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  • Take you through the following topics
    Briefly search techniques, knowledge will help you in research essays etc.
    Talk about bd’s
    Take through the ejournals
    Athens, in a nutshell. Access to electronic resources that lib provides, from outside ucd/off campus.
    Firstly clarify difference bd and ejournal package: original published research from around world, biblio details v material from one o a few publishers, full text, less thorough, broad sweep of research on a particular topiv, literature search
  • Take you through the following topics
    Briefly search techniques, knowledge will help you in research essays etc.
    Talk about bd’s
    Take through the ejournals
    Athens, in a nutshell. Access to electronic resources that lib provides, from outside ucd/off campus.
    Firstly clarify difference bd and ejournal package: original published research from around world, biblio details v material from one o a few publishers, full text, less thorough, broad sweep of research on a particular topiv, literature search
  • Take you through the following topics
    Briefly search techniques, knowledge will help you in research essays etc.
    Talk about bd’s
    Take through the ejournals
    Athens, in a nutshell. Access to electronic resources that lib provides, from outside ucd/off campus.
    Firstly clarify difference bd and ejournal package: original published research from around world, biblio details v material from one o a few publishers, full text, less thorough, broad sweep of research on a particular topiv, literature search

Transcript

  • 1. Library & Research Skills MA Applied Linguistics Ronan Madden Arts & Humanities Librarian
  • 2. Topics 1. 1 Basics: Library resources, catalogue, website 2. Journals and e-journals: - what they are, how to source a journal article 3. Resource discovery using electronic databases: full-text and bibliographic: Boolean searching, fields, keeping up-to-date, Searcher, etc. 4. Off-campus access to e-resources 4. Getting started with a literature search Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 3. Topics 2. 5. How to use the web more effectively e.g. advanced searching, Google Scholar, other search engines, gateways, etc. 6. Evaluating web and other information resources for quality Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 4. Library Web Site N.B. •Catalogue •Journal Portal •Databases A-Z •Searcher •Subject Guides •How do I? •Study & Research Help Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 5. Subject Guides Starting point for relevant library & web material - databases - journals - free web See ‘French’, German , Italian , Hispanic Studies , English subject guides Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 6. Catalogue: Tips • Title searches: word-perfect • Keyword searches: ‘modify search’ e.g. material type ‘Video/DVD’ • Consider synonyms, American spellings • Use the ‘bag’ to export record • Use ‘My Lists’ and ‘Preferred Search’ • Use ‘Worldcat’ link to search beyond UCC • Use ‘My Library Account’ to request books on loan, to see your reading history, access e-resources from home, and to save ‘lists’ of books Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 7. What if an item is not in UCC Library? Aside from Googling it: • Inter-library loan See: Inter-library loans service • Visit other libraries: ALCID, SCONUL or ‘Cork PAL’ Check with customer services in Boole Library See: Accessing other libraries Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 8. Journals • Serials/Periodicals: published continuously • New research, cutting-edge • Print and/or electronic (30,000+ e-journals in UCC) • ‘Peer-reviewed’/‘refereed’ =academic journals ‘The process by which an academic journal passes a paper submitted for publication to independent experts for comments on it’s suitability and worth; refereeing’ • Quality control: Papers accepted/rejected based on contribution to the field/new ideas, bias/conflicts of interest, suitability for journal etc. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 9. Other Periodicals • Popular Magazines: (articles written by journalists) - Newspapers - Substantive news e.g. ‘The Economist’, ‘National Geographic’, ‘New Scientist’, ‘Irish Theatre Magazine’ - Magazines • Trade Journals (specific industry, enable practitioners share market and product information within an industry) Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 10. Finding a Journal Article (Example) Heine, B. (2001) “Comments on Christopher Ehret, ‘Bantu history: re-envisioning the evidence of language’”. The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 34(1):43-81 • Check the Journals Portal first • See online tutorial: ‘Learn how to find the full-text of a journal article’ on the ‘Study & Research Help’ page Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 11. Practice Find the following article online: • Kramsch, C.(2000) ‘Second Language Acquisition, Applied Linguistics, and the Teaching of Foreign Languages’. The Modern Language Journal, 84(3): 311–326 Is it also available in hard copy in the Library? Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 12. ‘Searcher’ Federated Search • Good starting point • Some results will be from non-academic periodicals • N.B. you should still search specific databases individually • You can set up an alert Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 13. What are Databases? 