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  • TRYKOR MULTI-CLIENT STUDY PROSPECTUS CARBON NANOTUBE ACTIVITIES IN RUSSIA: SOURCES OF NOVEL DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES AND CENTERS OF TECHNOLOGY EXCELLENCE Ÿ Which Russian display industry participants are actively looking to develop partnerships in order to bring their nanotube-based displays to global markets faster? Ÿ Which display applications, based on carbon nanotubes, are the closest to being commercialized in the Russian marketplace? Ÿ What types of display devices are being targeted by the bulk of Russian carbon nanotube R&D? Why? Carbon Nanotube Activities in Russia: Sources of Novel Display Technologies and Centers of Technology Excellence Introduction
  • For many years, the technological skills and expertise of Russian scientists have been unparalleled. This knowledge also extends into the realm of nanotechnology, the interdisciplinary branch of science dealing with the manipulation of matter at the atomic level. Nanotechnology was given a huge boost in December 2003 when President Bush signed into law the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, which authorizes $3.7 billion for nanotechnology research and development programs over the next four years. One particular area of this field which has garnered much interest is that of carbon nanotubes. This interest is due to the myriad properties inherent in carbon nanotubes as well as the recognition that they may be among the nearest-term materials available for application in end-user products. Although there are certainly many avenues which can be explored for near-term commercial potential due to carbon nanotubes’ chemical, electronic, and material properties, display applications will be given primary consideration for the purpose of this study. The overall consensus in the global nanotube industry is that display applications are the nearest-term commercial applications which take advantage of nanotubes’ electronic properties mentioned above. These properties make carbon nanotubes ideal components for the next generation of nano-display devices, such as cathode-ray tubes (CRTs), liquid crystal displays (LCDs), and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), for example. .In essence, display products are the new “killer apps” for carbon nanotubes. Ÿ Display products using organic materials such as carbon nanotubes have already reached the market, with the first active-matrix, full-color OLED display camera by Kodak. Ÿ Motorola is developing its own proprietary nanomaterial processes to target the larger display markets, specifically flat panel displays (FPDs) for television. Ÿ More display multinationals (MNCs) are partnering with, investing in, and/or licensing from nanotube startups to secure display intellectual property (IP) rights. Ÿ Russia potentially represents a vast goldmine of nanotube display IP waiting to be exploited by globally-minded business development partners. As such, display firms are in a unique position to shape not just the nanotube industry, but the global nanotechnology industry as a whole. Points for Consideration: Ÿ The 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act will have major ramifications for the development of nanotechnology research as well as applications. Ÿ Nanoscience, the science behind nanotechnology, is an interdisciplinary one which 2
  • brings together scientists from all the branches, including physics, chemistry, and biology. Ÿ Nanotechnology is slated to have an impact on virtually all major industries worldwide, including: electronics, materials, construction, communications, transportation, and defense. Ÿ Carbon nanotubes, in particular, due to their electrical, chemical, and material properties, will insure that this global impact is a lasting one, and not just the latest trend. Ÿ The U.S. is by no means the only player in the new Great Game of nanotechnology, as governments across Europe and Asia have created their own nanotechnology initiatives. Japan is currently the world leader in nanotechnology funding on a per capita basis. Ÿ Russia represents tremendous opportunity for those willing to exercise patience in collaborating with its nanotechnology firms and institutions. Global alliances such as these limit overall exposure to risks such as market, technical, IP, and political. Key Questions to be Answered by This Study: Ÿ What is the overall competitive landscape of the Russian display industry and what are the market dynamics of that industry? Which of these players, private and public, are actively looking to develop partnerships in order to bring their nanotube-based displays to market faster? Ÿ Which of these display applications is the closest to being commercialized in the Russian marketplace? What other nanotube-based display devices might be on the horizon? Ÿ Which display markets is the bulk of Russian nanotube R&D targeting: CRTs, LCDs, FPDs, OLEDs, field emission displays (FEDs), plasma display panels (PDPs), etc.? Ÿ Which species of carbon nanotubes works best for display applications research in Russia: single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs), double-walled nanotubes (DWNTs), or multi-walled nanotubes (MWNTs)? 3
