<ul><li>Are you sitting in the correct place? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your organiser on the desk? </li></ul><ul><li>...
By the end of this section I will Copy this into your exercise books <ul><li>be able to recognise  the causes and effects ...
You will know you have been successful if <ul><li>you can describe the reason why there is a volcano on the island of Mont...
Are <ul><li>you </li></ul><ul><li>ready to start learning? </li></ul>
Montserrat is a small volcanic island in the Caribbean
Imaging you were living in Montserrat in the 1990’s. <ul><li>Write a postcard to a pen pal in another country. </li></ul><...
 
 
Look closely at the next 5 slides For each slide write down at least 5 words to describe the features of the place 4  You ...
1
2
3
4
5
History <ul><li>1493 – Christopher Columbus sights the island which he names after a Spanish Abbey </li></ul><ul><li>1632 ...
Imaging you were living in Montserrat in the 1990’s. <ul><li>Write a postcard to a pen pal in another country. </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Descriptions of features, places are  detailed  and  a range of reasoned explanations  are offered. </li></ul><ul>...
Your aims were to <ul><li>be able to recognise   the causes of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
It’s 1995 write another postcard to your pen pal.   <ul><li>Describe what has been happening since your last message.  </l...
Geological Background <ul><li>Soufriere Hills , Montserrat, West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Location : 16.7N, 62.2W </li></u...
 
<ul><li>Kick ‘Em Jenny   has a diameter of about 3 miles (5 kilometres) and rises about 4,300 feet (1,300 meters) above th...
The warnings <ul><li>Stage 1: </li></ul><ul><li>January 92  Start of earthquake swarms in southern Montserrat. </li></ul><...
It’s 1995 write another postcard to your pen pal.   <ul><li>Describe what has been happening since your last message.  </l...
<ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are  detailed  and  a range of reasoned explanations  are offered. </li></...
It’s September 1997 time.   <ul><li>Since your  last postcard a lot has happened  to you because of the eruption. </li></u...
Your aims were to <ul><li>Recognise   the causes of and the  effects of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
The Event <ul><li>.   </li></ul><ul><li>18 th  July 1995 – After being dormant for 300 years Soufriere Hills begins to eru...
http://www.mvo.ms/   <ul><li>Stage 2: </li></ul><ul><li>18 July 95  Initial steam and ash venting from the northwest crate...
21 August 95  First large eruption, which blanketed Plymouth in a thick ash cloud and caused darkness for about 15 minutes...
http://www.mvo.ms/education_files/pyroclastic_futura_A4.pdf
<ul><li>Soufriere Hills has a basic sequence : </li></ul><ul><li>Dome builds </li></ul><ul><li>Dome collapses producing py...
Listening to the radio for warnings /advice
 
 
 
It’s September 1997 time.   <ul><li>Since your  last postcard a lot has happened  to you because of the eruption. </li></u...
<ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are  detailed  and  a range of reasoned explanations  are offered. </li></...
It’s now 2005-  10 years after the volcano started to erupt. <ul><li>Write to explain how your life has changed since the ...
Your aims were to <ul><li>Understand  the effects of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
<ul><li>what problems do you think the pyroclastic flows are causing for the island.  </li></ul><ul><li>How  many can you ...
Evacuation <ul><li>Two-thirds of the island's population of about 11,500 people left the island - 4,000 of them travelled ...
<ul><li>We've learnt to live with it... and what we have learnt to do is to buy brooms, lots of brooms because when it sta...
 
 
The shelters had very simple rooms and sometimes four people would live in a room no larger than 10 ft. by 6 ft.   Though ...
About 2/3rds of the population migrated to other islands or back to the U.K. (the parent country of Montserrat). The rest ...
 
 
 
It’s now 2005 <ul><li>Write to explain how your life has changed since the eruption began.  </li></ul><ul><li>Where are yo...
<ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are  detailed  and  a range of reasoned explanations  are offered. </li></...
Have you achieved the aims? <ul><li>Do you know why there are volcanoes and earthquakes in the Caribbean?   </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Montserrat Presentation

1,559

Published on

effects of a volcanic eruption assessment

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,559
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Montserrat Presentation

