GRAVE CREEK MOUND II, WV

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GRAVE CREEK MOUND (II)
(c.720 BC, Moundville, Marshall County, WV)


Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.com
July, 2012

Summary
Grave Creek Mound on the Ohio River, at 40°N, tells both the story of the Egyptian discovery of America during the Old Kingdom, and the metal trade during the Empire of Atlantis (2500-1200 BC) (previous article). However, it also tells the account of the Dardanus Flood during the reign of the 2nd king Ramses III of the 20th Dynasty. It was caused by a Comet Catastro-phe, and it lasted 40+40= 80 days. 6 million people perished (32%). The precipitation was 5.5 meters of water. Four centuries of cold and dry weather followed. The Grave Creek Tablet is engraved with Punic script from SW Iberia. It provides an accurate date of the Mound: the 24th Dynasty of Egypt (c.727-715 BC). It confirms the metal trade across the Ocean during the Empire of Atlantis.

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GRAVE CREEK MOUND II, WV

  1. 1. GRAVE CREEK MOUND (II) (c.720 BC, Moundville, Marshall County, WV)Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, drsrmdejonge@hotmail.comJuly, 2012SummaryGrave Creek Mound on the Ohio River, at 40°N, tells both the story of the Egyptian discoveryof America during the Old Kingdom, and the metal trade during the Empire of Atlantis(2500-1200 BC) (previous article). However, it also tells the account of the Dardanus Floodduring the reign of the 2nd king Ramses III of the 20th Dynasty. It was caused by a CometCatastro-phe, and it lasted 40+40= 80 days. 6 million people perished (32%). Theprecipitation was 5.5 meters of water. Four centuries of cold and dry weather followed. TheGrave Creek Tablet is engraved with Punic script from SW Iberia. It provides an accurate dateof the Mound: the 24th Dynasty of Egypt (c.727-715 BC). It confirms the metal trade acrossthe Ocean during the Empire of Atlantis.IntroductionGrave Creek Mound is one of the largest conical type burial mounds of the US. It is located inMoundville, West Virginia, a town of 10,000 inhabitants on the east bank of the Ohio River.The Mound has a height of 19 meters and a base diameter of 73 m. On top is a circular plat-form with a diameter of 15 m. Originally the Mound was encircled by a moat, having a widthof 12 m and a maximum depth of 1.5 m, with one causeway across it.The shortest distance to the Ohio River, having a local width of 220 m, is 670 m. The shortestdistances to both Big Grave Creek in the south (width of 16 m), and Little Grave Creek in thenorth is 1100 m. The Mound is located at 40°N and 80.7°W.In 1838 the Mound was excavated by amateurs. Right below the center of the mound a rec-tangular vault was discovered just below ground level, containing two skeletons. It was orien-ted north-south, and it had a length of 3.7 m, a width of 2.4 m, and a height of 2.1 m. One ofthe skeletons was surrounded by many beads and an ornament, both of sea shell.In the center and about halfway the height of the Mound a second and similar vault was dis-covered, which contained a single, large skeleton. It measured 2.24 meters, and was orientedeast-west. The skeleton was surrounded by far more beads of sea shell, a lot of complete seashells, and many square pieces of mica, with two or three little holes in them. Five copper bra-celets were found around its wrist bones, weighing together 480 g (17 ounces). Although theMound is made of the same dirt as present in the immediate viscinity, the color of it is a kindof blue, probably due to mixing with some unknown copper compound.Near the last skeleton an inscribed Stone was found, known as the Grave Creek Tablet. It hasthree lines of symbols on it, which were identified as Punic (Phoenician) script, used in south-west Iberia in the first millennium BC. The flat, grayish, sandstone Tablet has an oval shape,with a length of 4.8 cm, a width of 3.6 cm, and a thickness of 0.8 cm. (Refs.1,2,43)
