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Nepal Introduction

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A littlebit know about my beautiful country Nepal!

A littlebit know about my beautiful country Nepal!

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Nepal Introduction Nepal Introduction Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Nepal ITRC RFIC Center Kwangwoon Univ. Presented By : Ram K.Maharjan Dept. of Electronics 7 th Nov,2008 “ Namaste” ( 너머스떼 ) 안녕하세요
  • Contents of Presentation
    • Location of Nepal in the World
    • Brief History
    • Brief Information of Nepal
    • Geography
    • Economy
    • Education System
    • Culture
    • Religion
    • Foods of Nepal
    • Nepal is Famous for
    • More about Nepal
  • Nepal on the Globe Nepal Occupies about 0.03% of the World! View slide
  • Nepal in Asia Nepal Occupies about 0.3% of the Asia! View slide
  • Nepal in the World Map Lies Between Republic of China and India Nepal is Located Southern Part of Asia, Landlocked Himalayan Country,
  • Coordinates of Nepal in The World Latitude: 26 0 22’ and 30 0 27’ N Longitude: 80 0 4’ and 88 0 12’ E World time: NPT (UTC+5:45) INT (Earlier 0:15)
  • Expansion of Nepal The Country is Elongated from East to West, Breadth Lies from North to South Nepal, (in Nepali: नेपाल )
  • Brief History of Nepal
    • Historically,
    • Nepal had Many Small Kingdoms before 1768.
    • The Modern State was Formed with the Unification of Nepal.
    • United by The King Prithvi Narayan Shah on December 21, 1768.
  • Symbols of Nepal National Flag Official Stamp
  • Brief History of Nepal
    • Prior to 2006, Nepal was a kingdom.
    • Nepal is now a Federal Democratic Republic.
    • From 1996 until 2006, Nepal Suffered from a Civil War between Government Forces and Guerrillas of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
  • Center of Kathmandu at Night
  • Brief History of Nepal
    • On December 28, 2007,
    • The Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic .
    • The First Meeting of the Constituent Assembly Officially Implemented that Declaration on May 28, 2008.
  • New Nepal is Reformed! Hope that Peace, Progress and Prosperity comes together!
  • Brief Information of Nepal
    • Country Nepal:
    • संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl) Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
    • Government Republic :
      •   President - Ram Baran Yadav  
      • Vice President- Parmanand Jha
      • Prime Minister -Pushpa Kamal Dahal
      • (Prachanda)
    • Unification : Kingdom declared December 21, 1768,   
    • State declared January 15, 2007 ,
    • Republic declared May 28, 2008 
  • Leaders of Nepal President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav
      • Prime Minister
      • Mr. Pushpa K. Dahal
      • (Prachanda)
  • Brief Information of Nepal
    • Area :
    •   -  Total 147,181 km² ( 56,827 sq mi )
    • -  Water (%) 2.8
    • Population : 
    • -  July 2008 estimate 29,519,114 (40th)  
    • -  2007 census 28,875,140   
    • -  Density 184/km² (56th) 477/sq mi
    • GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate :  
    • -  Total $29.522 billion  (96th)  
    • -  Per capita $1,078 (159th) GDP (nominal)
    • 2008 estimate : 
    • -  Total $10.328 billion (115th)  
    • -  Per capita $377 (167st)
  • Central City of Kathmandu, Nepal Internet Domain: .np International Dialling Code: +977
  • Brief Information of Nepal
    • Media: Radio & Television Broadcasting
    • Radio is listened to throughout the kingdom;
    • As of 2007, there are more than 55 Radio Stations
    • MW , SW and FM local radio stations,
    • Television was only introduced to Nepal in the 1980s
    • Currently there are six National television channels:
    • Nepal Television - the Government television channel.
    • Also many other networks, i.e. Cable Networks
    • India, and international satellite Channels
  • Geographical View of Nepal Nepal is divided into three main regions Mountainous Region Hilly Region, Terai (Plain) Region.
  • Geographical Position of Nepal
    • Geography of Nepal is Uncommonly Diverse.
    • Nepal is of Roughly Trapezoidal Shape,
      • 880 km (550 mi) long and
      • 240 km (130 mi) wide,
    • with an area of 147,181 square km (56,827 sq mi).
    • Nepal is basically divided into 3 physiographic areas:
        • The Mountain Region (15%)
        • Hilly Region (68%), and
        • Terai Regions (17%).