1. • Collections of logically related data e.g. library catalogue • A bibliographic/research database: usually an electronic index to journal articles and books, containing citations & abstracts. Sometimes information about conference proceedings, theses, and other information formats is also included. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 14. What are Databases? 2. • Sometimes the full text of the articles is included, or links to the full text. • Some are indexing and abstracting only: i.e. metadata – not necessarily a link to the full text. • Some are general e.g. Web of Science, others are more subject-specific e.g. Medline, RILM. • Essential for literature searches. • Other types of databases: ARTstor for images, Music Online for streaming music, ACLS & Ebrary for e-books Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 15. How are Databases Organised? • Records: one record for each article, book etc. • A field is the basic unit of entry in a record • Journal article fields might include: - Title, Author, Keywords, Source, Publication Year, Abstract etc. • For each record (e.g. article) added to the database, these fields must be included, and data is entered in that format. • Searches of the databases can be narrowed to one or more fields: e.g. Author, Title, Author + Keyword, Keyword + Publication Year etc. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 16. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 17. Search Skills Boolean Operators: AND, OR poverty AND crime college OR university Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 18. Search Skills Boolean Operator: NOT cats NOT dogs Some Youtube videos: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7tm-sDKCnO4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1LpTbzSKd0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsSZps3NH-M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vube-ZcJFk4 Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 19. Search Skills • migration AND language • (migration OR emigration OR immigration) AND (language OR linguistics) • (migration OR emigration OR immigration OR diaspora) AND (language OR linguistic*) • “first language” • “foreign language” NOT (English) Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 20. How to Find Relevant Databases • Use Databases A-Z: (See ‘Search the Library’) Drop-down menu ‘Browse databases by Subject area’. Use ‘Language & Linguistics’ list as a starting point. • Depending on your topic, you may also need to search other lists e.g. – Humanities • You could also check the Subject Guides • See online tutorial: Find the best databases for your assignments and research on the ‘Study & Research Help’ page Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 21. Databases without full-text • Indexing and abstracting databases • Metadata – descriptive information i.e. not necessarily a link to the full text • Full-text might be available in UCC through another database/resource N.B. check the journal portal to make sure • Check the Journals Portal to find out (or Searcher) • You should use as many databases as possible for a thorough literature search (don’t ignore just because full-text not readily available) Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 22. Exercise • Look for scholarly articles on the following subject: ‘Motivation in foreign language learners’ Search: JSTOR, Wilson Omnifile, Science Direct, Academic Search Premier, MLA, ERIC etc. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 23. Getting Started 1. Example: ‘Motivation in foreign language learners’ Keywords & terms: motivat*, persistence, stimulation, inspiration, incentive, “foreign language”, “second language”, “non-native” maybe also: learn*, educat*, teach* Use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT), truncation etc. to create appropriate search strings and apply the search (or variations of the search) to all relevant resources Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 24. Getting Started 2. • Initial reviews: identify broad problem area, potential research problem, theoretical background, relevant terminology (keywords and terms). N.B. Scoping • Once approved, further searches to refine research problem and methodologies ‘Trawling’ and ‘Mining’ • There may be a number of strands to your lit search • Keep a record of all of resources searched, and the search terms and strings that you applied (Research diary) • Keep a record of all books/articles that you are likely to need for your bibliography e.g. Endnote, Zotero Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 25. Further Resources 1. [N.B. See also subject guides for links to free resources] •Online Reference Resources: (alternative to Wikipedia) see: Reference Resources under ‘Search the Library’ N.B. Oxford Reference Online •Images: ARTstor and others: See Images page •Online Newspapers: Irish Newspaper Archive, Irish Times Digital Archive •Music: Music Online, Oxford Music Online , Naxos Music (See Music Subject Portal) Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 26. Further Resources 2. • E-books: ACLS Humanities E-book (HEB), Ebrary, EEBO, ECCO • Thesis Databases: ProQuest Dissertation & Theses UK & Ireland , Index to Theses (UK/IRL), Proquest Dissertations (North America) Free Resources: DART-Europe E-theses Portal, ETHOS, RIAN Also: How do I find a thesis? • Conferences Proceedings: Proceedings (OCLCRo)n,a nZ MaEddTen IOnfo CLit 2014/15
