med122 brief history of the computer lecture

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Intro lecture for MED122

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med122 brief history of the computer lecture

  1. 1. #med122 A brief history of the computer… 1
  2. 2. YouTube playlist  http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL57020298F07835 A1&feature=mh_lolz 2
  3. 3. Pre-history…  3000 BC - first dust abacus  1800 BC – first algorithms  500 BC – first wire and bead based abacus  200 AD – Chinese ‘Suanpan’ computing tray 3
  4. 4. 1614 - John Napier 4
  5. 5. 1642 – Blaise Pascal
  6. 6. 1642 – Blaise Pascal Mechanical calculator
  7. 7. 1671 – Gottfried Liebniz Binary numeral system
  8. 8. 1671 – Gottfried Liebniz the first computer scientist or information theorist (see Martin Davis, 2000)
  9. 9. 1801 - Joseph Marie Jaquard
  10. 10. 1801 - Joseph Marie Jaquard Jacquard loom
  11. 11. 1822 – Charles Babbage originated the concept of a programmable computer (see Tanenbaum, 2007: p7)
  12. 12. Difference Engine
  13. 13. 1822 – Charles Babbage the father of modern computer (see Halacy, 1970)
  14. 14. 1842-1843 – Ada Lovelace First computer program
  15. 15. 1890 - Herman Hollerith
  16. 16. 1936 – Alan Turing
  17. 17. 1937-42 - ABC Atanasoff-Berry 18
  18. 18. 1936-41 – Zuse Z3 19
  19. 19. 1943 - Mark I Colossus 20
  20. 20. 1943 – ENIAC 21
  21. 21. 1947 – The Manchester ‘Baby’ 22
  22. 22. 1951 – UNIVAC 23
  23. 23. 1951 – UNIVAC 24
  24. 24. 1956 – John Bardeen & Walter Brattain 25
  25. 25. 1959 – Gordon Noyce & Robert Moore
  26. 26. 1959 – Jack Kilby
  27. 27. 28
  28. 28. 1959 - Jean Hoerni The planar process
  29. 29. 1960 – DEC PDP-1 30
  30. 30. 1962 - Spacewar (MIT) 31
  31. 31. 1966 – Hewlett Packard 2115
  32. 32. 1968 – NM Electronics Noyce & Moore, together with Andrew Grove
  33. 33. Integrated Electronics
  34. 34. 1971 – Intel 4004
  35. 35. 1972 – Intel 8008
  36. 36. 1975 – Popular Electronics magazine
  37. 37. 1975 – Altair 8800 38
  38. 38. April 1st 1976 – Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak
  39. 39. 1976 – Apple I
  40. 40. 1977 – Apple II
  41. 41. 1978 – VisiCalc
  42. 42. 1977 – Commodore Pet
  43. 43. 1977 – Atari VCS
  44. 44. 1977 – TRS-80
  45. 45. 1979 – Atari 400/800
  46. 46. 1980 – Hewlett Packard HP-85
  47. 47. 1980 – Sinclair ZX80
  48. 48. 1981 – Sinclair ZX81
  49. 49. 1981 – Commodore Vic-20
  50. 50. 1981 – Osborne-1
  51. 51. 1981 – IBM 5150
  52. 52. 1981 – IBM 5150
  53. 53. 1981 – Bill Gates & MS-DOS
  54. 54. Tim Paterson - QDOS
  55. 55. 1981 – BBC Micro
  56. 56. 1981 – BBC Micro
  57. 57. 1982 – Commodore 64
  58. 58. 1982 – Sinclair ZX Spectrum
  59. 59. 1982 – Sinclair ZX Spectrum
  60. 60. 1982 – Dragon 32
  61. 61. 1982 – Jupiter Ace
  62. 62. 1982 – Oric-1
  63. 63. 1983 – Apple Lisa
  64. 64. 1984 – Apple Macintosh
  65. 65. 1984 - Apple
  66. 66. Bill Gates at Mac World ‘84
  67. 67. Commodore
  68. 68. Tandy 1000 69
  69. 69. 1984 - Amstrad CPC-464 Sir Alan Sugar 70
  70. 70. 1985 – Commodore Amiga 71
  71. 71. 1985 – Commodore Amiga 72
  72. 72. 1985 - Windows 1.01 73
  73. 73. 1986 - Compaq
  74. 74. 1988 - NeXT
  75. 75. 1992 – Windows 3.1
  76. 76. 1994 – Gateway 2000
  77. 77. 1995 – Windows 95
  78. 78.  1 - What was your first experience of using a computer?  2 - What was the first computer you ever bought (if at all), and what considerations did you have to take on board when making the purchasing decision?  3 - Have you ever physically built or modified a computer?  4 - Do you think computer engineering/science should be taught at school?  5 - How important do you think a knowledge of how computers work is in understanding their potential/limitations?  6 - What do you know about the Raspberry Pi project, and how successful do you think it will be? 79

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