  
Microkernel	
  architecture	
  advan...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
8	
  
High	
  availability	
  -­‐	
  micro...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
9	
  
High	
  availability	
  defined	
  
•...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
10	
  
High	
  availability	
  manager	
  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
11	
  
Cri'cal	
  resource:	
  CPU	
  'me	...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
12	
  
Designing	
  with	
  par''ons	
  
S...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
13	
  
Development	
  and	
  tes'ng	
  
• ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
14	
  
Release	
  and	
  management	
  
• ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
15	
  
HMI	
  
Graphical	
  composi'on	
  
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
16	
  
•  Non-­‐technical	
  comparisons	
...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
17	
  
Easier	
  driver	
  crea6on	
  
•  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
18	
  
Linux	
  kernel	
  ….	
  by	
  the	...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
19	
  Mission-­‐cri'cal	
  reliability	
  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
20	
  
•  Non-­‐technical	
  comparisons	
...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
21	
  
Commercial	
  vs.	
  Open	
  Source...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
22	
  
QNX	
  cer'fied	
  solu'ons	
  
Secu...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
23	
  
•  Comprehensive,	
  Eclipse-­‐base...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
24	
  
Commercial	
  vs.	
  open	
  source...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
25	
  QNX	
  Accelerator	
  Kit	
  for	
  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
26	
  QNX	
  Accelerator	
  Kit	
  for	
  ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
27	
  QNX	
  CAR	
  2	
  At	
  a	
  Glance...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
28	
  Programmable	
  Logic	
  Controller	...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited	
  
29	
  What	
  makes	
  QNX	
  such	
  a	
 ...
Confiden'al	
  Informa'on	
  of	
  	
  
QNX	
  So3ware	
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30	
  
Customer	
  spotlights	
  
GE Energy
©	
  2014	
  QNX	
  So3ware	
  Systems	
  Limited.	
  	
  All	
  rights	
  reserved.	
  QNX,	
  
QNX	
  CAR,	
  	
  NEUTRI...
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QNX Sales Engineering Presentation

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Introduction to QNX by a sales engineer

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QNX Sales Engineering Presentation

