Ma Migration European DevelopmentPresentation Transcript
Information Literacy - MA Migration Studies -MA European Development Studies
1. Library services for Geography, website, catalogue (recap)
3. Journals and e-journals:
- what they are, what they’re for
- how to source a journal article
4. Resource discovery using electronic databases: full-text and bibliographic
5. Off-campus access to e-resources
6. Using the web more effectively e.g. advanced searching, Google Scholar, Google Books, gateways
7. Quality control: critically appraising your information sources
8. Literature search – getting started
Geography in the Boole Library
Read: Geography guide (see Subject Portal )
Also: Library handbook
Books for shelved on Q+1, Q+2, Q+3 N.B. check the Library catalogue for location
Dewey decimal: class numbers are assigned based on subject content of book/journal
Official Pubs. & Euro. Docs.: now on Q+2 floor
Maps (mostly in Special Collections Q-1)
Open Reserve (4-hour loan)
New Library Web Site
How do I?
Study & Research Help
Starting point for relevant library & web material
- journals - websites
Periodicals/serials, published continuously
Academic journals: Contain new research, cutting-edge
‘ Peer-reviewed ’/‘refereed’ – academic/scholarly
Available in print and/or electronic (30,000+ e-journals in UCC)
Open access V subscription
Popular Magazines: (articles written by journalists)
- Substantive news e.g. ‘National Geographic’, ‘The Economist’, ‘New Scientist’
- Journal of opinion e.g. ‘Magill’, ‘Phoenix’
- Magazines e.g. ‘Vogue’, ‘Readers Digest’, ‘Hello’ etc.
Trade Journals (specific industry, enable practitioners share market and product information within an industry) e.g. ‘Macworld’, ‘Restaurant Business’, ‘Chemical Week’. ‘Beverage World’
Finding a Journal Article
Bourne, L. (2007) ‘Understanding change in cities: a personal research path’. Canadian Geographer , 51(2):121-138
[To find article: Check the Journal Portal on Library homepage, or on ‘Search the Library’ page]
What if the Journal is not in UCC?
Google the article title or the author and you may be lucky.
Visit other libraries:
‘ Letter of Introduction’ required
check with customer services in Boole Library
Is the following journal article available
In print form in the Library?
Electronically through the Library?
(PC password: Qfloor1 )
Shandy D.J., Power D.V. (2008) ‘The Birth of the African-Irish Diaspora: Pregnancy and Post-Natal Experiences of African Immigrant Women in Ireland’. International Migration, 46(5): 119-142
What are Databases? 1.
Collections of logically related data , designed to meet information needs of one or more users e.g. files on your computer, company database of customers or products, library catalogue
A bibliographic or research database is a database of bibliographic information i.e. usually an electronic index to periodical articles, containing citations, abstracts. Sometimes information about books, conference proceedings, theses etc. also included.
What are Databases? 2 .
Sometimes the full text of the articles is included, or links to the full text.
Some are indexing and abstracting only: i.e. metadata – not necessarily a link to the full text.
Some are general e.g. Web of Science, others are more subject-specific e.g. ABI-Inform, Medline.
Must be used when conducting literature searches .
Other examples: ARTstor for images, Music Online for streaming music
What are Databases? 3.
N.B. you need to search a range of relevant databases in order to produce a literature review
Publisher databases such as Cambridge journals, Springerlink, Oxford journals (even Science Direct) alone are not sufficient for a comprehensive literature search
Sometimes extras include alerting services, export to Endnote, saved searches etc.
Most require payment/subscription from library e.g. JSTOR. Some are freely available on the web e.g. Pubmed (medical database)
How are Databases Organised?
Consist of records: one record for each article, book etc.
A field is the basic unit of entry in a record
For a journal article fields might include:
- Title, Author, Keywords, Source, Publication Year, Abstract etc.
For each record (e.g. article) added to the database, these fields must be included, and data is entered in that format.
Searches of the databases can be narrowed to one or more fields:
e.g. Author, Title, Author + Keyword, Keyword + Publication Year etc.
Search Skills college OR university poverty AND crime Boolean Operators: AND, OR
Search Skills cats NOT dogs Boolean Operator: NOT http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsSZps3NH-M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vube-ZcJFk4 Youtube videos:
migration AND women
(migration OR emigration OR immigration) AND women
(migration OR emigration OR immigration) AND (women OR woman OR gender OR feminin*)
“ human geography”
“ global warming”
emigration NOT (Ireland OR Irish)
How to Find Relevant Databases
Subject Portal: Geography
Databases A-Z: (See ‘Search the Library’)
Drop-down menu ‘Browse databases by Subject area’.
Use ‘Geography’ list as a starting point only. Depending on your topic, you may need to search other lists e.g.
