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IKOM MONOLITHS, NIGERIA

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April 10, 2010

THE IKOM MONOLITHS AND THE FLOOD
(1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, Nigeria)

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  • 1. Email: drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com April 10, 2010 THE IKOM MONOLITHS AND THE FLOOD (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, Nigeria) Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com The Ikom Monoliths Ikom is a town in Cross River State, southeast Nigeria, only 30 km from the border with Ca- meroon. It is located at the Cross River, which runs from Cameroon to the west over more than 100 km, after which it makes a right turn to the south in the direction of the city of Cala- bar, where it empties in the Gulf of Guinee (Atlantic Ocean). About 40 km north of Ikom is the village of Alok. It is the center of the so-called Ikom Monoliths. Most of these upright sto- nes are situated in circles of various sizes. The stones are nicely dressed and smoothened. These have heights varying from two to over five feet (0.6 to 1.8 meters), and widths of one to two feet, or so. The majority of the stones are of hard volcanic rock (basalt), but there are also a few of sandstone and limestone. A special feature of these menhirs is their beautiful decoration. Most of the stones are carved with the shape of a stylized face on top, combined with a variety of geometric figures. They u- sually show a high complexity of design. They are all different, and a lot of them are beauti- fully inscribed mostly with unknown symbols, which are often difficult to comprehend. Inside the stone circles the carved heads face each other. Each circle contains up to ten stones, and there are a total of about thirty circles in the region. In total there are about 350 inscribed sto- nes. The faces are believed to represent gods, or those who rule on behalf of them, the kings. Both circles and isolated menhirs belong to the Megalithic Culture. (Refs.1-6) The stone circle symbolizes a.o. the circumference of the planet Earth. So, almost all stone circles in the World date from after the discovery of America via the Atlantic, c.2500 BC. Many of the carvings of the Ikom Monoliths are in haut-relief, which only occurs after this important event in the Fifth Dynasty. Among the carved figures are some known symbols from the Mediterranean, like the spiral, sun circle, torque, and lozenge. These signs would possibly point to a date in the Bronze Age. However, the elaborated designs, the other figures, and most important, the faces, point to dates in the Iron Age (1200 BC-200 AD). This is a typically late-megalithic phenomenon. (Refs.7-9)
  • 2. Fig.1 An Ikom Monolith near the village of Alok. (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, SE Nigeria) (Courtesy J. Weate, Ref.3) The Biblical Flood One might wonder about the reason of this important megalithic site around the village of A- lok in Nigeria. The first part of the Cross River runs around the latitude-line of 6°N over more than 100 km to the west. It appears, that this River symbolized the Biblical Flood, which hap- pened at the start of the 6th Dynasty (c.2344 BC, tree-ring dating). The south coast of Nigeria, which runs to the mouth of the Niger River at Cape Formoso, is located at 4°N. It represents the 4th Dynasty. The latitude-line in between runs to the western mouth of the Niger, at 5°N, which corresponds to the 5th Dynasty.- The Ikom Monoliths are located north of the Cross River. It appears to mean, that the people who built these monuments lived after the Flood. It confirms the approximate time period mentioned above.- Note, that latitudes were already known c.4700 BC. (Refs.7-10) The Biblical Flood was caused by a Comet. It appears, that the Island of Bioco, Equatorial Guinea, due south of Ikom, symbolizes the Head of the Comet. The Sea southwest of this is- land, in the direction of the Islets of São Tomé en Principe, represents the Tail, consisting of
  • 3. ice and stones. The Catastrophe was caused by a cosmic collision between the planet Earth and the Tail of this Comet. The important Strait of Gibraltar as well as the island of Malta are located at 36°N, each cor- responding to the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Egyptian Moiras, or 360°, which shows that it was a worldwide Catastrophe. These places are 36-6= 30° above the town of I- kom, encoding both the Nile Delta, at 30°N, and the 30 days of the month. Egypt was the greatest civilization on Earth. The River Nile is located 32-9= 23 moiras due east of Ikom, corresponding to the holy Tropic of Cancer and the Southern Egyptian Empire, at 23°N. It was the center of the Sun religion. (Refs.7-10) The distance from Alok to the south coast, or from Ikom to Mount Cameroon, equals 2°, or 2 moiras, corresponding to the first time period of 2 months when the Earth was inside the Tail of the Comet. The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the melting ice resul- ted in torrential rains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth.