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From Textbook to Online Teacher

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Highlights recent research about California online learning, the differences between a textbook vs. blended vs. online teacher, and activities of a county Online Learning Network.

Highlights recent research about California online learning, the differences between a textbook vs. blended vs. online teacher, and activities of a county Online Learning Network.

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  • 1. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.President, Online Learning VISIONS.com October 2011 Website: http://bit.ly/scoeoln
  • 2. Stan COE/CTAP 6 Online Learning Network Purpose  Build the knowledge and understanding about blended and online learning for everyone in Stanislaus County Schools Website: http://bit.ly/scoeoln Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 3. Stan COE/CTAP 6 Online Learning Network F2F meetings  Expectation: Same people attend all 4 16Things to Learn About Online Teaching and Learning (ongoing) Webinars Website: http://bit.ly/scoeoln Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 4. Start With the End in Mind By March 2012: Understand the components of online learning Understand differences between blended and online teaching and learning models Have a district online learning plan 10-20 admin or staff or teachers completed 16 things and/or Leading Edge Certification Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 5. Think in terms of 3-5 years from now (not just today). Think about what can be, not what is. This is a journey, not a destination. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 6. Introductions Me:Retired online school principal, doctorate, consultant (www.onlinelearningvisions.com), father of a 21-year-old You:what you do, what your district is doing about online learning. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 7. Consensogram Results Experience with online learning Teaching style Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 8. Handouts OnlineProgram Planning Chart Graphic: Market Landscape Graphic: Blended Learning Chart Stan COE Survey Results Website: http://bit.ly/scoeoln Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 9. Survey Results Discussion In Small Groups  1. What is significant or interesting about the results?  2. Any generalizations from the survey?  3. What are the future topics you would like to discuss in the OLN? Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 10. Background – National Trends Two educational trends challenging traditional education: ** Charter Schools ** Enrollment increases 11% - 20% per year ** Online Schools ** Enrollment increases 30% per year Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 11. One Other National Trend: Static Dropout Rates Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 12. The Challenge for the Nation Three out of every ten students do not graduate from high school. About half of those who graduate are not college- and work-ready.Source: EPE 2007; Greene 2002 Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 13. Research and Dropouts “Lack of school success is probably the greatest single cause which impels pupils to drop out of school.” Ayres (1909). Laggards in our schools. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 14. Research Studies - California  Darrow (2010). Online charter schools and at-risk students  Schwirzke (2011). Perspectives about online learning from superintendents Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 15. California 13% of the total U.S. K-12 public school student enrollment 20% of the U.S. public charter school enrollment Top rated state regarding charter school law and policy National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (2010) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 16. Recommendations (Schwirzke, 2011) State policies need to be developed to:  Identify standard definitions for online and blended learning  Create a framework for online and blended learning  Change to a funding model for online courses that allows fractional per-pupil funds to follow students down to the individual course, not just the full-time program Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 17. Recommendations (Darrow, 2010) Need a uniform way to count online school students Innovation grants and research grants needed for online learning in California Common standards for K-12 online learning should be adopted Ongoing finance model for online schools needed in California; current school funding finance models don’t fit with online courses Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 18. Defining Terms Traditional Learning  attend courses daily in face-to-face setting Online Learning  attend courses online where 70% instruction is online Blended Learning  attend courses online where 30% instruction is online Charter School  independently operated public schools of choice Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 19. Definitions: Online School Enrollment Part-time Online Students  Take one or two online courses in addition to attending traditional school  One student in one course per semester counts one Full Time Online Students  One student attending the school counts oneWatson, Gemin, Ryan & Wicks (2009). Keeping pace withK-12 online learning. