S: いいえ、でも、HSC がおわったあとで、友だちと行くつもりです。T: そうですか。日本で、何をしたいですか。S: 東京で、買い物をしたり、京都に行ったりしたいです。T: どんな、おみやげを買いたいですか。S: ああ、すみません、わかりません。T: どんな、プレゼントを買いたいですか。S: ああ、プレゼントは、日本のおかしや、T シャツを買うつもりです。T: いいですね、でも、りょこうは、お金がかかりますね。アルバイトをしていますか。S: はい、スーパーで、毎週土よう日にアルバイトをしています。アルバイトのお金で、日本に行きます。T: そうですか。じゃ、がんばってくださいね。ありがとうございました。* This conversation should take approximately 5 minutes at moderate speed.
How to approach the exam: the Oral Examination From: HSC Online – Charles Sturt UniversityExamination specificationsThe new Japanese Beginners syllabus was examined for the first time in 2008.The oral examination takes approximately five minutes and is worth 20 marks.The oral examination assesses your knowledge and skills in interacting in Japanese. It relatestoObjective 1 – Interacting, and the following outcomes, where you:1.1 establish and maintain communication in Japanese1.2 manipulate linguistic structures to express ideas effectively in Japanese1.3 sequence ideas and information.The oral examination is held on a date in Term 3, earlier than the HSC written examinations. TheBoard of Studies publishes a Languages Oral Examinations Timetable each year at(http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/events/ ). You should be familiar with the practical advicesupplied with the timetable. You will be advised of the examination date, time and venue at leastthree weeks prior to the examination. Make sure that your school and the Board of Studies have yourcorrect contact details.The examination will consist of a general conversation between you and an examiner. In theconversation, you and the examiner will discuss your personal world, as it relates to the prescribedtopics in the syllabus.You are not permitted to use dictionaries or refer to written notes during the oral examination.Otheruseful and related documents provided by the Board of Studies are included at the end of this section.Preparing for the examinationYou should aim to establish effective communication and to maintain the flow of the conversation tocreate the best overall impression. You should demonstrate how well you can: exchange relevant information (i.e. give relevant answers to the questions asked) exchange opinions and make comments (e.g. say why you like something, why you don’t want to do something, etc.) use appropriate intonation and pronunciation demonstrate a variety of vocabulary and Japanese structures.This is an examination for which you can be well prepared. You may be asked about aspects ofeveryday life (see the topics listed below), from the perspective of your personal world. This is youropportunity to talk about yourself, your friends, your family, etc.You are advised to: familiarise yourself with the topics prescribed in the syllabus. These are: o Family life, home and neighbourhood o People, places and communities o Education and work o Friends, recreation and pastimes o Holidays, travel and tourism o Future plans and aspirations learn as much useful vocabulary and expressions as you can. This will enable you to speak across the range of topics.
practise your pronunciation. There are a number of resources available to help you do this,e.g. the audio material which comes with textbook courses, commercially available materialwhich focuses specifically on pronunciation, etc. Some of these are available electronically.Listen carefully and try to model your pronunciation on what you hear.practise responding to a wide range of sample questions.practise speaking with classmates, with other Japanese teachers, etc.record your answers and, if possible, ask your teacher for feedback. This will give you practicein recording your responses and will also help you to assess areas on which you may need tofocus, e.g. pronunciation, intonation, variety of vocabulary, sentence structure, etc.practise speaking in full sentences and extending your responses where possible. This willenable you to show a greater facility with Japanese than if you consistently answer withsimple phrases or single words. Practise making a number of relevant comments in yourresponse. E.g.Examiner: あなたのご家ぞくは、何人ですか。Student: ４人です。父と母とあねが一人います。Examiner: おねえさんは、どんな人ですか。Student: あねは、２３さいで、大学生です。大学で、けいざ いを べんきょうしています。やさしくて、おもし ろい人です。Examiner: そうですか。あなたは、今、どこに住んでいます か。Student: シドニーのマンリーに住んでいます。海がちかく て、きれいな町です。しゅうまつによく海に行って サーフィンをしたり、水えいをしたりします。practise giving a range of information in your answers. You may be asked a range ofquestions from the perspective of your own personal world and you should not limit yourselfto extremely brief answers. Conversing well, across a range of topics, will create a goodimpression. It is up to you to maximise this opportunity during the five minutes of theexamination. You should remain consistent throughout the conversation, e.g. it is inadvisableto say you have three brothers at the beginning of the examination and then claim to be anonly child at the end.practise speaking in the past tense, as you may be asked about things that have happened inthe past. In Japanese you must be particularly careful of the past tense of adjectives.practise speaking using です/ます verb forms as you will be speaking to an examiner so shouldnot use plain formspractise using aizuchi such as そうですね to make your conversation sound more natural.