- The distan- ce from these places to the Niger River also equals 2 moiras, which correspond to the 2 months after it. The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains continued, but it also became extremely cold. So, the rains changed into ferrocious snow and hail storms. The latitude of the south coast to Cape Formoso, or Mount Cameroon, is at 4°N, confirming these 2+2= 4 months. Cape Formoso, at the southern mouth of the Niger, is located 9-6= 3°, or 3 moiras, west of Ikom (at 9°E), illustrating the 30 days of the month. The coast near Benin City, Nigeria, is located 9-5= 4 moiras to the west, confirming the total duration of 4 months. The length of the Niger River, from the confluence with the River Benue to Cape Formoso (the Gulf), equals 8-4= 4°, confirming it, again. The width of the continent of Africa at the level of Terrace Bay, Namibia, at 20°S, equals c.2 Moiras, confirming the two time periods of 2 months. The east coast of the island of Mada- gaskar at this level is located 49-9=40° east of Ikom, Nigeria. When measured along the e- quator it corresponds to 40 moiras, confirming the total duration of the Catastrophe, 2+2= 4 months. Cape Agulhas, the south cape of Africa, is located 6+35= 41°, or c.4 Moiras south of Ikom, confirming it. The meridian, or NS-line of Ikom hits the coast of Italy, near the town of Genua, in the north, 44-4= 40° above Mount Cameroon, confirming the 4 months. The little town of Lidaan, So- malia, is located 49-9= 40 moiras due east of Ikom, again confirming it. Cape Raas Caluula, Somalia, is located at 12°N, confirming the 4x30= 120 days. The mouth of the Congo River, is located 6+6= 12° south of Ikom, Nigeria, confirming it. The north cape of the island of Ma- dagaskar is located at 12°S, confirming it, again. (Refs.9-18) Casualties and survivors The south coast of Nigeria, or Mount Cameroon, is located at 4°N, and the confluence of the River Niger with the Benue is at 8°N, encoding the world population before the Flood of 4.8 million men. Cape Lopez (Port-Gentil) is located at 1°S, which is 6+1= 7° below Ikom. It cor- responds with the 7 figures of this number.- The coast near Benin City, Nigeria, is 9-5= 4° west of Ikom, and the coast near Lomé, Togo, is located 9-1= 8° to the west, confirming this world population.- The west side of Lake Chad is located 13-9= 4° east of Ikom, and 14-6= 8° north of this town, confirming this original world population of 4.8 million men, again. The east side of Lake Chad, is located 13-6= 7° north of Ikom, confirming the 7 figures.
  • 4. Terrace Bay, Namibia, is located 13-9= 4° east of Ikom, confirming the duration of the Flood, 4 months. It is located 20+6= 26° below this town, encoding 2.6 million casualties (54%). The town of Beira, at the East Coast of Mozambique at this level, is situated 35-9= 26° east of I- kom. It corresponds with 26 moiras when measured along the equator, confirming the number of victims. The Strait of Bab al-Mandab, the entrance of the Red Sea, is located 13-6= 7° north of Ikom, confirming the 7 figures of this number. Cape Verde, the west cape of North Africa, is located 17+9= 26° west of Ikom, confirming it. The maximum width of the continent of Africa is 17+51= 68 moiras, or about 7 Moiras, con- firming the 7 figures of the number. Ikom is located 6-4= 2° north of Cape Formoso, at 6°N, confirming the 2.6 million casualties. The important Strait of Gibraltar as well as the island of Malta are located at 36°N. The complementary latitude of 90-36= 54°N confirms the percen- tage of casualties, 54%. In antiquity, the use of complementary latitudes was very common. The distance from Alok to the south coast, or from Ikom to Mount Cameroon, equals 2°, or 2 moiras, and the distance from these places to the Niger River equals 2 moiras, confirming the 4.8-2.6= 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were seriously injured. Ponte Albina, the west cape of southern Africa, is located at 16°S. This is 16+6= 22° below Ikom, confirming the number of survivors. It is also located 12-9= 3° east of Ikom, illustrating the 30 days of the month, again. The Nile Delta is located 31-9= 22 moiras to the east, when measured along the equator, confirming the 2.2 million survivors. The maximum height of the continent of Africa is 37+35= 72°, or about 7 Moiras, confirming the 7 figures of this number. The south tip of the Sinai Peninsula at the end of the Red Sea, and the southern Canary Is- lands in the west, are both located at 28°N. Both places are 28-6= 22° above Ikom, Nigeria, confirming the number of survivors, again. The width of the continent of Africa at the level of Terrace Bay, Namibia (at 20°S) equals 35-13= 22 moiras, when measured along the equator, confirming the number of survivors, 2.2 million men. The west cape of Sherbro Island, Sierra Leone, is located 13+9= 22° west of Ikom, confirming the number of survivors, again. (Refs.-7,9,10,19-22) Sixth Dynasty The western mouth of the Niger River is located at 5°N, encoding the 5th Dynasty, which was finished because of the Comet Catastrophe. Both the town of Ikom and the upper part of the Cross River are situated at 6°N, because it occurred in the 6th Dynasty. Ikom is located 6-5= 1° above the western mouth of the Niger, because it happened during the reign of the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC) of this dynasty. Cape Lopez (Port-Gentil) is located at 1°S. This is 4+1= 5° below Cape Formoso and Mount Cameroon, encoding the 5th Dynasty which was ended because of the Flood. It is 5+1= 6° be- low the western mouth of the Niger, because it happened in the 6th Dynasty. Cape Lopez is located at 1°S, which confirms that it occurred during the reign of the 1st king Teti.- The mouth of the Congo River is located 6-1= 5° below Cape Lopez, confirming the 5th Dynasty, which was ended because of the Flood. The mouth of the Congo is situated at 6°S, confirming the 6th Dynasty, when it happened. It is located 12-9= 3 moiras east of Ikom, illustrating the 30 days of the month, again. The south side of Lake Chad is located 14-9= 5° east of Ikom, encoding the 5th Dynasty which was terminated because of the Flood. The east side of the Lake is located 15-9= 6° to the east, corresponding to the 6th Dynasty when the Catastrophe occurred. The difference be-
