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iNacol Quality in Online Learning (Northern Exposure) R.LaBonte

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Presentation at iNacol VSS2009 conference November 2009

Presentation at iNacol VSS2009 conference November 2009

Published in: Education, Technology

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  • 1. Measuring Quality in K-12 Online Learning: Northern ExposureRandy LaBonteConsultantrlabonte@shaw.ca
  • 2. Overview
    Context
    Why Quality?
    Compliance
    Measuring Quality
    BC’s Quality Review Process
    Discussion
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    2
  • 5. About me
    3
  • 6. 4
    Professionally speaking...
    I believe that technology:
    Changes the way we work
    Requires the learning of new skill sets
    Causes changes in organizational structures
    Shifts control of learning to the individual
    Alters education from knowledge transfer to the process of knowledge attainment (Learning to learn, not learning to know)
    Can be a catalyst to change pedagogy
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 7. Leadership & Technology
    My thinking has been influenced by:
    Doctoral research on leadership in K-12 in technology-enhanced learning situations
    Consulting work with the BC Ministry of Education
    Facilitation of standards
    Follow up research on technology grants
    Policy and practice consultation with DL schools
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    5
  • 8. About the Room…
    Where
    From US?
    From Canada??
    International?
    Who
    K-12 Educator?
    Post-secondary Faculty?
    Administration / Government?
    Others??
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    6
  • 9.
  • 10. British Columbia Context
    • 35,000 educators
    • 11. 600,000 students
    • 12. 60 school districts urban/rural
    • 13. Declining enrolment
    • 14. 53 public DL schools
    • 15. 13 independent DL schools
    • 16. Online Choice: Open boundaries
    8
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 17. LearnNowBC Portal 2006-09
    12 million views June 2008 – July 2009
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    9
  • 18. Comparing the Numbers
  • 19.
  • 20. 21st Century learners need technological tools and approaches that reflect their habits
    Oblinger & Oblinger, 2004; Dede, 2005; Siemens, 2008; Evans, et al., 2008
    The use of tools and technologies familiar to learners may foster higher levels of engagement
    (blogs, wikis, social networking, podcasts, video streaming, and multi-user virtual environments)
    National Survey of Student Engagement, 2007, pp.7-8
    21st Century Learning
    12
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 21. Technology & 21st Century Learning
    If technology is the answer, what is the question?
    The paradox of technology enhanced education is that technology changes very rapidly and human beings very slowly.
    It would seem to make sense for proponents of e‑learning to begin with the students.
    Bates & Poole, 2003, p. xiii
    13
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 22. Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    14
    It’s About Pedagogy…
    Technology is often viewed as pedagogically neutral (Moll, 2001)
    Yet the organization of learning and engagement of learners through educational technology is essential to pedagogy (Bednar, Cunningham, Duffy, & Perry, 1992; Gayol & Schied, 1997)
  • 23. April 20, 2006
    MANAGING E-LEARNING IMPLEMENTATION:
    What Do Real Leaders Do?
    15
    How has technology impacted your pedagogy?
  • 24. How has the Web 2.0 shift?
    16
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 25. 17
  • 26. Why Quality?
    • Distributed learning in BC will be a quality, dynamic and engaging learning environment that all students in the province can access.
    And the promise…
    “What is exciting and encouraging [is that] with appropriate instructional leadership... technology can be an effective catalyst for educational reform.”
    Creighton, 2003
    18
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 27. Recognizing Quality Practice
    • While quality is difficult to define, its importance is universally appreciated (Garvin 1988).
    • 28. Quality's economical importance comes from its perceived ability to lower costs, improve employee commitment, and ensure continuous improvement within a dynamic environment (Dawson&Palmer 1995).
    • 29. Its pedagogical meaning focuses at enhancing the process of learning and the interaction between the learner and the learning environment.
    19
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 30. Defining Quality
    Quality: “the non-inferiority, superiority, or usefulness of something” – the perception of the degree to which a product or service meets the customer's expectations. Quality has no specific meaning unless related to a specific function and/or object. Quality is a perceptual, conditional and somewhat subjective attribute.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality
     
