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Creative Commons & Free Culture
 

Creative Commons & Free Culture

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A presentation the Aalto University, School of Art and Design, Department of Art and Media Pori, 1/2/2011

A presentation the Aalto University, School of Art and Design, Department of Art and Media Pori, 1/2/2011

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  • Lessing: Steamboat Bill, Jr. appeared before Disney’s cartoon Steamboat Willie. The coincidence of titles is not coincidental. Steamboat Willie is a direct cartoon parody of Steamboat Bill, [2] and both are built upon a common song as a source. It is not just from the invention of synchronized sound in The Jazz Singer that we get Steamboat Willie. It is also from Buster Keaton’s invention of Steamboat Bill, Jr., itself inspired by the song “Steamboat Bill,” that we get Steamboat Willie, and then from Steamboat Willie, Mickey Mouse.
  • Tekijänoikeus on omistusoikeus Erityisesti tilanteessa, jossa kulttuurin tärkeimpiä hyödykkeitä ovat digitaaliset hyödykkeet ja tieto (tieto/tietämysyhteiskunta) tilanne on ongelma. Tieteellinen tieto on todellista vasta kun se vapautetaan omistuksesta: tiedon vapauden periaate. Sosiokulttuurisesta näkökulmasta kulttuuria ei ole, jos se on läpeensä omistusoikeuden piirissä, koska inhimillinen tieto kerrostuu kulttuuriseen muistiin ja esineisiin. Mitä jos aakkosilla olisi copyright?
  • Colin Lankshear ja Michelle Knobel ovat tiivistäneet kulttuuriset muutokset kahteen erilaiseen ajattelutapaan, vanhaan ja uuteen. Heidän mukaansa uudet lukutaidot, kuten medialukutaito, vaatii kaksi asiaa: uuden teknologian ja uuden ajattelutavan (New Stuff). Nyt korostetaan kollektiiveja, yhteistoiminnallisuutta, avoimuutta, jaetavuutta ja monimediaalisuutta.
  • - Musiikin jakaminen verkossa: On lisännyt t-paitojen ja muiden oheistuotteiden sekä keikkojen myyntiä.

Creative Commons & Free Culture Creative Commons & Free Culture Presentation Transcript

  • Creative Commons & Free Culture Reijo Kupiainen
  • Free culture: ideology
    • Download this song
    • Richard Stallman : “Free Software, Free Society”
    • Lawrence Lessing (2004) . Free Culture .
      • Free: essential part of cultural ecology [Video]
    • Free culture: free speech, free markets, free trade, free will, free elections. “A free culture supports and protects creators and innovators”
      • Intellectual property rights
      • It guarantees that follow-on creators and innovators remain as free as possible from the control of the past: sharing, remixing, mash-up’s, modifying, derivatives, crowd-sourcing, collaboration, participation, circulation, P2P
    • A culture is not private property, we are and make the culture
      • Disney
  • Background: Free software
    • Richard M. Stallman: Free software
      • From Copy Rights to Copy Left
      • Free software / Open source / Linux
      • General Public License, GPL (Copy Left License)
      • Copyleft:
        • The freedom to use the work
        • The freedom to study the work
        • The freedom to copy and share the work with others
        • the freedom to modify the work, and the freedom to distribute modified and therefore derivative works.
  • Idea
    • Digital information is not a scarce resource, like material resources are. Scarcity is made:
      • ideology: business models based on scarcity, ”you can get this only for a short time”
      • politics: trade treaties and law making
      • law: copyright
      • technology: DRM (Digital Rigths Management), nonstandards, closed standards and systems
    • Digized information can be modified, copied, distributed ad infinitum
    • To modify digital material is collaboration
    • No owner but wide user group
  • “ Two cultures” Colin Lankshear & Michelle Knobel (2006), New Literacies: Everyday Practices & Classroom Learning
  • Participatory culture The principles:
    • Being open
    • Peering
    • Sharing
    • Acting Globally
    • Participation
    • Recognition
    • Collaboration
    • Affiliations
    • Expressions
    • Collaborate problem solving
    • Circulations
    Tapscott & Williams 2008, Wikinomics . Leadbeater 2008, We-think . Mass innovation, not mass procuction. Jenkins et. al. 2006, Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for 21th Century . http://digitallearning.macfound.org/atf/cf/%7B7E45C7E0-A3E0-4B89-AC9C-E807E1B0AE4E%7D/JENKINS_WHITE_PAPER.PDF
  • Creativity ? Andrew Keen, The Cult of Amateur. How Today’s Internet is Killing Our Culture, 2007
  • We-think
    • “ You are what you share”: we-think
    • Diversity+collaboration+indebendence = CREATIVITY
    • From mass consumption to mass innovation
    Images courtesy of www.charlesleadbeater.net Charles Leadbeater, We-Think, 2009
  • Wisdom of crowds (James Surowiecki)
    • Value of diversity
      • Not homogenous groups (groupthink) but diversity of people
      • Leadbeater: “It all depends on how the individual members combine their participation and collaboration, diversity and share of values, independence of thought and community. When the mix is right […] the outcome is a powerful shared intelligence. When the mix is wrong it leads to cacophony or conformity.”
    (Source: Wikipedia)
  • http://creativecommons.org/
  • Creative commons licenses
    • Licenses
  • examples:
    • Social media: flickr.com
    • Star Wreck: http://www.starwreck.com/introduction.php
    • Magnatune: http://magnatune.com/
  • examples
    • Books
    • Blanket: http://www.blanket.fi/bl/
    • Michael Moore: Slacker Uprising
    • Radiohead, Nine Inch Nails
    • Open Source Hardware
    • MakerBot
    • Common: FearLess Projects
  • TedTalks
    • Virtues of copying in fashion
    • Open-source economics
    • Re-examining the remix
    • Collaboration
    • User-generated content