teaching_everyday_practice_communities_of_practice

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This is a teaching presentation on The Practice of Everyday Life and Communities of Practice.

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teaching_everyday_practice_communities_of_practice

  1. 1. Communities of Practice (CoP) and The Practice of Everyday Life Presentation by Ruth Nicole Hall Theories of Communication Spring 2014 1
  2. 2. Background to Communities of Practice (CoP)  John Dewey (Educational Theories and Concepts)  Jean Piaget (Cognitive Constructivism Theory)  Lev Vygotsky (Social Constructivism Theory)  Michel de Certeau’s (The Practice of Everyday Life)  Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger (Coined and Developed by the pair) 2
  3. 3. John Dewey (1859-1952)  Educator (Teacher/Professor)  Philosopher of philosophies of the Human Experience  Educational Activist (Progressive Education)  Started New Schools (elementary and higher ed)  Author (Several Books on Educational Topics) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:0 0JohnDewey.jpg 3
  4. 4. Dewey’s Concepts of Education  The New School for Social Research  Educational Reform  Hands-on Learning/Social Learning 4
  5. 5. Discussion Question  Do you think any of John Dewey’s educational concepts, ideas, or theories can relate to your library studies? If so, how? If not, why not? 5
  6. 6. Piaget and Vygotsky 6 Jean Piaget (1896-1980)  Scientist  Psychologist  Created Four Stages of Mental Development Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)  Psychologist  Author  Known for Zone of Proximal Development http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jean_ Piaget_in_Ann_Arbor.png http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lev_ Vygotsky_1896-1934.jpg
  7. 7. Piaget and Vygotsky’s Constructivism Cognitive Constructivism (Piaget)  Discover Information  Transform Information  Making Your Own Learning Social Constructivism (Vygotsky)  Constructing Meaning  Social Interactions  Cooperative Learning  Learn by Experiences 7
  8. 8. Michel de Certeau (1925-1986)  French born Scholar  Academic career in various fields and places  Religious training  The Practice of Everyday Life (Theory and Book) 8
  9. 9. de Certeau’s Theory of Everyday Life  For researchers, “investigating everyday life information behavior”  Two main parts: tactics and strategies (individuals and groups) to strategies of dominant social institutions  Tactics of “individuals and groups” (non-powerful)  Strategies are created in responses to individuals and groups of “dominant social institutions” (powerful)  In relation to Communities of Practice (Fisher, Erdelez, & McKechnie, 2005, p.285) 9
  10. 10. The Practice of Everyday Life…  “Analysis of social places”  “Investigation of everyday interactions” (Fisher, Erdelez, & McKechnie, 2005, p. 287) 10
  11. 11. The Practice of Everyday Life Video 11
  12. 12. Discussion Question  In what ways could you use the practice of everyday life theory in your research or studies? 12
  13. 13. Lave and Wenger Jean Lave  Social Anthropologist  Professor  Author Etienne Wenger (1952-)  Social Learning Theorist  Professor  Author http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Etienn e_Wenger.jpg 13
  14. 14. Lave and Wenger’s Communities of Practice…  Situated Learning  Individuals learn by participating  CoP Expansion 14 (Fisher, Erdelez, & McKechnie, 2005, p.104-105)
  15. 15. What is a Community of Practice? People connect to share…  A concern  A passion  Ideas They …  Learn to do something  Interact 15
  16. 16. Who is the learner in a Community of Practice? Everyone!  Novice to Master More than a group of friend  Network 16
  17. 17. What do the learners in the Community of Practice Share?  Resources  Each Other  Experiences  Problems  Stories 17
  18. 18. Communities of Practice Video 18
  19. 19. Communities of Practice in LIS and another Discipline LIS  Engagement  Retention  Motivation  Feeling a Connection Sport Coach Learning  Enhance Learning  Provides Resources & Strategies  Student Value Group Learning 19 (Marken & Dickinson, 2013) (Bertram, Paquette, & Duarte, 2014)
  20. 20. Discussion Question  Do you think the use of Communities of Practice theory is still beneficial to LIS education? Why or why not? 20
  21. 21. Questions or Comments 21
  22. 22. References  Bertram, R., Paquette, K., Duarte, T., & Culver, D. (2014). Assessing the value created through participating in a graduate studies community of practice. Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal, 7(1), 1-14. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.twu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ehh&AN=950579 10&site=ehost-live&scope=site  Fisher, K. E., Erdelez, S., & McKechnie, L. F. (Eds.). (2005). Theories of information behavior. Medford, NJ: American Society for Information Science and Technology.  Jean Piaget. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/jean-piaget- 9439915.  John Dewey. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/john-dewey- 9273497.  Marken, J. A., & Dickinson, G. K. (2013). Perceptions of community of practice development in online graduate education. Journal of Education for Library & Information Science, 54(4), 299-306. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.twu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ehh&AN=915460 14&site=ehost-live&scope=site  Mayo, K. (2011, July 27). De certeau walking in the city. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNWo3Tangaw  Underhill, B. PMI. (2009, December 9). What is a community of practice? Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63rQ3S8EHoA  All clipart from Microsoft Office Photo Browser. 22

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