  1. 1. <ul><li>Are you sitting in the correct place? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your organiser on the desk? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your pen? </li></ul><ul><li>Write down what you already know about the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the person sitting next to you to guess one of the things you know about the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>They have 20 questions. </li></ul>
  2. 2. By the end of this section I will Copy this into your exercise books <ul><li>be able to recognise the causes and effects of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
  3. 3. You will know you have been successful if <ul><li>you can describe the reason why there is a volcano on the island of Montserrat. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Are <ul><li>you </li></ul><ul><li>ready to start learning? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Montserrat is a small volcanic island in the Caribbean
  6. 6. Imaging you were living in Montserrat in the 1990’s. <ul><li>Write a postcard to a pen pal in another country. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the island? </li></ul><ul><li>What is life like on the island? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you feel about living on the island? </li></ul>
  7. 9. Look closely at the next 5 slides For each slide write down at least 5 words to describe the features of the place 4 You can describe things well, with some geographical words included Level 3 Describe the features of places
  8. 10. 1
  9. 11. 2
  10. 12. 3
  11. 13. 4
  12. 14. 5
  13. 15. History <ul><li>1493 – Christopher Columbus sights the island which he names after a Spanish Abbey </li></ul><ul><li>1632 - Montserrat becomes a British Colony. </li></ul><ul><li>1890’s - a major earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>1930’s - another earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>1960’s- another earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>1989- Hurricane Hugo causes widespread damage </li></ul><ul><li>1995 – Eruption begins </li></ul>
  14. 16. Imaging you were living in Montserrat in the 1990’s. <ul><li>Write a postcard to a pen pal in another country. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the island? </li></ul><ul><li>What is life like on the island? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you feel about living on the island? </li></ul><ul><li>Use the atlas page 71 </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Descriptions of features, places are detailed and a range of reasoned explanations are offered. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide range of geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A fairly broad factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>6 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, places are fairly detailed - beginning to offer more reasoned explanations </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A sound factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>5 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, places include more detail but few explanations are offered (those that are offered are simplistic). </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>An adequate factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>4 <ul><li>Beginning to describe places, features but not in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning to use appropriate geographical vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates an adequate factual knowledge. </li></ul>3
  16. 18. Your aims were to <ul><li>be able to recognise the causes of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
  17. 19. It’s 1995 write another postcard to your pen pal. <ul><li>Describe what has been happening since your last message. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to explain why the island has an active volcano </li></ul>
  18. 20. Geological Background <ul><li>Soufriere Hills , Montserrat, West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Location : 16.7N, 62.2W </li></ul><ul><li>Height : 3,002 feet (915m) </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Island of Montserrat, northern part of Lesser Antilles </li></ul><ul><li>Type of volcano : Andesitic Stratovolcano that is 16km N-S and 10 km E-W </li></ul><ul><li>Cause : The Atlantic Plate is subducting under the Caribbean Plate </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Kick ‘Em Jenny has a diameter of about 3 miles (5 kilometres) and rises about 4,300 feet (1,300 meters) above the sea floor. Its summit grew from about 235 meters (770 feet) below the sea surface in 1962 to about 150 meters (492 feet) in 1982. It is expected to form a new island sometime this century </li></ul>
  20. 23. The warnings <ul><li>Stage 1: </li></ul><ul><li>January 92 Start of earthquake swarms in southern Montserrat. </li></ul><ul><li>June 94 One of the largest earthquakes </li></ul>
  21. 24. It’s 1995 write another postcard to your pen pal. <ul><li>Describe what has been happening since your last message. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to explain why the island has an active volcano </li></ul>Use geog1 page 117 diagram at the top of the page also the time line page 116
  22. 25. <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are detailed and a range of reasoned explanations are offered. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide range of geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A fairly broad factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>6 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are fairly detailed and are beginning to offer more reasoned explanations. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a satisfactory understanding but misinterpretations are common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A sound factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>5 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes include more detail but few explanations are offered (those that are offered are simplistic). </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>An adequate factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>4 <ul><li>Beginning to describe features and processes but not in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps one, simple explanation given. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning to use appropriate geographical vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates an adequate factual knowledge. </li></ul>3
  23. 26. It’s September 1997 time. <ul><li>Since your last postcard a lot has happened to you because of the eruption. </li></ul><ul><li>Write another postcard describing the events of August. </li></ul><ul><li>What has happened to your home? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you feel about leaving to go to a safer part of the island? </li></ul>
  24. 27. Your aims were to <ul><li>Recognise the causes of and the effects of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
