(Distance Learning, Open Learning, E-learning, Online
Learning Or Web-based Learning.)
Education where teachers and students are
separated in the place and time. The gap between
the two can be bridged through the technology.
Particularly those relying on computers, audio or
video technology as the medium of delivery and,
sometimes, for two-way instruction.
Characteristics of Distance Learning
Provides learning opportunities to individual
learners and groups who may not have the chance
and time to attend formal schooling.
Learner – centered.
Provides learning packages designed for self-
directed learning utilizing various media, multi-
media and other new technologies.
Has an organizational structure and clear
Advantage of Distance Education
Distance education does not require commuting.
You can complete most of the classes at your
Live anywhere, study from anywhere while pursuing the
education of your choice.
Gain extra knowledge.
Convenience and flexibility.
Vast Resource Readily Available.
Key Players in Distance Education
Interaction and Technology in Distance
Interaction in a traditional classroom is much
different than the interaction that occurs in
distance education. Distance education
programs mix instructional technologies with
strategies to help the learners interact with the
Four types of Interaction
Interaction with content takes place when the learner establishes
new knowledge by encountering new information & combining it
with the body of knowledge already retained by him or her.
Interaction with instructors can help students clarify unclear points
and reinforce correct interpretation of course information.
Interaction with learner is intended to promote understanding of
the course content and stimulate critical learning.
Student’s experience with computers can affect their learning in
distance education as well as improve their computer skills.
Synchronous vs. Asynchronous
Distance education supports both synchronous
and asynchronous interaction.
Computer-based instruction may be synchronous,
as when computer conferences are held at pre-
established times via chat technologies, or it
maybe asynchronous as when learners retrieve
instructional materials via the internet and act on
them at their convenience.
The print materials were mailed to students and returned to the
teachers through the postal system.
Primary computer technologies that is used for distance education
include e-mail, online collaborations, and Web-based education.
The ability to see and hear an instructor offers opportunities foe
behavior modeling, demonstrations, instruction of abstract
Voice technologies offer cost-effective ways to enhance distance
Research and Distance Education
Research comparing distance education to
traditional face-to-face instruction indicates that
teaching and studying at a distance can be as
effective as traditional instruction.