  1. 1. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   1   New  usage  pa*erns  lead  to  new  OS  requirements   •  Mobility  -­‐>  power  management,  footprint,  form   factor   •  The  Cloud  -­‐>  versa'le  connec'vity   •  The  Look  -­‐>  compelling  UI  capability   Solu6ons  tailored  for  specific  markets  are   preferred   •  Time  to  market  pressures   •  Development  teams  need  to  focus  on  value-­‐add   HMI  technologies  are  changing  fast.    Development   team  risk  being  stranded  with  out-­‐dated   technology.     Demand  for  safety  and  security  is  growing.     Embedded  so3ware  market   trends  
  2. 2. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   2   OS  requirements  for  embedded  devices     •  Reliability  /  safety   •  Device  scalability   •  Mul'core  technology   •  Data  security  &  integrity   •  Connec'vity  (wired/wireless/ device)   •  Graphics  /  UI  /  HMI  op'ons   •  Cer'fica'on,  verifica'on  and   valida'on  support   •  Support  longevity   •  Hardware  support  
  3. 3. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   3   General  purpose  OS  vs.  real'me  embedded  OS   General  Purpose  Opera6ng  Systems   (GPOS)   •  Designed  to  do  many  things     •  ...and  they  do  them  well,  o3en   extremely  well   •  ...but  are  not  designed  to  offer  strict   guarantees  of:   –  availability  (how  o3en  the  system   responds  to  requests  in  a  'mely   manner)   –  reliability  (how  o3en  these   responses  are  correct)   Both  are  a  must  for  an  embedded   device!   Real6me  Embedded  Opera6ng  Systems   (RTOS)   •  Engineered  to  guarantee   –  availability   –  reliability   •  Ensures  that  devices  can  meet  the  most   stringent  requirements   –  technical  requirements   –  legisla've  requirements  
  4. 4. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   4   •  Scheduling  nondeterminis'c   –  “Fairness”  algorithms  used  by  GPOSs  can   alter  priori'es   –  If  real'me  priori'es  provided,  o3en  not   enough  available   •  Priority  inversion  prevalent   –  High-­‐priority  process  can  become  blocked,   wai'ng  on  a  resource  from  a  blocked  low-­‐ priority  process   •  Interrupt-­‐handling  mechanisms  not   priori'zed   •  Not  the  fault  of  the  OS   –  Designed  for  general,  not  real'me,   compu'ng   Problems  with  GPOSs  
  5. 5. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   5   Where  is  real'me  needed?   Obvious   •  Factory  floor   •  Medical  devices   •  Aerospace   •  Automo've  control   Not  so  obvious   •  In-­‐car  telema'cs  and  naviga'on   •  Network  routers   •  Voice  recogni'on   •  Mul'media  players   •  Consumer  devices  
  6. 6. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   6   OS  selec'on  requirements   Technical  requirements     •  Dependability  –  responds  correctly  to   events  in  a  'mely  manner,  for  as  long  as   required   •  Connec'vity  –  communicates  with  diverse   devices  and  systems   •  Data  integrity  and  security  –  data  is  safely   stored,  and  protected  from  unauthorized   scru'ny     Business  requirements     •  Cost   •  Quality   •  Time  to  market   •  Support  longevity   •  Vendor  history   •  Ecosystem   Compliance  /  Cer6fica6on  requirements   •  POSIX   •  IEC  61508   •  CC  EAL  4+   •  IEC  62304  /  80001-­‐1  etc  
  7. 7. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   7   Microkernel  architecture  advantages   TRUE Microkernel (QNX Neutrino) •  MMU with full protection •  Applications, drivers, and protocols are protected Process Manager µK Filesystem DriverApplication Monolithic Kernel (XP, WinCE, Linux) •  MMU with partial protection •  Applications are protected Application Application Kernel Filesystem Network Driver Application Application Kernel Filesystem Network Driver Real Time Executive (VxWorks) •  No MMU and no protection •  Applications, drivers, and protocols are all in Kernel space System wide corruption Contained (restartable)Contained (restartable) Contained (restartable) System wide corruption
  8. 8. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   8   High  availability  -­‐  microkernel   Applica6on   Microkernel   Applica6on   Applica6on   Disk   Graphics   Serial  Network  Audio   Core  OS   POSIX   Memory  Protec6on   Microkernel   Instrumented  Kernel   Applica'ons  and  Drivers   •  Are  processes  which  plug  into  a  message  bus   •  Reside  in  their  own  memory-­‐protected  address  space   •  Cannot  corrupt  other  so3ware  components  or  kernel   •  Can  be  started,  stopped  and  upgraded  on  the  fly   •  Failures  in  drivers  do  not  require  system  restarts  
