“America’s Expeditionary Force in Readiness”   General James F. AmosCommandant of the Marine Corps            Naval War Co...
Emerging Security Environment                       Sources of Stress       Nuclear   Top Ten     Water         Conflict  ...
Emerging Security Environment…                the Numbers are Telling…   95% of international                             ...
“Our strategic guidance rightfully focuses our attention       on the Pacific and Central Command regions.”     So what do...
2012 Strategic Pivot to Asia-PacificFrom 2001-2010, ~70K people/ year were         12 of the top 15 U.S. trading partners ...
2012 Strategic Vigilance in CENTCOM,…                            U.S. Designated StateArab Awakening                Sponso...
…AFRICOM and…                             ~22% of US oil imports comes from Africa   Terrorist, extremist and   insurgent ...
SOUTHCOM                                   U.S. top sources of net crude oil and                                     petro...
USMC Lane vs. other DOD Forces Domain   Crisis Response Force   High State of Readiness                                   ...
The Post-OEF Active Duty Marine Corps…            America’s Crisis Response Force• 23 Infantry Bns (27 to 23), 18 Fixed Wi...
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Ready Marines

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The USMC Commandant General Amos made an important statement about the evolution of the USMC within the national strategy at the Naval War College in April 2012.

We provided some video footage of part of this presentation as well on Second Line of Defense.

http://www.sldinfo.com/the-usmc-commandant-on-the-changing-global-environment/


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Ready Marines

  1. 1. “America’s Expeditionary Force in Readiness” General James F. AmosCommandant of the Marine Corps Naval War College 23 April 2012
  2. 2. Emerging Security Environment Sources of Stress Nuclear Top Ten Water Conflict Youth Undernourished Armed Oil Stress Terrorism Bulge Population States Reserves CrimeCompetition for resources - youth bulge & unemployment - natural disasters - socialunrest - hostile cyber activity - violent extremism (criminal, terrorist, religious) -regional conflict - proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and advancedweaponry in the hands of the irresponsible. These challenges are harbingers ofpotential crisis around the world.
  3. 3. Emerging Security Environment… the Numbers are Telling… 95% of international 21 of the world’s 28 mega-cities arecommunications travels via within 62 mi / 100 km of the sea underwater cables 42,000 trading 49% of the world’s oil travels ships are through 7 major sea underway daily chokepoints 50% of the worlds population lives within 95% of the world’s 62 mi / 100 km of a coast commerce moves by sea“…At the Geo-Strategic level, it’s all about the littorals.” 70% of the world is water
  4. 4. “Our strategic guidance rightfully focuses our attention on the Pacific and Central Command regions.” So what does this mean to Naval Forces?• Fwd presence matters - enables true Crisis Response• Prepositioned forces & equipment remain essential elements of our national strategy• Need to continue to lighten the force• Freedom of navigation/commerce is important• US Military posture must be… – Geographically distributed…operationally resilient…politically sustainable• US must develop allies and coalitions• Cyber security - critical to mil opns & defense of homeland
  5. 5. 2012 Strategic Pivot to Asia-PacificFrom 2001-2010, ~70K people/ year were 12 of the top 15 U.S. trading partners killed in the Asia Pacific region due to (import / export) are in Asia-Pacific natural disasters, resulting in 65% of world’s total death from such causesand ~$35B of economic damage per year (Western half of Ring of Fire depicted) U.S. maintains 5 security treaties 15 of the world’s 28 in the Asia- Megacities are in the Asia Pacific region Pacific – 13 of those 15 are within 100 km of the sea Asia Pacific region contains 61% of the world’s population
  6. 6. 2012 Strategic Vigilance in CENTCOM,… U.S. Designated StateArab Awakening Sponsor of Terror Fragile States Al Qaeda Hot Spots Regional Security Partners 6 of 12 (50%) OPEC Nations are in CENTCOM (65% of world’s oil reserves)
  7. 7. …AFRICOM and… ~22% of US oil imports comes from Africa Terrorist, extremist and insurgent U.S. Designated State areas of Sponsors of Terror influence (AQIM, Al Shabab, LRA, Boko Haram) Somali Pirate Activity 9 of the 10 Countries in theworld with the most prevalenceof infectious disease (HIV/AIDs, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, measles) are in AFRICOM 9 of the 10 Countries in the world at the greatest risk of conflict are in AFRICOM (based on Governance, Demographics, Religion, Water, Energy, Disease, Gender, Education, Corruption, & Economics)
  8. 8. SOUTHCOM U.S. top sources of net crude oil and petroleum product imports (10% Venezuela and 9% from Mexico)Increasing murder & Fragile state & repeat violence associated Humanitarianwith drug trafficking Assistance / Disaster/ transnational crime Relief locationPanama Canal facilitates 5% Prevalence of narco-of the global seaborne trade trafficking and Drug and 12% of American Transitinternational seaborne trade Active insurgencies (Peru – Free Trade and Trade Sendero Luminoso; Columbia Promotion Agreements – FARC) with U.S.
  9. 9. USMC Lane vs. other DOD Forces Domain Crisis Response Force High State of Readiness AIR FORCE Expeditionary Nature Air & Space Scalable & Task Organized Amphibious Any Clime and Place NAVY ARMY Oceans Ground“…at the front door of crisis and conflict, we possess the finesse, the training and thetools to knock at the door diplomatically, pick the lock skillfully, or kick it in violently.”
  10. 10. The Post-OEF Active Duty Marine Corps… America’s Crisis Response Force• 23 Infantry Bns (27 to 23), 18 Fixed Wing Sqdrns (25 to 18), & 32 Rotary Wing Sqdrns (36 to 32) Every Unit Fully Manned and Equipped! Operations and Maintenance Fully Funded! Incorporated lessons learned from OIF/OEF!• Marine Special Operators + ~3,100• Irregular Warfare Marines + ~8,200Increased Intelligence Surveillance & Reconnaissance, ExplosiveOrdnance Disposal, Precision Fire Support, Information Operations,Engineers, Civil Affairs, enablers for partnership and capacity building• Cyberwarfare Operators + ~600 The Marine Corps of 182.1K is the Nation’s risk mitigator for an uncertain future…the United States’ crisis response force…one that will be “the most ready when the nation is least ready.”
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