2013 hku intr eco 6 urban
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Introductie Algemene Economie HKU les 6: Urban Area Development and the Creative Industries

Introductie Algemene Economie HKU les 6: Urban Area Development and the Creative Industries

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2013 hku intr eco 6 urban Document Transcript

  • 1. ɭ ‡‡ …–‘„‡” ͚͙͛͘ –”‡…Š– …Š‘‘Ž ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”–• ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙ ţ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒƒ–•…Šƒ’’‡Ž‹Œ‡ ‘–™‹‡Ž‹‰‡ǣ ”„ƒ‹•ƒ–‹‡ ƒ ƒƒǦ‹†—•–”‹‡ ƒƒ” ‡‹• ”‘‡‹ •–‘–Ǣ ‹• ƒˆ™‡œ‹‰ ‹††‡Ǧ ‡ Ž‡‹„‡†”‹Œˆ ȋ Ȍ ˜ƒ •–”ƒ–‡‰‹•…Š‡ ™ƒƒ”†‡ ‡ ‡…‘‘‹•…Š‡ ’‘™‡” ˜ƒ †‡ —Ž–—”‡Ž‡ ‡ ”‡ƒ–‹‡˜‡ †—•–”‹‡ ȋ •Ȍ Ǯ Ž† …Š‘‘Žǯ ‹‡– Žƒ‰‡” ‰‡Ž†‹‰ǣ ‹‘˜ƒ–‹‡ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͚
  • 2. ƒ • †”‹˜‡”• ‘ˆ ‡…‘‘‹…ƒŽ ‰”‘™–Š ȋ Ȍ ƒ ”‹˜‡”• ‘ˆ ‹‘˜ƒ–‹‘ǣ †”‹˜‹‰ ‹‘˜ƒ–‹˜‡ ’”‘…‡••‡• ‹–‘ ”‡ƒŽ‹•ƒ–‹‘ ƒ • ƒ– –Š‡ …‘”‡ ‘ˆ …—Ž–—”ƒŽ ƒ† ‹†—•–”‹ƒŽ ‡–™‘”• ƒ • •’‹ŽŽǦ‘˜‡”ǣ ‘”’‘”ƒ–‡ •–Š‡–‹…•ǡ †‡–‹–› ƒ† ”ƒ†‹‰ǡ •—’’‘”– ˆ—…–‹‘• ͛ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ś ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͜
  • 3. ‡””‹–‘”‹ƒŽ‡ „‡ƒ†‡”‹‰ǣ œ‘‹‰ǡ ˆ—…–‹‡•…Š‡‹†‹‰ ƒ ‹˜‡”•‹–‡‹– ˜ƒ …—Ž–—”ƒŽ‡ ‘‰‡˜‹‰‡ ȋ ƒ‡ ƒ…‘„•Ȍ ƒ ‘…‹ƒŽ‡ ‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‡Ȁ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‡ ȋǮ„‡Ž‘‰‹‰ǯȌ ƒ† †‹•–‹…–‹‘ ȋ ‘—”†‹‡—Ȍ ƒ ƒ Š‡ ”‹•‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ–‹˜‡ Žƒ••ǣ ‹…Šƒ”† Ž‘”‹†ƒ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͝ &/$66 /,)(67</( $1' 32:(5 ‹‡””‡ ‘—”†‹‡—ǣ ͙Ǥ ‡•–ƒƒ ˜ƒ ‡‡ ‘…‹ƒŽ‡ Žƒ••‡ ‹• ‡‡ ‡Ž‡‡–ƒ‹” •‘…‹ƒƒŽ ˆ‡‹– ͚Ǥ ‡ Ž‡˜‡ …‘–‹— ‹ ‡‡ Š‘‘‰ ‰‡•–”ƒ–‡ˆ‹…‡‡”†‡ Žƒ••‡ ƒƒ–•…Šƒ’’‹Œǡ ‘’ „ƒ•‹• ˜ƒ …‘‘‹•…Š ƒ’‹–ƒƒŽ ‡ —Ž–—”‡‡Ž ƒ’‹–ƒƒŽ ͛Ǥ ‡ ƒƒ–•…Šƒ’’‹Œ ’”‘„‡‡”– †‡ —’’‡” …Žƒ•• ’‘™‡”ˆ—ŽŽ –‡ Š‘—†‡ ‡ †‡ Ž‘™‡” …Žƒ••‡• ƒ…Š–‡Ž‘‘• ͜Ǥ ‡‡Ž ‰‡„‡—”– ‹‡–Ǧ‹–‡–‹‘‡‡ŽǢ ‰‡‡ „‡™—•–‡ ƒ‹’—Žƒ–‹‡ †‘‘” †‡ ’‘™‡”ˆ—Ž ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͞
  • 4. ś ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ”ƒƒ‰– „‹Œ ƒƒ ‡…‘‘‹‡ǡ ‹‘˜ƒ–‹‡ ‡ –‡…Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡ –‡†‡Ȁ”‡‰‹‘ǯ• …‘…—”‡”‡ ‘’ „ƒ•‹• ˜ƒ …”‡ƒ–‹‡˜‡ ͛͘ ά γ …”‡ƒ–‹‡˜‡ Žƒ••‡ ‘”‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ …”‡ƒ–‹˜‡ …Žƒ••ǣ „‘Š‡‹‡•ǡ ƒ”…Š‹–‡…–‡ǡ ™‡–‡•…Šƒ’’‡”•ǡ Œ‘—”ƒŽ‹•–‡ ”‡ƒ–‹˜‡ ’”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ•ǣ Œ—”‹•–‡ǡ ˆ‹ƒ…‹‡Ž‡ ’”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ•ǡ …Š‹”—”‰‡ ‘”†– ‰‡‹–‡”’”‡–‡‡”† ƒŽ• ǯ…”‡ƒ–‹‡˜‡ •–‡†‡ǯ ‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‡ǣ ˜‡”†”‹‰‹‰ —’’‡”ȀŽ‘™‡” …Žƒ•• ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͟ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͠ ś