  2. 2. Grave Creek Mound is dated by most professional archaeologists to c.250-150 BC. It was de-clared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.Fig.1 Grave Creek Mound has a height of 19 m and a base diameter of 73 m. It is located on the east bank of the Ohio River, at 40°N. (c.720 BC, Moundville, Marshall County, WV)Dardanus FloodA burial mound is the earliest form of a king’s grave. So, originally it was made by foreignsettlers from the Old World. Indian mounds probably did not exist before the birth of Christ,because in that time period Indians lived separately from them in tribal clans, as hunter-gar-therers. Because of the very low population density they could easily do so. They did not ha-ve the tradition of a people ruled by a king! (Refs.3-11)Grave Creek Mound gives an excellent account of the metal trade with the Old World be-tween the 5th and the 20th Dynasties of Egypt. So, for sure the monument will also tell thestory of the Dardanus Flood, which happened at the end of it. (Refs.12-17,43)The Biblical Flood occurred at the start of the Sixth Dynasty, c.2344 BC (tree ring dating). Itended all ancient civilizations on Earth, including the Old Kingdom. The Catastrophe wascaused by a Comet with a periodicity of 575 years. The archaeological site of Poverty Point,NE Louisiana, is located on the average latitude of the islands of Madeira and Bermuda in theOcean, at (33+32)/2= 32.5°N. The complementary latitude of 90-32.5= 57.5°N shows the pe-riodicity of this Comet: 575 years. - In the Old World latitudes were already known 4800 BC.The Comet was expected to return in the year of 2344-2x575= 1194 BC. It was the first yearof government of queen Tausert (1194-1186 BC), who acted as a regent for king Siptah(1194-1188 BC), the last Heads of State of the 19th Dynasty. However, the Comet explodednear the Sun. A dangerous part of it reached the Earth 35 years later, in 1194-35= 1159 BC(tree ring dating). The Mound contains two important vaults, one at the bottom and one half-
  3. 3. way the height of it. The meridian, or north-south line, of Grave Creek Mound hits the southcoast of Baffin Island, at 70°N, indicating these 70/2= 35 years. (Refs.18-26)Dynasty and kingIn antiquity the Head of a Comet was symbolized by the island of Greenland, consisting of iceand stones. The Tail of a Comet was symbolized by the North Atlantic Ocean below it, whichcontains a huge amount of water. Cape Farvel, the south cape of Greenland, is located at60°N, which is 60-40= 20° above Grave Creek Mound, indicating the 20th Dynasty, when theDardanus Flood occurred. Cape Chidley, Canada, is located at the same latitude, confirmingit. The south coast of Cuba, at 40/2= 20°N, confirms it, too.The meridian of the Mound hits the north coast of Cuba at the latitude of the holy Tropic ofCancer, at 23°N. At midsummer day the Sun is there at right angles above. The slow northerlymovement of the Sun turns into a southerly movement. So, people believe in the EgyptianSunGod Ra! (Sun religion) – The north coast of Cuba, at 20+3= 23°N, encodes the 2nd kingRamses III (1184-1153 BC) of the 20th Dynasty. The Disaster happened at the end of hisreign, in 1159 BC.The meridian touches the south coast of Lake Erie, 42-40= 2° to the north. The Ohio Riverflows to its confluence with the Mississippi River, 40-37= 3° to the south-west. It confirmsthe 2nd king Ramses III. The local width of the Ohio River is 220 m, or 2 millimoiras, and themeridian runs across the Kanawha River, or New River, 40-37= 3° below the Mound, confir-ming it. The northern Nile Delta is located at 31°N, confirming his 31 years of reign. The me-ridian of the Mound passes the Isthmus of Panama, 40-9= 31° to the south, confirming it, a-gain.All mentioned encodings of the number ‘two’ show it was the second big Calamity in the his-tory of Atlantis (which consists of Egypt and the America’s). The three degrees below theMound correspond twice with the latitudes of the three island groups of the Azores: the East,Central, and West Azores. These all show this Catastrophe happened at the end of the third ti-me period of good government of Egypt, which was the New Kingdom. The Old Kingdomand the Middle Kingdom were the previous time periods when civilization in Egypt (Atlantis)flourished.DurationThe two vaults of Grave Creek Mound indicate the Comet Catastrophe was a two stage event,just like the Biblical Flood. The other encodings of the number ‘two’ confirm it. The Delta’sof the Nile and Mississippi Rivers are located at 30°N. These correspond to the 30 days of themonth. So, the duration of the Disaster is expressed in days. - The 40th latitude line at theMound is the most famous one of North America, because it encodes the Egyptian discoveryof the continent in the Fourth Dynasty. However, it also encodes the first time period of 40days of the Dardanus Flood.The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the melting ice resulted in torrentialrains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth. The second time period las-ted 40 days, too. The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains and floodings con-tinued, but it also became very cold. So, the rains changed into ferrocious snow and hailstorms.