Full –Text Resources (1)
For Geography start with :
Academic Search Premier (not all full-text)
Wilson Omnifile (not all full-text)
Taylor & Francis
PION (Environment & Planning) journals
And then: American Geophysical Union (AGU), Swetswise, Springerlink, Oxford journals, DOAJ, Project Muse, Cambridge journals
[All on the Databases A-Z : See ‘Search the Library’]
Full –Text Resources (2)
Also try (not all full-text) :
ABI-Inform, Business Source Premier, Econlit, EI Compendex (engineering), Annual Reviews, Socindex
[All on the Databases A-Z ]
Also of interest:
MIDA (Marine Irish Digital Atlas)
Nature Journals Online
Scientific American Archive
[All on the Databases A-Z ]
Indexing and abstracting databases
Metadata – descriptive information i.e. not necessarily a link to the full text
Some have facility to link you to the full text if it is available in UCC
You may need to search the Journal Portal to find the full text
Must use as many databases as possible in order to conduct a thorough literature search
- OCLC (incl. Worldcat, Articlefirst)
- Web of Knowledge
- Geoscienceworld (incl. Georef)
- CABDirect (incl. Global health)
- British Humanities Index
- ASSIA ( Social Sciences Collection)
- Worldwide Political Abstracts
- Sociological Abstracts
- Social Services Abstracts
[All on the Databases A-Z ]
Resources for Law & Official Publications
Source OECD, World Development Indicators, Eur-Lex, Parlianet, United Nations Treaty Series, House of Commons Parliamentary Papers etc.
[see Government Databases ]
BAILII, Lexis Nexis, Westlaw, Current Legal Information, HEIN online, JUSTcite, JUSTIS, MOML, ‘Northern Ireland: a Divided Community’ etc.
[see Law Databases and Law Subject Portal]
Further Resources 1.
Online Reference Resources: (alternative to Wikipedia)
See ‘Reference Resources’ on ‘Search the Library’ page
Irish Newspaper Archive , Irish Times Digital Archive
ACLS Humanities E-book
Further Resources 2.
ISI/WOS Proceedings , Proceedings
Index to Theses (UK & IRL), Dissertations abstracts (North America)
Use ‘My Library Record’
(like when renewing or requesting books)
Name + student number + six digit password (alpha-numeric)
N.B. You should access e-resources through the Library web pages
Contact the Information desk on Q floor if you have a query e.g. forgot your password
Look for scholarly articles on the following subject:
‘ The role/influence of religion in the lives of immigrants in France’
Search: Academic Search Premier, JSTOR,
Wilson Omnifile, Taylor & Francis
Search: Google, Google Scholar, INTUTE
Searching the Web More Effectively 1.
Web: 150 million websites, 40 billion pages (approx.)
Anyone can publish
Google: uses ‘Pagerank’
Spider programmes locate sites based on word occurrence, proximity, location on page, links to the page, traffic etc. about 200 ‘ingredients’
Problem: finding relevant scholarly material (also: doesn’t search the ‘deep web’)
Use: Google advanced search
Use ‘Google Scholar’ and ‘Google Books’
Searching the Web More Effectively 2 .
Try other search engines, e.g. Exalead , Ask.com , Yahoo , Bing
Metasearch: e.g. Metacrawler , Clusty , Search.com , Dogpile ,
Searching the ‘Deep Web’. e.g. Infomine , Complete Planet , Turbo10
Searching the Web More Effectively 3.
Recommended General Gateways & Portals
BUBL , INTUTE
INTUTE Geography Gateway
Note: INTUTE’s Virtual Training Suite and subject booklets
Other Geography Gateways
See the Library’s Geography Subject Portal
Web Technologies for Information Exchange
Social web: usually free, easy to use. Based on ‘ Web 2.0 ’ technologies. Shared interests; interactive.
Social software includes: Social bookmarking, Blogs, Wikis, RSS feeds, Social networking sites, Virtual worlds, Research portals, iGoogle etc.
‘ The internet is like alcohol in some sense. It accentuates what you would do anyway. If you want to be a loner, you can be more alone. If you want to connect, it makes it easier to connect ’ Esther Dyson (2005)
Blogs: like an online journal that can facilitate discussion - e.g. UCC Library blogs
RSS Feeds: ‘ Really Simple Syndication ’ . Information comes to your reader/aggregator of choice (you don ’ t have to go looking for it). E.G. Google Reader , Bloglines or use a personalised homepage like iGoogle or Pageflake s, Netvibes etc.
Social Bookmarking: store bookmarks remotely and share with others. Examples:
- Delicious - CiteUlike - 2collab - Connatea
Quality Control 1.
Look for authority, currency, relevance, reliability, validity [for more click here ]
Is it ‘scholarly’ enough?
Scholarly resources are aimed at those already within a field; disseminates research within that discipline. Scholarly methods are used in order to make claims about the world that are valid and trustworthy.