  • Topographic map of Nepal
  • Geographical Map of Nepal Kathmandu is the Capital of Nepal
  • Economy of Nepal
    • Import/Export
    • Exports - Commodities: Carpets, Clothing, Leather goods, Jute goods, Grains etc.
    • Imports - Commodities: Gold, Machinery and Equipment, Petroleum Products, Fertilizer
    • Natural Resources:
      • Limestone, Magnesite, Zinc, Copper, Iron, Mica, Lead, Coal ,and Cobalt
    • Business : Mainly with India, China, Japan, Germany, USA etc.
    • Industries : Tourism, Carpet, Textile; Small Rice, Jute, Sugar, and Oilseed Mills; Cigarette; Cement and Brick Production
    • Agriculture - Products: Rice, Maize, Wheat, Sugarcane, Root Crops; Milk, Birds & Animal Farming, Mushroom, vegetables etc.
  • Paper Notes of Nepal
  • Economy of Nepal
    • Currency: 1 Nepalese rupee (NPR) = 100 paisa
    • Exchange rates: Nepalese rupees (NPR) per USD$1 –
        • 64.20 (2007),
        • 78.88 (2002),
        • 74.95 (2001),
        • 68.253 (1999),
        • 65.976 (1998),
        • 58.010 (1997),
        • 56.692 (1996),
        • 51.890 (1995)
    • F year: 16 July - 15 July
  • Economy of Nepal
    • Economic Statistics
    • Some Data already Given in Brief Information of Nepal
    • GDP - Per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,400
    • GDP - Composition by sector: Agriculture: 40% Industry: 20% Services: 40% (2002 est.)
  • Economy of Nepal
    • Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices): 2.4%
    • Labor Force - by Occupation:
        • Agriculture 81%,
        • Services 16%,
        • Industry 3%
    • Unemployment Rate: 47%
    • Industrial Production Growth Rate: 8.7%
    • Electricity - production: 1,755 GWh
    • Electricity - Production by Source: - Fossil fuel: 8.5% - Hydro: 91.5% - Other: 0%
  • Economy Statistics of Nepal
    • Electricity - Consumption: 1,764 GWh
    • Electricity - Exports: 95 GWh
    • Electricity - Imports: 227 GWh
    • Oil - production: 0 barrel/day
    • Oil - Consumption: 16,000 barrel/day (2,500 m³/d)
    • Exports: $568 million f.o.b., but does not include unrecorded border trade with India (2002 est.)
    • Exports - commodities: carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute
    • goods, grain
    • Exports - partners: India 50.5%, US 26%, Germany 6.6%
  • Education System in Nepal
    • Education in School
    • 1. Nursery 2. Lower Kindergarten (LKG)
    • 3. Upper Kindergarten (UKG) 4. First Grade
    • 5. Second Grade 6. Third Grade
    • 7. Fourth Grade 8. Fifth Grade
    • 9. Sixth Grade 10. Seventh Grade
    • 11. Eighth Grade 12. Ninth Grade
    • 13. Tenth Grade 14. SLC (School Leaving Certificate)
    • (not a class but a test)
    • Educations in College / University
    • 15. 10+2 (I.A) (two years)
    • 16. Bachelors (three or four years)
    • 17. Masters (two years)
    • 17. Ph.D. (two…...years)
  • Education Statistics in Nepal Educational oversight : Minister of Education Renu Kumari Yadav Ministry of Education and Sports National education budget $98.64 million (2007) Primary language(s) Nepalese Central system Establishment Enacted Last amended Education Act August 9, 1971 January 28, 2004 Literacy (2001)  • Men  • Women 53.7% 65.1% 42.5% Enrollment  • Primary  • Secondary  • Post-secondary 6,373,003 4,030,045 2,195,835 2 147,123 Attainment  • Secondary diploma  • Post-secondary diploma 46.2% unavailable 1 Source of information: Ministry of Education and Sports website 2 Includes, "Lower secondary", "secondary", and "higher secondary"
  • Culture of Nepal
    • Multi-cultural, Multi-ethnic Nation
    • Rich Cultural Heritage
    • Cultural Diversity of Various Social Groups
    • Depend on the Locations
    • Diversity of Languages
    • Diversity of Foods
    • Diversity of Customs
  • Culture Show in Pictures
  • Statues of Buddha
  • At the Birth Day of Lord Krishna
  • Living God: Kumari
  • Praying Kumari
  • Buddhist : Lama
  • Elder Brother’s Day: Bhaitika
  • Women Festival: Teej
  • Shadhu, Near The Temple Area!