  4. 4. The meridian of the Mound leaves the coast of South Carolina 40-32= 8° below the site, con-firming the total duration of 80 days. It runs through the Isthmus of Panama at 9°N. The com-plementary latitude of 90-9= c.80° confirms the duration of 40+40= 80 days. Bermuda is lo-cated 40-32= 8° below the 40th latitude line, confirming it, too. The Central Azores are loca-ted 38-30= 8° above the Nile Delta, confirming it, again.PrecipitationThe Central Azores consist of five islands, encoding the precipitation during the DardanusFlood, 50 micromoiras= 50x0.11= c.5.5 meters of water. The length of the 40th latitude lineacross the continent of North America equals 5 Moiras, or 50°, when measured along the e-quator, confirming it. The important line at the complementary latitude of the site, at 90-40=50°N, which runs along the northern shore of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and beyond, con-firms it, too. The distance from the Mound to the East Coast, at 40°N, is 5 moiras, or 5°, con-firming it, again.The consequences of this Comet Catastrophe lasted to the end of Dynasty 22, about four cen-turies after the event, as shown by the 40th latitude line of the Mound. The climate on Earthwas much colder and dryer. The Strait of Gibraltar is located 4° below the 40th latitude line,at 40-4= 36°N, confirming it. It corresponds to the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moi-ras, or 360°. It shows it was a worldwide Catastrophe. It ended all ancient civilizations onEarth, including the New Kingdom! (Refs.27-31) Fig.2 Grave Creek Mound, dated to c.720 BC, is located in the town of Moundville, West Virginia, on the east bank of the Ohio River, at 40°N.CasualtiesThe Azores in the middle of the Ocean are located at 38°N, encoding the 3.8 million casual-ties of the Flood. The meridian of Grave Creek Mound leaves the south coast of James Bay, at52°N. The complementary latitude of 90-52= 38°N confirms the number of victims. It hits the
  5. 5. south coast of Baffin Island, at 70°N, referring to the 7 figures of the number. The diameter /height ratio of the Mound equals 73/19= 3.8, confirming it, too.The south coast of Cuba, at 40/2= 20°N, shows the additional 2.0 million casualties becauseof system collapse (lack of government, wars). The meridian leaves the south coast of Pana-ma, at 7°N, confirming the 7 figures of this number. The meridian touches the south coast ofLake Erie, 42-40= 2° to the north, confirming the number of victims. The local width of theOhio River is 220 m, or 2 millimoiras, confirming it, too.The island of Bermuda is located at 32°N. The complementary latitude of 90-32= 58°N con-firms the total number of casualties, 3.8+2.0= 5.8 million men (32%). It is located 32-25= 7°above the south cape of Florida, due south of the Mound, confirming the 7 figures of the num-ber. - Cape Farvel, the south cape of Greenland, at 60°N, encodes the approximate periodicityof the Comet: 600 years. The south cape of Florida, at 25°N, corrects it to the accurate valueof 600-25= 575 years. Note, that the peninsula of Florida has the shape of a Comet.Cape Farvel as well as Cape Chidley, Canada are located at 60°N, confirming the total num-ber of casualties, c.6.0 million men. Grave Creek Mound is located 7 Moiras, or 70° due westof Iberia, when measured along the equator, confirming the 7 figures of this number. Thelength of the meridian of Cape Farvel on the Northern Hemisphere equals 180°, encoding theoriginal world population before the Catastrophe, 18 million men. The “complementary lati-tude” of 180-60= 120° corresponds to the number of survivors, 18-6= 12 million men. The A-zores are located 38-30= 8° above the Nile Delta, confirming the 8 figures of this number.Grave Greek Mound is located at 40°N, encoding the c.4.0 million casualties of the CometCatastrophe. The meridian leaves the south coast of Lake Erie 42-40= 2° to the north, confir-ming the additional 2.0 million victims because of system collapse. The Mound is located 670m, or 6 millimoiras, from the shore of the Ohio River, confirming the total number of c.6.0million casualties. It is located 780 m, or 7 millimoiras, from the middle of the River, confir-ming the 7 figures of the number.Both the south coast of Lake Erie due north of the Mound and Cape Cod are located 60-42=18° below Cape Chidley, Canada, confirming the world population of 18 million people be-fore the Catastrophe. Lake Erie is situated 42-30= 12° above the south coast of the US, enco-ding the 12 million survivors. Most of them were seriously injured. Finally, Bermuda is loca-ted 40-32= 8° below the 40th latitude line, confirming the 8 figures of this number.The meridian of Grave Creek Mound hits the north coast of Georgean Bay, 46-40= 6° abovethe site, confirming the c.6.0 million casualties. It leaves the south coast of James Bay 52-40=12° to the north, confirming the 12 million survivors, most of them wounded. It leaves thesouth coast of Cuba 40-22= 18° to the south, confirming the original world population of 18million men.Finally, the south coast of the US is located at 30°N. The complementary latitude of 90-30=60°N encodes the c.6.0 million casualties of the Dardanus Flood. The south point of the Gulfof Campeche, Mexico, is located at 18°N, encoding the original world population before theFlood, 18 million men. It is located 30-18= 12° below the south coast of the US, correspon-ding with the 12 million survivors.