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 20. One Example: Florida Virtual SchoolOne student in one course for one semester Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 21. Definitions: Counting Online School Enrollment No Standards Part-time online students not officially counted, except as an estimate in response to a researcher’s survey Full time online students counted if they attend an online charter school In California, public school students, including charters, are counted each October via California Basic Educational Data System (CBEDS) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 22. Types of Online SchoolsA. National Companies – individual online charter schools in different states (K-12, Inc. Connections Academy, Insight)  Primarily charter schoolsB. Statewide – run by state agencies  Some charters, some notC. District / County – run by school districts or county educational offices  Some charters, some not Watson, Gemin, Ryan & Wicks (2009). Keeping pace with K-12 online learning. http://www.kpk12.com/ Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 23. Number of Full Time K-12 Students inCalifornia in OL Charters (Darrow, 2010) Grades 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 K-12 5399 7454 10502 9-12 773 1618 2992 Based on October CBEDS. Ed Data. http://www.ed-data.k12.ca.us Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 24. Number of Part Time OnlineStudents in Ca (Schwirzke, 2011)Grades 2006-07 2007-08 2009-10K-12 17347 42822 347699-12 12625 27289 19948 Based on survey results from 146 California schools. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 25. California Enrollment Enrollment in online charter schools has increased each year for the past three years: 80% in past two years Percent of students in charter high schools: 6% of total 9-12 enrollment Percent of students in online charter high schools: .16% of total 9-12 enrollment Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 26. Stanislaus COE Survey Enrollments Online/Blended 7791 Learning Students (one student, one semester, one course) Online / Blended 65 Learning Teachers Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 27. State/organization Full-time or 2007-2008 2008-2009 Annual supplemental enrollment enrollment increaseFlorida Virtual School Supplemental 120,000 154,125 25%Idaho Digital Learning Supplemental 6,619 9,646 46%AcademyAlabama ACCESS Supplemental 18,955 28,014 48%Michigan Virtual School Supplemental 11,000 16,000 45%Minnesota (state) Both 23,722 28,332 19%Colorado (state) Full-time 9,238 11,641 26%Ohio (state) Full-time 24,011 27,037 13%Arizona (state) Both 15,000 23,000 24%Connections Academy Full-time 13,000 20,000 54%(across U.S.) charterK12, Inc. Full-time 39,500 56,000 42%(across U.S.) charter Watson et al, Keeping Pace. http://www.kpk12.com/ Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 28. Online School History and Policy 1994 – 1997 - First K-12 online schools:  Utah Electronic School  Virtual High School – Massachusetts  Florida Virtual School 2007 – Number of states with online programs / online legislation: 42 2007 – Number of online charter schools:  173 in 18 states  92,235 students (Center for Ed Reform, 2008) 2008 – Online course enrollments grew by 65% from 2002-03 to 2004-05 (Means, 2009) 2009 – More than a million K-12 online school students (Picciano and Seaman, 2009) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 29. Online Learning and Student Achievement Meta-analysis have found that overall, student achievement in online schools is the same or better when compared with traditional schools  Means et al. (2009), Cavanaugh et al. (2004) Emerging Research  Online student interaction in discussion boards / forums (Lowes, 2007)  Student success / student attrition in online courses (Porta-Merida, 2009; Roblyer, 2008) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 30. Defining Terms What does it look like? Handout: Continuum from Textbook Enhanced to Online Teaching and Learning Handout: Blended Learning Chart Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 31. Instructional DeliveryFrom Textbook Enhanced to Online Teacher“The key to success in our online classes rests not with the content that is being presented but with the method by which the course is being delivered.” - Rena Palloff and Keith Pratt (2001) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 32. Why does this matter? Thegoal is student achievement, but…if we don’t know what “it” looks like:  We can’t count it  We can’t study it (researchers)  We don’t know if it’s making a difference  We can’t teach it to others Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 33. Blended Learning (Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal, 2004)“Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogicalapproach that combines the effectiveness and socializationopportunities of the classroom with the active learning ofthe online environment: A shift from lecture- to student-centered instruction Students become active and interactive learners Increases in interaction between student-instructor, student-student, student-content, and student-outside resources Integrated formative and summative assessment mechanisms for students and instructor.” Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 34. What does “it” look like? Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 35. Teaching and Learning What is the student doing? What is the teacher doing? What is the content? Where is the content? Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 36. What does “it” look like? *Teacher vs. student control of teaching and learningMore teacher control  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhanced Shared (not online) control  Web/online enhanced  BlendedMore student control  Online Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 37. What does “it” look like?*Teacher-centric vs. Student-centricMore teacher centric  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhancedCombination (not online)  Web/online enhanced  BlendedMore student centric  Online Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 38. What does “it” look like? *Control of time and pace Set time structure  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhanced Some (not online)Flexibility  Web/online enhanced  BlendedFlexible  Online Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 39. What does “it” look like? Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 40. Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the• Writing on paper classroom• Listening to teacher • Directing Learning• Talking with peers • Group discussionsWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 41. Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white• Computer Program (loaded or board / doc camera, etc. CD-Rom) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 42. Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers • Assignments/activities online• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white• Computer Program (loaded or board / doc camera, etc. CD-Rom) • Online• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 43. BlendedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(30% work online) (30% interacting with students• Sitting in a desk in a classroom or online) computer lab • Standing in front of the classroom• Using personal computer online at • Directing Learning home or other location • Meeting students in small groups• Interacting with peers in person (f2f and online) and online • Developing/assigning online lessons • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white board /• Computer Program (loaded or CD- doc camera, etc. Rom) • Online (computer led or teacher• Web led content)• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 44. OnlineWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(70% or more work online) (70% or more interacting with• Sitting in a desk in a classroom or students online) computer lab • Standing in front of the classroom• Using personal computer online at • Guiding Learning home or school or other location • Meeting students in small groups• Interacting with teacher in person (online and maybe f2f) and/or online • Developing/assigning online• Interacting with teacher in person lessons and/or online • Discussion Board • Online meetings/teaching (e.g. Elluminate) • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • On a computer/digital white board /• Teacher created materials doc camera, etc.• Computer/Program (Word, Ppt, CD-Rom, etc.) • Online (computer led or teacher• Web led content)• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English)• Teacher led Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 45. Textbook EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 46. Textbook Led Instruction Student Learning – Classroom (Student work completed on paper) Teacher Instruction - Classroom Teaching Strategies – Teacher directed, face-to-face Content – Textbook/Teacher Developed/Supplemental Materials Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 47. Technology EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 48. Technology Enhanced (Not Online) Student – Classroom (Student work completed on paper) Teacher Instruction - Classroom Teaching Strategies – Teacher directed, face-to-face, technology (Word, PowerPoint, SmartBoard, Clickers, Video, Audio, etc.) Content – Textbook/Teacher Developed/Supplemental Materials/Technology Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 49. Web/Online EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 50. Web/Online Enhanced Student Learning – Classroom (Student work completed on paper or online) Teacher Instruction – Classroom and Online (may post teacher lessons online or in iTunes/podcasting/YouTube) Teaching Strategies – Teacher directed, face-to-face, technology, online Content – Textbook/Teacher Developed/Supplemental Materials/Technology/Online (may use computer led instruction such as Plato, Nova Net, Rosetta Stone or ALEKS and/or blogs or other online tools). Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 51. BlendedTeacher Student Curriculum Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 52. Blended Teaching and Learning (70/30 face-to-face) Student Learning – Classroom and Online (School and Home – 70% Classroom/30% Online). (Student work completed on paper or online) Teacher Instruction – Classroom (face-to-face meetings once or more per week) and Online Teaching Strategies – Teacher guided/directed or computer directed, face-to-face, technology, online, online tools primarily used in face-to- face instruction such as a course management system, paperless assignments, discussion board, email, Instant Messaging Content – Textbook/Teacher Developed/Supplemental Materials/Technology/Online (may use computer led instruction such as Plato, Nova Net, Rosetta Stone or ALEKS, or teacher led instruction such as teacher developed content, K-12, Inc, , Connection Academy or Florida Virtual School. Use of online tools such as discussion boards or blogs or Moodle or instant messaging, etc.) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 53. OnlineTeacher Student Curriculum Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 54. Online Teaching and Learning (70/30 Online) Student Learning – Classroom and Online (School and Home – 70% Online/30% or less Classroom). (Student work completed online) Teacher Instruction – Classroom/Office (may meet face-to-face) and Online (online collaboration tools such as Elluminate or Webinar software in addition to utilizing tools such as podcasting and YouTube) Teaching Strategies – Teacher guided, technology, online, online tools primarily used in online instruction such as a course management system, paperless assignments, discussion board, email, Instant Messaging, etc. Content – Textbook/Teacher Developed/Supplemental Materials/Technology/Online (may use computer led instruction such as Plato, Nova Net, Rosetta Stone or ALEKS, or teacher led instruction such as teacher developed content, K-12, Inc, , Connection Academy or Florida Virtual School. Use of online tools such as discussion boards or blogs or Moodle or instant messaging, etc.) Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 55. iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum **Curriculum** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 56. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 57. iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum **Instructional Support** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 58. iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum **Students** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 59. A Quiz! Define the type of teaching and learning. Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.
  • 60. Questions?• www.onlinelearningvisions.com• Rob@onlinelearningvisions.comWebsite: http://bit.ly/scoeoln Rob Darrow, Ed.D.. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Oct. 2011.