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Digital photography



Published in Art & Photos , Business
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  • 1. Presented by Celia Bandelier
  • 2.  Since the 1990s, digital cameras have become more and more common, and also more affordable. Because of this, it's now easier than ever to get started with photography. Luckily, you don't need to buy a professional-level camera to get good results. The most important factor is the skill of the photographer.
  • 3.  Capture memories: You can take snapshots of your friends or document your family's trip to the beach. If you want, you can print them on photo paper, or you can just view them on a computer, TV, or digital photo frame.  Share your photos online: You can post your photos on Facebook, Flickr, Picasa Web Albums, or another site. This is even easier if you have a smartphone, since you can take a photo and then upload it immediately.  Use it as a scanner: If you don't have a scanner, you can simply take a photograph of a document. For example, you could take a picture of your tax forms to keep a record of them.  Capture data: You can use a camera to help you remember things. For example, when you park your car at the mall or airport, you can take a photo of the parking lot section number so you can find your car later on. You could also take pictures of things like store hours, phone numbers, and more. A camera phone is ideal for this, since you'll always have it with you.  Start taking photos as a hobby: You can hone your photography skills, get creative, and even use image editing software to experiment with your photos. At this point, you may want to invest in a higher quality camera to improve your photos.
  • 4.  If you're shopping for a digital camera, the number of choices can be overwhelming. However, if you can narrow your search to a specific price range or type of camera, then it may make your choice much easier. In addition, many cameras have special features such as red-eye correction and anti-blink, so you may want to think about which features are important to you.
  • 5.  Most cameras can be grouped into four main types: Digital SLR (or DSLR), point-and- shoot, bridge cameras, and camera phones. Each type has advantages and disadvantages, and some types are more expensive than others. To narrow down your search, try to determine which of these types will best fit your needs.
  • 6.  Digital cameras often have special features designed to help you take better photos. Depending on what types of photos you want to take, some of these features can be very useful. In the next slide are some things that you may want to look for.
  • 7. Red-Eye Correction: Automatically removes red-eye, which is useful if you're taking photos with the flash on. If your camera doesn't have this feature, you can use image editing software to remove red-eye. Sports/Active Child Mode: Allows the camera to focus more quickly to capture action shots. Some cameras also use motion detection to "freeze" a fast-moving subject, making your photos even sharper. Anti-Blink: Automatically detects whether someone has blinked, and displays a warning after the photo is taken so you know to retake it. Smile Detection: Uses face recognition technology to take the photo right when your subject smiles. Blemish Reduction: Automatically retouches your photos to reduce blemishes and wrinkles. Artistic Effects: Allows you to add brush stroke effects, lens distortion, or other effects to give your photos a unique look.
  • 8.  Keep in mind that higher-end cameras (such as DSLRs) are less likely to have some of these features. For those cameras, you'll have to rely more on your own skill, as well as post-processing with Photoshop or a similar program. For everyday snapshots, the convenience of point-and-shoot cameras often makes them a better choice.
  • 9.  Most digital cameras store the photos on a separate memory card, such as a Secure Digital, SDHC, microSD, or CompactFlash card. These cards usually have several gigabytes of storage space, and the exact number of photos that they can hold will vary depending on the resolution and file format of the photos. You may need to purchase a memory card separately, and it's important to choose a card that is compatible with your camera. You can find this information in your camera's manual, on the outside of the box, or online.  Generally, you'll want to use the memory card as temporary storage until you transfer your photos to your computer. You can then delete the photos from the memory card so you'll have plenty of space for your next photo shoot.
  • 10.  Generally, cameras use rechargeable lithium-ion battery packs, although some can use AA batteries. The battery pack is usually included with your camera, but you may want to buy an extra one in case the battery runs out while you're shooting. Make sure to buy a battery pack that is designed to work with your camera.  Your camera will also come with a charger that you can use with your battery. It's a good idea to recharge the battery overnight, so that you'll be ready to take photos the next day.
  • 11.  In order to take a photo, there are many different things that your camera needs to take into account, such as the focus and exposure. Most of the time, these things will be set automatically by your camera. However, you'll sometimes need to make manual changes to the settings to get the best possible photo.
  • 12.  Each camera make and model is different. In the images below, you can see that the camera on the left has some additional buttons. Your camera may have a different layout, so you should consult your manual to learn about which buttons your camera has.
  • 13.  Although your camera is designed to work automatically, there are a few settings that you may want to change depending on the situation. There will usually be an icon next to each button, and these icons are the same no matter what brand of camera you have.
  • 14.  Flash: Most cameras have a built-in flash to help you take photos in low-light situations. If the flash is set to Auto, then your camera will only use it when it needs to.  Timer: If you're taking a group photo, you may not always have an extra person to take the photo. By setting the timer and placing the camera on a table or tripod, you'll have time to join your friends in the photo.  Macro Mode: This is a setting that you can use to take closeup shots. It allows the camera to focus on objects that are only a few inches away.  Exposure Compensation: If your photos are coming out too dark or too light, you can use this setting to adjust the exposure.  Zoom: If your camera has a zoom lens, then you can control the optical zoom using buttons or a dial (depending on the camera). On many cameras, you can zoom in even further by using the digital zoom. However, the digital zoom will lower the quality of your photos, so it's best to avoid it.
