MIGRATION HABITS OF THE“MONARCH BUTTERFLY”Page 1 The Spring Migration of the Monarch Butterfly
The Monarch’s unique winter habitat is found in only 12 mountaintops on the planet and the Monarch’s story is one of nature’s most incredible examples of adaption and survival: By: Yasan Khalil – Travis Johnson & Kendall Magwood
MIGRATION HABITS OF THE: “MONARCH BUTTERFLY”Page 2 All winter tens of millions of Monarch butterflies head northward. With just a few to live they face to produce the next generation. Monarchs are especially noted for their lengthy annual migration. In North America, they make massive Southward migrations starting in August until the first frost. A Northward migration takes place in the spring. Monarchs deposit eggs for the next generation during these migrations. By the end of October, the population of the Rocky Mountains migrates to the sanctuaries in the area of Angangueo, Ocampo, Zitacuaro and El Rosario in the Mexican state of Michoacán (Mexico).
Weather, and climate adaptation of the "The Painted Lady“Page 1 The Painted Lady – A poem by: Christopher Lambert The painted lady flies East to West coast colors, colors, oh what beautiful colors black, orange, yellow, white it flies. When it flies and spreads its wings the pretty site make me sing. The spring brings happiness.
Weather, and climate adaptation of the "The Painted Lady“Page 2 The Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) is a well-known colorful butterfly, sometimes known in North America as the Cosmopolitan. It is one of the most widespread of all butterflies, found on every continent except Antarctica. Its ranges are from central and southern Canada, South through Florida and Mexico. The Painted Lady arrives in the United Kingdom from Africa every year. In Australia, the Painted Lady has a limited range around Bunbury, Fremantle and Rottnest Island. Its closest relative, the Australian Painted Lady ranges over half the continent. Other closely related species are the American Painted Lady, and the West Coast Lady.
Weather, and climate adaptation of the "The Painted Lady“Page 3 Weather: The Painted Lady occurs in any temperate zone, including mountains in the tropics. The species is resident only in warmer areas, but migrates in spring, and sometimes again in autumn. For example, it migrates from North Africa and the Mediterranean to Britain in May and June, but offspring produced there die in the Autumn.
"The Painted Lady”Page 3a
Flying habits of the "Black-Veined White"butterflyPage 1 In the early records, the Black-veined White butterfly is often shown in orchards, gardens, meadows and wherever its footprints occurred.
Flying habits of the "Black Veined White" butterflyPage 2 The Black veined white butterfly became extinct in the United Kingdom around 1925. It’s last stronghold in the Southeast of England. This butterfly has one generation each and every year. This butterfly is found both in Holarctic regions of Asia and Europe and in the boreal zone of North America south of the tundra, south to New Mexico in the Rocky Mts. There is an isolated population on the coast of Labrador. In the northern there is one brood, while in more southern areas there are two. The larvae feed on many plants in the Mustard Family. This species overwinters as a larva.
The "Black Veined White" butterflyPage 2a
Morphology of the "Morning Cloak”page 1 The “Mourning Cloak” and other butterflies have a four stage life cycle: The, egg the caterpillar (larva), the pupa (cocoon, or chrysalis) and the adult (butterfly, moth). The length of time they spend in each stage of their life varies greatly from species to species.
Morphology of the "Morning Cloak“page 2 Egg A butterfly usually lays 200-500 eggs on plant leaves and stems. Eggs from different butterflies are different shapes and sizes. The caterpillars hatch from the eggs about 5 days later.
The Egg of the “Mourning Cloak”page 2a
Caterpillars (larva)page 3 The caterpillar is also called the larva. Caterpillars first eat their eggshell, then they eat lots of leaves. Each time the caterpillar grows, it needs to shed its old skin or molt. They usually molt 5 times. After a few weeks the caterpillar stops eating and growing and looks for a place to change
Caterpillars (larva)page 3a
Pupa(cocoon or chrysalis)page 4 The caterpillar sheds its skin for the last time and becomes a pupa. The pupa stays inside a hard shell called a chrysalis. Inside the chrysalis, the pupa is changing from a caterpillar's body to a butterfly's body.
Pupa (cocoon or chrysalis)page 4a
Adult or Butterflypage 5 The adult butterfly emerges from the chrysalis after several weeks. The butterfly looks for another butterfly to mate with. After mating, the female butterfly lays her eggs. Adult butterflies usually live for only 2 weeks!
Adult or Butterfly “Mourning Cloak”page 5a
The digestive system of the "Western Buckeye"Butterfly Page 6 The “Western Buckeye” butterflies feed primarily on nectar from flowers. Some also derive nourishment from pollen trees, sap, rotting fruit, and also sip water from damp patches of grass. This they do for water for energy from sugars in nectar and for sodium and other minerals which are vital for their reproduction. Several species of butterflies need more sodium than is provided by some plants. Butterflies play an important ecological role as pollinators from plant to plant They consume plantleaves and spend practically all of their time in search of food. Although most caterpillars are herbivorous, a few species are insect eating. Buckeye Caterpillars also eat Plantain plants, Snapdragon and Toadflax. Buckeyes prefer fields, dunes and other open areas with flowers, especially where the vegetation is short.
the "Western Buckeye" Butterfly Page 6a
The “body parts” of a butterflyPage 1 The parts of a butterfly that make up the body are: the Head, the Antennae, the Eyes, the Thorax, the Abdomen, and the Legs, the and The parts of the body that make up the wings are: the Forewing and the Hindwings and the Scales.
The “body parts” of a butterflyPage 2 TheHeadis used for navigation. In some species a butterfly cannot hear as it does not have ears. The Antennae are used for smelling flowers, plants and other butterflies The Eyesof a butterfly are made up of two compound eyes. It has a lot of little eyeballs grouped together. Butterfly eyes can see from further places. These compound eyes also help it to see its predators (enemies) from all directions. The thorax is in the middle. The butterfly's legs and wings grow from the thorax.
The “body parts” of a butterflyPage 3 The biggest part of a butterfly is the abdomen, which is at the back. The legs on a butterfly are used for tasting, in order to find the right nectar, and to find the best spot on a leaf or a plant to lay their eggs. The wings on a butterfly are made up of 4 wings: twohindwings (back) and twoforewings(front) Scales- Butterfly scales are tiny and colorful. They make different colors with their scales.