Background: Online Learning Dr. Rob Darrow / Dr. Kelly Schwirzke #Iste12 June 2012 http://iste12.wikispaces.com
Big Question: What do you have to do to create an effective and sustainable online or blended learning program? (Demystifythe myths, know the landscape, create a plan)
Background – National Trends Two educational trends challenging traditional education: ** Charter Schools ** Enrollment increases 11% - 20% per year ** Online Schools ** Enrollment increases 30% per year
The Challenge for the Nation Three out of every ten students do not graduate from high school. About half of those who graduate are not college- and work-ready.Source: EPE 2007; Greene 2002
Research and Dropouts “Lack of school success is probably the greatest single cause which impels pupils to drop out of school.”– Ayres (1909). Laggards in our schools.
Online School History and Policy 1994 – 1997 - First K-12 online schools: – Utah Electronic School – Virtual High School – Massachusetts – Florida Virtual School 2007 – Number of states with online programs / online legislation: 42 2007 – Number of online charter schools: – 173 in 18 states – 92,235 students (Center for Ed Reform, 2008) 2008 – Online course enrollments grew by 65% from 2002-03 to 2004-05 (Means, 2009) 2009 – More than a million K-12 online school students (Picciano and Seaman, 2009)
Defining Terms Traditional Learning – attend courses daily in face-to-face setting Online Learning – attend courses online where 70% instruction is online (may also have face to face interaction) Blended Learning – attend courses online where 30% instruction is online Charter School – independently operated public schools of choice
Definitions: Online School Enrollment Part-time Online Students Take one or two online courses in addition to attending traditional school One student in one course per semester counts one Full Time Online Students One student attending the school counts oneWatson, Gemin, Ryan & Wicks (2009). Keeping pace withK-12 online learning.
One Example: Florida Virtual SchoolOne student in one course for one semester
Definitions: Counting Online School EnrollmentStandards in Some States (Florida, Idaho, Michigan) Part-time online students not officially counted, except as an estimate in response to a researcher’s survey Full time online students counted if they attend an online charter school In California, public school students, including charters, are counted each October via California Basic Educational Data System (CBEDS)
Types of Online SchoolsA. National Companies – individual online charter schools in different states (K-12, Inc. Connections Academy, Insight) – Primarily charter schoolsB. Statewide – run by state agencies – Some charters, some notC. District / County – run by school districts or county educational offices – Some charters, some not ?? How many here in each category?? Watson, Gemin, Ryan & Wicks (2009). Keeping pace with K-12 online learning. http://www.kpk12.com/
State/organization Full-time or 2007-2008 2008-2009 Annual supplemental enrollment enrollment increaseFlorida Virtual School Supplemental 120,000 154,125 25%Idaho Digital Learning Supplemental 6,619 9,646 46%AcademyAlabama ACCESS Supplemental 18,955 28,014 48%Michigan Virtual School Supplemental 11,000 16,000 45%Minnesota (state) Both 23,722 28,332 19%Colorado (state) Full-time 9,238 11,641 26%Ohio (state) Full-time 24,011 27,037 13%Arizona (state) Both 15,000 23,000 24%Connections Academy Full-time 13,000 20,000 54%(across U.S.) charterK12, Inc. Full-time 39,500 56,000 42%(across U.S.) charter Watson et al, Keeping Pace. http://www.kpk12.com/
Online Learning and Student Achievement Meta-analysis have found that overall, student achievement in online schools is the same or better when compared with traditional schools – Means et al. (2009), Cavanaugh et al. (2004) Emerging Research – Online student interaction in discussion boards / forums (Lowes, 2007) – Student success / student attrition in online courses (Porta-Merida, 2009; Roblyer, 2008)
Contact Information Rob Darrow, Ed.D. Kelly Schwirzke, Ed.D.Director of Member Services Instructor, Oasis Independent Study / Coordinator of Online LearningiNacol Alternative Education Programs559-838-6151 Santa Cruz County Office firstname.lastname@example.org Educationwww.inacol.org P 831-466-5655Rob’s Wiki: C 831-359-1778http://robdarrow.wikispaces.com email@example.com http://iste12.wikispaces.com