A Few Definitions Online Learning 70% or more time taught and learned online Blended Learning Using online learning tools to teach students where some student time is flexible Computer Assisted vs. Teacher Led
Online/Blended Learning ProgramsComputer Assisted Teacher Lead Computer assessment and Teacher places students computer placed Teacher at end of every course Complete lesson (teacher in Students advance based on a box) teacher assessment (some may be multiple choice) Multiple choice test (Pass, Online interaction (e.g. continue; Fail, repeat) discussion boards, Adult facilitated synchronous online (credentialed or classified) lessons/office hours) Education 2020 One teacher every course K-12, Inc. Plato Florida Virtual School Apex Learning Connections Academy Which costs less?
Who Has… A Blended Learning Program? An Online Learning Program (students taking courses online with teachers not in the same school)
In California…how do wefund schools? (Finance 101) ADA – Average Daily Attendance 1 student in school 1 day = 1 ADA (or FTE). Cannot split ADA Independent Study Grants / Fees / Fund Raisers / Student Pays
California Finance ADA (“seat time” - 240 minutes each day) Independent Study (student gets hours based on work and physically meets a teacher once a week). Charter (ADA or Ind Study)1 student in school 1 day = 1 ADA.
Two California School Districts Kings Canyon Clovis Unified Unified Cal Online Dunlap Leadership (2000-2005) Academy - 2008 (Students: 37,000; (Students: 9700; Teachers: 1752) Teachers: 439) www.dunlapleadershipacademy.com/
Two California School Districts Kings Canyon Unified Clovis UnifiedFull time online student Part time online studentStudents may attend (no more than one onlinecomputer lab course)weekly/daily Face to face trainingMonthly check in with Online check in withteacher face-to-face teacherOne teacher facilitates One teacher per courseall courses
Administrative Costs ($50,000) Principal – Part time (shared with school across the street) ($40,000) Secretary/lab aide and campus aide 8:00-2:00 each day – 30 hours per week. ($10,000) Custodian (part time – shared with school across the street). Total Personnel Cost: $100,000
Dunlap Leadership Academy Supplies Supplies = $5,000.
Special Education “Built in” to the program Now, Add it up!
Dunlap LeadershipAcademy Income and Expenses Income by ADA: $200,000. Personnel: $100,000 (no hired dist teachers) Equipment: $40,000 Content and Teachers: $60,000 Supplies: $5,000 Expense Total: $205,000 Income – Expenses = - ($5,000)
Asst. Supt. Business Sees:Cost Per Student Cost = $200,000 30 students = $6600 per student. 50 students = $4000 per student. 120 students = $2000
Clovis Unified Unified in 1960:one high school / intermediate school, 4 elementary schools
Clovis Unified District motto: “Be the best you can in mind, body and spirit.” In 2008: 28,000 students – 12,000 in high school. 6 high schools, 5 intermediate schools and 32 elementary schools.
Clovis Unified Cal Online Part time students – may not take more than one online course 4 total courses (Bio, Alg 1, Eng9, Government/Economics) First classes: June 2001
Clovis Unified Cal Online ADA = 0 Budget: $250,000 Funded from 2000-2006 by 12 different grants and funds over 6 years – no ADA or General Fund.
Administrative Costs Full time Coordinator, and online tech assistant TOTAL: $120,000
Teacher Costs District teachers 4 part time teachers – ($15,000 each) Total: $60,000
Special Education Provided by district (no direct cost) Consult and observe Now, Add it up!
Add It Up Income by ADA: -0-. Content: $20,000 Other Online Tools: $5,000 Personnel: $180,000 (Admin and Tchrs) Equipment: $10,000 Expense Total: $215,000 Income – Expenses = +$45,000
Asst. Supt. Business 100 students enrolled in 4 courses. $215,000 Costs Divided out: $2150 per student (in addition to the face-to-face school costs)
Clovis Unified - Cal Online Ended in 2006 No finance model worked for part time students
Create Your Own Finance Plan Fill in your “estimated” cost chart.
2020 Visions Report (2006) $1 mil to start up an online school Bellsouth Foundation (2006). Anderson, A.B., Augenblick, J., and DeCesare, D., and Conrad, J.
Online School Finance Challenges Economy of scale: Need money or students With full complement of courses, how do you reduce costs? Contract content out? Teachers? Develop own content? Get more students?
Lessons Learned: Via research and experience Get all district admin on board Talk with all “stakeholder” groups in establishing your online school (counselors, special education, etc.) Identify budget income for 3 years Lack of money = no program
Resources iNacol, International Organization for K-12 Online Learning – www.inacol.org CUE (and the eLearning SIG) – www.cue.org Keeping Pace - http://kpk12.com/ Ca eLearn Framework - http://www.ccsesa.org/index/hotTopics.cfm Ca Dept of Ed - http://pubs.cde.ca.gov/tcsii/onlineeducation/onlineeduc Online Learning Research about Costs - http://www.onlinelearningvisions.com/research