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General Preziosa on Partner Cooperation and Threat Management
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General Preziosa on Partner Cooperation and Threat Management

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In October 2013, we interviewed the new Chief of the Italian Air Force, Lt. General Preziosa. …

In October 2013, we interviewed the new Chief of the Italian Air Force, Lt. General Preziosa.

In this 2010, the then head of the Italian Air Force Training Command made a presentation before COMDEF 2010 in Washington DC on the future of transatlantic cooperation.

Some of the themes in this brief anticipated part of his October 2013 interview.

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  • 1. COMDEF 2010 Sustaining Programs for Defense Cooperation: doing more with less Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA Commander, Italian Air Force Training Command PROGRAMS FOR A SECURE EUROPE Washington, D.C. – 8 September 2010 1
  • 2. OUTLINE  EUROPE: EVER STRONGER WITH EVOLVING SECURITY NEEDS  ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE – DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS  EUROPE & THE UNITED STATES: A WINNING COOPERATION  CONCLUSION Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 2
  • 3. EUROPE 1957 6 Nations 1973 9 Nations 1986 12 Nations Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 1995 15 Nations 2010 27 Nations 3
  • 4. EUROPE 1957 6 Nations DEFENSE IN EUROPE 1973 9 Nations 1986 1995 12 Nations BUDGET CUTS vs INCREASED OPERATIONS 15 Nations 2010 27 Nations SECURITY= IDENTIFICATION OF STRENGTHS, DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND EXPENSES LESS REDUNDANCY, MORE INTEGRATION Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 4
  • 5. ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE - DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS 27 Member States and more than 450 millions citizens 25 % world’s GDP 160 Billion Euro in Defense spending 17% of UN Forces presently deployed 65% of EUFOR/KFOR forces IDENTIFYING STRENGTHS AND ASSIGNING RESPONSIBILITIES IS A MUST 5
  • 6. KEY THREATS  Terrorism: Europe is both a target and a base  Proliferation of WMD  Regional Conflicts  State Failures  Organized Crime 6
  • 7. EU Policy Implications  More active in pursuing objectives (foster early, rapid, and, when necessary, robust intervention)  More capable (diplomatic, military, intelligence sharing, flexible forces)  More coherent (bring together all EU forces and capabilities)  Work with partners (US, Russia, M.E., Africa, Asia, Latin America, Japan, Canada, China, India) 7
  • 8. ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE - DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS ORIZZONTI SISTEMI NAVALI 51 % FINCANTIERI 33 % 67 % TELESPAZIO THALES ALENIA SPACE 67 % THALES BAe Systems 31 % (azioni private 36%) 33 % 25 % 37,5 % FINMECCANICA MBDA 100 % 37,5 % 100 % SUKHOI CIVIL SUKHOI STN ATLAS 75 % 25 % AIRBUS 100 % 46 % ASTRIUM 50 % EUROCOPTER EUROCOPTE R 62,5 % NH EADS (DASA, ASM, CASA) Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 ATR 32 % 100 % 100 % STORK FOKKER 100 % 50 % EUROFIGHTER 20 % DRS AGUSTA WESTLAND AIRCRAFT COMPANY 21 % 33 % DASSAUL T 46 % Selex SI ELETTRONICA 33 % SAAB 49 % 5,5 % 8 8
  • 9. ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE - DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS Development of European military capabilities - Capability development plan (2008) - Associated Integrated Technology Plans Defense R&D expenditures improved efficiency - 450 Billion EURO of global R&D projects (Force protection, ICEP, …) Identification and promotion of areas of potential cooperation - Preparation phases for programs - EDA-OCCAR connection for follow-on programs Reinforcement of EuropeanTechnology - The European market - International competitiveness 9
