Fig.1 The reconstructed Sword of Kirkburn, unearthed in 1987. The numbers of scarlet beads
in the various groups tell the story of the discovery of America during the Old Kingdom of E-
gypt. (Driffield, 54°N, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC) (Ref.1, Courtesy S. James)
Fig.2 Left: The grip of the Kirkburn Sword shows the discovery of America by the fifth king
Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty. (Courtesy S. James)
Right: The NS-oriented, rectangular grave of the adult male of Kirkburn, interred with a joint
of meat and the famous Sword. (Driffield, 54°N, East Yorkshire, c.250 BC) (Ref.1, Courtesy
Egyptian Discovery of America
However, likewise it may refer to the first time that Egyptians encircled the planet Earth
(Refs.7-12). So, the sword in East Yorkshire might deal with the discovery of America! Quite
recently I wrote an article about this subject, using a European petroglyph of c.2300 BC (An-
cient American magazine, Vol.12, No.76, Ref.8). Let us further explore this interesting idea.
The main part of the golden-coloured scabbard contains six circular engravings, which may
correspond to the six dynasties of the Old Kingdom (fig.1). It suggests that pharaohs of this
early time period discovered America.
At the back side of the sword is a small iron loop (fig.1). Note its very low position! Accor-
ding to Simon James (Ref.1, pg.112): “the sword must have tended to tip upside down when
worn.” This is strange, but the reason of this feature should be understood. It appears we have
to start paying attention to the lower part of the sword. This part points to the south. It con-
tains a group of 2+1= 3 red beads, corresponding to the Nile Delta, at 30°N. It confirms the
important role of Egypt in this culture, as already suggested above.
The front side of the sword has a total of 4+5+2+1= 12 red beads (fig.1), corresponding to
Cape York in Queensland, Australia, at 12°S, 12 Moiras, or 120°, east of the Nile Delta, when
measured along the equator. The position of this Cape is close to New Guinea. The red circu-
lar chape at the bottom of the sword represents Australia, literally. The three beads of the lo-
wer part encode the Third Dynasty. The two higher beads suggest the second king. The two
red beads at the back side, above the mysterious loop, confirm it. Thus, the second king Djo-
ser (c.2753-2723 BC) of the Third Dynasty discovered the southern island of Australia. It ap-
pears to be the first message of the Kirkburn Sword.
Above and below the grip of the sword are four and five red beads, respectively (fig.2), enco-
ding the discovery of America by the fifth king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of
the Fourth Dynasty. The cemeteries are located four degrees above Cornwall, which is the
south point of England, at 50°N, confirming it. He discovered the new continent via the south-
ern Aleutian Islands at this latitude, but he also discovered the crossing of the Bering Strait, in
the upper north. The front side of the sword has a total of 12 red beads (fig.1), encoding its la-
titude, twelve degrees above Yorkshire, at 54+12= 66°N. (Refs.7-12)
Above and below the main part of the scabbard are five and two red beads, respectively, enco-
ding the discovery of the Southern Crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by the second king Sahura
(c.2510-2498 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty. For the first time he reached Cape São Roque (the
Holy Rock), Brazil, at 5°S, after sailing, with the wind and the current, a distance of about 2
Moiras, or 20°. The back side of the sword has two red beads at the grip, encoding the disco-
very of the return route from Newfoundland to the Azores by the same, second king. Starting
with a sailing direction of 20°ESE, and after sailing, with the wind and the current, a distance
of 2 Moiras, Sahura reached the two islands of the West Azores. So, this second king disco-
vered two Crossings of the Atlantic. (Refs.13,14)
Down below the front side of the scabbard is a single red bead. When the sword is in vertical
position, it points to British soil. It means, that Britain was involved in the next discovery. To-
gether with the two other beads, it forms a group of three. These correspond with the Northern
Crossing of the Ocean, from the Shetland Islands, via the south point of Greenland, to Cape
Chidley, Canada, all three situated at the complementary latitude of the Nile Delta, at 90-30=
60°N. This third Crossing was discovered by the third Egyptian king Nefererkare
(c.2498-2478 BC). (Refs.15-17)
The top of the sword has four red beads (figs.1&2), corresponding to the little island of Ber-
muda, four degrees south of Gibraltar (but in the middle of the western Ocean), at 36-4=
32°N. The five beads below the grip show its discovery in the Fifth Dynasty. All other red
beads together form a group of 4+2+2+1= 9 beads, encoding the nine islands of the Azores,
and the discovery of the return route via Bermuda to these islands by the ninth king Unas
(c.-2403-2370 BC).- Note, that this whole story is identical to the previous one in Ancient
American magazine, mentioned above (Ref.8). However, this history of discovery dates from
two millennia later (c.250 BC)! Note also, that the sword consists of three parts, which sym-
bolize the continents of North America (top), South America (center), and Australia (bottom)
The cemeteries of the so-called Arras culture (Ref.1) are located above the Humber River, in
East Yorkshire, at the holy latitude of 54°N (fig.4). This is in honour of the fifth king Men-
kaure of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, who discovered America at about this latitude. Each in-
dividual grave, or gravemound, is surrounded by a characteristic square ditch (with sides of
about 11m), which symbolizes America, discovered in the Fourth Dynasty (fig.3). It was con-
sidered as the Realm of the Dead in the west. The burial itself symbolizes the 4+1= 5th king
Menkaure, the substitute of the SunGod, who discovered this continent.
The four sides of the rectangular graves in figs.2 and 3 confirm the discovery of America in
the Fourth Dynasty. The width/length ratio of the graves themselves equal 3/5, in honor of the
3rd king Nefererkare of the Fifth Dynasty, who discovered the Northern Crossing from the
British Isles. The cemeteries date from the Iron Age (Ref.1), just before the Roman Conquest
of Great Britain. It coincided with the start of Christianity, which ended the supremacy of the
Egyptian civilization after three millennia.
Fig.3 NS-oriented grave with a dismantled vehicle, situated within a square ditch (at the left
side above). (Wetwang Slack, 54°N, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC) (Ref.1, Courtesy
Fig.4 The Sword was found in East Yorkshire, at 54°N. It is located due north of London,
c.-2° above the capital (at c.52°N) (see both latitude-lines, Ref.23).
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