  9. 9. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   9   High  availability  defined   •  MTBF:  Mean  Time  Between  Failure   –  Average  'me  between  failures  for  a  large  number  of  components  over  a  long  'me   •  MTTR:  Mean  Time  To  Repair   –  Total  amount  of  'me  spent  performing  all  correc've  maintenance  repairs  divided  by   the  number  of  repairs   •  Availability  =                  MTBF                                                    (MTBF  +  MTTR)     •  Two  routes  to  Maximum  Availability   –  Increase  Mean  Time  Between  Failures     –  Decrease  Mean  Time  To  Repair  
  10. 10. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   10   High  availability  manager   •  Driver  faults  due  to  illegal  access  to  memory  outside  protected  space   •  Kernel  no'fies  HA  Manager  of  process  fault   •  Debug  informa'on  on  faul'ng  process  is  collected   •  Driver  exits,  OS  clears  up  resources   •  HA  Manager  restarts  new  driver   •  Driver  IPC  channels  are  reestablished  by  HA  client  library   •  Driver  requests  informa'on  on  last  state  checkpoint  from  HA  Manager  
  11. 11. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   11   Cri'cal  resource:  CPU  'me     •  So3ware  updates  adding  new  features  can  use  too  much  CPU   •  3rd  party  so3ware,  libraries,  modules   –  You  do  not  have  full  control     •  More  and  more  medical  devices  are  becoming  network  connected   –  Untrusted  network  is  a  threat   •  If  appropriate  measures  are  not  included  by  design,  your  product’s  security  and   availability  can  be  compromised   –  Rogue  so3ware  modules  can  starve  core  applica'ons  of  CPU  'me   –  Denial  of  Service  aracks  can  busy  your  system  with  network  processing  
  12. 12. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   12   Designing  with  par''ons   System  design   •  System  designers  allocate  CPU  budget   to  subsystems  /    development  teams   •  Eliminates  need  for  system-­‐wide   priority  schemes   •  Design  teams  can  develop  their  own   priority  schemes  within  each  par''on   Par''oning  OS   •  RTOS  enforces  budgets   •  Priority-­‐based  scheduling  within   par''on   •  Par''ons  can  be  fixed  or  adap$ve   10% 30% 10% 50% Motor / actuator control Sensor input and DAQ Local HMI Remote monitoring CPU time
  13. 13. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   13   Development  and  tes'ng   •  High  code  reuse   •  Built  for  independent  component   development  and  tes'ng   •  Immediate  isola'on  of  bugs   •  Faster  develop/test  cycle   •  Easier  driver-­‐level  development   •  Berer  so3ware  design  with  isolated  module   enforcement   •  Parallel  debugging  with  shared  targets       Mission-­‐cri'cal  reliability   QNX  microkernel  benefits  
  14. 14. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   14   Release  and  management   •  Immediate  fault  recogni'on  and  recovery   •  Cleanly  designed  architecture  that  handles   extensions  of  SMP,  HA,  and  TDP   •  Live  delivery  of  system  upgrades  and  patches   without  down'me   •  Scalability  to  mul'-­‐core  or  distributed   architectures  without  re-­‐designing  so3ware     Mission-­‐cri'cal  reliability   Microkernel  benefits  
  15. 15. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   15   HMI   Graphical  composi'on  
  16. 16. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   16   •  Non-­‐technical  comparisons  are  just  as   important   –  Perhaps  more  so   •  Focus  on  the  development,  and  lifecycle   efforts  and  costs   –  not  on  the  RTOS  technical  comparisons   •  There  is  manpower  effort  around  these   ac'vi'es:   –  License,  develop,  build,  test,  debug,  cer'fy,   deploy,  maintain,  upgrade,  recer'fy.   –  Compare  these  costs     Business  requirements     of  an  RTOS  