  • 5. tween these geographic locations is 15-14= 1°, encoding the 1st king Teti. It happened during his reign. Terrace Bay, Namibia, is located at 20°S, which is 20+30= 50° below the Nile Delta, the cen- ter of the Northern Egyptian Empire. So, it represents the 5th Dynasty, which was ended be- cause of the Flood. The upper part of the Orange River in South Africa flows around 30°S, which is 30+30= 60° below the Nile Delta. It symbolizes the 6th Dynasty, when the Comet Catastrophe occurred. This latitude-line is 10°, or 1 Moira, below Terrace Bay, encoding the 1st king Teti. It happened during his reign. The confluence of the Niger and Benue Rivers is located at 8°N, encoding the total precipita- tion of the Flood, 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11= c.9 meters of water. The Benue River starts at a- bout 10°N. The complementary latitude at 90-10= 80°N confirms the precipitation. The coast near Lomé, Togo, is located 9-1= 8° due west of Ikom, confirming the precipitation of 80 micromoiras. The west side of Lake Chad is located 14-6= 8° north of Ikom, confirming it, again. The mouth of the Congo River, is located 6+6= 12° south of Ikom, Nigeria, encoding the 12th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. The chaos and misery because of the Flood lasted until the start of this dynasty, about three centuries later (c.2007 BC). Cape Raas Caluula, Somalia, is located at 12°N, confirming the 12th Dynasty. The north cape of the island of Madagaskar is located at 12°S, confirming it, again. (Refs.10,20-22)
  • 6. Fig.2 Chief S.E. Akong besides an Ikom Monolith near the village of Alok. (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River State, SE Nigeria) (Courtesy Macau Daily Times, Ref.6) Greenland The traditional symbol of a Comet is Greenland as the Head of the Comet, and the North At- lantic Ocean as its Tail. Greenland, which consists of ice and stones, was already discovered c.3300 BC (Refs.7-9,23,24). Ikom, at 6°N, corresponds to Cape Farvel, the south point of Greenland, at 60°N. Both places each encode the 60 days, when the planet Earth was inside the Tail of the Comet, as well as the 60 days after it, when the rain storms and floodings continued. The island of Bermuda is located at 32°N. It was discovered by the last king Unas of the 5th Dynasty (c.2403-2370 BC) (Refs.25-27). Its position is 32-12= 20° above the North Cape of South America, confirming the two time periods of two months. This North Cape is located 12-6= 6° higher than Ikom, confirming the two time periods of 60 days. It is located at 12°N, confirming the total duration of the Flood of 2x60= 120 days. Cape Farvel, the south point of Greenland, is located 60-12= 48° above South America, con- firming the original world population of 4.8 million men. The island of Bermuda is located 32 -6= 26° above Ikom, confirming the 2.6 million casualties (54%). The Azores archipelago is located at 38°N. It was already discovered c.3600 BC (Refs.8,23). Its position is 38-12= 26° above South America, confirming the 2.6 million victims. The maximum height of the conti- nent of South America is 12+56= 68°, or c.7 Moiras, confirming the 7 figures of this number. Ikom, Nigeria, is located 60-6= 54° below Cape Farvel, the south point of Greenland, confir- ming the percentage of casualties, 54%. The Azores are located 60-38= 22° below Cape Far- vel, Greenland, confirming the 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were seriously wounded. At the east side the north coast of South America is located at 11°N. It is 11-6= 5° above I- kom, confirming the 5th Dynasty, which was ended because of the Flood. It is 60-11= 49° be- low Cape Farvel, or c.5 Moiras below this Cape, confirming the 5th Dynasty. The north cape of South America is located 12-6= 6° above Ikom, confirming the 6th Dynasty, when the Ca- tastrophe ocurred. The difference in latitude equals 12-11= 1°, encoding the 1st king Teti (c.-2370-2338 BC). It happened during his government. The latitude of the island of Bermuda, at 32°N, confirms his 32 years of reign. The complementary latitude of the north coast of South America, at 11°N, equals 90-11= 79°N. It encodes the precipitation of the Flood, 79 or 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11= c.9 meters of water. The Azores archipelago is located 38-30= 8° above the Nile Delta, confirming it. The north cape of South America is 8 Moiras west of Ikom, Nigeria, when measured along the equator, confirming the 80 micromoiras of water.- The north cape of South America is lo- cated at 12°N, encoding the 12th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. The chaos and misery be- cause of the Flood lasted until the start of this dynasty (c.2007 BC), more than three centuries later. (Refs.10,20-22) Discussion Most of the Ikom Monoliths are situated in circles. These stone circles resemble the circular Sun. So, they refer to the Egyptian Sun religion. According to this religion there is a highest SunGod Ra. Below this God were two other gods, the sungod Horus and the moongod Osiris. The kings and pharaohs were the substitutes of these lower gods. However, the circle is also the symbol of Maat, the Egyptian goddess of law and order in the universe. So, it is the sym-