  6. 6. The precise number of victims was 5.8 million men. It is (5.8/18)x100= 32% of the world po-pulation, as indicated by the latitude of the island of Bermuda, at 32°N. The name of ‘Darda-nus’ means Third, because it was the Flood, in which about one third of the people died, onethird of these because of system collapse. The three island groups of the Azores due east ofGrave Creek Mound confirm the percentage: (1/3)x100= 33%. The slope of the Mound equals33°, encoding the latitude of Madeira, at 33°N, and the percentage of casualties: 33%.(Refs.-32-37)DateThe Ohio River flows from Grave Creek Mound over three degrees of latitude to its conflu-ence with the Mississippi River. It appears, that these three degrees encode the date of the mo-nument: 3 dynasties after the 20th Dynasty of the Dardanus Flood. The Mound is located40-9= c.30° due north of the Isthmus of Panama, confirming it. So, apparently the monumentwas made in Dynasty 23 (c.818-715 BC). This Dynasty was very active in erecting sacredsites, because its number encodes the holy Tropic of Cancer, at 23°N. Far in the east it crossesthe River Nile. It was the center of the Southern Egyptian Empire, but also the center of theSun religion. Fig.3 The Grave Creek Tablet, with Punic (Phoenician) script (c.720 BC).Grave Creek TabletIn the vault halfway the height of the Mound an engraved Tablet was found (see Fig.3). Dr.Barry Fell recognized the script as Punic (Phoenician), mainly in use in south-west Iberia du-ring the first millennium BC. He translated the text, which was slightly improved by Mr. Do-nal Buchanan. When reading from right to left, as usual with this script, a slightly better ver-sion reads: “Burial Mound in honor of king Tadach. His wife caused this Tablet to be inscri-bed.”This text confirms the burial mound is a king’s grave. Dr. Fell translated ‘His wife’ with ‘TheQueen’, in agreement with this statement. We stated earlier that burial mounds were erectedby foreign settlers from the Old World, and this Tablet proves it to be correct.Let us analyse this interesting Tablet further. The three lines of text illustrate the three timeperiods of good government of Egypt (Atlantis): the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. It alsoshows Grave Creek Mound tells three important stories: the Egyptian discovery of America,the metal trade, and the Dardanus Flood, as shown in our two articles.