    "Measures of learning--and of quality--are elusive and often controversial ..."
    Oblinger, Barone, Hawkins, 2001, p. 19
    20
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 31. Analysis of 400,000 students in 3000 schools found the most important predictor of quality was the teacher
    Teacher effect on student achievement was both additive and cumulative
    Rice (2003)
    The quality of a student’s teacher is the most important determinant of learning after family background.
    Hanushek (1992)
    Achieving Quality
    21
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 32. “High quality interaction with learning materials, interaction between teachers and learners and interaction among learners, are all essential for effective learning.”
    Bates, A.W. (2006), p.222
    Quality and Interaction...
    22
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 33. How do we know any learning is occurring??
    23
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 34. 24
  • 35. Two lenses for measuring
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 36. Compliance Models in BC
    Legislation
    Policy
    DLAgreements
    AchievementData
    DLStandards
    DLAudits
    26
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 37. DL policies and agreement
    Focus on quality – DL Standards articulate quality learning in a DL environment
    Focus on engagement – no funding without active learning
    Focus on achievement – continuous enrolment and Ministry data collections
    Focus on transparency – clear flow of Ministry funding with no money directly paid to parents
    27
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 38. Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    28
    How do we know there is quality learning taking place?
    How would we recognize it in distributed learning?
  • 39. Quality Review Model
    Student Success
    (engagement, achievement & satisfaction)
    External Review
    -Observing, Validating, & Recommending
    Emerging Practice
    -Sharing & Applying New Strategies
    Implementing Quality Instructional & Leadership Practices
    Internal Review
    (part of school planning process)
    DL Standards
    Research
    Data
    29
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 40. Research-based
    30
    Transformational leadership theory describes leadership practices and behaviours within DL schools.
    (Leithwood and Duke , 1999; Silins & Mulford, 2002; Leithwood, 2005)
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 41. Leadership for Achievement (Mulford, 2008)
    Community / School / Home / Socio-Economic Status
    Transformational
    Leadership
    Admin Team Leadership
    Academic Self-Concept
    Principal Leadership
    O
    L
    Academic Achievement
    TW
    Partici-pation
    Engage-ment
    Teacher Leadership
    31
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 42. Research-based
    32
    Garrison, Anderson, and Archer’s (2000) Community of Inquiry framework is the foundation for instructional practice
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 43. DL Quality Review Process
    Internal review by DL educators
    • Instructional/leadership review models for reflection on DL Standards supporting school planning processes
    • 44. Collection and monitoring of data to shape DL practice
    External Review (select DL school sites)
    • Initial meeting(s) with school staff and district staff
    • 45. Review of DL achievement data, satisfaction info, etc.
    • 46. Observation/discussion with instructional, support and admin staff
    • 47. Sharing observations – external team and district/school staff
    • 48. Post site review meeting (observations and data analysis, areas of strength /improvement)
    • 49. Publication of external review formal report
    33
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 50. Quality Review Model
    Student Success
    (engagement, achievement & satisfaction)
    External Review
    -Observing, Validating, & Recommending
    Emerging Practice
    -Sharing & Applying New Strategies
    Implementing Quality Instructional & Leadership Practices
    Internal Review
    (part of school planning process)
    DL Standards
    Research
    Data
    34
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 51. Interesting practices...
    • Use of synchronous tools and events (Elluminate Live!)
    • 52. Development of online presence
    • 53. Creation of cohort groups
    • 54. Blending learning (F2F with online)
    • 55. Project-based work
    • 56. Portfolio assessment strategies
    • 57. Enhanced use of video
    • 58. Student-led and controlled technologies
    35
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 59. Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
    36
  • 60. Open Question Period
    37
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 61. 38
    iNacol Conference – November 2009
    Measuring Quality in K-12 Online Learning:
    Northern Exposure
    Randy LaBonte
    604-983-0636
    rlabonte@shaw.ca
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte
  • 62. Links
    BC Quality Review Guide
    http://tinyurl.com/bcqualityreview
    BC Quality Practices
    http://tinyurl.com/bcqualitypractice
    BC Ministry of Education Distributed Learning
    http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/
    BC Distributed Learning Agreement
    http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/documents/dist_learn_agmt.pdf
    BC Distributed Learning Standards
    http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/documents/dl_standards.pdf
    BC Distributed Learning Audit Criteria
    http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/compliance/0708-dl-audit-program-final.pdf
    LearnNowBC
    http://www.learnnowbc.ca
    39
    Measuring Quality: Randy LaBonte