  • Purpose of the Study: The study will provide strategic analysis enabling subscribers to objectively evaluate risks and opportunities in the Russian nanotube and display markets. Ultimately, this analysis will allow subscribers to identify which Russian entities represent viable prospects for potential joint business development transactions. These joint ventures have the potential to bring nanotube-enabled display products not only to the Russian market more quickly, but eventually to the world market as well. Study Outline: Carbon Nanotube Activities in Russia I. Product and Technology Assessment A. BRIEF ASSESSMENT OF CARBON NANOTUBE TECHNOLOGIES 1. Nanotechnology Introduction 2. Nanotechnology definition 3. Carbon nanotube definition 4. Varieties of carbon nanotubes a) Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) b) Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) c) Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) 5. Properties of carbon nanotubes A) Chemical B) Electrical C) Material B. OVERVIEW OF MAJOR DISPLAY PRODUCTS WHICH HAVE BEEN OR WILL BE INCORPORATING CARBON NANOTUBES INTO THEIR DESIGNS 1. Field Emission Displays (FEDs) 2. Cathode-Ray Tubes (CRTs) 3. Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) 4
  • 4. Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) 5. Plasma Display Panels (PDPs) 6. Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 7. Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) 8. Electro-Luminescent Displays (ELDs) 9. Laser Projection Displays (LPDs) II. Overview of major Display application markets A. SMALLER AREA SCREENS 1. Cellular telephones 2. Digital/PCS telephones 3. Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) 4. Cameras B. LARGER AREA SCREENS 1. Notebook computers 2. Desktop computers 3. Televisions 4. Large-screen televisions C. VALUE-ADDED BENEFITS OF INCORPORATING CARBON NANOTUBES INTO CURRENT DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS 1. Increased brightness 2. Increased Response Time/Refresh Rate 5
  • 3. Increased Contrast 4. Decreased Weight 5. Decreased Power Usage Requirements and consumption 6. Decreased manufacturing costs III. Carbon Nanotube Manufacturing Processes and their Global Equivalents A. ARC VAPORIZATION (ARC) B. LASER ABLATION C. CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION (CVD) D. PULSED-LASER VAPORIZATION (PLV) E. HIGH-PRESSURE CARBON MONOXIDE (HIPCO) F. CARBON MONOXIDE SOLID CATALYST (COMOCAT) G. COMMERCIALIZATION TIMELINES AND STRATEGIES OF THESE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES 1. Near-term 2. Mid-term 3. Long-term IV. Russian Carbon Nanotube Market and Industry Overview A. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE B. MARKET DYNAMICS 6
  • C. MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH RATES D. KEY SUCCESS FACTORS E. INDUSTRY PARTICIPANTS 1. All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology (VNIIKhT) 2. Cluster Company Ltd. 3. Institute of General Physics 4. Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High Purity Materials 5. Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics (IPCP) 6. Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics (IRE) 7. Kazan Physical-Technical Institute (KPTI RAS KSC RAS) 8. Moscow Bauman Physical and Technical Institute 9. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIFT) 10. NanoCarbLab, Inc. 11. Rostov State University 12. The Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) 13. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry (IMOS RAS) 14. Volga Research and Development Institute (RDI Volga) V. Russian Display Market and Industry Overview A. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 7
  • B. MARKET DYNAMICS C. MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH RATES D. KEY SUCCESS FACTORS E. INDUSTRY PARTICIPANTS 1. A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute 2. Chromatron Plant Ltd. 3. Display OOO 4. ELMA: Research and Production Organization 5. Elara 6. Elorma Scientific Industrial Corporation 7.Elpro-Plus 8. Giricond Research and Development Institute 9. Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics 10. Itis 11. KTQ- MK 12. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technology 13 Melt 14. Moscow Institute of Chemical Technology (MIFT) 15. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology 17. Moscow State Institute of Electronics and Mathematics 18. Moscow State University, Chemistry Department 19. Niopik Organic Intermediates and DyesInstitute 8
  • 20. Orzep 21. Piastr Engineering and Commercial Enterprise 22. Platan 23. Platan Scientific Production Corporation 24. Pribor Company 25. Reflector 26. Rosich and Co., Ltd. 27. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Crystallography 28. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Analytical Instrumentation 29. Sapphire Research and Production Amalgamation 30. Vavilov State Optical Institute 31. Volga Research and Development Institute 32. Zelenograd Research Institute of Physical Problems 33. Elpro-Plus VI. Findings and Conclusion A. NANOTUBE-ENABLED DISPLAY APPLICATIONS WHICH REPRESENT THE BEST OPPORTUNITIES FOR FURTHER INVESTMENT B. NANOTUBE AND DISPLAY FIRMS AND CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE WHICH ARE ACTIVELY LOOKING TO COLLABORATE WITH POTENTIAL FOREIGN JOINT VENTURE PARTNERS C. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY STRATEGIES TO ENSURE PROPER 9
