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Wealth Of Networks Info Intellectual P

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  • 1. Wealth of Networks Info / Intellectual Property Protection Himma vs Benkler
  • 2. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • Kenneth Himma evaluates claim that info should be free.
    • vs
    • Yochai Benkler claims that 
    • intellectual property protection hinders productivity
    • --------------------------------------------------------------------
    • Himma's approach: More legal, and technical.
  • 3. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • INFORMATION SHOULD BE FREE (ISBF)
    • Definition of "Information":
    • "including sentences from which competent speakers can extract information content by means of canonical strategies).
    • Definition of "canonical":
      • Reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality; "a basic story line"; "a canonical syllable pattern"
  • 4. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • 5 major claims for the side of information being free:
    • 1) Information "Wants to Be Free" Reasoning Against: It not realistic to consider abstract objects as having wants or interests.
  • 5. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • 5 major claims for the side of information being free:
    • 2) It is in the Nature of information that it Be Freely Available to All Reasoning Against: There is nothing in his definition of "information" that claims that information "should" be anything actionable, such as making itself free upon all, or free in cost.
  • 6. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • 5 major claims for the side of information being free:
    • 3) Information Objects are Unlimited and Can Simultaneously Be Consumed without Reducing Supply
    • Reasoning Against: This fact that informational objects can be consumed without supply loss, does not lay claim that that we have a "right" to consume them.
  • 7. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • 5 major claims for the side of information being free:
    • 4)Human Beings Have an Interest in Information
    • Reasoning Against: Much like the prior claim, having an interest in something does not imply having a moral right to owning or consuming it.
  • 8. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • 5 major claims for the side of information being free:
    • 5)The Costs of Publishing Digital Information
    • Reasoning Against: This claim infers that cost should be directly related to the cost of distribution, and ignores ignores (sometimes quite costly) fixed costs.
  • 9. Himma:  Information and Intellectual Property Protection
    • Himma's claim : "(ISBF) Fails on many grounds as a challenge to legitimacy of intellectual property protections."
    • Weaknesses of Himma's argument: 
    • - Looking at it from a technical stand point, rather than a "concept" placed in a revolution (Digital Information) that may be revaluing effectiveness of intellectual property protections.
  • 10. Yochai Benkler:  The Wealth of Networks
    • Differs from Himma:
    • Sees "ISBF" as a concept, rather than a technical point, and argues its merits in the context of digital media.
    • "Networked information Economy" (NIE):
    • Thanks to the prevalence of cheapened technologies ("physical capital broadly distributed through society", i.e. Laptops), the masses are now armed with the tools to cooperate, coordinate, and disseminate information like never before. In contrast to industrialization, this digital revolution decentralizes individual action, making people capable of action alone or in cooperation with others.
  • 11. Yochai Benkler:  The Wealth of Networks
    • Networked Information Economy Offers a more efficient method of working, maximizing time and resources. 
    • Examples: 
      • Wikipedia, 
      • @Home causes, 
      • and open source software projects
  • 12. Yochai Benkler:  The Wealth of Networks
    • Traditional forces are prepared to fight what is occurring with the "NIE" 
    • - The changes weaken their cause.
    • The social production process redistributes powers and money, instead of it all residing with one centralized controller (The Traditional forces)
    • To help fight this, these forces are working to influence the governance of unestablished rules (such as how broadband is owned and controlled), as well as fighting for increased and strengthened intellectual property law.
  • 13. Benkler vs Himma
    • Conclusion 
    • - Two different approaches of considering intellectual property protection.
    • - Complimentary.

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