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May17.what is edtech 280T
 

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ELD 280T

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    May17.what is edtech 280T May17.what is edtech 280T Presentation Transcript

    • Rob Darrow, Ed.D.EDL 280T, Ed TechMay 2013Rob’s Wiki:http://robdarrow.wikispaces.com
    • Introductions Me: Director, Member Services, iNACOL(www.inacol.org). Retired online schoolprincipal, doctorate, consultant(www.onlinelearningvisions.com),father of a 22-year-old, My online learning journey You: Your dissertation topic and yourcareer goal?
    • Relationships and networkingare more important thantechnology
    • Relationships transformpeople Teachers are the most important people inthe implementation of any technology Teachers are more important thantechnology
    • A little tech history Life was easier when there were no books Find the generation ppt
    • “Our teacher is getting smarter…Yesterday shegave us homework we couldn’t even find on theInternet.”
    • Today in 2013 High School Graduate, Age 18 Born in 1995
    • August 16, 2007In 1990Personal computersare 15 years oldTim Berners-Lee writes WorldWide Web program
    • August 16, 2007First Grade - 1996Palm Pilot goes onthe market
    • August 16, 2007J: romeo u thereR: yo wassupJ: nothin’, u?R: skool sucked 2dayJ: heard wylander got mad at uR: what a jerk i used purpl inkon the sci test and he got pissed helookjs like jimminy cricktJ: lolR: going to nicks partyJ: cant i’m groundedR: yJ: cardoza called home, sez im failigSpanish btw my rents hate uR: mine hate u 2J: my dads coming gtgR: k byeJ: xoxoxoxo bye see u tmwR: xoxoxoxoxoxoxo gtgJ: kInstantMessaging,1997
    • August 16, 2007Fourth Grade - 1999Sean Fanning createsNapster
    • August 16, 2007Middle School - 2001Wikipedia - 2001
    • August 16, 2007Middle School - 2001
    • August 16, 2007Cellphones – Middle schoolyears In 2004 – 45% onlineteens have acellphone In 2006, 66% ofonline teens have acellphone 68% of cellphoneowners txt (2006)
    • August 16, 2007Middle School - 2003Skype - 2003
    • August 16, 2007High School - 2004Podcasts – 2004
    • August 16, 20072004Photosharing sites:FlickrPhotobucketetc
    • August 16, 2007Today’s Teen –2005YouTube – 2005
    • August 16, 20072005-2006The Year of MySpace: More than 100 millionaccounts created Third most popular site in theU.S. (after Yahoo and Google) 55% of online teens use socialnetworking sites Of those who use socialnetworking, 48% log on to thesites at least once a day ormore
    • August 16, 2007Today – 2007 - 2013 What has happened in the last 5years?
    • August 16, 2007What are our futurepredictions?
    • Background – National Trends** Online Schools **Enrollment increases30% per year** Charter Schools **Enrollment increases11% - 20% per year Two educational trends challengingtraditional education:
    • One Other National Trend:Static Dropout Rates
    • Three out of every ten students do not graduate from high school.The Challenge for the NationSource: EPE 2007; Greene 2002About half of those who graduate are not college- and work-ready.
    • Research and Dropouts“Lack of school success isprobably the greatest singlecause which impels pupils todrop out of school.” Ayres (1909). Laggards in our schools.