  • 15.  Many cameras include presets called scene modes, which you can access from your camera's menus or from a dial at the top. Each scene mode is geared toward a specific situation (or scene). For example, the Sports scene mode will use a faster shutter speed, and it may also use motion detection to help reduce blur. On the other hand, the Portrait scene mode is designed to easily focus on your subject, and it also adjusts the color balance so that skin tones look as natural as possible.
  • 16.  What happens after you take the pictures???
  • 17. 1. Connect the USB Cable to the USB Port on the computer 2. Connect the other end of the USB Cable to the camera’s Data Port. 3. Turn on the camera 4. Windows should then find the new devise and new window will appear asking you what action to take.
  • 18. 1. Click on the Copy pictures to a folder on my computer using Microsoft Scanner and Camera Wizard option. 2. Click the OK button 3. The Scanner and Camera Wizard is displayer. Click the NEXT button.
  • 19.  Select the pictures to be copied to the computer by clicking in the check box next to the picture. (You can deselect an image by clicking in the checkbox to remove the green checkmark)  Click the Next button.
  • 20.  Type in a group name for the pictures to be copied.  Choose a location for saving the pictures (if needed click the Browse button and locate the desired folder).  Make sure you DO NOT have the check box for deleting the images after copying checked. Always leave your images on the camera until you know they have been transferred successfully.
  • 21.  Click the Next button  Click the Next button again.  Click Finish.
  • 22.  A window displaying your images will display. View the images to make sure they all got transferred.  Click the X in the top right corner to close this window.
  • 23.  Disconnect the camera from the computer by right clicking on the green arrow icon in the system tray (next to the time).  Then click on “Safely Remove Hardware”. Then you should click “Stop” and finally “Okay”. Following these steps should avoid corruption of the camera or computer.
  • 24.  Picasa is a free downloadable program that can be used to organize, edit, and share our pictures. There are several picture editors out there but this seems to be the easiest tool for basic editing. Picasa can be found at .
  • 25.  To start the download process click the Download Picasa 3 link on the webpage that appears. Then click on the Save button in the File Download dialogue box.
  • 26.  The Save dialog box will appear. Click Save.
  • 27.  Click the Desktop icon on the left of the dialog box and then click the Save button in the lower right of the dialog box this will save the setup file to your desktop.
  • 28.  After the file download has completed there will be a new icon on the desktop for the Picasa setup program. Double-Click this icon to start the setup process. Follow the directions that appear on the screen to complete setup.
  • 29.  After Picasa is installed to the computer, locate the Picasa program icon on the desktop and double-click this icon to open the program.
  • 30.  When Picasa opens it will automatically start scanning your hard drive for pictures that can be organized. After locating some pictures, the main Library View will display on the screen. This view allows you to browse through your pictures.
  • 31.  Albums are virtual groupings of photos that only exist in the Picasa software. Like a playlist, you can create combinations of any photos in an album or use a single image in multiple albums without taking up extra space on your hard drive. If you delete photos in albums or whole albums, the original photos files will be untouched.
  • 32.  Folders in Picasa show how your photos files are arranged physically in folders on your hard drive. Folders in Picasa match exactly the folders on your computer that contain photos. Moving a photo between folders will result in the photo being moved between the folders on your hard drive. Deleting a photo from a folder will result in the file being deleted from your hard drive.
  • 33.  There are two special albums called “Starred Photos” and “Screensaver” which are created by Picasa and cannot be deleted. Any starred photos will be automatically added to the “Starred Photos” album.
  • 34.  The “Screensaver” album holds the photos that will be displayed using the Picasa Screensaver feature.
  • 35.  Editing features include tools for removing red eye, cropping, straightening, contrast, brightness, and special effects. To edit a picture simply double-click the image to be edited within the Library View. This will open the Edit Picture View.
  • 36.  The editing tools are located on the left side of the window separated into three editing category tabs.
  • 37.  Picasa also includes a web sharing component that allows you to easily upload your pictures and store them on their site. You can send the link to anyone and they can view, save and print without the hassle of emailing individual pictures.
  • 38.  The Picasa Web Album is located at the bottom of the program, but first we need to register at
  • 39.  Open Picasa  Select the photos you want to upload. To select multiple photos, press the Ctrl key. The selected photos will appear in the “Picture Tray” in the lower-left corner.
  • 40.  Click the “Upload” button at the bottom of the page. If you’re not signed in to your Picasa Web Albums Account, you’ll be promoted to sign in.
  • 41.  Select the album you would like to add photos to or create a new one.
  • 42.  The Upload Manager will display the status of the upload. Once the upload is complete, you can click “View Online” to launch the album in your browser. You can rearrange your photos by clicking “Organize” at the top of the web album.
  • 43.  Picasa includes a printing tool that allows for printing photos in standard sizes. The Printing tool is accessed by clicking the Print button located in the bottom task pane panel.
  • 44.  For best results, you will want to use photo paper and make sure your printer is set for the highest quality. This type of home printing can get expensive, so for large quantities you might want to consider ordering prints.  You can do this within Picasa, and even pick them up within one hour if you choose Wal- Mart, Walgreens, or CVS. Also some providers enable you to print the photos on calendars, mugs, t-shirts, etc…. Make sure to evaluate each provider carefully for price, shipping costs and quality.
  • 45.  After choosing the photos that you want to save click the Export button. This will bring up the “Export to Folder” dialog. From here you can choose where you want to save the pictures to and change size and quality options. The photos will stay in Picasa, but copies will be saved.
  • 46.  Any Question?  Please fill out the questionnaire  For more information, contact the Library at 260-672-2989 or or come in and talk to a librarian.