  • 5. ř ś ƒ …—Ž–—”ƒŽ ˆƒ„”‹… ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ–‹˜‡ †—•–”› –Š”‹˜‡• ‘ —‡”‘—• •ƒŽŽ ‹‹–‹ƒ–‹˜‡• ƒ Š‹‰Š •Šƒ”‡ ‘ˆ ˆ”‡‡Žƒ…‡”• ƒ† ˜‡”› •ƒŽŽ …‘’ƒ‹‡• ƒ —Ž–‹’Ž‡ Œ‘„ǦŠ‘Ž†‹‰•Ǣ …‘„‹‡† •‘—”…‡• ‘ˆ ‹…‘‡ ƒ ‡™ –›’‡ ‘ˆ ‡’Ž‘›‡” ‹• ‡‡”‰‹‰Ǣ –Š‡ Ǯ‡–”‡’”‡‡—”‹ƒŽ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǯ ƒ ‘ Ž‘‰‡” ˆ‹–• ‹–‘ –›’‹…ƒŽ ’ƒ––‡”• ‘ˆ ˆ—ŽŽǦ–‹‡ ’”‘ˆ‡••‹‘• ś —Ž–—”‡‡Ž ‡ …‘‘‹•…Š ƒ’‹–ƒƒŽ ‡ —Ž–—”ƒŽ Žƒ••‡ ‡ †‡–‹–‡‹– ‡ ”ƒ†‹‰ ‡ ‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹•…Š‡ ‘–™‹‡Ž‹‰‡ ‡ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͘
  • 6. 7KH &85( 3DUWQHUV ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ‘Ž…Š‡•–‡” ‘”‘—‰Š ‘—…‹Ž …”‡͠–‡ǡ †‹„—”‰Š ”—†•–ò…•‰‡•‡ŽŽ•…Š ‡––™‹‰ –ƒ†– ƒ‰‡ ȋ ‡ƒ† ƒ”–‡”Ȍ –ƒ† ”—‰‰‡ –ƒ†– ‹•Žƒ‡ ‹ŽŽ‡ ±–”‘’‘Ž‡ –”‡…Š– …Š‘‘Ž ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”–• &85( :(% (8 ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͙ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͚ 7H[WLOH IDEULHN ± )LQDQFLDO EDVH 7KDQ FXOWXUH
  • 7. .HWWZLJ (VVHQ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ƒ ƒ ƒ ͙͛ ‹††‡ ‹‘• Š‹• ‡ ƒŽŽ ‹”•– •‹–‡ KWWS ZZZ IOLFNU FRP SKRWRV FUHDWLYHFRRS VHWV VKRZ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͜
  • 8. ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͝ ś ‡ 7UDQV QDWLRQDDO ‡ &RQFHQWUDWLH RS µWKH ,PDJH¶ ‡ 6WHGHOLMN UHJLRQDDO QDWLRQDDO DQG (8 JHOG ‡ -RE FUHDWLRQ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͞
  • 9. 3ODLQH ,PDJHV WKH SULQFLSOH RI FRQYHUJHQFH O·,PDJLQDULXP WKH PHHWLQJ SRLQW EHWZHHQ DUW WHFK FRPSDQLHV VFLHQFH / ·,PDJLQDULXP Pò ZHUNSOHNNHQ 2QHGHUQHPLQJHQ .XQVWHQDDUV 7UDLQLQJ VWUXFWXUHV FXUVXVVHQ ELMVFKROLQJ 5HVHDUFK IDFLOLWHLWHQ 3ODLQH ,PDJHV 5HFKHUFKH %XXUWJHULFKWH FRQWDFWHQ ,1129$7,( (&2120,6&+( :$$5'( &85( :(% (8 ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͟ /LOOH 3OHLQ ,PDJH &85( :(% (8 ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͠
  • 10. ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͙͡ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͚͘
  • 11. 8UEDQ 5HQHZDO &ULVLV" :KDW FULVLV" ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͚͙ ͙͜Ǧ͙͘Ǧ͚͙͛͘ ͚͚ Ũ Ũ Š Š––’ǣȀȀ…—”‡Ǧ™‡„Ǥ‡— ”‘‘›ƒ̻”‘‘›ƒǤ…‘