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Unit 01 Philosophy Of Teaching And Learning (Word 2003) 1 7 10
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Unit 01 Philosophy Of Teaching And Learning (Word 2003) 1 7 10


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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • In your group, define what a philosophy of teaching and learning should encompass.
    • What are the advantages of teachers knowing and using a well developed teaching and learning philosophy?
    • What are the disadvantages of teachers using a well defined philosophy of teaching and learning?
  • 3.
    • Questions to ponder about your philosophy of teaching:
      • Beliefs about teaching & learning
      • Beliefs about students
      • Beliefs about knowledge
      • Beliefs about what is worth knowing
  • 4.
    • Beliefs about Teaching and Learning
      • What is teaching?
      • What is the teacher’s primary role?
        • Subject matter expert, helpful adult, or skilled technician
      • Is teaching a science or an art?
      • Will you as a teacher emphasize the student’s experiences and cognitive development or stress behavior?
  • 5.
    • Beliefs about Students
      • What is your image of students? Positive or negative?
      • Are students inherently good, evil, or somewhere in between?
      • In what ways do children differ in regard to their predisposition to learn and grow?
  • 6.
    • Beliefs about Knowledge
      • What should the purpose of education be?
      • What is the nature of knowledge?
        • Big ideas & concepts vs. bits of discrete facts
      • Which is more important knowledge of self or knowledge of subject matter?
      • How should learning and knowledge be evaluated?
  • 7.
    • Beliefs about What is Worth Knowing
      • What knowledge is of most worth?
        • Basic skills
        • Preparation for a world of work
        • Great Books & Great Ideas of classics
        • Learning how to reason, communicate effectively, and solve problems
        • Development of the whole child with meaningful content taught
  • 8.
    • Other questions to ponder as you think of your philosophy of teaching
      • Metaphysics
      • Epistemology
      • Axiology
      • Logic
  • 9.
    • Metaphysics
      • What is reality?
      • What is the world made of?
      • What does it mean to exist?
      • What is humankind’s place in the scheme of things?
      • What is the meaning of life?
      • Do events in the universe occur randomly or according to some purpose?
      • Is our behavior determined or the result of our free will?
  • 10.
    • Epistemology
      • What knowledge is true?
      • How does knowing take place?
      • How do we know what we know?
      • How do we decide between opposing views of knowledge?
      • Is truth constant or does it change from situation to situation?
      • Which type of knowing most describes you?
        • Knowing based on authority, divine revelation, experience, reason, or intuition
  • 11.
    • Axiology
      • What values should teachers encourage students to adopt?
      • What values raise the human race to its highest levels of humaneness?
      • What values does a truly educated person hold?
      • How do we define quality of life?
      • What curricular experiences contribute most to that quality of life?
      • What ethics should a teacher promote in the classroom?
      • Which aesthetics should be promoted in the classroom?
  • 12.
    • Logic
      • How does a teacher organize and present material in a logical way?
      • How should a teacher use logic to promote problem solving?
      • How does a teacher use logic to correct students’ erroneous conclusions?
      • How does a teacher use logic to validate new methods of teaching and evaluation?
  • 13.
    • Group 1 Essentialism
    • Group 2 Progressivism
    • Group 3 Perennialism
    • Group 4 Existentialism
    • Group 5 Behaviorism
    • Use the Parkay & Hardcastle article and the Educational Philosophies Handout to complete the project.
    • Discuss the Educational Philosophies Activity sheet. Use the topic assigned to briefly outline the philosophy.
    • Use the charts on pp. 225-226 Parkay & Hardcastle to fill in the information for your assigned philosophical topic.
    • Briefly present your outline to the rest of the class.
  • 14.
    • Of the philosophies that were discussed, which have the most relevance or come closest to your own personal philosophy of teaching and education?