  • PROTECTION AND COVERAGE IN ANY RESULTING JOINT MANUFACTURING, MARKETING, OR BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS D. GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND OTHER PUBLIC ENTITIES WHICH ALSO MAY ASSIST IN RUSSIAN NANOTUBE AND DISPLAY COMMERCIALIZATION DEALINGS Study schedule and deliverables • Pre-study Conference: A meeting of subscribers and the Trykor/IVI project team will be held in Alexandria, Virginia to review the detailed plans for the study. At this meeting, the group will be given the opportunity to identify additional areas of interest as well as to provide emphasis for specific study topics. • Comprehensive Study Report and Presentation Materials: All participants will receive the study report, including supporting information, analyses, forecasts and select case studies developed as part of the study. Clients also will receive copies of PowerPoint materials for presentations made in association with the study. Information will also be updated and available in electronic format on CD-ROM. • Post-Study Seminar: A concluding, day long seminar will be held for all study clients as a group, to review the findings and implications of the study with the Trykor/IVI team. • Optional Presentation at Client Offices: Trykor’s staff will travel to client offices to present the final report and conduct in-house seminars, as requested. These seminars will be tailored to each client’s individual needs and interests. Clients will be charged only for Trykor’s personnel out-of-pocket travel and related expenses. Proposed Project Schedule May 2004 Kickoff Meeting October 2004 Final Report Sent to Clients October 2004 Group Presentation October-December 2004 Individual Presentations at Client Offices Study Fees The fees for participating in the study are US$15,000 (client), US$17,500 (non-client) and US$12,500 (academic). The fees entitle subscribers to receive the comprehensive study and to attend the kickoff meeting and group presentation. The costs of participants’ 10
  • travel to the kickoff meeting and post-study seminar, as well as the expenses for Trykor’s staff travel to institutions or companies’ offices for individual presentations (optional), are not included in the study fees indicated above. About Trykor Trykor is a technology commercialization firm based in Washington, Moscow and Amsterdam, focused on commercialization of inventions from around the globe. These include university, corporate and government laboratory inventions from the major markets of Russia, India, China, Europe and North America. The company has leveraged its personnel on the ground in Russia, the US and affiliates in Europe, Australia into experience conducting primary and secondary research within and outside Russia. Additionally, it leverages its access to Russian technical experts to assist with initiatives such as with the Nuclear Cities institutes. In the realm of global market and technology assessments, Trykor assists organizations and individuals in bringing their products and technologies to market by using the combined global experience of its consultants and international affiliates in developing market assessments to identify key market applications. These assessments provide detailed insights that provide clients the ability to: 1. Conduct extensive data mining and analysis from free and paid databases. 2. Determine where products are or can be positioned to determine the possible viability. 3. Identify how to introduce and market the product/technology. 4. Determine supply, distribution, and sales channels. 5. Examine competitors and the strategies that they employ. 6. Highlight current market strategies that are applicable to the product. 7. Make available possible partners or collaborators and funding sources. 8. Evaluate the intellectual property issues on a global basis. Trykor’s previous clients have included the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Dept of Commerce, The World Bank, and American Association for the Advancement of Science. 11
  • About Innovative Ventures Incorporated Innovative Ventures Inc., (IVI) began operations in 1986, is 100% privately owned with offices in Grand Rapids, Michigan and Moscow, Russia. IVI is establishing cross-border partnerships between Russian small & medium size technology enterprises (SMEs) and international corporations through its CIS High Technology Partnership Initiative™. Partnerships result in the creation of new technology products for multinational corporations and new revenues for Russian developers of technology. The objectives of the Initiative are to: 1. Produce better quality and faster growth CIS SMEs. 2. Create new enterprises around Russian technology. IVI is implementing this Initiative with Russian and international partners to create sustainable deal flow as the prerequisite for an early stage venture capital industry to emerge in the CIS. Investors must develop companies for investment, especially in the emerging market countries where the quality and quantity of SMEs and entrepreneurs are insufficient to create industries as efficient as in Europe, parts of Asia, and the USA. IVI organizes partnerships to three criteria: 1. Investment of capital into Russian SMEs for technology development & operating needs. 2. Oversight of the partnership by the foreign buyer & IVI. 3. Hiring of staff to strengthen the Russian SME in finance, project & general management. IVI’s partnership initiative evolved from our 1st program that presented Russian technology SMEs to international VCs in the Russian Technology Investment Forum™ with enterprise preparation accomplished in the Venture Capital Workshop™. About Robert M. Shines 12
