Biomass Gasifier INNOVATOR 1 :Dr. SUDHIR PULORIAPRESENTED BY: INDIRA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT,PUNE
OVERVIEW Biomass is basically an organic material, which includes wood, crop residues, solid waste, animal wastes, sewage, and waste from food processing Biomass gasifier benefits rural poor and the industrial sector on regular basis and is understood easily by every day users, whether it is a Farm or House, Hospital or a Clinic or a Factory
WHAT IS BIOMASS GASIFIER Biomass Gasifier is a thermo-chemical reactor where Biomass gasification takes place which is a conversion of solid fuels (Wood & Agricultural waste etc) into a combustible gas mixture normally called "Producer gas".
Simple Natural Gasifier Price:Rs 8000 Pay Back Period: 100 days Wood consumption : Very high Smoke/Fume: Very high Fuel used: Agro based ( Cotton, soya husk)
Forced Draft Price:Rs 15000 Pay back period: 60 days Wood consumption: Less as compared to simple natural gasifier Characteristics: more systematic ash removal system from down works on ac blower where primary and secondary combustion takes place
ADVANTAGES These systems basically convert woody biomass /agricultural wastes like rice-husk, coconut waste etc into a combustible gas which can be used in a number of ways:1. Burnt like a convenient gaseous fuel through appropriate burners in case of thermal applications.2. Fed into gasoline engines (S.I. Engines) to replace gasoline etc.
CHALLENGES Availability of land Construction Collection of agro waste for the production Viable only in the rural areas where ample raw material is available
OPPORTUNITIES IDENTIFIED In villages- this model can be substituted in the aata chakki shops In Naxalite area the power supply is absent. Hence, government can subsidize the gram panchayat to have this model as a substitute for the generators which are expensive It can replace fuels like:1. Coal2. Kerosene3. Electricity
USP Uses natural resource like solar energy- saving energy and cost Uses machinery parts available in the rural market
PROJECT FUTURE Future is bright as the natural resources are depleting at a faster pace. Especially coal and hence it can be substituted Also, electricity demand is high and the supply is comparatively low. Thus, this model can help in fulfilling the difference in demand and supply
Benefits to the society Offersa sustainable option to all the rural people because they can run the gasifier and all the farm waste Nowadays all the farmers burn their farm grasses to clean it for the next use So 1 acre of farm land waste can sustain 50 families