  • 27. Off-Campus Access • Use ‘My Library Account’ (like when renewing or requesting books) • Name + student number + six digit password (alpha-numeric) • N.B. You should access e-resources through the Library web pages so that the ‘Your Library Record’ screen will appear • Contact Information desk on Q floor for queries e.g. forgotten password • See: Learn about Pin Numbers Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 28. Practice: • Search for the term ‘reduplication’ in Oxford Reference Online • Search for ‘Lisbon treaty’ in Irish Times Digital Archive • Search for theses relating to your area of interest Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 29. Search the Web More Effectively: Overview • Web: 8 billion + pages? • Anyone can publish: quality control? • Google: uses index/database of web pages compiled from sites found by it’s spider programs. Full text of sites sent to Google index. ‘Pagerank’ retrieves based on word occurrence, proximity, location on page, links to the page, traffic etc. about 100-200 ‘ingredients’. For the most part a keyword search. • Challenge: finding relevant scholarly material Quantity and quality of information • Should use the Library’s resources first! Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 30. 5 Tips 1. Use ‘advanced search’ techniques on Google and other search engines 2. Use Google Scholar, Google Books & ‘more’ 3. Try other search engines – not just Google 4. Don’t always use search engines, go straight to good portals and sites suitable for your topic 5. Always evaluate your findings for quality See tutorial: Search the Web More Effectively for your Assignments and Research. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 31. Tip 1. Use Advanced Search Won’t guarantee that you find quality web sites, but may help you to control the sheer quantity. •Remember: word order, choice of words, ‘stop words’ •Use Google Advanced Search , Yahoo Advanced Search etc. •Use search operators: See here. •Remember that Google personalizes your search. Try the ‘Verbatim’ search tool. See also: Google Inside Search, Search Help Center & www.googleguide.com Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 32. Tip 2. Use Google Scholar/Books & ‘more’ • Use www.google.fr , www.google.de , it, es, etc. • Google scholar advanced search • Works better on-campus, or from home through the Databases A-Z • No full text? check journal portal • See email alerts on Google Scholar • See tutorial: Search the Web More Effectively for your Assignments and Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 33. Practice • Look for scholarly web material for the following topic (try a basic search first, then advanced search, then Google Scholar & Google Books): ‘Motivation in foreign language learners’ Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 34. Tip 3. Use Other Search Engines Don’t use same search engine for everything - try others (examples below). See here also: Also: Exalead, Ask Jeeves, Yahoo , Bing , Blekko Kartoo, Zuula, Metacrawler, Yippy, Search.com, Dogpile Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 35. 4. Don’t Always Use Search Engines Save time by going straight to sites likely to be the most useful - gateways and portals can help: •Look at subject guides Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 36. 4. (contd.) • Linguist List: language & language analysis • iLoveLanguages: catalogue of language-related Internet resources • Ethnologue: Languages of the World • Modern Language Association • LDC • Omniglot • WALS Online Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 37. 4. (contd.) • Search catalogues from other libraries: COPAC, British Library, Library of Congress, The European Library, Worldcat, World Digital Library, Cornucopia Also: Hathi Trust Digital Library, Project Gutenberg, OAPEN, DOAB, JURN, RASCAL • Open Repositories: RIAN, OAIster, CORA , Driver, Institutional repository search U.K. Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 38. Tip 5. Evaluate your Information Sources Quality information: fundamental to developing a literature review that will be a solid foundation on which you can build quality research and assignments •Scholarly: aimed at those working within a field of study, disseminate research, scholarly methods are used, valid and trustworthy. •Popular: aimed at wider public/mass audience, to entertain, inform, promote viewpoints, sell products and services. •See ‘Learn how to Evaluate information for your assignments and research on ‘Study & Research Help’ Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 39. Recap: What to use? • Catalogue: what does the Library hold? Books, e-books, DVDs etc. • Journal portal: to see if the Library provides access to a particular journal/serial title • Searcher: search box on the library website - one quick search for books, articles, and more. • Library Databases: to locate articles and other resources for a specific subject area - a more thorough literature search • Worldcat: to discover resources that are not available at UCC Library • Subject Guides: sources customized for a particular subject area • Internet Search: for quick facts and a general introduction to topic. Google, Bing, Wikipedia, etc. • Google Scholar: to locate academic (journal articles, books) information on a topic. For full text check the Library’s resources. • Social Web: for the latest news and updates on a topic/field Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 40. • Referencing: - See Study & Research Help - See catalogue: Style guides • Endnote training: - Contact Richard Bradfield r.bradfield@ucc.ie and look for details on Library news Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15
  • 41. Slideshare www.slideshare.net/rmadden1/linguistics-ma-2012 Ronan Madden Info Lit 2014/15