    • Research Studies - California Darrow (2010).Online charter schoolsand at-risk students Schwirzke (2011).Perspectives aboutonline learning fromsuperintendents
    • California 13% of the total U.S. K-12 publicschool student enrollment 20% of the U.S. public charterschool enrollment Top rated state regardingcharter school law and policy National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (2010)
    • Recommendations (Schwirzke, 2011) State policies need to be developed to: Identify standard definitions for online andblended learning Create a framework for online and blendedlearning Change to a funding model for online coursesthat allows fractional per-pupil funds to followstudents down to the individual course, notjust the full-time program
    • Recommendations (Darrow, 2010) Need a uniform way to count online schoolstudents Innovation grants and research grants neededfor online learning in California Common standards for K-12 online learningshould be adopted Ongoing finance model for online schoolsneeded in California; current school fundingfinance models don’t fit with online courses
    • Defining Terms Traditional Learning attend courses daily in face-to-face setting Online Learning attend courses online where 70% instructionis online Blended Learning attend courses online where 30% instructionis online Charter School independently operated public schools ofchoice
    • Online ProgramsComputer Assisted Computer assessment andcomputer placed Complete lesson (teacher in abox) Multiple choice test (Pass,continue; Fail, repeat) Adult facilitated (credentialedor classified) Education 2020 Plato Apex LearningTeacher Lead Teacher places students Teacher at end of every course Students advance based onteacher assessment (some maybe multiple choice) Online interaction (e.g. discussionboards, synchronous onlinelessons/office hours) K-12, Inc. Florida Virtual School Connections Academy
    • What was school likefor you?Teaching ?Learning ?Curriculum ?
    • We are pretty clearFace-to-Face Teaching Students in classroom Teacher in classroom Interaction face-to-face,mostly verbal, somevisual Fixed schedule of classesto attend Prescribed curriculumbased on standards / useof textbooksOnline Teaching Students online Teacher online (minimalface-to-face interaction) Interaction online videoconferencing, email –more visual, less verbal Flexible schedule for workcompletion Prescribed curriculumbased on standards / text
    • From Textbook to Online TeachingOnlineTeachingTextbookEnhancedTeachingTechnologyEnhancedTeachingWeb / OnlineEnhancedTeaching
    • Confusion about“blended learning?” Two definitions: Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogicalapproach that combines the effectiveness and socializationopportunities of the classroom with the technologicallyenhanced active learning possibilities of the onlineenvironment,• Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004) Blended learning “combines face-to-face learningwith computer mediated learning.”(Bonk and Graham, 2006. Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives,local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/).
    • Another definition “Blended learning is a formal educationprogram in which a student learns at least inpart through online delivery of content andinstructionwith some element of studentcontrol over time, place, path, and/or paceand at least in part at a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home.” (Horn & Staker, 2012)
    • Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent and promise ofblended education in the United States. Newburyport, MA: The Sloan Consortium.http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/blended06
    • Why does this matter? The goal is student achievement, but…ifwe don’t know what “it” looks like: We can’t measure it We can’t study it (researchers) We don’t know if it’s making a difference We can’t teach it to others
    • From Textbook to Online TeachingOnlineTeachingTextbookEnhancedTeachingTechnologyEnhancedTeachingWeb / OnlineEnhancedTeaching
    • What does “it” look like?Where do you fit? Textbook enhanced teaching andlearning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online
    • What wasthere beforetextbooks?McGuffey Reader1841When were thefirst textbooksin California?
    • Teaching and Learning What is the studentdoing and where is thestudent? What is the teacherdoing and where isthe teacher? What and where is thecontent?
    • What does “it” look like?*Teacher vs. student control ofteaching and learning Textbook enhancedteaching and learning Technology enhanced(not online) Web/online enhanced Blended OnlineMore teachercontrolSharedcontrolMore studentcontrol
    • What does “it” look like?*Teacher-centric vs. Student-centric Textbook enhancedteaching and learning Technology enhanced(not online) Web/online enhanced Blended OnlineMore teachercentricCombinationMore studentcentric
    • What does “it” look like?*Control of time and pace Textbook enhancedteaching and learning Technology enhanced(not online) Web/online enhanced Blended OnlineSet timestructureSomeFlexibilityFlexible
    • What does “it” look like? Textbook enhanced teaching andlearning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online
    • Textbook EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    • Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom• Writing on paper• Listening to teacher• Talking with peersWhat is the teacher doing?• Standing in front of theclassroom• Directing Learning• Group discussionsWhat is the content?• Textbooks• Supplemental materials• Teacher created materialsWhere is the content?• On paper• In the classroom• In a school library
    • Technology EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    • Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom• Writing on paper• Listening to teacher• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personalcomputerWhat is the teacher doing?• Standing in front of the classroom• Directing Learning• Group discussionsWhat is the content?• Textbooks• Supplemental materials• Teacher created materials• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.)• Computer Program (loaded orCD-Rom)Where is the content?• On paper• In the classroom• In a school library• On a computer/digital whiteboard / doc camera, etc.