  17. 17. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   17   Easier  driver  crea6on   •  Drivers  are  applica'ons  with  hardware   privileges  that  can  call  normal  func'ons   and  external  libraries   •  Development  requires  no  special  paradigm   and  has  no  affect  on  system  stability   •  Reloading  is  done  on  the  fly  –  without   system  reboots     •  Debugging  uses  standard  tools   Easier  bug  detec6on   •  Drivers  crash  when  accessing  illegal   addresses   •  Debugger  breakpoint  occurs  at  source  line   that  failed   •  Postmortem  core  file  gives  exact  crash   environment   Rapid  development   Quick  development  cycles  
  18. 18. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   18   Linux  kernel  ….  by  the  numbers   “The  Linux  Founda'on  celebrated  the  kernel's  20th  birthday  last  year,  alongside  the  release   of  Linux  3.0.  The  total  size  of  the  kernel  grew  from  13  million  lines  of  code  and  33,000  files   in  2010  to  15  million  lines  of  code  and  37,000  files  in  2011.”      -­‐  Linux  Founda$on’s  2011  edi$on  of  its  kernel  development  study     •  Do  the  math…   ‒  2  million  lines  of  code  per  year  of  code  churn  and  growth   ‒  2000  hours  per  year   •  1000  lines  of  code  churn  /  added  PER  HOUR  for  an  en're  year   •  2  new  C  files  added  …  per  DAY   •  This  does  not  include  the  number  of  lines  changed!    
  19. 19. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   19  Mission-­‐cri'cal  reliability     QNX  microkernel  size   •  QNX  microkernel  has  the  smallest   amount  of  code  with  CPU  privileges   •  Code  is  more  easily  reviewed     and  scru'nized   •  Buggy  behavior  is  found  and   eliminated  before  product  reaches   consumers’  hands   •  Risk  of  system  failure  is  low     Real'me  execu'on  guarantees   consistently  fast  response  'mes     Worse-­‐case  interrupt  latency   •  QNX:  0.000008  seconds   •  Linux:  1  second     Millions of lines of code Linux (Android) 12 XP 40+ Linux (Generic) 14 WinCE 3.9 QNX 0.1
  20. 20. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   20   •  Non-­‐technical  comparisons  are  just  as   important   –  Perhaps  more  so   •  Focus  on  the  development,  and  lifecycle  efforts   and  costs   –  not  on  the  RTOS  technical  comparisons   –  Not  just  the  purchase  price  of  the  OS   •  Free  beer,  free  speech   •  Or  free  puppy?   •  There  is  manpower  effort  around  these   ac'vi'es:   –  License,  develop,  build,  test,  debug,   cer'fy,  deploy,  maintain,  upgrade,   recer'fy   –  Compare  these  costs     Business  benefits  of  a   commercial  RTOS  
  21. 21. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   21   Commercial  vs.  Open  Source   Business  requirements  of  an  RTOS   Commercial  RTOS   Open  Source   Longevity   üCommercial  RTOS  vendors  support  releases   indefinitely;  upcoming  releases  announced  in   advance   T Releases  are  deprecated  regularly,  requiring   con'nual  forward  por'ng  and  product  changes   So3ware   Cost   üCommercial  RTOS’s  priced  compe''vely;  many   have    royalty-­‐free  op'ons   ü “Free”,  commercial  Open  source  shi3  cost   burden  to  development  &  support;  not  all  system  is   necessarily  royalty  free;  requires  TCO  analysis   Focus   üCommercial RTOSs are designed for embedded deployment from Day 1; purpose-built T Many  GPOSs  require  retrofizng  and  tuning  for   embedded  deployment   Tools   üIDEs  'ghtly  integrated  with  many  sophis'cated   OS  features  to  speed  development  and  debugging   T Tooling  support  under  Open  Source  is  spory,   o3en  requiring  developers  to  integrate  build   systems,  or  are  only  command-­‐line  only   Support   üDedicated  support  teams;      Support  through  forums,  but  can  be  difficult  to   pinpoint  code  authors  or  experts  on  specific  issues   Licensing   terms   üUnencumbered,  commercially-­‐friendly  licensing   T GPL  requires  exposing  source  changes  back  to   community  (intellectual  property  exposed)   Cer'fica'on   üAr'facts  available;  support  through  approvals   process  offered   T Burden  of  proof  (safety)  pushed  to  device   manufacturer;  must  become  specialist  in  the  OS  
  22. 22. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   22   QNX  cer'fied  solu'ons   Secure  Kernel  6.4.0     Secure  Kernel  6.5.0   Cer6fied        Plus  1.0  Safe  Kernel  1.0   IEC  61508  SIL3   CC  EAL4+   IEC  62304   ISO  26262  
