Fig.1 Three large squares, deeply cut into a vertical rock wall, pointing to the north. They tell
the story of the discovery of Australia, North America, and South America (from right to left),
in the Third and Fourth Dynasties of Egypt. (c.2300 BC, Santo Stefano, Oschiri, at 41°N,
North Sardinia, Photo: Anja Klein Wassink)
The monument is situated at 41°N. The two large squares refer to the southern part of Sardi-
nia, at 41-2= 39°N. The Southern Aleutian Islands, near the Bering Sea, are located at the
complementary latitude, at 90-39= 51°N. In antiquity the use of complementary latitudes was
very common. These islands form the gate to America. The four sides of each square repre-
sent the Fourth Dynasty. This important dynasty is indicated three times. The small square re-
fers to the central part of Sardinia, at 41-1= 40°N, confirming this dynasty for the fourth time.
Thus, America was discovered in the Fourth Dynasty.
The complementary latitude line at 90-40= 50°N near the Aleutians encodes the fifth king.
The fifth King Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of the Fourth Dynasty discovered the
continents of North and South America. The two large squares represent these large conti-
nents. On the return route, he also discovered the crossing of the Bering Strait, 4x4= 16° to
the north, at 50+16= 66°N.
The three squares provide the sailing direction of the Southern Crossing of the Atlantic
Ocean, from the Cape Verde Islands, at 16°N, with the wind and the current, 30°SSW. The
50th latitude line, just mentioned, encodes the point of arrival, Cape São Roque (the Holy
Rock), Brazil, at 5°S, but also the Fifth Dynasty. The two southern, large squares give the sai-
ling distance, 2 Moiras= 20°, but also the second king. The second king of the Fifth Dynasty,
Sahura (c.2510-2498 BC), discovered the Southern Crossing.
The two large squares represent the two islands of the West Azores, 2° south of the monu-
ment, at 41-2= 39°N. They have 2x4= 8 sides, corresponding to Cape Race, Newfoundland, at
39+8= 47°N. The two large squares provide the (initial) sailing direction from Cape Race to
the West Azores, 20°ESE, and the sailing distance, 2 Moiras= 20°, but also indicate the se-
cond king. Sahura also discovered this important return route, with the wind and the current,
to the Old World.- The two squares symbolize the discovery of these two Crossings by this
second king. The 3x4= 12 sides of the squares confirm his twelve years of reign.
The three squares correspond with the Northern Crossing of the Ocean, from the Shetland Is-
lands, via the south point of Greenland, to Cape Chidley, Canada, all three situated at the
complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90-30= 60°N. One crossed from the Shetland Is-
lands to the Faeroes, then to Iceland, then to Cape Holm, Greenland, and finally from West
Greenland to Baffin Island. The four sides of each square represent these four sailing distan-
ces, each of them about ½ Moira= 5°.
The three squares represent the next, third king. The third, small square in the north confirms
it. So, the third king of the Fifth Dynasty, Nefererkare (c.2498-2478 BC), discovered the Nor-
thern Crossing.- The third, small square symbolizes the discovery of this third Crossing of the
Ocean by the third king. The two large squares confirm his twenty years of reign.
The three squares symbolize the three island groups of the Azores, the East, Central, and West
Azores, 3° to the south, at 41-3= 38°N. Together these consist of nine islands. They refer to
the island of Bermuda, 9° south of the monument, at 41-9= 32°N (about 9° offshore), as well
as the mentioned latitude line, 9° north of the squares, at 41+9= 50°N. So, the return route via
Bermuda was discovered in the Fifth Dynasty, by the ninth and last king Unas (c.2403-2370
BC), to be precise.
The three squares encode the long sailing distance from Bermuda to the Azores, with the wind
and the current, 3 Moiras= 30°. They also indicate the islands of Madeira, 3° above the Nile
Delta, at 33°N. These islands are important for the return route. Their latitude confirms the 33
years of reign of king Unas.- This whole story is affirmed in a dozen megalithic monuments
Bermuda is located 9+9= 18° below the 50th latitude line, at 50-18= 32°N. It confirms the
eighteen years of reign of king Menkaure (Mycerinos), who discovered America.- The Nor-
thern Crossing of the Atlantic, via the 60th latitude line through the south point of Greenland,
was the last discovered sailing route to the new continent. Probably, it encodes the date of this
petroglyph in the Sixth Dynasty (c.2370-2189 BC).
* Previously, this article was published in “Ancient American”, Vol.12, No.76 (2007)
Fig.2 The rock with the three squares in the beautiful but dry landscape of Sardinia. On the
foreground are other large petroglyphs. (View west, Santo Stefano, Oschiri, Sardinia, Photo:
Anja Klein Wassink)