Introduction to special education


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  • hi Ma'am, this is Raul P. Constantino, one of your students in CT Sped , I am just droppin' by to inform you that I have just open this blogspot. thanks for this stuff on Special Education.God bless!
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Introduction to special education

  1. 1. Introduction to Special Education • The study of differences • The study of similarities
  2. 2. Definition of Terms • Disabled Persons are those suffering from restriction or different abilities, as a result of a mental, physical or sensory impairment, to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. • Impairment is any loss, diminution or aberration of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure or function.
  3. 3. Definition of Terms • Handicap - refers to a disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or a disability, that limits or prevents the function or activity, that is considered normal given the age and sex of the individual. • Disability - shall mean (1) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more psychological, physiological or anatomical function of an individual or activities of such individual; (2) a record of such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment.
  4. 4. What is Special Education • Is an education of children who have mental, physical, sensorial, emotional differences and those who are gifted and linguistically and culturally different so as to require modification in school curricula, facilities and services to develop them to their maximum capacity.
  5. 5. People and Ideas • Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard • Edouard Seguin • Samuel Gridley Howe • Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet • Alexander Graham Bell • Maria Montessori • Ann Sullivan Macy • Hellen Keller • Victor “the wild boy” of Aveyron
  6. 6. Later History • Advocates for Change • Pres. John F. Kennedy – established the Commission on Mental Retardation • Political and social activism of black Americans for equal access and opportunities • Wolfsenberger articulated Normalization • Deinstutionalization • Inclusion & its best practices
  7. 7. Growth of the Discipline Parents Professionals Advocates Laws Litigations
  8. 8. Litigations • Diana v. Board of Education (1970) • Larry P. V. Riles (1979) • Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania • Mills v. Washington, D.C. Board of Education (1972)
  9. 9. Laws concerning students with disabilities( other slide)
  10. 10. Laws concerning students with disabilities( other slide)