During the examinationYou should: remain calm and speak confidently and clearly. avoid the temptation to rush into a response. If you need a moment to think about your answer, then take this – just as you might in a normal conversation. On the other hand, long pauses would not be natural, and should be avoided, especially as this examination only lasts for five minutes. Aizuchi such as あのう… or そうですね are good ‘fillers’. listen carefully to the question. If you have not understood, or are uncertain, then ask the examiner in Japanese for clarification, or to repeat it, e.g. すみません、わかりません or すみませ ん、もういちどおねがいします. be aware that the questions asked may follow on from the answers you have already given. However, a number of different topics may be covered in the exam. So there may be a switch to other topics during the course of the conversation. You should be prepared for this to happen. be prepared to expand your answers. This does not mean giving a prepared monologue and attempting to dominate the conversation. However, you should attempt to expand your responses by making a number of relevant comments to demonstrate the range of vocabulary and Japanese structures you have at your disposal. You may find that aiming for roughly three comments in an extended response will assist you in this. try to treat every question as a springboard to show what you know. Avoid the temptation to restrict your response to はい or いいえ, or to simply repeat the question. Consider the following examples. Which response do you think would make the better impression? Example 1 Examiner: スポーツがすきですか。 Student: はい。（すきです） Example 2 Examiner: スポーツがすきですか。 Student: はい、テニスが大すきです。まいしゅ う、土よう日のあさ、三時間ぐらい友だ ちとテニスをしす。 be aware that this is not a normal ‘conversation’, but rather a one-way conversation, with a series of questions provided for you to demonstrate your knowledge. It is therefore not appropriate for you to ask the examiner questions, e.g. whether he/she has seen a film, where he/she goes on holidays, etc. remember that there is a wide range of possible questions that you could be asked. It is impossible to accurately predict the questions in this type of examination. However, if you have practised, you can be confident you will be able to handle any line of questioning that develops. answer as best you can, but do not worry if there is a question you cannot answer. A range of questions may be asked across a range of topics. be aware that you should not ask the examiner for assistance, other than to repeat or clarify the question.
be prepared to answer a question(s) in the past tense. avoid using English words if you dont know the correct word or expression in Japanese. You should have a range of appropriate vocabulary at your disposal and should keep to what you know to be correct. The examination is not a good time for experimentation. always remember that the examiner’s role is to facilitate the examination. The aim is to provide you with a positive experience, by giving you the opportunity to show your range of ability in spoken Japanese.Related Board of Studies WebsitesAt the Board of Studies website (http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/ ), you can access thefollowing:- Japanese Beginners syllabus- HSC (Year 12) Examination Timetable- 2008 HSC Specimen Examination Package- Past examination papers- Notes from the Examination Centre- Equipment Checklist for Higher School Certificate Examinations and School Certificate Tests- Rules and Procedures for Higher School Certificate Candidates. PLEASE CHECK THIS OUT Very useful!!!!!!!!! Board of Studies Standards Packages http://arc.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/go/hsc/std-packs/#j To listening to sample answers for each band of the speaking exam http://arc.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/standards-packs/SP09_15820/
HSC Languages Oral examinations – advice to studentsFrom : Board of Studies WebsiteThis document provides general advice about the nature and conduct of the Higher School CertificateLanguages oral examinations.In preparing for the examination the following documents available on the Board’s websiteat www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/syllabus_hsc/languages.html will assist you: Stage 6 syllabuses Assessment and Reporting in Stage 6 documents past HSC examinations and rubrics (Extension courses only) marking guidelines past Notes from the Marking CentreIn addition to these documents, the Board has developed a short video with information, advice and tips forstudents who are sitting a Languages oral examination. The video is available to students by loggingontoStudents Online, and to teachers through Schools Online.General information about dates and timesThe oral examinations are held on Saturdays in August and September.The Languages Oral Examination Timetable is available at www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/events/. Specificinformation about your examination will be made available to you approximately three weeks before yourexamination.General information for all coursesExaminers will not correct you or assist you with sentence construction or vocabulary. You should not ask theexaminer to translate words or questions. The examiner will not give you any feedback about yourperformance after the examination.It is important that you do not identify yourself, so be careful not to mention the name of your school or thenames of any teachers during the examination. For this reason you are also asked not to wear your schooluniform on the day of the examination.Except for the examination paper in the Extension courses, you may not bring any pictorial, print-based orhandwritten materials into your examination.Beginners CoursesIf you are doing a Beginners course, the examiner will ask you questions about the topics you have beenstudying from the syllabus, as they relate to your personal world. Neither the number of questions nor thenumber of topics covered by the examination is predetermined. However, you can expect to be asked arange of questions sampling the content of the course. The questions the examiner asks may relate tosomething you have just said, or they may introduce a new topic.You should be careful to answer each question only with relevant information. You should respond in such away that you demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a range of structures and vocabulary, butnot through the inclusion of material irrelevant to the question asked. Attempting to dominate theconversation with long, pre-learned monologues is not a good idea and will not enable you to achieve bettermarks. It is in your interest that the examiner interrupts such monologues because the examiner understandsthat only relevant material will be considered by the markers. If you do not understand a question, you mayask for it to be repeated, clarified or rephrased, but you should do this in the language being examined.Once the allocated time for the examination has elapsed, you will be asked no further questions. You will begiven enough time to respond to the last question, but if you draw out this last response past the allocatedtime for the examination, you will be asked to bring your response to a conclusion.The duration of the Beginners oral examination is approximately 5 minutes.
Marking Guidelines – Oral examination HELPFUL TIP!!!!!!! Prepare answers for the oral exam surrounding your personal world, you can use the questions in this booklet as a guide and even create your own, or use a friends. The answers you give do not have to be truthful answers! Be creative if you need to, just so long as you can keep speaking in your best Japanese on a topic. Find a partner, even a different partner each week and practice speaking for 5 minutes like in the exam, two to three times a week. Arrange times with your teacher to practice, the more practice you have the more comfortable you will feel.