    • Web/Online EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    • Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom• Writing on paper• Listening to teacher• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personalcomputerWhat is the teacher doing?• Standing in front of the classroom• Directing Learning• Group discussions• Assignments/activities onlineWhat is the content?• Textbooks• Supplemental materials• Teacher created materials• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.)• Computer Program (loaded orCD-Rom)• Web• Computer led (e.g.programmed math or English.Plato, Ed 2020)Where is the content?• On paper• In the classroom• In a school library• On a computer/digital whiteboard / doc camera, etc.• Some Online
    • BlendedTeacher Student Curriculum
    • BlendedWhat is the student doing?(30% work online)• Sitting in a desk in a classroomor computer lab• Using personal computeronline at home or otherlocation• Interacting with peers inperson and onlineWhat is the teacher doing?(30% interacting with studentsonline)• Standing in front of theclassroom and interactingonline• Directing Learning• Meeting students in smallgroups (f2f and online)• Developing/assigning onlinelessons• Grading onlineWhat is the content?• Textbooks• Supplemental materials• Teacher created materials• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.)• Computer Program (loaded orCD-Rom)• Web• Computer led (e.g.programmed math or English)Where is the content?• On paper• In the classroom• In a school library• On a computer/digital whiteboard / doc camera, etc.• Online (computer led orteacher led content)
    • OnlineTeacher Student Curriculum
    • OnlineWhat is the student doing?(70% or more work online)• Sitting in a desk in a classroom orcomputer lab• Using personal computer online athome or school or other location• Interacting with teacher in personand/or online• Interacting with teacher in personand/or onlineWhat is the teacher doing?(70% or more interacting with studentsonline)• Standing in front of the classroom• Directing Learning• Meeting students in small groups (f2fand online)• Developing/assigning online lessons• Discussion Board• Online meetings/teaching (e.g.Elluminate)• Grading onlineWhat is the content?• Textbooks• Supplemental materials• Teacher created materials• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.)• Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom)• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math orEnglish)• Teacher ledWhere is the content?• On paper• On a computer/digital white board / doccamera, etc.• Online (computer led or teacher ledcontent)
    • iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum**Students**Less OnlineInstructionMore OnlineInstructionMostly OnlineInstruction
    • iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum**Curriculum**Less OnlineInstructionMore OnlineInstructionMostly OnlineInstruction
    • iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum**Instructional Support**Less OnlineInstructionMore OnlineInstructionMostly OnlineInstructioniNacol Standards for Quality Online Courses (2011).http://www.inacol.org/research/nationalstandards/
    • A Quiz! - Practice Students are told to take out their mathbooks and turn to p. 45 to learn aboutadding fractions.
    • Quiz 1 Students must create a short video todemonstrate their learning about thePythagorean Theorem in their Algebracourse. Students put together the keypoints, add in their voice and backgroundmusic and then upload the video toYouTube. The web address is posted inthe assignment area for the teacher tograde.
    • Quiz 2 Students are directed by the teacher to goto the National Geographic website tocomplete the activity there about thedifferent continents of the world. Studentsturn in the assignment digitally through theonline classroom drop box.
    • Quiz 3 Students are working together on a wiki toidentify the key concepts needed to knowabout when taking the AdvancedPlacement U.S. History exam. Thestudents decide which students will focuson different topics and then set a timewhen they can meet online to review eachpart of the wiki.
    • Quiz 4 Students are presenting about what theylearned about the Battle of Gettysburg inthe Civil War. They have created aPowerPoint and are advancing the slideson the digital white board in the front ofthe classroom. In addition, each studentlistening has a “clicker” to answerquestions about the presentation while thestudents are presenting.
    • Where are the majority ofschools today? Everyone will become blended with time
    • Questions? ContactRob’s Wiki:http://robdarrow.wikispaces.com