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DOÙ VENONS NOUS / QUE SOMMES NOUS / OÙ ALLONS NOUS Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?
Religious and Philosophical Questions‘Religious’! Who?! Why?Philosophical! What?! How?
NuancesPhilosophy Love of wisdomzhé xué 哲学 Wise study (coined) Darśana दश#न Vision (of ultimate reality)
Basic questions What’s what? (Nature of reality.) What’s good? (Value) What do we know (or what’s true)?
Reality Western Indian ChineseWhy is there something rather than nothing? ✔Is there anything that does not change? ✔ ✔ ✔Which is more basic, Being or Non-Being? ✔Does God exist? If so, why evil? ✔ ✔
Value Western Indian ChineseWhat is art and other questions in aesthetics ✔What are the basic standards of morality (ethics)? ✔ ✔ ✔What is the purpose of government? What is therelationship of the individual and the state? ✔ ✔ ✔
Knowledge (epistemology) Western Indian ChineseWhat are the scope & limits of knowledge? ✔ ✔ ✔Can the truth be known at all? ✔ ✔ ✔
MethodsWestern Indian Chinese Perception ✔ ✔ ✔ Inference ✔ ✔ ✔ Intuition ✔ ✔ Authority ✔ ✔
Some General Differences West EastAnalysis SynthesisPlurality of things Unity of thingsDifferences HarmonyLogic Language – aphorismsIndividual Family, societySeeks the TRUTH Recognizes many views
Language Differences Are they influential?! Inflection or not! Writing systems! Categories
How do you think?! Which two of these words are most closely related? Panda, monkey, banana! Cultural differences in student responses Americans favored common categories – panda and monkey Chinese favored relationships – monkey and banana