OER: What are they and how can I use them?

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Presented at Placer County Office of Education Ed Tech Conference. Jan. 2013.

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  • What kinds of educational resources can be openly licensed? Textual material Pictures Videos Entire courses
  • OER: What are they and how can I use them?

    1. 1. OERs: What are they and how can I use them? • Rob Darrow, Director of Member Services January 2013 Presentation: robdarrow.wikispaces.comwww.inacol.org
    2. 2. Content Contributed by:• TJ Bliss, iNACOL OER Fellow• Jared Robinson, Open Education Group, Brigham Young University• Annie Swinton, Science Teacher , Open High School of Utah
    3. 3. Introductions• Me: Director of Member Services, iNACOL, former online school principal (Clovis Unified in Central Ca), father of a 23-year-old – My online and blended learning journey• You: teachers? Administrators? K-6? 7- 12? Librarians? District?
    4. 4. Who is iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Educators, policy makers, researchers, non-profits, for-profits, support staff, teachers, and administrators• K-12 schools, universities, think tanks, regional service agencies, county offices, organizations, etc.
    5. 5. Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Passion for online and blended learning• Receive daily news and research updates about online and blended learning• Contribute to the online and blended learning voice and conversation• Participate in regional and standing committees
    6. 6. Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Participate in webinars and related activities (access to Archives)• Reduced cost for attending yearly iNACOL Symposium (Oct. 27-30, 2013, Orlando, FL)• Membership: $60 for educators – Other memberships: School, institution, companies, etc.
    7. 7. What do you know…• About Open Educational Resources?• OERs….
    8. 8. Quick History• 1994 – Wayne Hodgins coined the phrase “Learning Objects”• 1998 – David Wiley (BYU Professor) coined term “open content”, and morphed into Open Educational Resources (OER)• 2001 – Larry Lessig (Stanford Professor) and others founded Creative Commons• 2001 – MIT launched OpenCourseWare initiative• 2002 – UNESCO held OER Forum
    9. 9. UNESCO – OER Definition• Defined as: “technology-enabled, open provision of educational resources for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non- commercial purposes.”• They are typically free
    10. 10. Education Is Sharing • the technical argumentwww.inacol.org
    11. 11. Teachers Share WithStudents • knowledge and skills • feedback and criticism • encouragementwww.inacol.org
    12. 12. Students Share WithTeachers • questions • assignments • testswww.inacol.org
    13. 13. If There Is No Sharing • there is no educationwww.inacol.org
    14. 14. Successful Educators • share most completely • with the most studentswww.inacol.org
    15. 15. Knowledge is Magical • can be given without being given awaywww.inacol.org
    16. 16. PhysicalExpressions AreNot• to give a book you must give it awaywww.inacol.org
    17. 17. When Expressions AreDigital • they also become magicalwww.inacol.org
    18. 18. E.g., Online Book • We can all read simultaneouslywww.inacol.org
    19. 19. An Indescribable Advance • the first time in human historywww.inacol.org
    20. 20. Both Knowledge andExpressions • can be given without being given awaywww.inacol.org
    21. 21. Unprecedented Capacity • we can share as never beforewww.inacol.org
    22. 22. Unprecedented Capacity • we can educate as never before • Formally and informallywww.inacol.org
    23. 23. Educating formally and informally • Some examples? www.inacol.org
    24. 24. What Does “Share” Mean? • online it means copy and distributewww.inacol.org
    25. 25. Cost of “Copy” • For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084www.inacol.org
    26. 26. Cost of “Distribute” • For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • Distribute by Internet - $0.00072www.inacol.org
    27. 27. Copy and Distribute are“Free” • this changes everythingwww.inacol.org
    28. 28. Educational Sharing • also means adapting or editingwww.inacol.org
    29. 29. Educational Sharing – Most of us have always done this • Across all grade levels – Sharing lessons – Life giving • When I taught Kindergartenwww.inacol.org
    30. 30. How many have heard of “fair use” policy • Ability for those of us in education to make copies and share with others at no cost for our students • Videos, etc.www.inacol.org
    31. 31. Sense-making, Meaning-making • connecting to prior knowledge • relating to past experience • (in an appropriate language)www.inacol.org
    32. 32. Digital Makes Editing “Free” • editing a printed book or magazine • is difficult and expensivewww.inacol.org
    33. 33. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit • we can share as never beforewww.inacol.org
    34. 34. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit • we can educate as never beforewww.inacol.org
    35. 35. Except We Can’t • © forbids copying, distributing, and editingwww.inacol.org
    36. 36. © Cancels the Possibilities • of digital media and the internetwww.inacol.org
    37. 37. Internet Copyright Enables Forbids• what to do?www.inacol.org
    38. 38. use copyright to enforce sharing
    39. 39. The 4Rs • Reuse – copy verbatim • Redistribute – share with others • Revise – adapt and edit • Remix – combine with otherswww.inacol.org
    40. 40. Currently: Over 400 Million Items • using CC licenses at end of 2010www.inacol.org
    41. 41. The “Open” in OER • free permission to do the 4Rs • Reuse – copy verbatim • Redistribute – share with others • Revise – adapt and edit • Remix – combine with otherswww.inacol.org
    42. 42. Internet OER Enables Allows • sharing and educating at unprecedented scalewww.inacol.org
    43. 43. OER can be:• Text• Pictures• Videos• Lessons• Units• Entire courses
