Internet and Activism
                          in China
                         20 Years after Tiananmen
               ...
20 years ago..




Thursday, June 4, 2009                    2
Yesterday




Thursday, June 4, 2009               3
Thursday, June 4, 2009   4
Thursday, June 4, 2009   4
Google.cn top searches
                           http://www.google.cn/rebang/detail?bid=12000000



                     ...
Search engine censorship


                                google.com




Thursday, June 4, 2009                          ...
Search engine censorship


                                google.com




                                        baidu.co...
Search engine censorship


                                google.com
                                             google....
The “Great Firewall” in action




Thursday, June 4, 2009                                    7
Blog company censorship




                                       Baidu:
                            “Weʼre sorry, your a...
Sorry, the blog address youʼre
                             visiting doesnʼt exist.




                                  ...
This week
                           Ai Weiweiʼs blog



                               “This blog has been closed”




Th...
This week
                           Ai Weiweiʼs blog



                               “This blog has been closed”




Th...
This week
                                              Ai Weiweiʼs blog



                                              ...
Thursday, June 4, 2009   11
Anti-censorship Protest video:
                         “song of the grass mud horse”


                                  ...
Anti-censorship Protest video:
                         “song of the grass mud horse”


                                  ...
Anti-censorhip meme:
                “River crab wears three watches”




Thursday, June 4, 2009                          ...
Anti-censorhip meme:
                “River crab wears three watches”
                                        “He xie”

  ...
Anti-censorhip meme:
                “River crab wears three watches”
                                              “He xi...
Anti-censorhip meme:
                “River crab wears three watches”
                                              “He xi...
Anti-censorhip meme:
                “River crab wears three watches”
                                                  “H...
River crab muzzles Twitter bird




Thursday, June 4, 2009                                     14
River crabs vs. alpaca sheep




Thursday, June 4, 2009                   15
Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs
       2-hour live chat with “netizens”




Thursday, June 4, 2009                    16
Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs
       2-hour live chat with “netizens”




Thursday, June 4, 2009                    16
“E - Congress”
                                                     http://elianghui.people.com.cn




                   ...
Somebodyʼs proposal to abolish one child policy
                                                                          ...
Internet heroine Deng Yujiao




Thursday, June 4, 2009                                  19
Imprisoned
            Online political organizers
        Liu Xiaobo




                               Zeng Jinyan & Hu ...
Cyber-nationalism:
   Anti-Tibet independence video




Thursday, June 4, 2009             21
Cyber-nationalism:
   Anti-Tibet independence video




Thursday, June 4, 2009             21
Cyber-nationalism:
   Anti-Tibet independence video




Thursday, June 4, 2009             21
Liberals vs. Nationalists




Thursday, June 4, 2009                       22
freedom vs. control




      Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jeffer...
freedom vs. control




      Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jeffer...
Internet & Activism: 20 Years After Tiananmen
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Internet & Activism: 20 Years After Tiananmen

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Keynote at the Computers, Freedom and Privacy conference in Washington D.C., June 4th, 2009.
http://www.cfp2009.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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  • We need someone like Wałęsa in Poland :)
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  • A great angle on a complex topic. Thanks for bringing clarity where passion often blurs the view.
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  • Wow, You did very cool slideshow, and deeply understand of China , I like it
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  • A WIRED article about the presentation & panel:
    http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2009/06/cfp-china/
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Transcript of "Internet & Activism: 20 Years After Tiananmen"

  1. 1. Internet and Activism in China 20 Years after Tiananmen Rebecca MacKinnon Open Society Fellow Assistant Professor, University of Hong Kong Journalism & Media Studies Center Co-founder, Globalvoicesonline.org Thursday, June 4, 2009 1
  2. 2. 20 years ago.. Thursday, June 4, 2009 2
  3. 3. Yesterday Thursday, June 4, 2009 3
  4. 4. Thursday, June 4, 2009 4
  5. 5. Thursday, June 4, 2009 4
  6. 6. Google.cn top searches http://www.google.cn/rebang/detail?bid=12000000 What day is June 4 20th anniversary Today in history June 4th Twentieth anniversary Thursday, June 4, 2009 5
  7. 7. Search engine censorship google.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  8. 8. Search engine censorship google.com baidu.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  9. 9. Search engine censorship google.com google.cn baidu.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  10. 10. The “Great Firewall” in action Thursday, June 4, 2009 7
  11. 11. Blog company censorship Baidu: “Weʼre sorry, your article failed to be published. It contains inappropriate content, please check.” Thursday, June 4, 2009 8
  12. 12. Sorry, the blog address youʼre visiting doesnʼt exist. Sorry, the page youʼre visiting canʼt be found. Thursday, June 4, 2009 9
  13. 13. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  14. 14. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  15. 15. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” “The system is undergoing maintenance. Service is planned to resume early on the 6th” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  16. 16. Thursday, June 4, 2009 11
  17. 17. Thursday, June 4, 2009 11
  18. 18. Anti-censorship Protest video: “song of the grass mud horse” “cao ni ma” “grass mud horse” (alpaca sheep) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0 Thursday, June 4, 2009 12
  19. 19. Anti-censorship Protest video: “song of the grass mud horse” “cao ni ma” “grass mud horse” (alpaca sheep) * Same sounds, different tones = “F***your mother” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0 Thursday, June 4, 2009 12
  20. 20. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  21. 21. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  22. 22. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “Three Represents” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  23. 23. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Rivercrab” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “Three Represents” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  24. 24. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Rivercrab” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “dai san ge biao” “Three Represents” “Wears three watches” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  25. 25. River crab muzzles Twitter bird Thursday, June 4, 2009 14
  26. 26. River crabs vs. alpaca sheep Thursday, June 4, 2009 15
  27. 27. Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs 2-hour live chat with “netizens” Thursday, June 4, 2009 16
  28. 28. Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs 2-hour live chat with “netizens” Thursday, June 4, 2009 16
  29. 29. “E - Congress” http://elianghui.people.com.cn Sign up for a “membership Two suggestions for fighting corruption badge” Crackdown on ads for illegal medicine as hard as the anti-porn crackdown Suggestions for improving safety in coal mines Thursday, June 4, 2009 17
  30. 30. Somebodyʼs proposal to abolish one child policy Don’t we have enough people? “End the one- child policy, restore population growth to a sustainable rate” Uphold the reproductive rights of the Han Chinese race! Deng Xiaoping himself said that the one- child policy would be for 30 years! Reward single childless people with free health care... Thursday, June 4, 2009 18
  31. 31. Internet heroine Deng Yujiao Thursday, June 4, 2009 19
  32. 32. Imprisoned Online political organizers Liu Xiaobo Zeng Jinyan & Hu Jia Huang Qi Thursday, June 4, 2009 20
  33. 33. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  34. 34. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  35. 35. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  36. 36. Liberals vs. Nationalists Thursday, June 4, 2009 22
  37. 37. freedom vs. control Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_Hamilton_portrait_by_John_Trumbull_1806.jpg Thursday, June 4, 2009 23
  38. 38. freedom vs. control Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_Hamilton_portrait_by_John_Trumbull_1806.jpg Thursday, June 4, 2009 23

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