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Remediation And Iran Election

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These are a few slides thrown together for a short presentation for the Research group at the Uni of Sunderland/CRMCS. Some of the Twitter/Wikiepedia images used here are drawn from a Mashable post …

These are a few slides thrown together for a short presentation for the Research group at the Uni of Sunderland/CRMCS. Some of the Twitter/Wikiepedia images used here are drawn from a Mashable post by Ben Parr: http://mashable.com/2009/06/21/iran-election-timeline/

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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Transcript

  • 1. #iranelection
    remediation
    1
  • 2. Remediation?
    2
  • 3. 3
  • 4. Remediation
    ‘act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil’
    ‘an action taken to remedy a situation’
    ‘the improvement of a contaminated site to prevent, minimize or mitigate damage to human health or the environment’
    4
  • 5. Bolter and Grusin (1999)
    2 distinct meanings:
    the repurposing of the content of one medium into another
    the transformation of one medium into another
    5
  • 6. #iranelection
    A disparate series of events, reports, protests, accounts, links, stories, etc across multiple media platforms by social agents seeking to redress a perceived and actual danger
    6
  • 7. Top Twitter Trends of 2009
    “The terms #iranelection, Iran and Tehran were all in the top-21 of Trending Topics, and #iranelection finished in a close second behind the regular weekly favorite #musicmonday.”
    Abdur, Dec 15 2009
    7
  • 8. 8
  • 9. 10th Iranian election, aka:
    Green Revolution
    Sea of Green
    Twitter Revolution
    Persian Awakening
    9
  • 10. Nominees
    MahmoudAhmadinejad (Abadgaran)
    Mir-HosseinMousavi(Independent Reformist)
    MohsenRezaee (Independent Conservative)
    MedhiKarroubi (NTP)
    10
  • 11. June 12: The Election
    Official (disputed!) results:
    Ahmadinejad = 24.5 million votes (62.6%)
    Mousavi = 13.2 million votes (33.7%)
    Over 80% voter turnout
    Both claimed they had secured majority of (58-60%) vote
    11
  • 12. Twitter Search #IranElection
    12
  • 13. Other social media
    Wikipedia
    YouTube
    Flickr
    13
  • 14. June 13-14: Protests
    Mainstream media fingered for poor coverage = #CNNFail
    Al Jazeera English charges Iranian government of direct censorship
    Al Arabiya’s Tehran office shut down
    NBC News in Tehran raided
    BBC World Service claim signal jammed
    14
  • 15. Twitter Search #IranElection
    15
  • 16. Other social media
    Wikipedia
    YouTube
    Flickr
    16
  • 17. June 15-18: Escalation
    Rumours of Mousavi’s arrest flood the web
    Supreme Ayatolla Khomeini initiates partial recount of votes
    Iranian football team wear green armbands in game vs South Korea
    US Govt asks Twitter to postpone its scheduled downtime
    Ministry of Culture issues a directive banning foreign media from leaving their offices
    17
  • 18. Other social media
    Wikipedia
    YouTube
    Flickr
    Facebook
    18
  • 19. June 19-21: Violence
    Bloodiest days of violence across the weekend
    Social media becomes the main way for citizens to communicate and organise in face of media censorship
    Shooting of NedaSoltani by Basij forces becomes a rallying cry against the government
    State run television reports 10 killed in Tehran over the weekend
    19
  • 20. Twitter Search #IranElection
    20
  • 21. Other social media
    Wikipedia
    YouTube
    Flickr
    Facebook
    21
  • 22. Some dangers for users
    Twitter being used for misinformation
    Twitter being monitored by state authorities (retweet function)
    22
  • 23. June13-20th: Censorship
    23
  • 24. Remediation = retweet?
    24
  • 25. Remediation of news = utopian?
    “A recent study … challenges utopian visions of the internet as a brave new world with everyone connected to everyone else, a non-hierarchical network of voices with equal, open and global access. This latest ‘new’ world of ‘new’ media has not greatly expanded the news that we read or hear or changed mainstream news values and traditional news formats; neither has it connected a legion of bloggers to a mass audience. Rather, as the economic model for traditional news production stumbles and falls in the digital age, professional journalism has become the first casualty, the second, if we’re not careful, and pretty close behind will be the health of our democracy.”
    Natalie Fenton, 17th Nov 2009
    25
  • 26. Remediation
    ‘act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil’
    ‘an action taken to remedy a situation’
    ‘the improvement of a contaminated site to prevent, minimize or mitigate damage to human health or the environment’
    26
  • 27. Remediation
    Remedy?
    Democracy?
    Suppression?
    Veracity?
    27
  • 28. Remediation
    How useful is the concept of remediation?
    To what extent did the remediation of the events surrounding #Iran Election resolve the problems surrounding the votes?
    To what extent did social media provide a solution to the problems of state censorship?
    28
  • 29. Sources
    Jay David Bolter & Richard Grusin, 1999, Remediation: Understanding New Media, MIT Press
    Ben Parr, 2009, ‘#IranElection Crisis: A Social Media Timeline’Mashable
    29