PHILISOPHICALORIGINS OFAMERCIANGOVERNMENT
Enlightenment PhilosophyUse of logic and reason to solve humanproblemsQuestioning the divine right of kingsWritten into ou...
Natural RightsThe philosophy-belief- that all human beings are bornwith certain rights:The right to lifeThe right to be fr...
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)The state of nature  No natural rights  Rights are won through  force of violence  Life is, "nast...
Thomas HobbesLeviathan (1651) People create governments to gain security Freedoms are given up in exchange for protection ...
Thomas HobbesLeviathan (1651) One ruler with absolute authority Governments must provide natural rights Government is a so...
Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes QuestionsWhat is the purpose ofgovernmentaccording to Hobbes?Which of his points doyou agree with?Explain.Wh...
John Locke (1632-1704)The state of nature  The ideal state, but…   People tend to do as they   wish   People tend to viola...
John LockeTwo Treatises onGovernment (1689) Consent of the governed Natural rights   Life   Liberty   Property
John LockeTwo Treatises on Government(1689)  Governments must protect  natural rights  Government is a social  contract be...
John Locke QuestionsWhat is the purpose ofgovernment accordingto Locke?Which of his points doyou agree with?Explain.Which ...
AssignmentComplete sheet based on information in powerpoint
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)The state of nature  The ideal state, but…   People tend to form   governments   Governme...
Jean-Jacques RousseauThe Social Contract(1762) “Man is born free, yet everywhere he is found in chains.” Direct democracy ...
Jean-Jacques RousseauThe Social Contract(1762) Governments must protect natural rights Governments must minimize the remov...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Questions  What is the purpose  of government  according to  Rousseau?  Which of his points  do you ...
Enlightenment philosophers
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Enlightenment philosophers

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Enlightenment philosophers

  1. 1. PHILISOPHICALORIGINS OFAMERCIANGOVERNMENT
  2. 2. Enlightenment PhilosophyUse of logic and reason to solve humanproblemsQuestioning the divine right of kingsWritten into our nation’s foundingdocuments The Declaration of Independence The U.S. Constitution
  3. 3. Natural RightsThe philosophy-belief- that all human beings are bornwith certain rights:The right to lifeThe right to be freeThe right to think independentlyThe right to express your beliefsThe right to be treated equally or fairly before the law
  4. 4. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)The state of nature No natural rights Rights are won through force of violence Life is, "nasty, brutish, and short"
  5. 5. Thomas HobbesLeviathan (1651) People create governments to gain security Freedoms are given up in exchange for protection Complete loyalty to the government
  6. 6. Thomas HobbesLeviathan (1651) One ruler with absolute authority Governments must provide natural rights Government is a social contract between people and their representatives
  7. 7. Thomas Hobbes
  8. 8. Thomas Hobbes QuestionsWhat is the purpose ofgovernmentaccording to Hobbes?Which of his points doyou agree with?Explain.Which of his points doyou disagree with?Explain.
  9. 9. John Locke (1632-1704)The state of nature The ideal state, but… People tend to do as they wish People tend to violate the natural rights of others Governments secure natural rights
  10. 10. John LockeTwo Treatises onGovernment (1689) Consent of the governed Natural rights Life Liberty Property
  11. 11. John LockeTwo Treatises on Government(1689) Governments must protect natural rights Government is a social contract between people and their representatives
  12. 12. John Locke QuestionsWhat is the purpose ofgovernment accordingto Locke?Which of his points doyou agree with?Explain.Which of his points doyou disagree with?Explain.
  13. 13. AssignmentComplete sheet based on information in powerpoint
  14. 14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)The state of nature The ideal state, but… People tend to form governments Governments tend to remove natural rights Governments must leave natural rights alone as much as possible
  15. 15. Jean-Jacques RousseauThe Social Contract(1762) “Man is born free, yet everywhere he is found in chains.” Direct democracy is the answer Everyone participates in every decision Everyone must submit to the “will of the majority”
  16. 16. Jean-Jacques RousseauThe Social Contract(1762) Governments must protect natural rights Governments must minimize the removal of natural rights Governments are a social contract between people and their representatives
  17. 17. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Questions What is the purpose of government according to Rousseau? Which of his points do you agree with? Explain. Which of his points do you disagree with? Explain.

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