Developing performance measurements_and_objectives_loflin,_rebecca_lynn

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Developing performance measurements_and_objectives_loflin,_rebecca_lynn

  1. 1. Developing Performance Measurements and Objectives<br />HRD847<br />Rebecca Lynn Loflin<br />March 7, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesInstructional Design<br />Instructional design is the practice of maximizing the effectiveness, efficiently, and appeal of instruction and other learning experiences (Wikipedia, 2011).<br />An instructional designer is the one who develops or creates a performance measurement.<br />
  3. 3. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesPerformance Measurement<br />A performance measurement is the process whereby an organization establishes the parameters within which programs, investments, and acquisitions are reaching the desired results (Wikipedia, 2011).<br />Performance measurement is a key indicator for testing the transfer of knowledge to the learner.<br />Performance measurements are various means established by instructional designers for monitoring learner achievement (Rothwell & Kazanas, 2008).<br />
  4. 4. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method<br />A measurement instrument is simply the tool of measuring the performance. <br />Many types of measurement instruments<br />Questionnaires<br />Criterion referenced<br />
  5. 5. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 1<br />Clarifying the Purpose of Measurement and Selecting a Type of Instrument.<br />This is when an instructional designer should strategically think about the results that they wish to achieve<br />Once the results have been determined, then the content can be developed<br />
  6. 6. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 2<br />Giving the instrument a descriptive title<br />The instructional designer must determine if the title is actively describing what is being measured<br />
  7. 7. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 3<br />Conducting Background Research<br />Instructional designers can do research on what other instructional designers have done in the past<br />Resources are available for instructional designers to use<br />Example – Educational Testing Service<br />
  8. 8. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 4<br />Drafting or modifying items<br />Instructional designers will consider what questions to ask so that the instructional experience can be validated<br />Varying types of item format<br />Open ended questions<br />Close ended questions<br />Six types of questions<br />Essay – typically used for assessing higher levels of cognition<br />Fill in the blank – requires the learner to complete a word or phrase<br />Completion – requires the learner to complete a sentence<br />Multiple Choice – requires the learner to chose between multiple answers<br />True – False – requires the learner to determine if the statement is true or false<br />Matching – requires the learner to match items in one column to another<br />Project – requires the learner to demonstrate the ability to perform a task learned through the instructional experience<br />
  9. 9. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 5<br />Sequencing – or reviewing the sequence of - items<br />Instructional designer will need to determine the sequence of the questions<br />Logical order<br />Random selection<br />
  10. 10. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 6<br />Trying out the instruction on small group representative of the learner population<br />Instructional designer will need to work closely with the subject matter experts to review the questions to ensure consistent use of terminology and sequencing of the material<br />Feedback received during this step should be saved for Step 7<br />
  11. 11. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 7<br />Revising the instrument based on small-group try out<br />Instructional designer may need to modify some of the content for a higher level of comprehension or clarity<br />Rarely should a do over be required<br />
  12. 12. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 8<br />Testing the instrument on a larger group<br />Instructional designer conduct this in the environment in which it will be presented for the best results<br />
  13. 13. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 9<br />Using the instrument – but establishing a means of tracking experience with it<br />Instructional designer should be able to analyze the data <br />Instruction designer may need to adjust the content of the data if the desired results are not being achieved<br />
  14. 14. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Ten Steps<br />Step 10<br />Revising the instrument – or specific items - periodically<br />Instructional designer will change the content of the material as process changes, knowledge gain of the subject matter, or when performance objectives are changed<br />
  15. 15. Developing Performance Measurements and ObjectivesMeasurement Method – Other Options<br />Employee Surveys – usually conducted by the employer to assess how employees feel about the organization<br />Exit Interviews – usually conducted when an employee leaves the organization, helps identify perceptions<br />Performance Appraisal – assessment of an individuals performance over a specified time period<br />

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