  7. 7. Note, that the three lines of text contain 7,8 and 7 symbols, respectively. (The 3rd sign, coun-ted from the right in 2nd line, is a single symbol). When consulting the history of Egypt, itturns out that Dynasty 22 had eight kings. The average number of symbols in the lines (7.3) isroughly in agreement with this number eight, and added together it results in the number7+8+7= 22. So, our conclusion is that Dynasty 22 (c.945-715 BC) was ‘history’ when theTablet was made!Lower on the Stone is a vertical piece of line with at the right side of it the head of a bird.When reading the Tablet we have to look to the north, as usual. The bird is the symbol of theEgyptian king (substitute of God) at the other side of the Ocean (the vertical line), in the eastwhere Egypt is located.DateOther meanings of the Tablet now become clear. The first line of the text represents Dynasty20, when the Dardanus Flood occurred. The seven symbols confirm the millions of casualties(a number of 7 figures). - The second part of the text represents Dynasty 21. It became clearthe copper trade was definitely finished. Contact between Upper Michigan and Egypt ceasedto exist. The eight symbols confirm the tens of millions of copper ingots, which were shippedacross the Ocean to the Old World in the time period before it. (Ref.43)The third line of the text represents Dynasty 22, with its many kings (see above). It becameclear the tin trade was definitely finished, too. Contact between Bolivia and Egypt ceased toexist. The seven symbols confirm the millions of tin ingots, which were shipped across the O-cean to the Old World in the time period before it. (It also encodes the density of tin, 7 g/cm 3;seven times heavier than water.) – The text in the next part is missing, because Dynasty 23 ru-led simultaneously with the previous dynasty. It shows the United Egyptian Empire was fal-ling apart in a Southern and a Northern Kingdom (Upper and Lower Egypt), as happened ma-ny times before.The dot in the next space shows the mentioned “king Tadach” in the vault, who ruled over anunknown part of North America, including the Old Copper Culture. It appears he died duringDynasty 24 of Egypt (c.727-715 BC). The most important Head of State in Egypt was kingBakenrenef (or Bocchoris). So, both Grave Creek Mound and its Tablet date from c.720 BC!– Note, that this Dynasty ruled simultaneously with Dynasty 23 (c.818-715 BC), and Dynasty22 (c.945-715 BC)! (Refs.38-44)Note also, that the number of Dynasty 24 confirms the overall export of 24 million copper in-gots and 2.4 million tin ingots across the Ocean to the Old World. It also confirms the totalexport of 240 million carats of gold. Finally, this is a number of 9 figures, which confirms theexport of silver during the Empire of Atlantis (c.2500-1200 BC): 90 million carats! (Ref.43)DiscussionBoth vaults of Grave Creek Mound have a length : width ratio of 3:2. It appears the two vaultsare in honor of the 2nd king of the 20th Dynasty, when the Dardanus Flood occurred. Thementioned ratio might also be in honor of this 2nd king Ramses III, who was the pharaoh ofEgypt during this horrible Comet Catastrophe.The skeleton in the upper vault was strewn with square pieces of mica, with two or three littleholes in them. It appears king Tadach of the Old Copper Culture almost had the status of the2nd king Ramses III of Egypt. – Note, that the platform on top of the Mound had two impor-
  8. 8. tant meanings. First it was the home of the American king, where his palace should be built,far above his people. Second the king should always be protected against the danger of aFlood!The lower vault contained c.650 beads of sea shell, which might correspond to the c.641 yearsbetween the start of the First Dynasty (c.3105 BC) and halfway the Fifth Dynasty (c.2464BC), when the copper trade possibly started.The upper vault contained c.1700 beads of sea shell, which might correspond to the number ofyears (c.1744) between halfway the Fifth Dynasty (c.2464 BC) and the death of the Americanking Tadach in Dynasty 24 (c.720 BC). - This vault also contained c.500 sea shells, whichmight correspond to the number of years (c.534 years) between the start of the First Dynasty(c.3105 BC) and king Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty, who discovered America (c.2571BC).The upper Vault contained c.150 pieces of mica, which might correspond to the number ofyears (c.154) between the start of king Osorkon II of Dynasty 22 (c.874 BC) and the death ofking Tadach of the Old Copper Culture (c.720 BC). - The Grave Creek Tablet has a length :width ratio of 4:3. This ratio might illustrate king Tadach had strong ties with both Dynasties23 and 24 of Egypt. – For sure it is possible that some of these relations do not exist at all.However, not looking at these and not mentioning them is no option, in my view.Dr. Barry Fell dated this Tablet from between the 8th and 6th century BC, which is correct.He stated that Phoenicians settled in SW Iberia, and that they built a town called Tarshish, asmentioned in the Old Testament. They were engaged in trading for metals. The ocean-goingsailing ships of Tarshish were famous because of their huge size. He said that Tarshish wasruled by kings, and that the merchants of the town were famed for their wealth. Note, that thename of king Tadach (or Tasach) and the home-town of Tarshish bear some similarities.(Refs.38-44)References1. Mills, W.C., “The Grave Creek Mound at Moundsville, W.V.”, Ancient American, Vol.16, No.95, 2012.2. Gallagher, I.J., “Grave Creek Tablet is Genuine”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.78, 2008.3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A Guide to MegalithicSites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD.Website: www.howthesungod.com4. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the CopperTrade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98083.Website: www.rocksandrows.com5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge6. Pellech, Chr., Website: www.migration-diffusion.info7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.2300 BC)”, An-cient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5.8. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders” (2009), Ref.5, to be publish-ed.9. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be pu-blished.10. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Three Rivers Petroglyph, A Guide-post for River Travel in Ame-rica", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.3, No.12, pgs.74-100 (2002), Ref.6.11. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “A Nautical Center for Crossing the Ocean, America’s Stonehenge,New Hampshire, c.2200 BC”, Migration & Diffusion, Vol.4, No.15, pgs.60-100 (2003), Ref.6.12. De Jonge, R.M., “Tripod Rock, Pyramid Mountain (Morris County, New Jersey, c.1900 BC)” (2011),Refs.-5,6, to be published.13. De Jonge, R.M., “Gold Ring (Grand Canyon, Arizona, c.1450 BC) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.
