Five ways to ensure fluency

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A presentation from the East TN Title 1 Conference. Fluency is important but how we instruct it depends on whether we understand just what role it plays in literacy.

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Five ways to ensure fluency

  1. 1. Five Ways to Ensure Fluency Keith Pruitt, Ed.S. Words of Wisdom Educational Consulting www.woweducationalconsulting.com
  2. 2. How We UnderstandFluency Determines How We Instruct It— How Do You Define Fluency?
  3. 3. “Fluency is one of severalcritical factors necessary forreading comprehension.Despite its importance as acomponent of skilledreading, fluency is oftenneglected in the classroom.” Report of the National Reading Panel – Teaching Children to Read, 2000.
  4. 4. What Does A Fluent Reader •Fluent readers read with automaticity •Fluent readers read with prosody Do? •Fluent readers read naturally as though speaking (phrasing) •Fluent readers read accurately and with natural flow or pace
  5. 5. Is It Necessary to Teach Fluency?The teacher said the principal isthe best in the district.“The teacher,” said theprincipal, “is the best in thedistrict.”
  6. 6. Defining Terms•Automaticity- By “automatic” we simply mean that thewords in the text can be decoded with ease, speed, and accuracy. -- S. Jay Samuels, Reading Fluency: It’s Past, Present, and Future. (2006). Fluency Instruction: Research-based Best Practices. Guildford.The author goes on to use the comparison of a person driving a car. From www.buzzle.com
  7. 7. Defining Terms• Prosody- “Expression (the technical term is prosody)includes pausing, phrasing, rhythm, pitch, smoothness, andstress, all working together in an integrated was to reflect thereader’s interpretation of the text.” --p.71, Fountas & Pinnell, Teaching forComprehending and Fluency(2006). Heinemann.
  8. 8. Defining Terms• Phrasing- “refers to the way readers put words together ingroups to represent the meaningful units of language.”—Fountas andPinnell (2006). Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency. Heinemann
  9. 9. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. Students should be able to read with fluency, expression, and correct phrasing—all indicators of effective, meaningful reading. Research has shown that oral reading is one of the best ways to help children develop
  10. 10. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students.2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING.Isn’t as threatening.Allows for familiarity withdifficult text and vocabularyProvides opportunity foractive listening activitiesBuilds confidence as a reader
  11. 11. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students.2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING.3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file. Hearing a book read on tape helps her see how the words on the page can come alive in a fluid, expressive way. It helps her focus on the sounds of words read without interruption and provides a model of fluent reading. Audio books also give her an important introduction to listening — a skill that she must master in order to learn to read. --Susan Neuman, The Literacy Benefits of Listening, from Scholastic website
  12. 12. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students.2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING.3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file.4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING
  13. 13. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students.2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING.3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file.4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED READING.
  14. 14. Unless you are listening to your studentsread, how are you going to know theirabilities and deficits?
  15. 15. Ensuring Fluency1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students.2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING.3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file.4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED READING.
  16. 16. Fluency involves many aspects ofliteracy. It isn’t just reading fast!But so much rests on the student’sability to read as a fluent reader. It hasimpact on comprehension and in theend shows in the assessment.
  17. 17. Thank You Keith Pruitt Words of Wisdomwww.woweducationalconsulting.com

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