Propaganda
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Propaganda

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Communication Arts II classes

Communication Arts II classes

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    Propaganda Propaganda Presentation Transcript

    • Propaganda & Rhetoric
    • Who is this? What is he trying to sell you?
    • Propaganda defined
      • Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
      • The deliberate spreading of such information, rumors, etc.
      • The particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement.
      • Propaganda is the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist.
      • — Garth S. Jowett and Victoria O'Donnell, Propaganda and Persuasion
      • (Source: Wikipedia)
    • Name Calling
      • Links a person, or idea to a negative symbol.
      • Hope that the audience will reject the person or idea based on the negative symbol, instead of looking at the available evidence
      • Examples: “commie”, “fascist”, “pig”, “yuppie”, “bum”, “terrorist”
      http://katysconservativecorner.typepad.com/katy/images/2008/04/21/snob.jpg
    • Glittering Generalities
      • Seeks to make us approve and accept without examining the evidence
      • Words such as: civilization, Christianity, good, proper, right, democracy, patriotism, motherhood, fatherhood, science, medicine, health and love
      • Examples: McDonald’s “Happy Meal”,
      • Dallas Cowboys are “America’s Team”,
      • KFC is “finger-lickin’ good”
    • Testimonial
      • Using someone or something famous to promote a product.
      • Individuals may not have any idea what they are promoting, or even use the product.
      • Examples: Bono supporting AIDS education, Oprah’s book club, Tiger Woods w/ Nike, etc.
      http://www.thetvaddict.com/blogpics/hayden_milk.jpg
    • Bandwagon
      • “ everyone else is doing it…”
      • Emotional effort to push or pull you along with the group.
      • Example: TV Ad: “Four out of five dentists surveyed preferred Crest toothpaste.”
    • Fear
      • plays on deep-seated fears; warns the audience that disaster will result if they do not follow
      http://amadeo.blog.com/repository/69487/2027334.jpg
    • Logical Fallacies
      • Drawing conclusions based on logical premises.
      • Ex: 2= a number, 1= a number, therefore 2=1
      • Ex: Christians believe in God, and Muslims believe in God, therefore Christians and Muslims are the same
    • Plain Folks Appeal
      • an attempt by the propagandist to convince the public that his views reflect those of the common person and that they are also working for the benefit of the common person.
      http://www.rotonation.com/images/cbsprintad.jpg
    • Transfer
      • Transfer is often used in politics and during wartime. It is an attempt to make the subject view a certain item in the same way as they view another item, to link the two in the subjects mind.
      • Using symbols such as the flag, prayer, a cross, etc
      http://www.moonbattery.com/archives/Propaganda-III_01.jpg
    • Card Stacking
      • only presenting information that is positive to an idea or proposal and omitting information contrary to it.
      http://www.prolifeblogs.com/articles/archives/child_not_choice_1.jpg
    • Humor
      • Jokes, cartoons, and/or images that are used to make the consumer laugh and likely think favorably about a product
      http://www.foundshit.com/pictures/animals/rachachuros-seasonging-ad.jp g
    • Sex Appeal
      • Using sexuality and/or sexual innuendo to cause the consumer to look favorably upon a product
      http://adsoftheworld.com/files/images/MMgreen.preview.jpg
    • Euphemism
      • Substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit or a kinder, gentler way of expressing something bad or negative
      • Examples: wardrobe malfunction, pre-owned cars, passed away
    • Task #1: Analyzing Propaganda Techniques in Print Advertisements
      • View each of the following:
      • http://camy.org/gallery/display.php?GalleryID=2137
      • http://camy.org/gallery/display.php?GalleryID=1788
      • http://www.yowazzup.com/blog/images/speed-fit.jpg
      • http://vook.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/wwf_tarzan.jpg
      • http://www.adverblog.com/archives/img/axe_dwarf.jpg
      • http://blog.factor1studios.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/obama_endorsement.jpg
      • http://inventorspot.com/files/images/superman-got-milk-ad-commercial.jpg
      • http://camy.org/gallery/display.php?GalleryID=2109
      • http://www.geckotales.com/mac-pc-commercial.jpg
      • http://www.health-heart.org/final_exam.jpg
    • Task #2: Analyzing Rhetoric & Propaganda
      • Directions: Go to the following website: http://pcl.stanford.edu/campaigns/2008/
      • Using the handout provided, analyze the following political ads:
      • National Rifle Association- "Hunter"- Sept. 22, 2008
      • Obama- "Low Road"- July 30, 2008
      • McCain- "Original Maverick"- Sept. 7, 2008
      • Obama- "Original"- Aug. 6, 2008
      • McCain- "Celeb"- July 30, 2008
      • Obama- "Don't Know Much"- Aug. 22, 2008