Internet & Activism: 20 Years After Tiananmen
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Keynote at the Computers, Freedom and Privacy conference in Washington D.C., June 4th, 2009.

Keynote at the Computers, Freedom and Privacy conference in Washington D.C., June 4th, 2009.
http://www.cfp2009.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page

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Internet & Activism: 20 Years After Tiananmen Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Internet and Activism in China 20 Years after Tiananmen Rebecca MacKinnon Open Society Fellow Assistant Professor, University of Hong Kong Journalism & Media Studies Center Co-founder, Globalvoicesonline.org Thursday, June 4, 2009 1
  • 2. 20 years ago.. Thursday, June 4, 2009 2
  • 3. Yesterday Thursday, June 4, 2009 3
  • 4. Thursday, June 4, 2009 4
  • 5. Thursday, June 4, 2009 4
  • 6. Google.cn top searches http://www.google.cn/rebang/detail?bid=12000000 What day is June 4 20th anniversary Today in history June 4th Twentieth anniversary Thursday, June 4, 2009 5
  • 7. Search engine censorship google.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  • 8. Search engine censorship google.com baidu.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  • 9. Search engine censorship google.com google.cn baidu.com Thursday, June 4, 2009 6
  • 10. The “Great Firewall” in action Thursday, June 4, 2009 7
  • 11. Blog company censorship Baidu: “Weʼre sorry, your article failed to be published. It contains inappropriate content, please check.” Thursday, June 4, 2009 8
  • 12. Sorry, the blog address youʼre visiting doesnʼt exist. Sorry, the page youʼre visiting canʼt be found. Thursday, June 4, 2009 9
  • 13. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  • 14. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  • 15. This week Ai Weiweiʼs blog “This blog has been closed” “The system is undergoing maintenance. Service is planned to resume early on the 6th” Thursday, June 4, 2009 10
  • 16. Thursday, June 4, 2009 11
  • 17. Thursday, June 4, 2009 11
  • 18. Anti-censorship Protest video: “song of the grass mud horse” “cao ni ma” “grass mud horse” (alpaca sheep) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0 Thursday, June 4, 2009 12
  • 19. Anti-censorship Protest video: “song of the grass mud horse” “cao ni ma” “grass mud horse” (alpaca sheep) * Same sounds, different tones = “F***your mother” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0 Thursday, June 4, 2009 12
  • 20. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  • 21. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  • 22. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “Three Represents” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  • 23. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Rivercrab” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “Three Represents” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  • 24. Anti-censorhip meme: “River crab wears three watches” “He xie” “Harmonious” “Rivercrab” “Harmonious Society” Slogan of President Hu Jintao “san ge dai biao” “dai san ge biao” “Three Represents” “Wears three watches” Slogan of fmr. Pres. Jiang Zemin Thursday, June 4, 2009 13
  • 25. River crab muzzles Twitter bird Thursday, June 4, 2009 14
  • 26. River crabs vs. alpaca sheep Thursday, June 4, 2009 15
  • 27. Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs 2-hour live chat with “netizens” Thursday, June 4, 2009 16
  • 28. Prime Minister Wen Jiabaoʼs 2-hour live chat with “netizens” Thursday, June 4, 2009 16
  • 29. “E - Congress” http://elianghui.people.com.cn Sign up for a “membership Two suggestions for fighting corruption badge” Crackdown on ads for illegal medicine as hard as the anti-porn crackdown Suggestions for improving safety in coal mines Thursday, June 4, 2009 17
  • 30. Somebodyʼs proposal to abolish one child policy Don’t we have enough people? “End the one- child policy, restore population growth to a sustainable rate” Uphold the reproductive rights of the Han Chinese race! Deng Xiaoping himself said that the one- child policy would be for 30 years! Reward single childless people with free health care... Thursday, June 4, 2009 18
  • 31. Internet heroine Deng Yujiao Thursday, June 4, 2009 19
  • 32. Imprisoned Online political organizers Liu Xiaobo Zeng Jinyan & Hu Jia Huang Qi Thursday, June 4, 2009 20
  • 33. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  • 34. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  • 35. Cyber-nationalism: Anti-Tibet independence video Thursday, June 4, 2009 21
  • 36. Liberals vs. Nationalists Thursday, June 4, 2009 22
  • 37. freedom vs. control Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_Hamilton_portrait_by_John_Trumbull_1806.jpg Thursday, June 4, 2009 23
  • 38. freedom vs. control Both photos in public domain via Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_Hamilton_portrait_by_John_Trumbull_1806.jpg Thursday, June 4, 2009 23