  25. 28. The Event <ul><li>.   </li></ul><ul><li>18 th July 1995 – After being dormant for 300 years Soufriere Hills begins to erupt. Phreatic eruptions happen when water below the surface of the earth is heated by the magma in the volcano. The water can be so hot that it boils and turns to steam. During this kind of eruption steam, water, ash, blocks, and bombs can explode out of the volcano </li></ul>
  26. 29. http://www.mvo.ms/ <ul><li>Stage 2: </li></ul><ul><li>18 July 95 Initial steam and ash venting from the northwest crater. Further vents opened on 28 July, 20, 22 and 28 August. The initial stage of the eruption was wholly phreatic, with small amounts of ash and vigorous steaming. </li></ul><ul><li>12 to 13 August 95 Strong earthquake swarm beneath St George’s Hill, with over 30 felt earthquakes. </li></ul>
  27. 30. 21 August 95 First large eruption, which blanketed Plymouth in a thick ash cloud and caused darkness for about 15 minutes. First evacuation of southern Montserrat initiated shortly afterwards.
  28. 31. http://www.mvo.ms/education_files/pyroclastic_futura_A4.pdf
  29. 32. <ul><li>Soufriere Hills has a basic sequence : </li></ul><ul><li>Dome builds </li></ul><ul><li>Dome collapses producing pyroclasic flows </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet period </li></ul>
  30. 33. Listening to the radio for warnings /advice
  31. 37. It’s September 1997 time. <ul><li>Since your last postcard a lot has happened to you because of the eruption. </li></ul><ul><li>Write another postcard describing the events of August. </li></ul><ul><li>What has happened to your home? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you feel about leaving to go to a safer part of the island? </li></ul>
  32. 38. <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are detailed and a range of reasoned explanations are offered. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide range of geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A fairly broad factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>6 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are fairly detailed and are beginning to offer more reasoned explanations. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a satisfactory understanding but misinterpretations are common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A sound factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>5 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes include more detail but few explanations are offered (those that are offered are simplistic). </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>An adequate factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>4 <ul><li>Beginning to describe features and processes but not in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps one, simple explanation given. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning to use appropriate geographical vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates an adequate factual knowledge. </li></ul>3
  33. 39. It’s now 2005- 10 years after the volcano started to erupt. <ul><li>Write to explain how your life has changed since the eruption began. </li></ul><ul><li>Where are you living now? </li></ul><ul><li>Have friends left for good? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did your friends go to live? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did they choose these countries? </li></ul>
  34. 40. Your aims were to <ul><li>Understand the effects of a volcanic eruption </li></ul>
  35. 41. <ul><li>what problems do you think the pyroclastic flows are causing for the island. </li></ul><ul><li>How many can you think of? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think you would react to any one of these problems? </li></ul>
  36. 42. Evacuation <ul><li>Two-thirds of the island's population of about 11,500 people left the island - 4,000 of them travelled to the UK. Other places were the USA and other islands in the Caribbean </li></ul>
  37. 43. <ul><li>We've learnt to live with it... and what we have learnt to do is to buy brooms, lots of brooms because when it starts to ash we clean up right away Shirley Spycalla </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I desperately want to go back, I'd love to go back. I can't go back... the facilities aren't in place. Where would I live? My house? I don't have access to it,&quot; she says. </li></ul>
  38. 46. The shelters had very simple rooms and sometimes four people would live in a room no larger than 10 ft. by 6 ft. Though it might not look like it, the emergency shelters are still maintained by the Montserrat government because the volcano has yet to return to a state of dormancy. By August 1997, there were still 1,600 people living in shelters.
  39. 47. About 2/3rds of the population migrated to other islands or back to the U.K. (the parent country of Montserrat). The rest had to build new homes with the help of the government and assistance from many other countries. The island's main industry at the moment is construction, followed by Volcano tourism.
  40. 51. It’s now 2005 <ul><li>Write to explain how your life has changed since the eruption began. </li></ul><ul><li>Where are you living now? </li></ul><ul><li>Have friends left for good? </li></ul><ul><li>where did your friends go to live? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did they choose these countries? </li></ul>Geog 1 pages 116-117 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =lzbqjPUfF0A
  41. 52. <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are detailed and a range of reasoned explanations are offered. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A wide range of geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A fairly broad factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>6 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes are fairly detailed and are beginning to offer more reasoned explanations. </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a satisfactory understanding but misinterpretations are common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>A sound factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>5 <ul><li>Descriptions of features, and processes include more detail but few explanations are offered (those that are offered are simplistic). </li></ul><ul><li>Responses show a good understanding but misinterpretations are still common. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of appropriate geographical vocabulary is used. </li></ul><ul><li>An adequate factual knowledge is demonstrated. </li></ul>4 <ul><li>Beginning to describe features and processes but not in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps one, simple explanation given. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning to use appropriate geographical vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates an adequate factual knowledge. </li></ul>3
  42. 53. Have you achieved the aims? <ul><li>Do you know why there are volcanoes and earthquakes in the Caribbean? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know how people are affected by volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×