13. F2012 1066 and the Bayeux Tapestry

497 views
428 views

Published on

The last of Anglo-Saxon England and the coming of William the Conqueror

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
497
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Edgar was born before 1057, perhaps in 1052, and probably in Hungary, where his father Edward Ætheling finally found refuge from Cnut's attempts to eliminate him. His mother, Agatha, was kinswoman of a German emperor, either Henry II or Henry III. Edgar's two sisters, Margaret and Christina, were apparently younger. Edward Ætheling was brought to England in 1057, with his family, presumably to be heir to the throne. He died almost immediately. Allegations that Earl Harold had him poisoned are not only unfounded, but assume that he had already determined to seize the throne, and fail to explain why Edgar was not also removed.
  • 13. F2012 1066 and the Bayeux Tapestry

    1. 1. Wessex NormanViking The louder just law was talked about, the more unlawful things were done. The A-S Chronicle, 1066
    2. 2. 1.The Prince of Wales
2. The Duke ofTHE LINE OF Cambridge
3. Prince Henry of Wales
4. TheSUCCESSION Duke of York
5. Princess Beatrice of York
6.2012 Princess Eugenie of York
7. The Earl of Wessex
8. Viscount Severn
9. The Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
10. The Princess Royal  35. Miss Estella Taylor
36. The Hon. Albert Windsor
37. The Hon. Leopold Windsor
38. The Lord Frederick Windsor
39. The Lady Gabriella Windsor
40. Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy www.royal.gov.uk
    3. 3. Harthacanute• 1041 Edward returns to England• 1042 Harthacanute dies at a wedding feast
    4. 4. Succession• Danish Claimants – Harold of Denmark, died 1043 – Swein of Denmark –preoccupied with own kingdom• Norwegian Claimant – Magnus –purportedly in pact with Harthacnute• Edward – Welcomed by Harthacanute – Championed by Godwine, Leofric and Siward
    5. 5. Coronations of Edward and Edith
    6. 6. Edward the King• Opted out of Norway-Denmark conflict• 1050 Dismisses Navy• 1051 Abolishes heregeld• 1051 Robert of Jumieges, Archbishop of Canterbury• Administrative apparatus entrusted to others
    7. 7. Norman Influences
    8. 8. Edward the Confessor
    9. 9. Godwine• Appointment of Stigand to Winchester in 1047; Canterbury in 1052• 1051 The Dover fracas• 1051 ‘Get thee to a nunnery’• Dies 1053
    10. 10. Godwinesons• Harold, Earl of Wessex• 1055 Tostig, Earl of North• 1057 Gyrth, Earl of East Anglia• 1057 Leofwine, Earl of E. Midlands• 1057 Leofric of Mercia dies – Leofric’s son, Aelfgar, banished in 1055; returns – 1062 Aelfgar dies; his sons ally of Harold
    11. 11. Earl Harold• m. Ealdgyth, daughter of Aelfgar Harold, son of Godwine kneels before King Edward
    12. 12. Westminster Abbey
    13. 13. Westminster Abbey
    14. 14. Jumièges
    15. 15. Death of EdwardEdith HaroldI commend this woman and all thekingdom to your protection
    16. 16. Succession - Different CustomsNormandy A bequest, made formally, in the presence of witnesses, it could not legally be revokedEngland Verba novissima An act made on ones death-bed, in extremis, was taken to supersede previous donations of the same propertyJohn S. Beckerman “Succession in Normandy, 1087, and inEngland, 1066: The Role of Testamentary Custom”Speculum, Vol. 47, No. 2 (Apr., 1972), pp. 258-260
    17. 17. Opposed by Eadwineof Mercia and Morcarof Northumbria
    18. 18. England 1066Sons of Godwine
    19. 19. Norwegian InvasionHaraldHardrada
    20. 20. The Forces Norway and Tostig Harold• 300-500 ships • Edwin and Morcar• 3000-5000 men • Forces brought from south in fast march
    21. 21. Stamford Bridge
    22. 22. Defeat of Combined Forces
    23. 23. Timeline• September 25 Stamford Bridge• September 28 William lands• October 5 Harold reaches London• October 14 Battle of Hastings
    24. 24. Sussex
    25. 25. Bayeux TapestryBattle ofHastings
    26. 26. ‘King’ Edgar• Initially supported by Archbishops Ealdred of York, Stigand of Canterbury; Earls Morcar and Edwin• ‘Harold’s revenge’ – hiatus at Dover – burning of Southwark – circling of London• Surrender at Berkhamsted
    27. 27. The 1997 AdditionSurrender of the English
    28. 28. Christmas 1066
    29. 29. Have a Great Winter BreakOsher resumes February 4, 2013 For those interested this class resumes with the Normans

    ×