Popular resources are aimed at a wider public/mass audience; entertain, inform, promote viewpoints, sell products and services.
Quality Control 2. Checklist
Who is it for? -intended audience: other researchers/scholarly community V general public
Who is it by? -affiliated, qualified expert, academic credentials V journalist/other author/commentator
How is it written? -language of particular field V for general/mass consumption
Why was it written? -contribute to field V news and entertainment, express an opinion
What is the acceptance procedure? (N.B. journals) -peer reviewed/refereed?
Where is it indexed? – in a recognised research database?
Quality Control 3. Checklist
Format and structure -scholarly structure includes abstracts, bibliographies/references, figures, statistics ( evidence ). May include introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion and conclusions
Is the content objective? -editorial agenda/viewpoint -sponsors/bias -methodology (is the objective research to further understanding?)
Who published it? -university press, professional org., established academic publisher
Appearance and advertising -serious/sober V glossy appearance
-advertising minimal/substantial; target audience
Quality Control 4.
Is the publication: factual, methodical, scientific, based on primary sources? OR subjective, journalistic, personal accounts/impressions, opinion?
Look for clues based on the 10-point list
[N.B. Refer also to ‘Learn how to…evaluate information for your assignments ’ on Library website for more]
‘Global Warming: The Complete Briefing’ John Theodore Houghton
‘ Red Hot Lies’ Christopher C. Horner
Quality Control 5.
For websites in particular: use the 10-point checklist plus
Always check the “last updated” date on the website
Always check where the information is coming from. Look at the ‘about’ or ‘who are we’ section of the site
Is it clear who wrote the content and is that person contactable ?
Be critical – is the information on the website actually answering your research/assignment question
Is there evidence of sponsorship ?
Use Google Advanced Search to ‘find pages that link to the page’
[N.B. refer also to the ‘Learn How To..’ section on Library website and the Internet Detective ]
meetings, discussions, email, blog (informal)
report at conference
publication in an academic journal, thesis, repository
indexed in databases, catalogues
A "periodical" is any publication published regularly or at set intervals (includes magazines, newspapers, newsletters)
A n academic "journal" is a scholarly periodical aimed at specialists and researchers
Definition of literature review: a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic
Why search the literature?
- To find other relevant work
- To find gaps in existing knowledge
- To prevent duplication
- To avoid pitfalls
- To design you research methodology
Information Sources 1.
Primary: original material on which other research is based
e.g. original artwork, poem, film, journal article with original research
Secondary: describes, interprets, analyses, evaluates primary source material
e.g. treatise on, review/critique of artist, poetry, film. Review of research in a particular area of study
E.G. Study of an aspect of 2 nd WW: use of books, newspapers, film, poetry of the time (primary) + Review of comments/research of other historians (secondary)
Information Sources 2. Formats
Books: textbooks, monographs, reference books, anthologies and edited works, original primary source material
Official publications and legal documents: statistics, standards, patents/trademarks, government, legislation, case-law
Reports: research reports funded & otherwise
Original work: literature, art, film, music etc.
Other web material: website, blog, podcast
What are you trying to find?
- history of a topic,
- concepts/theories relating to it (intellectual context),
- relevant hypotheses,
- names of key researchers,
- seminal publications,
- important themes and debates
In general to find gaps and problems that require research
Getting Started 1.
Step 1. Familiarise yourself with the information environment
Step 2. Settle on a rough idea for subject-matter/research problem
Step 3. Discover the key words/terms relating to it. Use the literature search profile.
Step 4. Search databases, indexes
Step 5. Search the web
Step 6. Look for relevant grey literature
Getting Started 2.
Getting Started 3.
‘ Women in Public Life in 20c Ireland’
Keywords & terms: women, female, gender, feminin*, public life, politic*, government, public office, power etc.
Limits: year=20c, country=Ireland
Use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT), truncation etc. to create appropriate search strings
Getting Started 4.
‘ The politics as migration in Northern Ireland’
Keywords & terms: politic*, government, democra*, social policy, peace process, the troubles, nationalis*, republicanis*, loyalis*, unionis* etc. , migration, immigration, emigration, Northern Ireland, Ireland
Use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT), truncation etc. to create appropriate search strings
Getting Started 5.
Initial review of literature
Further formulation of research problem
More focussed search of literature
Refine research problem
Initial reviews to identify broad problem area. Identify potential research problem, theoretical background and potential research methodologies
Once approved, further search of the literature to refine research problem and methodologies
‘ Trawling’ and ‘Mining’
Getting Started 6.
Getting Started 7.
Literature search is the foundation for entire project
N.B. From the beginning, keep a file of 1. all references to material that you intend to read, based on your searches of the literature 2. all references to material you have referred to in your writing (in order to form a bibliography)