  • 7. bol of the wheel of the law. As said before, the River Nile is located 32-9= 23 moiras due east of Ikom, corresponding to the holy Tropic of Cancer and the Southern Egyptian Empire, at 23°N. It was the center of the Sun religion. (Refs.7-9) The stone circle is also the symbol of the spherical Earth. Stone circles were made after the discovery of America (c.2500 BC), when (almost) all the land on Earth was discovered (Ref.25). The stone circles of Ikom were constructed above the Cross River, at 6°N. So, these date from after the 6th Dynasty, which was the last one of the Old Kingdom. It means, that the later culture in Nigeria was based on the Sun religion as formulated in the Old Kingdom. The Ikom Monoliths (1200 BC-200 AD) are a tribute to the lost civilization of ancient Egypt, which vanished because of the Biblical Flood. It appears to be a fact, that many of the Ikom Monoliths are hewn into the form of a phallus. Although a sexual association remains possible, it should be realized that it also resembles the shape of a Comet. There might be even a relation between the name of Ikom, and the word of Comet. 50 km north of Ikom is the town of Nkomfap, which name may be related as well. The ancient Egyptians called their land Kemi or Kemet. All these names might have a com- mon root. People, who traveled from south to north passing the Cross River, thought they were crossing a time barrier from the time of the Old Kingdom in the south, to the time after the Flood in the north. So, the Ikom Monoliths are a testimony of the religious ideas of the people of Nigeria about the time period of the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
  • 8. Fig.3 Map of part of Africa (Ref.28). References 1. Megalithic Portal, Website: http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=18236 2. Unesco, Website: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5173/ 3. Weate, J., Website: http://naijablog.blogspot.com/2006/12/ikom-monoliths.html 4. Shaw, I., and Jameson, R., A Dictionary of Archaeology, Blackwell, Oxford (1999) (ISBN 0-631-17423-0). 5. Acholonu, C., Website: http://www.carcafriculture.org/ 6. Akong, S.E., Website: http://www.macaudailytimesnews.com/index.php?option=com_con- tent&task=view&id=5008&Itemid=35 7. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge/ 8. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A Guide to Megalithic Sites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083-3392, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com 9. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows 10. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (six articles), Webpage: www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html
  • 9. 11. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civiliza- tions, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X). 12. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.11, pgs.117-140. 13. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Dated Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.11, pgs.109-117. 14. Baillie, M.G.L., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd., London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3) 15. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990. 16. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont 2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2). 17. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN 0-9776-152-0-0). 18. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”, Website: http://abob.libs.uga.edu/bobk/ccc/ce102899.html 19. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)”, Ref.7, to be published. 20. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shel- ter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, Ref.7, to be published. 21. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky), Ref.7, to be published. 22. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.7, to be published. 23. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient American, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008). 24. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Greenland, Bridge between the Old and New World, c.2500 BC”, Ancient American, Vol.11, No.67, pgs.12-20 (2006). 25. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.7. 26. Casson, L., Ships and Seafaring in Ancient Times, British Museum Press, 1994 (ISBN 0-7141-1735-8). 27. Wachsmann, S., Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, College Sta- tion, Texas, 1998. 28. Grote Winkler Prins Encyclopedie, 7de druk, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1975) (Dutch)

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