The ability to pick up and act on social assumptions
The ability of think about other people’s thinking, (“Is this person I’m speaking with interested in what I’m talking about?)
Mind reading: facial expressions, body stance, voice tones,
Problems with planning, organizing, shifting attention and multitasking
Difficulties approaching complex tasks, breaking them down into parts and budgeting time
Unable to leave one task if it is not finished
Difficulties drawing diverse information together to construct higher level meanings in context
Grasping the “gist” of a story, Seeing parts over the whole
By age 4, children understand that people have thoughts, knowledge, beliefs, and desires of their own. Students with ASD don’t realize that their comments may offend or embarrass others. They are generally “blunt” and “say it like they see it”.
Girls may like boys and may have a “crush” on them. Having a crush on a boy is okay when you are older. At school we need to follow our rules:
1. Look at my friend when he is talking to me. Do not stare at my special friend when he is not talking with me.
2. Give my special friend his personal space. Do not touch him.
3. Talk about what all my friends are talking about. It is not appropriate to talk about my special friend. It is a good idea to change topics when I am asked. I can talk about the weekend, pets, holidays, vacations, or school projects.
4. Observe my friends to see if they want to talk with me. If they don’t look at me, walk away, or don’t talk to me, then I will find someone else to talk with.
My special friend does not like for me to follow him, to stare at him, or to touch him. I will try to follow my school rules. I will look at my Rating Scale, and try to stay at numbers 1 or 2. If I start to act like a number 3, 4, or 5, I will try to remember when I need to do to be friendly and show appropriate behavior at school.
Sensory processing can be affected by medication, lack of sleep, nutrition, holidays, etc. Be aware of what is going on in a child’s life.
Be Proactive Verses Reactive Everyone has a sensory system that is being regulated constantly….we just don’t have to think about it! Children with impaired sensory systems need extra help to achieve “just the right balance”.
Eliminate power struggles by establishing rules for the class and rules for getting along with peers and for understanding how to do things
Give him acceptable things to do in free time
Examples of Hidden Curriculum Rules
During silent reading, read in your mind, not out loud
Use your own supplies and ask if you want to borrow something
Raise your hand to ask a question
When standing in line make sure there is space between you and your friend
Extra: Extra: Extra: Wednesday Folder Reading Log Spelling Words/Homework Challenge Math Folder Vocab. Words D.O.L. Or English Math Minute Completed and/or Turned In at School Work on at Home Pack Up Check When You’ve Turned In Check Off When Completed Daily Checklist
Mini Schedule for Packing Up ____Get Back Pack ____Check Agenda for Homework ____Get Books for Homework ____Get Homework Folder ____Put in Back Pack and close ____Wait for Teacher to call your group for dismissal
My Daily Schedule Pack Up/Home 2:45-3:15 Social Group 2:15-2:45 Science 1:45-2:15 Recess 1:15-1:45 Specials 12:15-1:15 Restroom Noon-12:15 Lunch 11:30-Noon Math 10:30-11:30 Restroom 10:15-10:30 Break/Snack 9:30-10:15 Reading 8:30-9:30 Morning Work 8:00-8:30 Friday Thursday Wednesday Tuesday Monday Time
Raise your hand if you need the teacher’s assistance
You may quietly get up and sharpen your pencil
Art Project Needs _____Colored Paper ____ Scissors _____Glue _____Markers
My School Rules 1. Use my relaxation techniques before I get angry. 2. Ask for break and go to my “safe place” if I need one. 3. Complete my work I missed when I return to class 4. Keep my hands to myself. 5. Take turn on being first in line. I will be able to do something special when I follow my rules at schools
Notification system for changes in schedule/teacher absence
“ I Can’t Argue with That” Tips regarding education from Chris McIntosh, a person with ASD,
1. Avoid our strengths: Usually in the area of intellect, will power, logic and ability to argue. We lack good judgment and perspective. You don’t want to reinforce a disruptive pattern of arguing that causes us grief in adulthood.
2. Play to our weaknesses in the areas of emotional and considering other’s feelings. Logical arguments may not work. It is best to use emotional needs-based statements like, “You have to go to bed because I’m very tired, and I need to have some time to myself to relax and unwind.”
3. Emotional Content, Tone, and Blame: We need to hear emotional content in language. ( use emotional tones when we upset you.) But when correcting us or asking us to do something speak as if you are telling us an unemotional, indisputable fact. (2+2=4).
4. Be Explicit: We are confused over what is expected.
5. Responsibility for Clarify: Teach me to ask: “Is that what you meant or is this what you wanted me to do?”
6. Natural Consequences: ( A result that flows naturally from an action, not a punishment) They should impact us, not you. Get all the information first. Give natural consequences without blame. They are simply the natural results of our actions.
7. Don’t let arguing Work: When we argue and win, we are learning that arguing works. Say: “When you argue, it wears me down and I have no energy to do things for you. When you argue, the answer will always be no.
8. Model Better Ways of Meeting our Needs: Model talking, listening, and helping others as better ways we can meet our needs. Ensure we understand we will not always get what we want.
9. Expect Results, Not Time: We’re good at working on our own goals, but have difficulty working on the goals others set for us. Say: “Work on this until you finish this part” Don’t say work on this for 15 minutes. With a goal, we won’t look at the clock, and argue for more time. We’ll engage and learn good work habits.
10. Stick with It: Use these strategies. “Things may get worse before they get better, but in the long run, the rewards will be worth it.”