  • Old Palace in the Centre of Kathmandu
  • Mask of God (Pachali Bhairab)
  • More Arts and Crafts of Nepal
  • Culture (Different Festivals)
    • Tihar (October)
      • worship Goddess Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth
  • Culture (Holi)
    • Holi (Splashed with water balloons and vermillion powder)
  • Different Languages in Nepal People Living in Nepal are called Nepali or Nepalese Nepali is our Official Language English is Second Official Language! S/No. Languages % of Total Population 1. Nepali 58.4 2. Bhojpuri 7.6 3. Tamang 3.5 4. Abadhi 1.5 5. Magar 1.4 6. Limbu 0.9 7. Maithili 11.1 8. Tharu 3.6 9. Newari 3.0 10. Rai 1.5 11 Gurung 1.2 12. Other 6.3
  • Culture (Teej)
    • Teej  Aug.26 th , (a festival of womanhood)
  • Culture (Lhosar)
    • Jan.30 th , (Sherpas)
  • Culture (Gaijatra—Cow Festival)
    • Aug, teen-aged boys dressed up as cows, parade the streets of the town
    • cows help the members of the family who died within that year to travel to heaven smoothly
  • Foods of Nepal
  • Culture of Various Foods Kinds of Foods depend on Festivals, Seasons etc.
  • Religion of Nepal
    • We all are in One Country
      • Hindu---  Temples
      • Buddhist-  Buddha Temple/Monasteries
      • Muslim --  Mosque
      • Christians-  Church
  • Religion
  • Religions in Nepal
    • Nepal Religiosity Religion Percent
      • Hinduism    80.6%
      • Buddhism    10.7%
      • Islam    4.2%
      • Mundhum    3.6%
      • Christianity    0.5%
      • Other    0.4%
  • Nepal is Famous for
      • Nepal is a Small Country,
      • Nepal’s Landscape is Uncommonly Diverse,
        • Ranging from the Humid Terai in the South to the Lofty
        • Himalayas in the North.
        • Nepal Boasts Eight of the World's Top Ten Highest Mountains,
        • Including Mount Everest (Ghyamaloma)
        • Sagarmatha in Nepali
  • Top Mountains of the World!
  • World Top 10 - Countries by Highest Mountains S/No Word’s Top 10 Mountains Heights 1. Mt. Everest 8850 m 2. K2 (Godwin Austen) 8611 m 3. Kanchenjunga 8598 m 4. Lhotse 8501 m 5. Makalu 8475 m 6. Lhote Shar 8383 m 7. Dhaulagiri 8167 m 8. Manaslu 8163 m 9. Cho Oyu 8153 m 10. Nanga Parbat 8125 m
  • Mt. Everest ( 8850 m)
  • K2 (Godwin Austen) 8611 m
  • Kanchanjungha ( 8598 m)
  • Lhotse ( 8501m)
  • Makalu (8475 m)
  • Lhote Shar ( 8383 m)
  • Dhaulagiri ( 8167 m)
  • Manaslu ( 8163 m)
  • Cho Oyu ( 8153 m)
  • Nanga Parbat ( 8125 m)
  • Nepal is Famous for
    • The Country has been also Famous for its
        • Tourism,
        • Trekking,
        • Hiking,
        • Camping,
        • Mountain Biking,
        • National Wildlife Parks,
        • Jungle Safaris,
        • River Rafting,
        • Sport Fishing,
  • Domestic Flights Routs
  • More about Nepal Gateway of Everest: Namche
  • Buddha Temple nearby Mountain Buddha Monastery
  • Local Bazaar in Village
  • Men Lining for Prying God in Temple
  • Hiking on the Hill
  • Trekking in Himalaya Region
  • Valley Viewing from Hill Road-side
  • Glacier (Lake in Mountain side)
  • Plain side of the River: Kaligandaki
  • Temple in Patan City
  • Horse Riding in Himalaya Region
  • Base Camp (Tent) nearby Mountains
  • Flooding in Rainy Season
  • Kathmandu : Patan Square
  • Patan City Centre Area
  • More Temples in Kathmandu Valley
  • Patan: Mangal Bazzar
  • Festival on August Month
  • Festival in Pharping Village
  • Tansen Country Side
  • Celebration of Festival in Village
  • My Village: Pharping
  • Pharping in Winter Morning
  • Again Scene of Pharping Village side
  • Beauty of Nature
  • See You Again! You Are Most Welcome to Visit Nepal! Thank You!