  9. 9. 14. De Jonge, R.M., “Sentinel Rock, Vermont (Discovery of America and Biblical Flood, c.1900 BC)” (2011),Refs.5,6, to be published.15. De Jonge, R.M., “Oil City Glyphs (Pennsylvania, c. 2000 BC)” (2012), Ref.5, to be published.16. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be published.17. De Jonge, R.M., “Stonehenge, Monument for the Discovery of America (Salisbury Plain, South England,c.2000 BC)” (2011), Refs.5,6, to be published.18. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizations, BAR Interna-tional Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).19. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Dated EnvironmentalDownturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.18, pgs.109-117.20. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.18, pgs.117-140.21. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”, Ref.18, pgs.93-109.22. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.23. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.24. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont, 2004 (ISBN1-59143-0-040-2).25. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd., London, 1999 (ISBN0-7134-8681-3).26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (sixteen articles),Webpage: http://www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html27. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD, Battletown, MeadeCounty, Kentucky) (2010), Ref.5, to be published.28. De Jonge, R.M., “About the Brandenburg Stone (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky)” (2010),Ref.5, to be published.29. De Jonge, R.M., “Ikom and the Dardanus Flood (c.1159 BC, Cross River State, Nigeria)” (2010), Ref.5, tobe published.30. De Jonge, R.M., “Great Serpent Mound (c.2300 BC, Adams County, Ohio)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.31. De Jonge, R.M., “Northern Crossing, Biblical and Dardanus Flood, (Reykjavic, Iceland, c.770 BC)”, Ref.5,to be published.32. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)” (2010), Ref.5, to be pu-blished.33. De Jonge, R.M., “Cahokia, Capital of Ancient America” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.34. De Jonge, R.M., “Peters Creek Mound (c.715 BC, Clairton, Pennsylvania)” (2010), Ref.5, to be published.35. De Jonge, R.M., “Four Ancient Stories (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC)” (2009), Ref.5, to be pu-blished.36. De Jonge, R.M., “Megaliths of Arrowhead Region I (Minnesota, c.1900 BC)” (2012), Ref.5, to be published.37. De Jonge, R.M., “Megaliths of Arrowhead Region II (Minnesota, c.1900 and c.770 BC BC)” (2012), Ref.5,to be published.38. Fell, B., America BC, Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster, 1994 (ISBN 0-671-67974-0).39. Bailey, J., Sailing to Paradise, Simon & Schuster, 1994 (ISBN 0-684-81297-5).40. Thompson, G., American Discovery, Misty Isles Press, Seattle, 1994 (ISBN 0-9612990-4-4).41. Susan English, Yahoo Group: “Ancient Waterways Society”.42. Robin Mueller, FB Group: “Old Copper Complex and Ancient Waterways America”.43. De Jonge, R.M., “Grave Creek Mound (I) (Moundville, Marshall County, WV)” (2012), Ref.5, to be pu-blished.44. De Jonge, R.M., “Grave Creek Mound (II) (c.720 BC, Moundville, Marshall County, WV)” (2012), Ref.5, tobe published.

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