Early civilization1
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Early civilization1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Early Civilization { Mesopotamia: The Fertile Crescent
  • 2. Understanding History Time Lines
  • 3. Early Civilization Began in a region known as the fertile Cresent.Or Mesopotamia.
  • 4. Mesopotamia today is known as the Middle East
  • 5.  Located on the Tigris River  Located on the Euphrates River  These Rives would flood creating Rich soil  Rich soil made it easier to grow crops and establish roots in one location.  Stopped the “nomad” lifestyle (Hunting and Gathering)Geographical Reasons for Being the First Civilization
  • 6.  Sumerians-3500 BCE-1800 BCE  Babylonian-1800 BCE-1530 BCE  Assyrian-1160 BCE-612 BCE  Persians- 550 BCE-330 BCEAncient Peoples
  • 7.  Pictorgrams-3500 BCE  Cuneiform-3200 BCE  First “Epic Literature” Gilgamesh  Solar Year of 12 months  Hammurabi’s Code-1760 BCEContributions of the EarlyCivilizations
  • 8.  Created by the Sumerians  First form of writing known  Used for Governmental documents  Written on clayCuneiform
  • 9.  First evidence of written Literature  From Mesopotamia  Theme: A Hero’s Epic JourneyGilgamesh
  • 10.  First Written Laws  Hammurabi was King of BabylonHammurabi’s Law Code
  • 11.  Mesopotamia- Name for Middle East in ancient times  Euphrates river- Important river that flowed through Mesopotamia  Tigris River-Important river that flowed through Mesopotamia (these river connect)  Cuneiform- First form of ancient writing.  Gilgamesh-The first written work  Hammurabis Law Code- First written lawsVocabulary
  • 12.  What are two important rivers in Mesopotamia?  What was the first form of writing?  What were the first written laws called? Locate on the Map  The Tigris and Euphrates riversQuestions