  • 10. EDA 24 Areas/Actions EDA 24 Areas/Actions • Counter Man Portable Air Defense Systems • Computer Network Operations • Mine Countermeasures in Littoral sea areas • Comprehensive Approach - military implications • Military Human Intelligence and Cultural / Language Training • Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance Architecture • Medical Support • Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defense • Third-Party Logistic Support • Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IED) • Increased availability of helicopters • Network Enabled Capability  Information Management  Fuel & Power  Deployable Air Power for ESDP Operations  Rapid Land Maneuvering in the 21st Century  Sea-basing  Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) – militarydefense? implications  Space  ISR Sensors and Collectors  Electromagnetic Spectrum Management  Wide-Range Maritime Surveillance  Reception Staging and Onward Movement  Non-lethal Capabilities 10
  • 11. UAV’s and traffic insertion in EU airspace: a multidimensional approach EU COMMISSION NATO DG ENTR – DG R – DG TREN – OPERATING IN NON- … SEGREGATED? AIRSPACE FP7 FUNDING pMS ACTORS „UAV R&T activities“ Contributions Traffic EDA Traffic Insertion ROAD MAP Insertion EUROCONTROL of UAVs EUROCAE – EASA – ... Airspace integration UAS Conference INDUSTRY: ASD – PRIMEs – SMEs – … Barriers: Company Investment Political Economical MIDCAS – Sense & EDA – Commission Social avoid April 21st 2010 Technological (Bruxelles) Legal barriers Environmental 11
  • 12. ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE - DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS EU DEFENSE PACKAGE APPROVED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION- DECEMBER 2007 TO INCREASE COMPETITIVENESS IN THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR TO PROMOTE COOPERATION AND INTEGRATED INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURES OBJ EASE PROTECTIVE BARRIERS WITHIN EU NATIONS ENCOURAGE MERGING OF INDUSTRIAL SECTORS Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 12
  • 13. ARMAMENTS IN EUROPE - DEVELOPMENTS & TRENDS ITALY DEVELOP PRODUCTIVE DEFENSE COMPLEXES OF EXCELLENCE DEVELOP INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION PROGRAMS ACTIVE AND EFFICIENT PARTICIPATION IN ALL EUROPEAN FORA SUSTAIN NATIONAL INDUSTRY Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 13
  • 14. EUROPE & UNITED STATES: A WINNING COOPERATION AVAILABILITY WITHIN EUROPE OF FUNDS FOR R&D LESS THAN IN THE U.S. BUT STILL A CONSIDERABLE RESOURCE JOINT ROLE ON A DIFFERENT SCALE COOPERATION = COMMON GROWTH, STANDARDIZATION, DEVELOPMENT , MUTUAL SATISFACTION TWO-WAY FLOW OF TECHNOLOGY AND FUNDS Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 14
  • 15. EUROPE & UNITED STATES: A WINNING COOPERATION EU - USA COOPERATION NECESSITY & OPPORTUNITY A SECURE EUROPE MUST COOPERATE WITH THE USA NO EUROPEAN FORTRESS STRENGTHEN TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION - COMMON STRATEGIC INTERESTS - THE MAIN CONCENTRATION OF RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGY LIES IN THE U.S. Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 15
  • 16. EUROPE & UNITED STATES: A WINNING COOPERATION EUROPEAN CONTRIBUTION TO JOINT VENTURES 1950s-60s-70s: Direct sales and production under license 1980s-90s: Coproduction and sales activities CURRENT MAJOR PROGRAMS - Joint Strike Fighter and MEADS - C27J for the USAF AMBITIONS: US-101 + Littoral Combat Ship (…) Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 16
  • 17. CONCLUSIONS – KEY POINTS SAFEGUARDING THE STRATEGIC CHARACTER OF THE TRANSATLANTIC ALLIANCE BALANCING THE RATIO OF RESPONSIBILITIES/DUTIES BETWEEN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AND THE U.S. CONFIRMING COOPERATION FOR SECURITY IN THE FUTURE EUROPE TWO-WAY FLOW OF TECHNOLOGY AND FUNDING Lt. Gen. (IT AF) Pasquale PREZIOSA – COMDEF 2010 17
  • 18. COMDEF 2010 Sustaining Programs for Defense Cooperation: doing more with less PROGRAMS FOR A SECURE EUROPE THANKS FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION Washington, D.C. – 8 September 2010 18