Discovery of AmericaThe two (double) diamonds at the left side above, each having four sides, mean that the two conti-nents of North and South America were discovered in the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt. The discoveryhappened via the two sailing routes in the northwest (two diamonds at the left side above). The totalnumber of 2+3= 5 diamonds in the glyph show this discovery was accomplished via the southernAleutian islands, at about 50°N, by the 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC). The fifth(isolated) diamond at the right side above confirms the simultaneous discovery of the Bering Strait bythis 5th king. (Refs.2-6)The three diamonds at the right side confirm he was an Egyptian king from the Nile Delta, at about30°N. His eighteen years of reign confirm he discovered the back side of the planet Earth, ‘the Realmof the Dead’, at a distance of 18 Egyptian Moiras, or 180°, from the Old World, ‘the Land of theLiving’. He also discovered the south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, or the Land of Punt, at18°N. He was the founder of the ancient civilization in Central America.The two lower diamonds at the right side show the subsequent discovery of the two southern cros-sings of the Atlantic Ocean by the 2nd king Sahura (c.2510-2498 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty (the 2+3=5 diamonds). He crossed, with the wind and the current, from Africa to South America, and he retur-ned, also with the wind and the current, from Newfoundland to the Azores. Both crossings each havea length of about 2 Egyptian Moiras, or 20°. The three diamonds at the right side have a total numberof 3x4= 12 sides, confirming his 12 years of reign.The third diamond at the right side above shows the discovery of the third crossing of the Atlanticfrom the Shetland Islands via the South Cape of Greenland to Cape Chidley, Canada, by the 3rd kingNefererkare (c.2498-2478 BC), at the complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90°-30°= 60°N. (Inantiquity, the use of complementary latitudes was very common.) The five diamonds have a totalnumber of 5x4= 20 sides, confirming his 20 years of reign. (Refs.7-12).Between both vertical rows are two additional diamonds (see the glyph, Fig.2). The upper diamondsymbolizes the 4th king Shepsekare (c.2478-2471 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty, who was the next pharaoh,as well as his complementary latitude line at 90°-54°= 36°N. (His number was 54.) It is the latitude ofthe Strait of Gibraltar, the entry of the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Cape Hatteras, the east cape of theUSA. People celebrated the circumnavigation of the planet Earth, having a circumference of 36 Egyp-tian Moiras, or 360°. The total number of 5+2= 7 diamonds confirm his 7 years of reign.The lower diamond represents the 5th king Neferefre (c.2471-2468 BC) of this Dynasty (the nextpharaoh), as well as his complementary latitude line of 90°-55°= 35°N. (His number was 55.) It is thelatitude of Indian Rock House Cave, Fairfield Bay, Arkansas, at 35°N, where the petroglyph wasmade. It dates the glyph within his three years of reign, from c.2471 to 2468 BC, as shown by thethree diamonds at the right side.
Fig.2 The main glyph consists of a vertical row of two diamonds at the left side (top), and a vertical row of three diamonds at the right side. (c.2470 BC, Indian Rock House Cave, Fairfield Bay, Arkansas) (Courtesy Mr. Lawrence Gallant of Ancient American magazine) (Ref.1)DiscussionOne of the largest megalithic petroglyphs in the world is found in Santo Stefano, near the little townof Oschiri, in the north of the island of Sardinia, Italy (Ref.5). Three diamonds are deeply cut into avertical rock wall: two large ones, with sides of about a yard, and besides them a slightly smaller one(Fig.3). They tell the story of the discovery of Australia, North America and South America in theThird and Fourth Dynasties of Egypt. The petroglyph dates from c.2300 BC.The famous Phaistos Disc of Crete, Greece, dates from the end of the New Palace Culture, c.1458 BC(Refs.13,14). It provides an accurate description of the discovery of America, as shown above. TheDisc has the spherical shape of the planet Earth, and not only the front side, but also the back side iscovered with beautiful symbols, which confirms this discovery. This back side contains 4 turns of arare script, and the front side has 5 turns, and in total there are 45 different symbols, twice celebratingthe 5th king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty, who discovered America. The Disc also gives an accu-rate description of the metal trade (copper, tin, silver and gold) across the Atlantic Ocean between2500 and 1450 BC (Refs.15-18). - The next cultural time period of Mycenaean Greece (c.1450-1100BC) as well as its capital city of Mycenae are called after the Egyptian king Menkaure (Mycerinos),who discovered America.
The people of the USA live around the 40th latitude line (Columbus, Ohio, at 40°N), because of theEgyptian discovery of the continent in the Fourth Dynasty. The northern border roughly coincideswith the 50th latitude line, in honor of the 5th king Menkaure, who actually did it. This border alsorefers to the Fifth Dynasty, when the Atlantic Ocean was crossed. The height of the country equals 2Egyptian Moiras, or 20°, in honor of the 2nd king Sahura, who discovered the two southern Cros-sings. The southern border roughly coincides with the 30th latitude line, in honor of the 3rd kingNefererkare. He discovered the third, Northern Crossing, at the complementary latitude of the NileDelta, at 30°N. (Refs.19,20)The capital of Washington D.C. is founded at the latitude of Cahokia and the West Azores, at 39°N,which is in the middle of the Ocean, but also because of the discovery of America via the southernAleutian islands, at the complementary latitude of 90-39= 51°N. The ‘Pentagon’, the headquarters ofthe Unites States Department of Defense, is the world’s largest office building. It was built to re-member the Fifth Dynasty, when Egyptian kings crossed the Atlantic Ocean. It was the first circum-navigation of the planet Earth, having a circumference of 40,000 km. This round number is in honorof the Fourth Dynasty, when America was discovered. Fig.3 Three large diamonds, deeply cut into a vertical rock wall, pointing to the north. They tell the story of the discovery of Australia, North America, and South America (from right to left), in the Third and Fourth Dynasties of Egypt. (c.2300 BC, Santo Stefano, Oschiri, North Sardinia, Photo: Anja Klein Wassink) (Ref.5)References1. Gallant, L.C., personal communication via MES, Website: www.midwesternepigraphic.org2. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, A Guide toMegalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland,Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com
3. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and theCopper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, WaUSA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows.com4. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient American,Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).5. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.6.6. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge7. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”, Ref.6 , tobe published.8. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.6, to be pu-blished.9. De Jonge, R.M., “Great Serpent Mound (c.2300 BC, Adams County, Ohio)”, Ref.6, to be publish-ed.10. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood, (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Para-guay)”, Ref.6, to be published.11. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.6, to be publish-ed.12. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)”, Ref.6,to be published.13. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, MidwesternEpigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be published.14. De Jonge, R.M., “Minoan Pendant (Cleveland, Ohio, c.1690 BC)”, Ref.6, to be published.15. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette, 2006(ISBN 0-9744679-2-8).16. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”, Ref.6, to bepublished.17. Gallant, L.C., “The Copper Plates from Peters Creek”, Ancient American, Vol.14, No.88, pgs.12-16(2010).18. De Jonge, R.M., “Peters Creek Mound, (c.715 BC, Clairton, Pennsylvania)”, Ref.6, to be publish-ed.19. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.6, to bepublished.20. De Jonge, R.M., “Cahokia, Capital of Ancient America”, Ref.6, to be published.