  • As a consultant with NanoCarbLab, Inc., a Moscow manufacturer of single-walled carbon nanotubes, Robert Shines identified potential U.S. partners which would help the firm incorporate its materials into display applications for the U.S. market. Prior to this, he researched various FSU technologies for commercialization for a U.S. firm which dealt in intellectual property and technology transfer and commercialization of FSU technologies. As Assistant Director of a U.S.-funded technology incubator in Ukraine, he assisted former Soviet weapons scientists in converting their specialized knowledge into profitable business ventures by identifying and promoting former Ukrainian military technologies which had potential U.S. civilian market applications. This included compiling a technology catalogue on CD-ROM for the program to help seek partners and investors for its client firms, which included the Science and Technology Center of Ukraine (STCU). In addition, Robert was responsible for setting up a strategic partnership between NanoLab, Inc, a Boston carbon nanotube startup, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which included developing market analysis for the firm. About Stanzione & Kim, LLP Stanzione & Kim is an international IP law firm in Washington specializing in flat panel screen technologies. It has extensive contacts with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as well as the requisite technical expertise which enables it to provide analysis of Russian prior art and existing patents in the field of nanotechnology Project Team Biographies Trykor Mr. Thomas R. Ruddy, President & Senior Business Consultant, began his IP rights and commercialization activities in 1989, dealing with Russian technology transfer to the US. Prior experiences with Russian technology commercialization includes managing R&D, acquisition and technology transfer of Russian medical technologies for a Canadian firm in Moscow. His over 20 years experience in international business within and outside Russia provides an international perspective to his projects. Mr. Timothy P. Murray, Corporate Director, Director of Russian Operations & Senior Business Consultant, has over 25 years experience in international financial markets, primarily involving raising investment capital, syndications and private placements. He’s actively involved in Russian industry, living and working in Russia for seven years. His Russian activities include technology database development, IPR acquisitions and commercialization, and issues related to the protection of intellectual property. 13 TRYKOR TRYKOR
  • Additionally he was involved in establishing financial syndications and distribution of Russian investments, trading and sales of securities and futures and developing offshore limited partnerships. Mr. Michael J. Hill, Vice President & Senior Business Consultant, has over 15 years in risk management and corporate development including marketing and sales of specific products. He’s consulted companies on financial and operational risk management including areas of traditional and non-traditional insurance; captive insurance modeling; financial guarantee modeling; and credit insurance implementation. While developing innovative funding solutions through strategic value extraction for projects in the emerging markets, he also provided project management and data collection for global technology and market assessments. Lastly, he presented seminars on risk transfer and IPR insurance for law firms and trade associations. Innovative Ventures Incorporated Thomas Nastas is founder of IVI, with a B.A., cum laude, and a M.B.A., cum laude, both from Michigan State University. Mr. Nastas has conducted product, technology and venture capital assignments in automotive, computer hardware & software, energy, oil/gas, speech synthesis, plant, animal and human health to name a few. Mr. Nastas was Managing Director, US Russia Investment Fund; Founder & Managing Director, the Michigan Product Development Fund; Product Planning Manager, Multifastner Corp; Consultant, Planned Innovation; Product Development Engineer, Ford Motor Company. He served on the Fund’s board of directors including Applied Intelligence Systems Inc., Neogen Corp., and Russian fund interests in Flexoprint (Volgograd,) Frank’s Ice Cream (Magadan) and MCRI (Seattle, WA). He advised the IFC, the World Bank, the EU, the Canadian Business Development Bank, Financiere St. Dominique, the Government of Kazakhstan, HP Russia LP, and others in the creation of seed and early stage funds. Mr. Nastas raised US$283,000,000 of capital for these and other funds under the management of IVI and others. Mr. Nastas is author of numerous articles on VC and is an instructor at the American Institute of Economics & Business College (Moscow) where he teaches evening MBA classes in Entrepreneurship/Venture Capital, Introduction to Marketing and Sales Management. Additionally, Mr. Nastas is a volunteer of ‘MBA Advising’, at Pericles (Moscow), a non-profit institution that tutors Russians college graduates for admission to MBA and law schools in Europe and the USA. Mr. Nastas assists Russians in the strategy and writing of answers to MBA essay questions and their preparation for entrance interviews. 14 TRYKOR
  • ENROLLMENT FORM ❐ Yes, I want to participate in the multi-client study “Carbon Nanotube Activities in Russia: Sources of Novel Display Technologies and Centers of Technology Excellence” I understand that the cost of the study is US$15,000 for current Sparks clients and US$17,500 for non-clients and US$12,500 for academic institutions. One-half will be billed upon initiation of the study and the remainder upon receipt of the final report. 15
  • ❐ Please have someone contact me to provide further information. Name: ______________________ Signature: ______________________ Title: _____________________________________________________ Company: _____________________________________________________ Street Address: _____________________________________________________ City, State, Zip: _____________________________________________________ Telephone: ______________________ Fax: __________________________ E-mail Address: _____________________________________________________ Return this form to: Mr. Thomas Ruddy 401 Holland Lane Suite 314 Alexandria VA 22314 Phone: (703) 566-6200 eMail: 16