The Chinese Military Puzzle

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In this brief, the Second Line of Defense team looks at ways to understand the evolution of Chinese military power.

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The Chinese Military Puzzle

  1. 1. Pu#ng  Together  the  Chinese  Military  Puzzle  Shaping  a  Global  Capability  
  2. 2. Three  Ways  Forward  The  PRC  Build  Out  Its  Capabili:es   Building  Out  Capabili=es   §  Extended  Reach  for  Na:onal   Defense  By  Building   Sanctuaries  Against  ACack.     §  Nuclear  Buildup  and  An:-­‐ Access  and  An:-­‐Denial  as  Key   Elements.   §  Next  Level  is  Build  Up  of   “Tradi:onal”  Power  Projec:on   Tools,  Carriers,  AirliQ,  Tanking,   Bombers,  Long  Range   Missiles.   §  The  Third  Level  is   Experimen:ng  with  Game   Changing  Technologies,  Such   as  Hypersonics  or  Innova:ve   Uses  of  Space-­‐Based  Assets  to   Play  the  Game  Drama:cally   Differently  
  3. 3. Building  Out  Chinese  Military  Power  Shaping  a  Building  Block  Approach  By  2030  have  legi:mate  power  projec:on  force  for  global  opera:ons  leveraging  strike  and  global  ISR  reach.  Build  Out  Global  Exports  and  Alliances  in  Global  Hot  Spots  (Double  Bounce:  Technology  Into  China  and  Then  Exported  in  Advancing  Products  from  China.  Extend  Reach  from  Mainland  China  Deeper  Into  the  Pacific  with  Mari:me,  Air  and  Missiles  Systems.  Build  Out  An:-­‐Access,  An:-­‐Denial  Na:onal  Protec:on  Tools.  
  4. 4. Building  Out  Regional  Reach  A  Key  Building  Block  is  Extending  Reach  into  the  Pacific   An=-­‐Access,  An=-­‐Denial   §  Goal  is  to  Strengthen   China  Power  Base.     §  And  to  Provide   Founda:on  for  Reaching   Deeper  Into  the  Pacific.   Regional  Reach   §  Requires  PLA  to  Come  Out   into  the  Mari:me  and  Air   Domain.   §  Into  a  Crowded  and   Dangerous  Three   Dimensional  Opera:onal   Space.  
  5. 5. Building  Out  Global  Presence  Tools  for  Chinese  Global  Power  Projec:on   Global  Exports  of  Missiles,   AircraQ  and  Capabili:es  to  Build   Global  Power  Rela:onships.   Par:cipate  in  Global  Missions,   Such  as  An:-­‐Piracy  Efforts.   Protect  Engagement  to  Provide   for  Raw  Materials  in  Africa  and   Elsewhere.  
  6. 6. What  are  the  Cri=cal  Pieces?  Which  Pieces  Are  the  Gamechangers?   Dynamic  Environment   The  Threat   §  A  Chinese  Build  Out  is   §  Which  Ac:ons  Taken  by   Occuring  in  a  Very  Fluid   the  US  or  its  Allies  are  the   and  Dynamic  Strategic   biggest  threats  to  Chinese   Environment.     ascendency?   §  From  this  standpoint,   §  Which  ac:ons  will  the   what  are  the  most  crucial   Chinese  target  to  try  to   technologies  or   block?   capabili:es  which  are   §  Which  Asian  Partners  of   game  changing  for  the   the  United  States  are   Chinese?   most  crucial  to  isolate  or   undercut  their  military   moderniza:on?  
  7. 7. Manage  the  Threat  An  American  Led  Asian  Alliance  is  a  Key  Barrier   Breaking  Coali=on  Power   §  Undercut  US  Military   Moderniza:on.     §  Informa:on  Warfare  as   Integral  Tool  to  Undercut   Compe:tors     §  Pressure  the  US  Lynchpin   Role  in  the  Pacific.   §  Undercut  Military   Moderniza:on  Efforts  by   Asian  Allies  of  the  United   States.   §  Use  SoQ  Power  to   Undercut  the  “Need”  for   a  Military  Response  to  the   PRC  

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