2.9 "The Brain" PowerPoint
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

2.9 "The Brain" PowerPoint

  • 906 views
Uploaded on

View a student sample of the Brain Powerpoint for assignment 2.9.

View a student sample of the Brain Powerpoint for assignment 2.9.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
906
On Slideshare
906
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. REAL WORLD: BRAIN THIS IS THE TRUE STORY OF 16 BRAIN PARTS, PICKED TO LIVE IN THE SAME SKULL. FIND OUT WHAT HAPPENS WHEN EACH PART STOPS BEING NICE AND STARTS GETTING REAL – REAL WORLD: BRAIN. STUDENT SAMPLE
  • 2.
    • The frontal lobe is used for “higher-level” thinking in the more evolved species.
    • Reasoning
    • Judgment
    • Emotion
    • Voluntary Motor Behavior
    FRONTAL LOBE http://www.neuroskills.com/images/brainstem.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=blinking#ai:MM900283867|mt:3| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=judge&ctt=1#ai:MM900178132|mt:3|
  • 3.
    • The parietal lobe contains the primary somatosensory area.
    • Touch
    • Taste
    • Temperature
    • Pain
    • Associates auditory and visual signals with memories.
    PARIETAL LOBE http://www.neuroskills.com/images/brainstem.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=tongue&ctt=1#ai:MC900233059| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=pain&ctt=1#ai:MM900283654|
  • 4.
    • The temporal lobe is responsible for both memory and auditory functions.
    • Hearing
    • Processing Lyrics
    • Verbal Memory
    • Forming and Recalling Memories
    TEMPORAL LOBE http://www.neuroskills.com/images/brainstem.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=music&ctt=1#ai:MC900438185 |
  • 5.
    • The occipital lobe is also known as the visual cortex.
    • Sight
    • Recognize Objects
    • Identify Objects
    OCCIPITAL LOBE http://www.neuroskills.com/images/brainstem.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=eye&ctt=1#ai:MC900444894| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=binoculars&ctt=1#ai:MC900281112|
  • 6.
    • The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating movements.
    • Posture
    • Balance
    • Speech
    • Learning Motor Behaviors
    CEREBELLUM http://www.neuroskills.com/images/brainstem.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=ballerina&ctt=1#ai:MC900297451| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=speech&ctt=1#ai:MC900389218|
  • 7.
    • Allows comprehension of words that we hear being spoken.
    • Discovered by German Neurologist, Carl Wernicke.
    • Located in the “language loop” which can be found in the left hemisphere of the brain.
    WERNICKE’S AREA http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=hearing#ai:MC900347483|mt:0| http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4nQVMMEwMOI/TUWccz2YNYI/AAAAAAAAA5Y/gvwiw51AA8c/s1600/Words-Brain.jpg
  • 8.
    • Allows production of language.
    • Located in the posterior end of the frontal lobe in the left hemisphere.
    • Discovered by the French Neurologist, Paul Broca.
    BROCA’S AREA http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4nQVMMEwMOI/TUWccz2YNYI/AAAAAAAAA5Y/gvwiw51AA8c/s1600/Words-Brain.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=talking&ctt=1#ai:MM900282851|mt:3| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=talking&ctt=1#ai:MM900234764|mt:0|
  • 9.
    • Located in the rear portion of the frontal lobe.
    • Divided into two main areas:
    • Area 4; primary motor cortex
    • Area 6
    • Mainly responsible for voluntary movement.
    • Receives information from various other lobes in the brain.
    MOTOR SENSORY CORTEX http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4nQVMMEwMOI/TUWccz2YNYI/AAAAAAAAA5Y/gvwiw51AA8c/s1600/Words-Brain.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=running&ctt=1#ai:MM900282777|mt:3| http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=running&ctt=1#ai:MM900295194|mt:3|
  • 10.
    • Processes information from input from various systems in the body that are sensitive to touch.
    • Responsible for processing stimuli to the senses.
    SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4nQVMMEwMOI/TUWccz2YNYI/AAAAAAAAA5Y/gvwiw51AA8c/s1600/Words-Brain.jpg
  • 11.
    • The thalamus relays information to the cerebral cortex.
    • Gathers auditory, visual, taste and touch information from various parts of the brain and decides what motor to be communicated to the cortex, cerebellum and basal ganglia.
    • Large mass of gray matter found on either side of the midline in the forebrain.
    LIMBIC SYSTEM -- THALAMUS Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 12.
    • The hypothalamus regulates the internal homeostasis of the body.
    • Hunger
    • Thirst
    • Sex
    • The hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland which is responsible for…
    • Sexual Maturation
    • Maternal Behaviour
    • Response to Stress
    LIMBIC SYSTEM -- HYPOTHALAMUS Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 13.
    • The hippocampus relays information from the cortex to permanent memory.
    • Adds emotion to memories
    LIMBIC SYSTEM -- HIPPOCAMPUS Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 14.
    • The amygdala is responsible for regulating some emotion and send out a stimuli to the body to create the fight-or-flight response.
    • Learning
    • Memory
    • Regulates Emotion
    • Aggressive Reaction
    • Fearful Reaction
    LIMBIC SYSTEM -- AMYGDALA Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 15.
    • The medulla is the lowest part of the brainstem and is responsible for managing basic survival functions.
    • Heartbeat
    • Respiration
    • Blood Pressure
    • Reflexes…
    • Vomiting
    • Swallowing
    • Sneezing
    BRAIN STEM -- MEDULLA Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 16.
    • The pons connects the two hemispheres of the cerebellum.
    • Level of Consciousness
    • Sleep
    • Connects Cerebrum to Cerebellum
    BRAIN STEM -- PONS Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 17.
    • Thick band of nerve fibers which allows the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with each other.
    CORPUS CALLOSUM Thank you, “The Brain – Top to Bottom” http://thebrain.mcgill.ca
  • 18. CLICK TO PLAY!!
  • 19. AFFERENT & EFFERENT NEURONS
    • AFFERENT NEURONS
    • Carries impulses to the central nervous system from sensory organs.
    • Sensory Neurons
    • EFFERENT NEURONS
    • Carries impulses away from the central nervous system to muscles or glands.
    • Motor Neurons
    http://www.vanuatumed.net/MODULES/10_Nervous/_V00_Nervous/119_Carter/ISSUES/119_LI1_files/image003.jpg
  • 20. AUTONOMIC AND SOMATIC
    • AUTONOMIC
    • Made up of the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.
    • Regulates the basic organ processes for the body to perform its daily functions.
    • SOMATIC
    • Responsible for nearly all voluntary movement.
    • Processing sensory information.
    • Responsible for the function of all sensory organs…
    • Eyes
    • Ears
    • Tongue
    • Skin
  • 21. SYMPATHETIC & PARASYMPATHETIC
    • SYMPATHETIC
    • IN STRESS
    • Increases…
    • blood pressure
    • heart rate
    • breathing rate
    • blood flow to the muscles.
    • PARASYMPATHETIC
    • AFTER STRESS
    • Decreases…
    • heart rate
    • breathing rate
    • Promotes digestion and elimination of waste.