  23. 23. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   23   •  Comprehensive,  Eclipse-­‐based  IDE     –  Innova've  profiling  tools  for  maximum   insight  into  system  behavior   –  At-­‐a-­‐glance  views  of  real'me  interac'ons,   memory  profiles,  and  more   –  Unique  system  profiler,  system  builder,   memory  profiler,  target  tools       •  Mul6-­‐core  specific  tools     –  Clean  code  migra'on  from  single-­‐core  to   mul'-­‐core  systems   –  Safe  performance  op'miza'ons     QNX®  Momen'cs®   Tool  Suite  
  24. 24. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   24   Commercial  vs.  open  source  support   •  Many  support  forums   ‒  44  Million  hits   •  www.linuxforums.org   •  www.linuxques6ons.org   •  linuxsat-­‐support.com   •  ubuntuforums.org   •  www.techsupportforum.com   •  forums.linuxmint.com   •  www.fedoraforum.org   •  forums.opensuse.org   •  linux.justanswer.com     ‒  Developers  wai'ng  to  answer  your  ques'ons.   •  Really?   •  And  everybody  else   •  And  everybody  else’s  comments  and  problems     •  15  hours;  2  days  break-­‐even  point     Is  this  what  your  company  is  paying  you  to  do?  
  25. 25. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   25  QNX  Accelerator  Kit  for  TI  AM335x  Starter   Kit      Reference  Applica6ons  and  Demos     •  CPU  Secure  Par''oning   •  High  Availability  demos   •  Medical  Demo    Connec6vity   •  LSR  Wireless  Driver   •  Bluetooth    GAP,    SPP,  PAN,  HID,   •  Bluetooth  Low  Energy       •  Ethernet   •  MMC-­‐SD   •  USB   •  Serial  UART     •  SPI,  I2C  support     Advanced  Graphics  and  Video   •  Qt  5.0  demo  applica'ons     •  Qt  Browser   •  Crank  Storyboard  Demo   •  OpenGL  ES  graphics  &  demos  
  26. 26. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   26  QNX  Accelerator  Kit  for  Freescale  i.MX6   Sabre-­‐lite      Reference  Applica6ons  and  Demos     •  Heterogeneous  mul'core  demos   –  CPU,  GPU,  Video  Accelera'on   •  CPU  Secure  Par''oning   •  High  Availability  demos   •  Medical  Demo   Advanced  Graphics  and  Video   •  Qt  5.0  demo  applica'ons     •  Qt  Browser   •  Crank  Storyboard  Demo   •  OpenGL  ES  graphics  &  demos   •  Video  (MP4  &  H.264  )      Connec6vity   •  Silex  Wireless  Driver   •  Bluetooth    GAP,    SPP,  PAN,  HID,   •  Bluetooth  Low  Energy       •  Ethernet   •  MMC-­‐SD   •  USB   •  PCIe   •  SATA   •  Serial  UART     •  SPI,  I2C  support  
  27. 27. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   27  QNX  CAR  2  At  a  Glance   Infotainment  Applica'on  Pla}orm  
  28. 28. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   28  Programmable  Logic  Controller  Reference   Pla}orm  [EtherCAT®  Master]  
  29. 29. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   29  What  makes  QNX  such  a   great  fit  for  embedded   devices?   •  The  only  OS  pla}orm  with  a  safe,  secure,  POSIX   cer'fied  OS.       •  The  right  microkernel  architecture  and  self-­‐ healing  protec'on  for  unparalleled  reliability  and   safety   •  Unparalleled  HMI  Development  Framework  &   Ecosystem   •  Strong  Development  and  Verifica'on  tools   •  Provenance,  experience,  value-­‐add  tools  and   exper'se  for  cer'fica'on  assistance.    
  30. 30. Confiden'al  Informa'on  of     QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited   30   Customer  spotlights   GE Energy
  31. 31. ©  2014  QNX  So3ware  Systems  Limited.    All  rights  reserved.  QNX,   QNX  CAR,    NEUTRINO,    MOMENTICS,    AVIAGE  are  trademarks  of   BlackBerry  Limited,  which  are  registered  and/or  used  in  certain   jurisdic'ons,  and  used  under  license  by  QNX  So3ware  Systems   Limited  (“QSS”).  All  other  trademarks  belong  to  their  respec've   owners.  The  informa'on  herein  is  for  informa'onal  purposes  only   and  represents  the  current  view  of  QSS  as  of  the  date  of  this   presenta'on.  Because  QSS  must  respond  to  changing  market   condi'ons,  the  informa'on  should  not  be  interpreted  to  be  a   commitment  on  the  part  of  QSS,  and  QSS  cannot  guarantee  the   accuracy  of  any  informa'on  provided  a3er  the  date  of  this   presenta'on.  QSS  MAKES  NO  WARRANTIES,  REPRESENTATIONS  OR   CONDITIONS  EXPRESS  OR  IMPLIED,  AS  TO  THE  COMPLETENESS  OR   ACCURACY  OF  THE  INFORMATION  IN  THIS  PRESENTATION.  

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