    44. 44. Examples
    45. 45. Image Credit:
    46. 46. Image Credits: ck12.org; yale.edu;
    47. 47. OER and Professional Development Examples• Classroom 2.0: http://www.classroom20.com/• OER Commons: http://wiki.oercommons.org/• iNACOL Webinars: http://www.inacol.org/events/
    48. 48. Quick Commercial• iNACOL sponsoring a series of 6 free webinars• Topic: Competency Based Education• First day: Jan. 31• “Competencies and Common Core”• www.inacol.org/events
    49. 49. Some Content Development Examples• Four school districts in Arizona are currently collaborating on the development and adoption of open textbooks for high school math and science.• The Utah State Office of Education announced that it will be supporting the development of Utah-specific open textbooks for all secondary language arts, mathematics, and science courses…for Fall 2012.
    50. 50. OER Projects: Object Repositories, Courses, and CoursewareCarnegie Mellon University (OLI) http://www.cmu.edu/oli/Creative Commons http://creativecommons.orgCurriki http://www.curriki.org/HippoCampus (NROC) http://new.HippoCampus.orgOER Commons http://www.oercommons.org/Open High School of Utah http://www.openhighschool.org/Open CourseWare Consortium http://www.ocwconsortium.orgRice Connexions http://cnx.orgSaylor Foundation http://saylor.orgOpen Textbook Projects:College Open Textbooks http:// http://collegeopentextbooks.oCK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.com
    51. 51. Rice Connexions http://cnx.orgSaylor Foundation http://saylor.orgOpen Textbook Projects:College Open Textbooks http:// http://collegeopentextbooks.org/CK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.comMore Open Portals, Repositories, Referatories and Specialized Collections:California Learning Resource Network http://www.clrn.org/home/Digital Learning Commons http://www.learningcommons.org/ide@s (U of Wisconsin System) http://www.ideas.wisconsin.eduitunes U http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
    52. 52. CK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.comMore Open Portals, Repositories, Referatories and Specialized Collections:California Learning Resource Network http://www.clrn.org/home/Digital Learning Commons http://www.learningcommons.org/ide@s (U of Wisconsin System) http://www.ideas.wisconsin.eduitunes U http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/K12 Open Ed Wiki http://www.k12opened.com/aboutKhan Academy http://www.khanacademy.org/Merlot http://www.merlot.orgNational Science Digital Library http://nsdl.org/NOAA http://www.education.noaa.gov/PBS Teachers http://www.pbs.org/teachers/PhET http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulations/category/newTeacher’s Domain http://www.teachersdomain.org/Teacher Tube http://www.teachertube.com/Wisc-Online http://www.wisc-online.com
    53. 53. California Specific (free)• UC Scout (free online courses) - http://www.ucscout.org/• NROC/Hippo Campus – www.hippocampus.org/• K-12 High Speed Network www.k12hsn.org/resources/
    54. 54. A Whole OER School in Utah• http://www.openhighschool.org/• All courses built by teachers• All courses built with OER• All courses free to use:• http://openhighschoolcourses.org/
    55. 55. OHSU: Selecting OER• Start with standards – Shared list – Very selective• Teacher forum to share what we find• Evaluate courses and resources (peer and self)• Courses are dynamic (not static)• Data-driven
    56. 56. Using OER• Primary & supplementary resources – Reading, videos, interactives, guided practice, independent practice• Technical embedding of OER – Student access via LMS (Moodle), Google site, wiki, blog, etc. – Embed – iframes – Minimal external links
    57. 57. Samples From OHSU Courses
    58. 58. Go-to OER (Annie Swinton)• Ck-12• Khan Academy• Hippocampus / NROC• Goorulearning• SAS Curriculum Pathways• Braingenie
    59. 59. OER Evaluation ChecklistCurricular Relevance•Completeness•Standards-aligned•Quality•Audience•Maintenance
    60. 60. Customization Options• Granularity• Flexibility• Terms of UseSource• Reliability of Provider
    61. 61. OER Policy• Developing state, district and school policies Some examples: • Open High School of Utah Charter: “OHSU will be the first school in the United States to utilize a curriculum entirely based on OER in a high school setting.” • WA H.B. 2337: “Requires the superintendent of public instruction…to take the lead in identifying and developing a library of openly licensed courseware aligned with the common core state standards and placed under an attribution license…that allows others to use, distribute, and create derivative works based upon the digital material, while still allowing the authors or creators to retain the copyright and to receive credit for their efforts.”
    62. 62. OER Policy• Gov. Schwarzeneggers California’s Open Textbook Initiative – A start• http://www.clrn.org/fdti/
    63. 63. Collaborative Content Development• iNACOL is working on new guide for the collaborative development of content using OER: – Why it’s important to use/develop OER – How and why on getting started – Lessons learned from past/current initiatives – Steps to take – Recommendations – Resources
    64. 64. iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring of Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER 1. OER Collaborative Development Guide • Practical guide for states, districts, and schools for content development in the context of the common core.
    65. 65. iNACOL OER Policy Fellow TJ Bliss tjbliss@inacol.org Dissertation research on studentperceptions of open online textbooks.
    66. 66. Contact Information• Rob Darrow, Director of Member Services. rdarrow@inacol.org• TJ Bliss, iNACOL OER Fellow, tjbliss@gmail.com• Annie Swinton - aswinton@openhighschool.org• Jared Robinson, BYU Open Education Group. t.jared.robinson@gmail.com
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